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   To Stalin Top Secret Summaries Of The most important testimonies Of Those arrested 1937‐ 1938

Summary of the most important testimonies of the arrested GUGB NKVD USSR for March 3‐4, 1938

Archive: AP RF. F. 3. Op. 24. D. 405. L. 142‐161

March 7, 1938

SECRETARY of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) comrade STALIN

I am sending you a summary of the most important testimonies of the arrested GUGB NKVD of the USSR for March 3‐4, 1938.

Peopleʹs Commissar of Internal Affairs of the USSR Peopleʹs Commissar for

State Security (EZHOV)

Top secret

For the 5th DEPARTMENT

1. LOPATIN VN, former assistant to the commander of the Moscow Military District for aviation, former brigade commander. Interrogated: VORONCHUK.

In addition, he showed about the treacherous work he carried out in Spain during his stay there as an aviation commander. He received instructions on treacherous subversive work from one of the participants in the military conspiracy URITSKY, the former head of the 4th Directorate of the Red Army, who emphasized that the general task of the center of the anti‐Soviet military conspiracy in Spain was:

1)                   actions aimed at the defeat of Republican Spain in the fight against fascism;

2)                   actions to compromise the Soviet government both among the population of the USSR and in the eyes of world public opinion.

To do this, URITSKY suggested:

a)  to create hostile relations with the Spaniards and, first of all, with the Spanish air command in order to give rise to accusations of the Soviet Union in ʺimperialist policyʺ, in an effort to ʺpromote Bolshevism in Spainʺ and would serve as a weapon for the internal and external enemies of the Popular Front in Spain against the Soviet Union;

b)  in reports to the Soviet Union, hide, distort the true balance of the air forces, which by that time were not in favor of the Republicans;

c)   use the actions of the republican aviation, especially fighters, on secondary missions and with minimal efficiency, and

d) not to allow any reinforcement by the aviation of the Northern Front.

LOPATIN shows that he carried out all these tasks, with the exception of the task on the Northern Front, since by this time, by order of Moscow, all aviation was subordinated to the Republican government.

LOPATIN also testified that he did not know for what reasons, but STERN was also against helping the Northern Front.

2.                   SMIRNOV, former deputy head of the Military Engineering Directorate of the Red Army. Interrogated: SHCHERBAKOV.

SMIRNOV gave initial testimony that since 1934 he has been a participant in a military‐fascist conspiracy, into which he was recruited by the former head of the Red Armyʹs Engineering Department, Nikolai Nikolayevich PETIN (convicted).

SMIRNOV testified that he carried out sabotage in the field of engineering armament of the Red Army and, by conspiracy, was personally associated with former servicemen of the Engineering Directorate of the Red Army MAKSIMOV NA, Prusakov M.D., DUBOV A.G., POTAPOV G.A., LENSKIM G.A. , Galemboy AA (all arrested) and G.V. NEMIROVSKY (not arrested).

3.                   Bergolts AI, former teacher of the Academy of the General Staff of the Red Army. Interrogated by KRIVOSHEEV and LADATKO.

BERGOLTS A.I., who had previously confessed to participation in the Latvian spy‐fascist organization and in the anti‐Soviet military conspiracy, additionally showed that he had been an agent of German intelligence since 1932.

For espionage activities, BERGOLZ was recruited during his stay in Germany as a member of the commission for the inspection of industry by Colonel HARTMAN.

Upon arrival in the USSR, Bergolts, on the instructions of HARTMAN, contacted an employee of the Red Army Air Force Directorate CHERNOBROVKIN    (arrested),            through                whom   he           transferred materials to German intelligence.

In 1935, BERGOLZ, being the chief of the Air Force of the Moscow Military District, met in Moscow with HARTMAN, who had arrived in the USSR as a military attaché. GARTMAN demanded from him information about the Lyubertsy air brigade and the results of military tests of the I‐15 and I‐16 aircraft. GARTMAN offered to transfer spy information for him in the future through YANEL, the former head of the Foreign Department of the RKKA UVVS (convicted). BERGOLZ did all this.

               4.            SHNITMAN ,            former            military            attaché            in

Czechoslovakia. Interrogated: Kascheev.

