To Stalin

Marx-Engels |  Lenin  | Stalin |  Home Page

    To Stalin Top Secret Summaries Of The most important testimonies Of Those arrested 1937‐ 1938

A summary of the most important testimonies of those arrested by the GUGB NKVD of the USSR for February 3, 1938

Archive: AP RF. F. 3. Op. 24. D. 404. L. 86‐94.

Moscow [1]

Top secret

For the 3rd DEPARTMENT

1.                   STEPANOV PM, former director of the tool plant. Interrogated: GAVRILOV.

He showed that since 1931 he was a member of the anti‐Soviet Trotskyist organization and carried out sabotage work in the machine tool industry on its instructions.

STEPANOV named a number of members of the anti‐Soviet

organization who have already been arrested and partially convicted.

Stepanov P.M. also shows that he carried out espionage work in favor of Germany, acting in this case on behalf of a member of the anti‐Soviet organization ‐ BITKER and transferring to the latter spy information on heavy industry.

The indications are primary.

2.                   Yegorova‐LEPIN EN, former secretary of the All‐Union Central Council of Trade Unions. Interrogated: ANTONOV, SIGAL.

She showed that in 1923 she was a member of the Zinoviev organization in Leningrad and, on the instructions of ZALUTSKY and SARKISOV, was active at the Leningrad factories.

In 1927, while on the courses of Marxism, Egorova established a connection with the anti‐Soviet group of Bukharinites and, being promoted to work as chairman of the Central Committee of the trade union of garment workers, carried out subversive activities in the garment industry, calculated to artificially create discontent among the workers.

EGOROVA‐LEPIN also shows that in 1934, being the chairman of the Central Committee of the trade union of workers in the rubber industry, she helped conduct work to a member of the anti‐Soviet Trotskyist organization BITKER, deliberately sabotaged the work of labor protection and created conditions as a result of which at the 1st and 2nd plants Explosions with human casualties took place in Yaroslavl and Voronezh.

Noteworthy is the testimony of Egorova about her ties with the former chairman of the Leningrad Regional Trade Union ALEXEEV, who negotiated with Egorova about the need to organize a terrorist act against Comrade. Zhdanova.

The indications are primary.

3. KISSIN AD, Chairman of the Exportkhleb of the Narkomvneshtorg, at the time of his arrest, the head of the Main Directorate of the NKPP brewing industry. Interrogated: DEGTYAREV, BEREZOVSKY.

He showed that in 1933 he was attracted by A.P. Rozenholts. in the antiSoviet Trotskyist organization, on whose instructions he subsequently carried out sabotage work in the field of selling grain abroad at reduced prices, disrupting the sorting and processing of grain.

KISSIN shows that at the direction of ROSENGOLZ, through the owner of the Weil Hermanus bread company FLEGENHEIMER in Rotterdam, he financed TROTSKY by deliberate discounts on the sale of bread to the firm.

KISSIN, in particular, shows that during the sale of one of the batches of bread, the discount reached 12,000 Dutch guilders, transferred by FLEGENHEIMER to a current account specified by ROSENHOLTS in one of the Rotterdam banks.

As KISSIN shows, during 1932, 1933 and 1934. the total amount of funds stolen by him from the state intended for TROTSKY reached 36,000 Dutch guilders.

Along with this, KISSIN, at the direction of Rozegolts, established contact with the resident of the German intelligence service, the former chairman of the Kontrolko company, BERNGARD (he was arrested and subsequently expelled from the USSR), to whom he passed on spy information about the progress of grain procurements and the state of Khleboexport.

KISSIN reveals that he received $ 1,000 from BERNGARD as a reward for his espionage work.

4. TOCHINSKY AC, former Deputy Director of the Magnitogorsk Iron and Steel Works. Interrogated by LOBOVSKY.

He showed that he was a member of an anti‐Soviet organization operating in the ferrous metallurgy.

TOCHINSKY shows that, according to his instructions, production plans for sabotage purposes were overestimated, and the increased quantitative targets were not provided by the corresponding increase in the limits for labor, finance, raw materials, fuel and semi‐finished products.

TOCHINSKY gave a number of specific testimonies about the acts of sabotage carried out by him.

