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Stalin, 1913

1912

Between January 5(18) and 17(30) At the Sixth ("Prague'') General Party Conference, J. V. Stalin is in his absence elected ┴ member of the Central Committee of the Bolshevik Party.
The conference sets up a practical center known as the Russian Bureau of the Central Committee to direct revolutionary activities in Russia and places J. V. Stalin in charge of this center.
Middle of February On the instructions of V.I Lenin, G. K. Ordjonikidze, a member of the Russian Bureau of the Central Committee, goes to see J. V. Stalin in Vologda to inform him of the decisions of the Prague Conference.
February 29 J. V. Stalin escapes from exile in Vologda.
Beginning of March J. V. Stalin writes the leaflet "For the Party!" which is published in the name of the Central Committee of the RSDLP and is widely distributed in Russia.
First half of March J. V. Stalin visits Baku and Tiflis to organize the work of the Transcaucasian Bolshevik organizations in carrying out the decisions of the Prague Conference. He writes Circular Letter No. 1 of the Central Committee of the RSDLP to the Party organizations announcing the definite formation of the Central Committee.
March 29 J. V. Stalin conducts a conference of the Party workers of the Bolshevik district organizations in Baku. The conference endorses the decisions of the Prague Conference.
March 30 J. V. Stalin writes a report on the conference in Baku for the Sotsial-Demokrat.
April 1 J. V. Stalin leaves Baku for St. Petersburg.
Beginning of April On the way to St. Petersburg J. V. Stalin stops in Moscow and meets G. K. Ordjonikidze.
J. V. Stalin writes the leaflet "Long Live the First of May!"
J. V. Stalin sends to Tiflis a copy of the resolution adopted by a group of Moscow Party workers welcoming the decisions of the Prague Conference and the newly-formed Central Committee.
On behalf of the Central Committee of the RSDLP, J. V. Stalin writes to Clara Zetkin requesting her to transfer the Party funds held by her to the Central Committee for the purpose of conducting the Fourth State Duma election campaign.
April 10 J. V. Stalin secretly arrives in St. Petersburg.
April 10-22 J. V. Stalin edits the Bolshevik workers' newspaper Zvezda in which the following articles of his are published: "A New Period" (leading article), "Life Triumphs!", "They Are Working Well....", "The Ice Has Broken!..." (leading article), "'How They Are Preparing for the Elections," "Deductions" (leading article), and others.
Middle of April J. V. Stalin makes arrangements with the members of the Social-Democratic group in the Third. State Duma N. G. Poletayev and I. P. Pokrovsky, as well as with the Bolshevik journalists M. S. Olminsky and N. N. Baturin, for the publication of the newspaper Pravda and for the drafting of its programme, and together with them makes up the first number of that newspaper.
April 22 No. 1 of the workers' daily newspaper Pravda appears containing J.V. Stalin 's article "Our Aims."
J. V. Stalin is arrested and confined in the preliminary detention prison in St. Petersburg.
July 2 J. V. Stalin is deported under escort from St. Petersburg to the Narym territory, to be kept under open police surveillance for three years.
July 18 J. V. Stalin, accompanied by a prison warder, leaves Tomsk on the steamer Kolpashevets for his place of exile in Narym.
September 1 J. V. Stalin escapes from exile in Narym.
September 12 J. V. Stalin arrives in St. Petersburg.
September-October J. V. Stalin directs the Fourth State Duma election campaign and organizes the struggle against the Menshevik Liquidators.
J. V. Stalin edits Pravda.
October 4 A meeting of the Executive Commission of the St. Petersburg Committee is held under J. V. Stalin's direction at which a decision is adopted to call a one-day strike in protest against the annulment of the election of voters' delegates at the biggest plants in St. Petersburg (Putilov's and others).
Beginning of October J.V. Stalin conducts a secret Party conference at which the tactics to be adopted in the struggle against the Liquidators is discussed and the workers' candidate for the Fourth State Duma is nominated.
J. V. Stalin writes "Mandate of the St. Petersburg Workers to Their Labor Deputy."
Middle of October J. V. Stalin sends "Mandate of the St. Petersburg Workers" to V. I. Lenin on the editorial board of Sotsial-Demokrat, in which paper it was published in the issue No. 28-29 of November 5(18), 1912.
October 17 The "Mandate" written by J. V. Stalin is adopted at the assembly of voters' delegates of the workers' curia in the St. Petersburg Gubernia.
October 19 No. 147 of Pravda publishes the leading article by J. V. Stalin "The Will of the Voters' Delegates."
October 21 (November 3) On the instructions of V. I. Lenin, N. K. Krupskaya writes to Pravda and the members of the Social-Democratic group in. the Duma stating that it is extremely important for J. V. Stalin to visit Krakow.
October 24 No. 151 of Pravda publishes J. V. Stalin's article "The Results of the Elections in the Workers' Curia of St. Petersburg."
October 25 No. 152 of Pravda publishes J. V. Stalin's article "Today Is Election Day."
End of October J. V. Stalin visits Moscow for a short period and establishes contact with the newly-elected working men Bolshevik deputies of the Fourth State Duma.
October 30 J. V. Stalin returns to St. Petersburg from Moscow.
Before November 10 J. V. Stalin secretly arrives in Krakow to visit V. I. Lenin.
November 11(24) V. I. Lenin sends the "Mandate" he had received from J. V. Stalin to Pravda with instructions to publish it "in a prominent place in large type."
First half of November J. V. Stalin takes part in a meeting of the members of the Central Committee of the RSDLP in Krakow.
End of November-beginning of December Returning to St. Petersburg from Krakow, J. V. Stalin directs the activities of the Social Democratic group in the Fourth State Duma.
November 23 (December 6) V. I. Lenin writes to J. V. Stalin on preparations for th┼ anniversary of January 9 and on the need for leaflets to be published in connection with it.
First half of December On the instructions of V. I. Lenin, N. K. Krupskaya writes to J. V. Stalin urging him to come to Krakow for a meeting of the members of the Central Committee of the RSDLP and the six Bolshevik deputies in the Fourth Duma.
End of December J. V. Stalin secretly leaves for Krakow.
December 28, 1912 (January 10,1913) - January 1(14), 1913 J. V. Stalin takes part in the "February" conference of the Central Committee of the RSDLP with Party workers and the Bolshevik members of the Social-Democratic group in the Duma, held under the direction of V. I. Lenin. At this conference V. I. Lenin and J. V. Stalin propose measures for improving the work of the editorial board of Pravda.
End of December 1913 - beginning of January The leaflet written by J. V. Stalin "To All the. Working Men and Working Women of Russia!" 1913 is issued.