In addition, he testified that in 1936, through espionage work for German intelligence, he contacted the former head of the Intelligence Directorate URITSKY (arrested). On his behalf, SCHNITMAN transfers a number of materials from the Intelligence Directorate to the German military attaché, Lieutenant Colonel TUSSEN, to whom SCHNITMAN switched to communication after YUSTA.

In addition, SCHNITMAN passed on to the German intelligence data obtained by him through mutual exchange. SCHNITMAN conveyed to the Germans data on the increase by the Czechs of their army by 50,000 people, mainly in mechanical units, and on the conference of the General Staffs of the Little Entente, at which the question was ʺThe German danger and the fight against it.ʺ

SHNITMANU is known as a German spy, the former head of the 1st department of the Intelligence Directorate STEINBRÜK (convicted), who handed over to the Germans the agent ʺNovyʺ, who provided valuable information on aviation. This agent was arrested and executed by the Germans.

5. SEMENOV, former USSR military attaché in France. Interrogated by YAMNITSKII and KAZAKEVICH.

In addition, he testified that in 1930 he participated in an underground meeting of an asset of the officersʹ organization, convened by TUKHACHEVSKY in his office of the commander of the LPO.

This meeting was attended by him, SEMENOV, who was then the head of the 1st department of the headquarters of the LVO, TRIANDOFILOV (died), ex. deputy. early headquarters of the Red Army, Kartaev ‐ former. early 3 district departments (convicted), POTAPOV, former chief of district engineers (arrested).

TUKHACHEVSKY informed the audience that the arrests of members of the officersʹ organization had been suspended, that the leadership of the organization had concluded that it was necessary to search for allies to strengthen the organizationʹs influence, that practical steps were being taken to establish contact with the Trotskyist group GAMARNIKYAKIR, as well as with the partisan ʺleadersʺ KOVTYUKHOMKUTYAKOV ...

In accordance with this directive, TUKHACHEVSKY SEMENOV established in 1931 a connection with the right‐wing conspirator in the Red Army URITSKY, giving him his consent to join the right‐wing organization.

In 1929‐1930. SEMENOV personally recruited the following former officers:

PUTKOVSKY ‐ room. early 1 department of the headquarters of the LVO, then worked in the general staff of the Red Army;

LUKINA Sergei ‐ ex. pom. early 1 department of the headquarters of the LVO, who later worked as a teacher in the LVO (both were not arrested).

SEMENOV was sent to work as a military attaché in Poland, and then in France with the assistance of TUKHACHEVSKY and URITSKY. While in France,  SEMENOV, as a                member of the

organization of the right, also carried out instructions from URITSKY in connection with French intelligence and at the same time, as a member of the officersʹ organization, carried out tasks of Tukhachevsky in connection with White émigré circles (General ERDELI).

According to the instructions of TUKHACHEVSKY SEMENOV in conversations with the deputy. Chief of the French General Staff, General SHWEITSGURT, tried to hide Tukhachevskyʹs connection with

               German             intelligence. SEMENOV             regularly             informed

TUKHACHEVSKY about all the negotiations he had conducted with the French on the instructions of URITSKY‐BELOV.

SEMENOV also testified that in connection with his recall from France to the USSR at the end of 1937, fearing arrest, he spoke with Colonel Gauchet, head of French intelligence, about possible assistance from him.

Gaucher promised SEMENOV to raise an ʺinternational noiseʺ around his name SEMENOV and thus prevent his arrest.

Indeed, the Polish and French press, immediately upon SEMENOVʹs recall from France, published information about his arrest and surrender to a military court, which SEMENOV himself read about in Warsaw.

               6.         MALAKHOVSKY, former        inspector        of        PVHO        TsS

Osoaviakhim. Interrogated: PETERS.

In addition, he showed about his anti‐Soviet work in the period from 1933 to 1935 in the Housing and Maintenance Department of an NGO, where he entered with the personal assistance of ZATONSKY and GAMARNIK (ZATONSKY was arrested).

Having entered the KEO, MALAKHOVSKY, at the direction of BARBASH (arrested), with whom he was involved in espionage work in favor of Germany, identified and contacted a sabotage group consisting of former officers, together with whom he carried out organized sabotage work along the line of building non‐defensive structures (houses, clubs and military education institutions).