In particular, TOCHINSKY deliberately disrupted the organization of the production of acid‐resistant and heat‐resistant thin‐walled pipes at the plant. Lenin in Dnepropetrovsk.

As TOCHINSKY shows, the anti‐Soviet organization in the Main Directorate of the Metallurgical Industry carried out significant sabotage work by scattering funds for capital construction.

TOCHINSKYʹs testimony about wrecking activity is primary.

5. Sterlin A.E., the former head of the 1st department of TsAGI, testified that he was a member of the anti‐Soviet Trotskyist organization operating at TsAGI, and carried out sabotage work in the field of military aircraft construction. Interrogated: KUZNETSOV.

STERLIN shows that, while still studying at the Air Force Academy, he was a hidden Trotskyist and kept in touch with the Trotskyist group that existed at the Academy, which connected him in 1934 with Kharlamov.

STERLIN named a number of members of the anti‐Soviet organization in TsAGI who have already been arrested.

As a result of the organizationʹs sabotage activities, with the active participation of STERLIN, the construction of experimental aircraft R‐2 and D‐2 was disrupted.

For the 5th DEPARTMENT

1.                   KUIBYSHEV      NV, former         commander        of            the          ZakVO troops. Interrogated by AGAS and OREDNIKOV.

KUIBYSHEV additionally testified that upon his arrival in Tbilisi, he found corps commander MULIN as the deputy commander of the troops (an arrest order was given), who had arrived in Transcaucasian 10 days before KUIBYSHEV. The first information about MULINA, which served as the basis for a frank conversation with him, KUIBYSHEV received when leaving Moscow from the Peopleʹs Commissar of Defense; The Peopleʹs Commissar of Defense told KUIBYSHEV about MULINAʹs relationship with REINGOLD (convicted) and his close relationship with UBOREVICH, which suddenly deteriorated in the last months of their joint work. In this regard, the Peopleʹs Commissar of Defense expressed his suspicion whether this was the result of Uborevichʹs desire to have his own man in the person of MULIN in some other district. This assumption was based on the fact that the wide practice of Yakir to send his people to other districts had already been revealed. Upon arrival in Tbilisi, KUIBYSHEV began to look closely at MULIN. Soon after receiving a message from the commissioner of the Crimean military sanatorium about the anti‐Soviet sentiments of MULINʹs wife and a message from the party organization of the Kuibyshev branch of the State Bank about the arrest of MULINʹs wifeʹs sister, KUIBYSHEV decided to take advantage of this for a frank conversation with MULIN and began with his connection with Reingoldch and Uboreviv. MULIN was at a loss, and KUIBYSHEV then decided to tell him directly that he was sure that MULIN was in the conspiracy. MULIN at first weakly denied, but after KUIBYSHEV declared that he was a conspirator, MULIN confirmed his participation in the conspiracy. MULIN told KUIBYSHEV that he had been recruited by Uborevich, was aware of all the anti‐Soviet espionage work of the latter, and he himself actively ʺworkedʺ in the BVO. MULIN also spoke about his organizational connection with REINGOLD and the civilian conspirators of Belarus. KUIBYSHEV and MULIN agreed that the main task for the near future should be to carefully rebuild the remaining conspiracy forces and recruit new personnel. MULIN spoke about the espionage connections of Uborevich, told KUIBYSHEV that Uborevich was associated with General BLOMBERG, in particular, he told about such an episode from this espionage work: shows the operational plan of the General Staff of the German Reichswehr available in the Intelligence Agency. This plan was shown to Uborevich, and after a while the corresponding officer of the German General Staff, who handed over the plan to the Intelligence Agency, was shot. About this case, when UBOREVICH gave the officer to the Germans,

KUIBYSHEV in the Transcaucasian VO also contacted the conspirator, Divisional Commissar Razdolskiy [2] , the head of the PUOKR (not arrested). KUIBYSHEV learned about his participation in the conspiracy of Razdolsky from GAMARNIK. Razdolsky conducted subversive work in the district, practicing the method of mass expulsion of communists from the party, including political instructors, without careful analysis and without going into the essence of the matter, without calling people. As a result, along with the persons who really deserved to be excluded, many honest persons were excluded, sometimes demanding only a recovery, and sometimes without any fault, on the basis of unverified data that later turned out to be absurd. For a political instructor expelled in this way from the party, this meant at the same time demobilization from the army.