1913

January 12 No. 30 of Sotsial-Demokrat publishes J. V. Stalin's articles "The Elections in St. Petersburg (A Letter From St. Petersburg)" and "On the Road to Nationalism (A Letter From the Caucasus)."
Latter half of January J. V. Stalin arrives in Vienna from Krakow. In Vienna he arranges for the printing in Paris of the "Announcement" written by V. I. Lenin concerning the "February" conference and of the resolutions adopted by that conference.
January J. V. Stalin writes the work The National, Question and Social-Democracy which is published in Nos. 3-5 of the magazine Prosveshcheniye in March-May 1913.
January-February J. V. Stalin writes the leaflet "The Anniversary of the Lena Massacre."
Middle of February J. V. Stalin returns to St. Petersburg from abroad. Together with Y. M. Sverdlov he proceeds to reorganize the editorial board of Pravda in conformity with V. I. Lenin's instructions.
February 23 J. V. Stalin is arrested in the hall of the Kalashnikov Exchange at a concert arranged by the St. Petersburg Bolshevik organization and is taken to prison.
February 26 No. 47 of Pravda publishes the article by J. V. Stalin "The Situation in the Social-Democratic Group in the Duma."
July 2 J. V. Stalin is deported under escort to the Turukhansk region to remain under open police surveillance for four years.
July 11 J. V. Stalin arrives in Krasnoyarsk.
July 15 J. V. Stalin leaves Krasnoyarsk for Turukhansk.
August 10 J. V. Stalin arrives in Turukhansk and from there is sent to his place of exile, the hamlet of Kostino.

1914

First half of March J. V. Stalin is transferred to the hamlet of Kureika, north of the Arctic Circle, and is placed under closer police surveillance.


1915

February 27 J. V. Stalin writes a letter to V. I. Lenin from the village of Monastyrskoye, - where he had gone to visit a fellow exile S. Spandaryan. In this letter J. V. Stalin criticizes the defects line of Plekhanov and of international Social-Democracy, which had taken an opportunist stand.
Summer J. V. Stalin takes part in a meeting held in the village of Monastyrskoye of the exiled members of the Russian Bureau of the Central Committee of the RSDLP and of the Bolshevik group in the Fourth State Duma. At this meeting the question of the trial of the Bolshevik deputies is discussed.
November 10 J. V. Stalin writes to V. I. Lenin and N. K. Krupskaya from his place of exile in Turukhansk.


1916

February 5 J. V. Stalin writes a letter to the Party Center abroad concerning his work on articles on the national question.
February 25 In a letter to the Bolshevik center abroad, sent through Inessa Armand, J. V. Stalin inquires about his article "Cultural-National Autonomy," which he had sent abroad.
March 12 J. V. Stalin, in conjunction with S. Spandaryan and other exiles, writes a letter to the journal Voprosy Strakhovaniya (Insurance Questions).
December 14 In connection with the drafting of summarily exiled persons into the army J. V. Stalin is sent under escort to Krasnoyarsk.

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