The specified group, which included former officers, chief engineer KEO MIKHAILOV, early. Department of support for the homes of the command staff KRYLOV (not arrested), ex. early Department of material support DZYUN‐DZYA (arrested), set as its goal by sabotage to disrupt the construction of non‐defensive structures and cause discontent among the command staff of the Red Army with living conditions.

MALAKHOVSKY shows that after he came to KEO as a senior inspector at the Acceptance Directorate, the groupʹs sabotage activities intensified significantly, since he covered all sabotage acts with his conclusions. By         listing    these acts        of            sabotage               in            detail, MALAKHOVSKY shows that the groupʹs sabotage activities were greatly facilitated by the fact that the corps commander LYASHKO, who was now working in the NKOP (not arrested), who were directly in charge of this case, and S.S. KAMENEV. also covered all this sabotage activity.

7. Kokadeev AN, former head of the department of the Communications Directorate of the Red Army, brigade

engineer . Interrogated: LUSCHINSKY.

Additionally, he showed that on the instructions of German intelligence in 1935 and 1936. he created an espionage station in Moscow, which, under his leadership, carried out reconnaissance missions of the Germans until 1937.

In 1933, while on a business trip in Switzerland, Kokadeev, returning to the USSR, drove to Berlin and, having met there with an officer of the intelligence service of the German Reichswehr, NAGEL, received instructions from him to obtain for German intelligence detailed information about secret inventions and the latest samples in the field armament of the Red Army by means of radio communication (wire and wireless).

In addition, the Germans instructed Kokadeev to inform their intelligence about the state of material armament of a number of RKKA academies and about the training of military specialists in the aviation and communications service. Fulfilling the tasks of the Germans, Kokadeev attracted to espionage:

1)                   brigade commander BORZOV ‐ head of the course of the Military Electrotechnical Academy of the Red Army;

2)                   military                engineer               of            the          2nd        rank       CHMYKHOV    ‐ pom. early communication center of the NKO of the USSR;

3)                   military engineer of the II rank MAKEEVA ‐ head of the department of the Scientific Research Institute of Communications of the Red Army (all three are installed) and

4)                   Major ZHAKEVICH ‐ pom. early schools of the special services of the Red Army Air Force (arrested).

Spies recruited by KOKADEEV BORZOV, MAKEEV, ZHAKEVICH and CHMYKHOV during 1935 and 1936. supplied KOKADEEV with military‐secret materials on military aviation, on the communications service, on weapons of the Military Electrotechnical Academy of the Red Army and the school of special services of the Red Army Air Force, and also covered the course of training military personnel for the Red Army.

The spy information was transmitted by KOKADEEV to the engineer ʺFRITZʺ, a resident of the German intelligence in Moscow, who paid a monetary reward to Kokadeevʹs agents.

8.           GORSKY ME, former head of the 3rd department of the headquarters of the Red Army Naval Forces, brigade engineer . Interrogated: PETROVS, KUDRYAVTSEV.

At a confrontation with the arrested KALACHEV, the former chief of staff of the Naval Forces of the Red Army, he confessed that he was a member of an anti‐Soviet military conspiracy, where he was recruited in 1934 by LUDRI, the former deputy of Namorsi of the Red Army.

On the instructions of LUDRI GORSKY, he carried out subversive activities in the field of mobilization work.

9.           BLAZHEVICH        I.F., former          deputy  early. air               defense

control. Interrogated by ROGACHEV, PAVLOV.

He confessed that he was an active participant in the anti‐Soviet military‐fascist conspiracy. BLAZHEVICH was recruited into a conspiracy by the former head of the RKKA Air Defense Directorate S.S. Kamenev and on his assignments carried out recruiting and sabotage work to undermine the countryʹs air defense.

The practical subversive work of BLAZHEVICH was expressed in undermining the local air defense, implanting Trotskyist cadres, disrupting the combat training of units, disorganizing the financial system, etc.

BLAZHEVICH were recruited into a military conspiracy by WILMUT Fritz Martynovich, the former early. Financial Department of the UPVO RKKA, MILOVIDOV Alexander Semenovich, former early. local air defense, BOLLER, former commander of the 1st air defense division in Moscow, A.I. SHVACHKO ‐ ex. early Air defense KVO. All of them were arrested, confessed and fully confirmed the testimony of BLAZHEVICH.