2.                   Belov I.P. , former commander of the Belarusian Military District. [3] Interrogated by YAMNITSKY, KAZAKEVICH.

In addition, he showed that the leadership of the military SR organization in Leningrad was headed by a troika consisting of: ZAPOROZHETS        ‐              the          former deputy. early UNKVD    for          LO

(convicted), Podshivalova I.M. ‐ Former commander of the 20th rifle division, recently deputy. Chief of Staff of the LVO (arrested) and TRIFONOV, the former commander of the 10th Infantry Division (arrested).

After the arrest of ZAPOROZHETS at the end of 1934, PODSIVALOV played the main role in the leadership of the military SR organization in the LVO. In particular, from ZAPOROZHETS PODSIVALOV took over the connection with the civil Socialist‐Revolutionary organization in Leningrad, personally with one of its leaders ‐ KUZMIN ‐ the head of the shop of the Osoaviakhima plant (to be established).

ZAPOROZHETS told BELOV, and then PODSHIVALOV confirmed the same thing that KUZMIN was an old Socialist‐Revolutionary who, even before the revolution, was a member of the Petersburg Committee of the Socialist‐Revolutionary Party. During the years under Soviet power, KUZMIN headed a number of underground Socialist‐

Revolutionary sabotage groups, mainly at defense plants.

Through his Socialist‐Revolutionary contacts in the Leningrad port and among the sailors, KUZMIN contacted one of the leaders of the Socialist‐Revolutionary emigration CHERNOV.

The Socialist‐Revolutionary civic organization in Leningrad had its branches in the universities, among the teaching staff, as well as among the engineering and technical and administrative personnel of the factories and trusts of Leningrad.

BELOV additionally named a number of military members of the military‐Socialist‐Revolutionary organization in Leningrad, including MAZYUK, chairman of the Military Tribunal of the LVO, and NELYUBIN, a former member of the Collegium of the Military Tribunal of the 7th Mechanized Corps (to be established).

               MAZYUK      and      NELYUBIN,      whom       BELOV      knew      from

ZAPOROZHETS and PODSHIVALOV, had connections among a group of members of the Socialist‐Revolutionary organization, court officials and prosecutors in Leningrad and Moscow, headed by the former military prosecutor SUBOTSKY (arrested).

PODSHIVALOV also had connections with the following members of the military‐Socialist‐Revolutionary organization, teachers of the military academies of Leningrad and in universities.

At the Military‐Political Academy ‐ VELICHKO, YATSENKO, CHERNITSKY, at the Artillery Academy ‐ * JOMIN and BREGEDA

* [4] , at the Electrotechnical Academy ‐ * ORLOVTSEV and KUZNETSOV * [5] , at the Medical Academy ‐ GLEZER, at the Artillery courses (KUZNETS) GRACHEV and MINAEV, at ABT ‐ KUKS ‐ EVDOKIMOV. (All named persons are installed).

A group of Social Revolutionaries in the military academies of Leningrad for some time was led by Vsevolod CHERNEVSKY and SHIFRES (former head of the Military‐Political Academy) who worked in Leningrad ‐ both were arrested.

According to the Moscow Military District, BELOV additionally named ROSHAL, an employee of the district headquarters (not arrested), and the head of the mobilization district DENISOV (arrested) as members of the military SR organization and the old SRs. With him, BELOV kept in touch through the head of the department of SKU of the Red Army, CHERNEVSKY, who was working during this period (1930).

In the Moscow Military District, BELOV contacted in 1936 with pom. com. troops for material support SHELE as with a participant in an anti‐Soviet military conspiracy (convicted).

From OSHLEY BELOV knew that there was a group of participants in an anti‐Soviet military conspiracy in the Moscow Military District, headed by the former head of the Air Defense of the Moscow Military District, BULLER (arrested). As part of this group, OSHLEY named the following persons: APILOK (arrested) ‐ deputy. Chief of Staff of the Moscow Military District; PRIKON ‐ early. the engineering service of the air defense headquarters; VIKSNIN ‐ employee of the air defense headquarters, not arrested).

Head of the Secretariat of the NKVD of the USSR, senior major of state security


[1]  On the first sheet there is Stalin ʹs note ʺ NB ʺ .

[2]  On the left margin, Stalin put an ʺxʺ sign .

[3]  On the left margin, Stalin put an ʺxʺ sign .

[4]  * ‐ * The names are underlined by Stalin. [5] * ‐ * The names are underlined by Stalin. A summary of the most important testimonies of those arrested by the GUGB of the NKVD of the USSR for February 4, 1938

Archive: AP RF. F. 3. Op. 24. D. 404. L. 95‐107


Top secret

For the 3rd DEPARTMENT

1.   KARLSON KM , former Deputy Peopleʹs Commissar for Internal

Affairs of Ukraine. Interrogated: ILYITSKY, SCHNEIDERMAN.

Gave initial testimony that in 1931 BALITSKY was involved in an antiSoviet organization of the right. Having informed Karlson that Yakir and Popov were playing the leading role in the anti‐Soviet organization in Ukraine, BALITSKY also pointed out to him the existence of a military organization connected with the right‐wing and a military conspiracy.

CARLSON shows that BALITSKY and him in the apparatus of the NKVD of Ukraine created an anti‐Soviet organization, which included a number of leading employees of the NKVD of Ukraine, who have now been arrested.

2.   MIROSHNIKOV II , former Deputy Peopleʹs Commissariat of Finance . Interrogated by Ilyitskii, Semenov.

He filed an initial statement in which he showed that he was an active participant in the anti‐Soviet organization of the right.

I. I. MIROSHNIKOV shows that he was involved in the anti‐Soviet organization by RUDZUTAK in 1934 and that among the leaders of the organization, in addition to RUDZUTAK, he knew ANTIPOV and MEZHLAUK V.I.

3. FOKIN VV , former deputy. Peopleʹs Commissar of Mechanical

Engineering. Interrogated: KOROTKOV.

He showed that in 1934, while working at the plant. Voroshilov entered the anti‐Soviet organization of the Right and Trotskyists that existed there.

V.                  V. Fokin shows that he was attracted to the organization by the former secretary of the party committee of the plant * ASTAKHOV * [1] (not arrested). As Fokin shows, for anti‐Soviet activities in Leningrad, he was associated with the former secretary of the Volodarsky district committee of the All‐Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks * OSVENSKY * [2] , on whose instructions he carried out sabotage work aimed at disrupting tank production. After being appointed director of the Stalingrad Tractor Plant FOKIN

V.V. contacted the leaders of the anti‐Soviet organization in Stalingrad ‐ VAREIKIS and GOLDIN (arrested) and, on their instructions, created an anti‐Soviet sabotage and sabotage organization at the Stalingrad Tractor Plant.

Named by Fokin V.V. the members of the organization at the Stalingrad

Tractor Plant are checked by us.

The testimony of V.V. Fokin are primary.

4. CHEREMUKHIN, b. ch. engineer of the 1st department of TsAGI. Interrogated: KVASOV.

CHEREMUKHIN testified that in 1929 he was involved by Tupolev in an anti‐Soviet sabotage organization that existed in TsAGI.

CHEREMUKHIN named a number of active members of the anti‐Soviet sabotage organization in TsAGI, who have now been arrested.

As CHEREMUKHIN shows, he carried out sabotage work aimed at disrupting the construction of helicopters and gyroplanes. On the instructions of the organization CHEREMUKHINY was sabotagely designed and built helicopter ʺ1‐VGʺ, which suffered frequent accidents during tests and was eventually destroyed.

Testimony of CHEREMUKHIN about sabotage activity is primary.

For the 4th DEPARTMENT

1. A. I. SHVETSOV ‐ former deputy. early Glavlessnab. Interrogated by KRAYEV, PODOBETS.

In addition, he testified about the presence of an illegal tekapist center, which included SHVETSOV, KOSTIN, KUZNETSOV (arrested), RUMYANTSEVA and GALEVIUS (arrested).