10.           DUSHAK            A.Ya., former     deputy head. Militarized NGOs. Interrogated by GRINBERG and SELEZNEV.

DUSHAK, who had previously confessed that he was a participant in an anti‐Soviet military conspiracy and carried out sabotage in the Military Publishing House of the NCO, additionally testified that he and BELITSKY (who recruited DUSHAK into the conspiracy, was arrested), on the direct instructions of GAMARNIK, deliberately disrupted        the publication          of            military                publications        by Comrade. STALIN.

The works of Comrade STALIN on the issues of military construction and civil war were recruited and laid out, but GAMARNIK proposed to stop further preparations for the publication of this publication, which was done.

A similar situation was with the release of the brochure ‐ the biography of the Peopleʹs Commissar of Defense comrade. VOROSHILOVA.

The brochure has been carefully edited and prepared for release. In

1936, BELITSKYʹs reprint was sent to GAMARNIK, who, after reviewing it, invited BELITSKY to disrupt its publication, referring to the fact that, in the interests of the conspiracy, Voroshilov should not be popularized among the masses by publishing separate brochures.

In addition, DUSHAK testified that in the Military Publishing House system the participants in the conspiracy, he, DUSHAK, BELITSKY and others “fed” and subsidized, under the guise of copyright advances, the participants in the military conspiracy, Trotskyists and other enemies of the people, in particular, TUKHACHEVSKY systematically, up to his arrest , received ʺadvancesʺ of several thousand rubles, concluding contracts for work that he did not perform.

For editing the ʺKrasnoarmeisky Political Textbookʺ, which later, as a sabotage, was destroyed in the amount of 450,000 copies, the former head of the RKKA PU Department KHARITONOV (convicted)

received several thousand rubles from the Military Publishing House.

For the alleged authorship and ʺeditingʺ received large sums and other enemies of the people, such as: HERMONIUS, KRASILNIKOV and others, including the participants in the conspiracy, workers of the Military Publishing House: DUSHAK, BELITSKY, PODSOTSKY (all arrested).

The ʺfeedingʺ of the enemies of the people and the destruction of the financial power of the Military Publishing House of the NCO was carried out with the full approval of GAMARNIK.

11. VV Smagin, former head of the foreign relations department of the Peopleʹs Commissariat of Defense. Interrogated: Kascheev.

He additionally testified that in 1930, having been recalled from Japan to work in the Intelligence Directorate of the Red Army, in Moscow he maintained espionage contact with the resident of Japanese intelligence ASKOV (former employee of the Peopleʹs Commissariat for Foreign Affairs, arrested and convicted).

From 1930 to 1932, SMAGIN, in the published works of the Intelligence

Agency for the Japanese army, systematically, on the instructions of the Japanese, placed exaggerated data on the organization, armament, and mobilization deployment of the Japanese army in wartime.

From the Japanese, SMAGIN received 2,000 rubles for this espionage work.

In 1932, as a result of ASKOVʹs departure, SMAGIN was associated with another Japanese spy SMOLIN (a former intelligence officer, arrested), who, on the instructions of the Japanese military attaché KAWABE, instructed SMAGIN to post exaggerated data on the Japanese army about artillery, aviation, chemistry and understated information technology, which he did in the published works of the RU RKKA ʺExperience of the Japanese army in Manchuria and Chinaʺ and ʺOperational art of the Japanese army.ʺ

In            addition,              SMAGIN             knew     Japanese               spies      ‐              Colonel TVERDOKHLEBOV (former head of the Far Eastern branch of the Intelligence Agency, not arrested), LIVSHITS (former employee of the Intelligence Agency, not arrested), who carried out similar espionage work on the instructions of the Japanese intelligence service to release disinformation guides on the Japanese army and in touch at the station SMOLIN.

In 1934, SMAGIN, being the head of the foreign relations department of the Peopleʹs Commissariat of Defense, having established direct contact through espionage work with the Japanese military attaché HATA, gave him a number of valuable data about the Red Army.

In addition, on the instructions of HATA, he provided advantages in supplying information and permission to inspect military units to the Finnish and Estonian military attaches, allowed Japanese trainees to move freely around the USSR and summoned people from the highest command of the Red Army to banquets and receptions needed by the

Japanese               (APPOGA,          EFIMOV,             TUKHACHEVSKY,         ORLOV, MEZHENINOV and ALKSNIS).