All these persons are former active Socialist‐Revolutionaries, some of them joined the All‐Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks with a double‐dealing purpose and, in contact with the right, carried on active anti‐Soviet work.

The illegal center of the TCH [3] maintained a constant organizational relationship with a foreign center ‐ MASLOV Sergei, according to whose directives he conducted active sabotage and terrorist activities in the Soviet Union.

In addition to organizational ties with the Rights and Trotskyists, the illegal center of the TKP in the person of KOSTIN established contact with the Mensheviks KOTOV, KONOPLEV and TSUKANOV, in contact with whom he conducted his anti‐Soviet work.

The organization, on the instructions of Maslov, created a number of terrorist groups to carry out terrorist attacks on members of the government.

Branches of the organization were created in the periphery, which attracted former Socialist‐Revolutionaries, Mensheviks, anti‐Soviet elements from the agronomic staff and agricultural workers, former cooperators, etc.

2.                   KOROLEV, projectionist of the viewing hall of the Grand Kremlin Palace. Interrogated: ZHURBENKO, RAISMAN.

He confessed that on 30 / XII 1937 he received a task from SHUMYATSKY to break the flask of a mercury rectifier in the cinema booth of the viewing hall of the Grand Kremlin Palace in order to poison the entire viewing hall with poisonous mercury vapors.

On 12/31/1937, he completed this task, breaking the flask, and on 01/07/1938, he poured mercury from this flask onto the floor, which he informed SHUMYATSKY about.

3.                   VLADIMIROV MP, former head of the Glavstanko instrument department. Interrogated: SHULISOV.

He showed that he was one of the leaders of the so‐called. Of the ʺworkers ʹoppositionʺ in 1920‐1922, participated in drawing up the platform of the ʺworkersʹ oppositionʺ, signed it together with SHLYAPNIKOV, MEDVEDEV and others.

He was associated with SHLYAPNIKOV, MEDVEDEV, BRUNO, PRAVDIN and other members of the center of the Shlyapnikov organization until their arrest (1936‐1937). Conducted anti‐Soviet conversations with them, allowing anti‐Soviet attacks against the leadership of the CPSU (b) and party policies.

He also showed that he was associated with RYKOV and SHOTMAN until 1938, in conversations with them he made malicious anti‐Soviet attacks against the leaders of the CPSU (b) and the government.

4.                   ISAEV, former deputy. early Chief Fish. Interrogated by KRAYNIN, TANGIEV.

He confessed that he was a member of the anti‐Soviet Trotskyist organization. In 1927, while working at the Trade Mission in Berlin, he was authorized by the Trotskyist center for communication with the German Trotskyists. He was associated with a group of German Trotskyists: WEBER, URBANS, RUTH FISCHER, MASLOV and carried on decomposition work in the German Communist Party.

In December 1927, upon his arrival from Berlin to Moscow on a business trip, he met with I.N. SMIRNOV. Gives testimony about the wrecking work carried out by him in the Glavryba.

For the 5th DEPARTMENT

1. KHAKHANYAN GN, former member of the Military Council of OKDVA, corps commander. Interrogated by: LISTENGURT,


HAHANYAN additionally showed that the Japanese General Staff was worried about the continuous increase in our aviation at the DCK. Japan, through Pokladoka, the former chief of the Intelligence Department of the OKDVA headquarters (arrested), suggested that HAKHANYAN do everything possible to disrupt the combat capability of our aviation.

On behalf of KHAKHANYAN INGAUNIS, the former assistant commander of OKDVA for aviation (arrested), carried out subversive work in the aviation of OKDVA. In particular, he carried out work to confuse the air defense communications and warning system (VNOS points), with the aim of disrupting timely notification of Japanese aviationʹs flights to our territory and thus preventing our anti‐aircraft weapons and fighter aircraft from repelling the enemy in a timely manner. HAHANYAN reported subversive work in this area to the Japanese General Staff through Pokladoka.

In June 1937, Pokladok informed HAHANYAN that he had a notice from the Japanese resident at Art. Border, that the Japanese General Staff in the coming days intends to check the message about the confusion of the VNOS system by throwing an aircraft across the border into the territory of the DCK. A few days later, such a Japanese plane actually flew over the border. The plane circled for about half an hour on the territory of Primorye, scattered counter‐revolutionary leaflets and returned to Manchuria without encountering resistance from our fighter aircraft and anti‐aircraft artillery.

Due to a confusing notification system, our fighter aircraft received a message very late about the appearance of an enemy aircraft and was incorrectly oriented about the direction of movement of the Japanese aircraft.

PAYLOK told HAHANYAN that the Japanese were after that interested in when the duty unit of our fighters took off, and that he told them this data.

HAKHANYAN showed that the Japanese were making intense preparations during the war to widely use bacteriological sabotage means. In July‐August 1937, the Japanese decided to test the bacteria intended for this purpose. This test was organized by Pokladok and carried out in the 6th Khabarovsk regiment, by the doctor of this regiment, the Chinese KURKOV. The result was a severe hightemperature morbidity of about 200 people of the Red Army with several deaths.

The former head of the Political Directorate of the OKDVA ARONSHTAM (arrested) and VOLSKY, the deputy chairman of the Far

Eastern Regional Executive Committee (arrested), told KHAKHANYAN that the right‐Trotskyist organization in the DCK had created rebel organizations and groups. The rebel activities were led by VOLSKY and SLINKIN, the former secretary of the Khabarovsk regional committee of the CPSU (b) (arrested).

During the rally of the Volochaevites on the anniversary of the Volochaev battles (early 1937), VOLSKY held an illegal meeting with some leaders of rebel organizations and groups, who arrived under the guise of delegates for the holiday.

VOLSKY told KHAKHANYAN that the necessary weapons had already been delivered here and there for the rebel organizations in the localities.

2. MALINOVSKY AP, Head of the Scientific and Technical Directorate of the Civil Air Fleet. Interrogated: NIKONOV, KISELEV.

Additionally, showed that I.P. BELOV (arrested), the former commander of the Belarusian Military District, he is known not only as a participant in an anti‐Soviet military conspiracy, but also as the head of an anti‐Soviet Socialist‐Revolutionary organization in the Red Army.

From BELOV MALINOVSKY learned that the leadership of the Social Revolutionaries included, in addition to BELOV, EFIMOV (convicted) and GRYAZNOV (arrested). EIDEMAN (convicted) also told MALINOVSKY about the presence of an SR organization in the army.

In addition, MALINOVSKY testified that in 1934 he was recruited into an anti‐Soviet military conspiracy * ANGELOV * [4] Alexander Dmitrievich (not arrested), the former head of the Scientific and Technical Institute of the Civil Air Fleet, and then the head of the central logistics department of Aeroflot.

ANGELOV, on the instructions of MALINOVSKY, carried out subversive work in the Civil Air Fleet. ANGELOV spent a significant part of the appropriations for the experimental and experimental construction of such types of motors that had no prospects for use in the Civil Air Fleet and the Air Force and, in terms of their tactical and technical data, did not even reach the technical level of their class abroad.

ANGELOV developed wrecking technical conditions for the operation of motor No. 17F, which led to its premature wear, breakdowns and, as a consequence, accidents and disasters.

Deliberately did not organize the study of the statistical material of the technical operation of the material part of aircraft and engines at a time when due to improper technical operation and maintenance of aircraft and engines worn out earlier than expected.

3. LOZOVSKY (YAMBERG) AP, former head of the 10th department of the Intelligence Directorate. Interrogated: YAMNITSKY, PAVLOVSKY.

He additionally testified that in August 1918 he was arrested by the Germans in Riga for belonging to the ʺSpartakʺ group and recruited by them for provocative work. During the period of his provocative activity, LOZOVSKY betrayed to the Germans all the communists of the Riga organization known to him in the amount of 17 people: including Augusta PESS, Albina POLISS, Alma PESS, ZVAYZGNE, KAUKIS, AUSTRIN Karolina, Albina CESS, Austra ZILE, Alidu QUANT, RAVELIS, BEYKA and his wife. They were all arrested.

In addition, LOZOVSKY gave the Germans a printing house in which the magazine ʺSpartakʺ was printed. The printing house was destroyed, and the owner of the apartment Lavise BERTCE and her 70‐year‐old mother, who had provided great assistance to the Riga organization, were arrested.