In 1936, SMAGIN handed over through SMOLIN KHATA his works on the tactics of the Red Army on the scale of ʺregimentʺ, ʺbattalionʺ.

12. DOUBOVI I.N., former commander of the Kharkov military district. Interrogated by YAMNITSKY and KAZAKEVICH.

In addition, he showed that in the Dnipropetrovsk region, the leadership of the nationalist Ukrainian organization established contact with an underground anti‐Soviet organization from the former Makhnovists, having absorbed this organization.

The leadership of the united rebel organization included: from the nationalists the division commander ZUBOK (convicted) and the head Oblono KRUPKO (convicted), an old Borotbist, BELASH, a former assistant to MAKHNO (arrested), entered from the Makhnovists.

The nationalist military organization was blocked in the work on the preparation of an anti‐Soviet coup with the Socialist‐Revolutionary organizations      from      the          Russian                and        Ukrainian            Socialist‐


The military headquarters of the nationalists was connected with the military‐Socialist‐Revolutionary organization (Russian) through the corps commander of the universities of the KVO KOPULOVSKY (arrested), who was personally associated with BELOV (arrested) since 1930, i.e. since their joint study in Berlin. Of the members of the military Socialist‐Revolutionary organization known to him, DUBOVA named the prosecutor of the KVO PERFILYEV (arrested) and the divisional commander SABLIN Yuri (convicted).

The center of the Ukrainian nationalist organization was associated with joint anti‐Soviet work with the civic organizations of the Russian Social Revolutionaries, personally with their leadership in the person of KARELIN in Kiev and ARNAUTOV in Odessa (both arrested).

Since 1935, the insurrectionary headquarters of Ukrainian nationalists also directed the work on the preparation of insurgent detachments of the UPSR party (the Ukrainian party of social revolutionaries), which had its cells in the districts.

For conspiracy, the Central Committee of the UPSR was in Yalta, where

Cherkassky (the head of the UPSR, arrested) and other members of the Central Committee lived.

Among the participants in the military nationalist Ukrainian organization, DOUBOVA additionally named the following persons:

GOEVA ‐ former chief of ABT 23rd Infantry Division, former. Galician officer, relative of PORAYKO and Kascheev, former. the commander of the Bogunsky regiment, who worked at the executive committee of the zag in the Poltava region (both are being established).

13. LUKIRSKY Sergey G., former general of the General Staff of the tsarist army. Prior to his arrest, scientific editor of the Soviet Military Encyclopedia. Interrogated by LORKISH and KUZMENKO.

Gave initial testimony about his participation in the officer‐monarchist organization.

LUKIRSKY testified that he was recruited into the officer‐monarchist organization in 1918 by the former general VELICHKO (died), on whose orders he carried out subversive work in the army.

In 1934, upon his return from a concentration camp to Moscow, he established contact with former generals TROITSKY, VLADISLAVSKY and Colonel VYSOTSKY.

LUKIRSKY in recent years, being the editor of the ʺMilitary Soviet Encyclopediaʺ, carried out sabotage aimed at disrupting the release of military historical materials.

As members of the organization, LUKIRSKY calls VYSOTSKY, BAZAREVSKY, SHISHKOVSKY, Svechin, Snesarev, Nadezhny (the

last two died, the rest were arrested).

The interrogation continues.

For the 6th DEPARTMENT

1. PAKULIN, former head of the NKPS personnel group. Interrogated:


He testified about belonging to an anti‐Soviet Trotskyist organization in the NKPS. He was recruited into this organization in 1936 by POGREBINSKY, the former secretary of the NKPS party committee (arrested).

According to the assignments of the participant of the Trotskyite center on transport ZIMIN, former deputy. Peopleʹs Commissariat of Railways (arrested, confessed), PAKULIN carried out a lot of subversive and sabotage work, participated in the preparation of a number of terrorist acts against the leaders of the party and government.

For sabotage and sabotage work, PAKULIN recruited a number of leading employees of the NKPS:

SIDORIN, the former party organizer of the central financial department of the Peopleʹs Commissariat for Railways (now he is the head of the planning and financial department of the Lenin road);

UTKINA, the former party organizer of the central locomotive department of the NKPS, works at Turksib as the head of the locomotive service;

VAKHRUSHEVA, a former employee of the secretariat of the Peopleʹs Commissariat for Transport, recently was the secretary of the party committee of the Peopleʹs Commissariat for Railways;

IVANOV, former inspector‐dispatcher of the NKPS, party organizer of the central traffic control;

GREEN, the former party organizer of the carriage department, is now the head of this department;

Karlov, former party organizer of the Institute of the Way, head of the personnel group of the central financial department;

SHEPELEVA ‐ the former head of the production trust Transvodstroy.

On the instructions of PAKULIN, SIDORIN carried out sabotage in the planning and financing of transport, especially in the line of investment in defense railway construction. With the participation of SIDORIN, large funds were squandered on a number of roads intended for the construction of defense facilities.

On the direct instructions of PAKULIN, at the end of 1936, Utkin organized a number of acts of sabotage on the Kuibyshev road, where he traveled as part of the NKPS brigade.

Having contacted the members of the Pravotrotskyist organization on this road, UTKIN disabled the turntable of the Kuibyshev depot, destroyed the locomotive and car parks.

With the help of VAKHRUSHEV, during his work as the secretary of the party committee of the Peopleʹs Commissariat for Communist Party, PAKULIN managed to keep a number of members of the Pravotrotskyist organization in critical areas of transport.

Through SHEPELEV, sent to the Omsk road, PAKULIN contacted the pest SHERMERGORNY (convicted) and launched a lot of destructive work there to disrupt the construction of a water supply system on the Omsk and Tomsk railways.

The sabotage was carried out with the aim of leaving the Omsk and Tomsk roads as the most important highways of the Trans‐Siberian direction without water for wartime.

Recruited by PAKULIN IVANOV, on his instructions, disorganized the movement of trains on the Moscow Okruzhnaya road, systematically sewed up the most important units, destroyed the car fleet by untimely supply of empty cars, disrupted the supply of raw materials to industrial enterprises in Moscow.

A member of the KARLOV organization, a former SocialistRevolutionary, on the instructions of PAKULIN, he conducted subversive work at the Institute of the Path.

In November 1936, PAKULIN, who was part of a special brigade for paving the Far Eastern roads, on the instructions of ZIMIN contacted a member of the organization BOBRYSHEV, the former head of Podor of the Far Eastern Railway. (arrested), and through him established contact with members of the RUSAK and RYBAK organization. Together with these persons PAKULIN sewed up the most important railway junctions: Egersheld, Ugolnaya, Voroshilov‐Ussuriisk. He systematically disabled locomotives and carriages, arranged accidents and train crashes.

In particular, on his instructions at the Vladivostok station, a member of the organization ANDREEV, arranged a wreck of a freight train by starting the train on a busy track.

On the instructions of ZIMIN, PAKULIN was supposed to create a number of sabotage groups on the Far Eastern road for wartime and prepare for the disabling of the entire mobilization reserve of steam locomotives, as well as 2 depots and a power plant.

PAKULIN confessed that, on the instructions of Pogrebinsky, in 1936 he became a member of a terrorist group preparing an attempt to murder Comrade KAGANOVICH during the reception of railway workers in the Kremlin.

In the same year PAKULIN took part in the preparation of the second act on Comrade. KAGANOVICH, the commission of which was entrusted to a member of the organization DRUZHININ. After DRUZHININʹS suicide, PAKULIN, on the instructions of the Pravotrotsky center, participated in hiding the traces of this crime.

PAKULIN was also aware of the preparation of a terrorist act against Comrade. KAGANOVICH is a militant terrorist group created by a Trotskyite organization in the rifle guard of the Peopleʹs Commissariat for Railways.

2. GOLENISHCHEV‐KUTUZOV, senior engineer of the Central Locomotive Directorate of NKPS. Interrogated: BELENKY.

GOLENISHCHEV‐KUTUZOV, a former hereditary nobleman, in the past held a major administrative post at the Nobile firm. During the German war he headed the engineering and technical commission of the All‐Russian Union of Cities.

GOLENISHCHEV‐KUTUZOV showed that from the first days of the

October Revolution he waged an active struggle against Soviet power. He held a number of responsible positions in railway and water transport, systematically carried out sabotage.

In 1924 he was sentenced to imprisonment for sabotage in the thermal economy on water transport.

After serving his sentence, GOLENISHCHEV‐KUTUZOV returned to Moscow and went to work at VORZ (All‐Union Association of Repair Plants NKPS).

In 1931 he was recruited for espionage work by the Japanese intelligence officer KIM‐ZAEN (convicted in 1934).

On the instructions of KIM‐ZAYEN, he handed him a number of classified materials on the work of the NKPS VORZ, including data from the mobilization plan for the locomotive fleet, information on the prospects for planning rolling stock of roads, reports on the progress of rolling stock repairs, information on the production capacity of the trust, boiler facilities and implementation of the production program of the NKPS steam locomotive and car repair plants.

Later, KIM‐ZAYEN connected him with PESTICH, a former chief engineer of the PVRZ trust (convicted), through which he transferred spy materials to Japanese intelligence for 2 years.

In particular, he transmitted information about the production capacity of oxygen plants at factories, data on the analysis of electric welding works, information on measures to improve the quality of repair of locomotives and cars, data on the reconstruction of factories, as well as the latest inventions and improvements in locomotive mechanisms.

At the same time, GOLENISHCHEV‐KUTUZOV was connected by espionage work with two more Japanese residents (SENKEVICH and KOROLEV (convicted)).

In 1932, GOLENISCHEV‐KUTUZOV contacted the resident of Japanese intelligence TOMLENOV, the head of the Pravotrotskyist sabotage organization in the steam locomotive of the NKPS (convicted), on whose instructions he organized two major acts of sabotage: the explosion of the boiler at the Voronezh PRZ and the arson of the oxygen station at the Murmansk plant.

In order to turn sabotage at the NKPS factories GOLENISHCHEV‐

KUTUZOV recruited 3 people:

PROKOPCHENKO, a former electric welding engineer at VORZ, now works at the Ulan‐Ude plant (his arrest is being prepared);

WOSNYAK ‐ an employee of the Transport Research Institute (committed suicide in December 1937), and MECHKINA ‐ an employee of the Transport Research Institute (arrested).

Using these persons, GOLENISHCHEV‐KUTUZOV, by introducing wrecking methods of repair, disrupted the implementation of the production program of the factories, disabled steam locomotives and carriages, and created massive train accidents.

One of the types of sabotage practiced by GOLENISCHEV‐KUTUZOV was the use of substandard materials, which led to a significant increase in rejects during the repair of rolling stock and the release of spare parts at factories.

In 1932, TOMLENOV, with the knowledge of KIM‐ZAYEN, involved GOLENISHCHEV‐KUTUZOV in the Trotskyite spy organization in the locomotive economy.

GOLENISHCHEV‐KUTUZOV gave concrete testimony about the wrecking work of this organization, in particular, about the wrecking construction of the Sinarsky steam locomotive repair plant. Upon completion of the construction of this plant, it had to be mothballed due to the complete impossibility of putting it into operation.

3. SUR, former technical director of the foundry and mechanical plant NKPS im. Kaganovich in Lyublino, a former member of the USDLP. Interrogated: KOMAROV.

He confessed to being a member of the Trotskyist organization in transport. He showed that in 1936 he was recruited by the former early. plant ʺMozherezʺ EROFEEV (arrested, confessed).

On the instructions of EROFEEV, the SUR became a member of the terrorist organization that was preparing the attempted murder of Comrade. KAGANOVICH in 1936.

According to the plan developed by Erofeev, the SUR was supposed to shoot at Comrade KAGANOVICH when he visited the plant.

For the sake of secrecy, the RMS did not know about the composition of the terrorist group he was a member of. He had to get the weapon for the terrorist attack from YEROFEEV.

The RMS showed that for 2 years he systematically carried out sabotage work at the plant.

By improperly applying technological processes in production, he produced massive product defects, especially in spare parts for steam locomotives and carriages, and systematically disrupted the plantʹs production program.

The SUR, a Ukrainian nationalist Menshevik, was associated with the Ukrainian counter‐revolutionary underground. Until 1920, he headed the Menshevik group at the Pologi station, and provided active assistance to the PETLYURA and MAKHNO gangs. During the battle with Denikin, he deserted from the Red Army detachment and after going over to the side of the Whites, he betrayed the workers who took part in the shelling of the White Guard units to Denikinʹs intelligence.

Head of the Secretariat of the NKVD of the USSR, senior major of state security (SHAPIRO)