After his release from prison, LOZOVSKY in November 1918 was sent by the Riga Party organization to work with a member of the underground        Revolutionary Committee ZUKOVSKY, who was conducting intelligence work in Riga from the headquarters of the Red Army. (Informed, located in Valka, the headquarters of the Red Army about the progress of the retreat of the Germans from Riga).

ZUKOVSKY in early December 1918 sent LOZOVSKY to the city of Valka, to the headquarters of the Red Army, to STUCHKA with detailed information about the political situation in Riga, about the plan for organizing the performance of the Riga workers against the Germans, about the plan of arming the withdrawing German units.

LOZOVSKY, before leaving, met with the German intelligence officer ANDERSEN and gave him a copy of this information.

4. AKVILIANOV MM, former adjutant of the commander of the Moscow Military District, Colonel. Interrogated: LORKISH, ELK.

Gave initial testimony that he was a participant in a military‐fascist conspiracy, into which he was recruited in the fall of 1935 by the former deputy cavalry inspector of the Red Army KOSOGOV.

AKVILYANOV testified that a group of former conspiratorial officers, members of the officer‐monarchist organization ‐ KOSOGOV, VERKHOVSKY, FEDORENKO, GOLIKOV (all arrested) and others acted in the cavalry inspection of the Red Army, which, having seized the leadership of the cavalry, carried out significant subversive work.

AKVILYANOV, as a participant in the conspiracy, had a special task from KOSOGOV to use his position as adjutant of Marshal BUDENNY in order to cover up the anti‐Soviet activities of the group.

AKVILYANOV informed KOSOGOV about the secret most important decisions of the party and government, sent for information to Marshal BUDENNY. [5]

The interrogation continues.

For the 6th DEPARTMENT

1. DEGTYAREV, the former head of the Political Department of the Western Railway, recently was the deputy head of the Moscow Institute of Transport Engineers. Interrogated: POTASHOV.

DEGTYAREV     began    to            testify    about     belonging            to            the counterintelligence Socialist‐Revolutionary underground and his subversive anti‐Soviet work. He showed that he joined the Left Socialist Revolutionary Party in 1917. On the instructions of the Central Committee of the Left SRs, in 1918 he penetrated the CPSU (b) for hostile purposes.

Until recently, he was associated with the SR counter‐revolutionary underground.

In 1918, DEGTYAREV, while at the Socialist‐Revolutionary Congress in Moscow, was initiated into the plan for the provocative assassination of MIRBAKH and the preparation of the July armed performance in Moscow.

On the instructions of the Central Committee of the Left SRs, he kidnapped and delivered to him part of the gold reserve, evacuated during the retreat of the Red Army from Novocherkassk. He took an active part in organizing an uprising against Soviet power among the Don Cossacks.

In 1922, DEGTYAREV, under the guise of a scientific trip, went to Germany with the task of the underground Socialist‐Revolutionary Central Committee to establish contact with the Socialist‐Revolutionary center abroad.

In recent years, DEGTYAREV has been active in counter‐revolutionary work in the Red Army, working in the political administration of the Red Army. At the same time, during this period, he joined various antiparty groups that carried out anti‐Soviet and sabotage work in parts of the Ukrainian, Leningrad and Moscow military districts. In 19341935. DEGTYAREV, working in railway transport (head of the political department of the Perm road), became a member of the Pravotrotskyist organization in the Peopleʹs Commissariat for Railways, on whose instructions he conducted anti‐Soviet sabotage work.

DEGTYAREVʹs testimony establishes the belonging of the participants in the anti‐Soviet military conspiracy to the Socialist‐Revolutionary underground: FISHMAN, FELDMAN, BELOV, VENTSOV, as well as ALKSNIS, LEVICHEV, with whom he was personally connected.

The interrogation of DEGTYAREV continues.

2.             SHELONIN, former        head      of            the          Moscow               office     of            the Soyuztransproekt NKPS trust. Interrogated: OVSYANKOV.

He testified about belonging to an anti‐Soviet Trotskyist organization and sabotage in transport.

He admitted that he was recruited into an anti‐Soviet organization in 1936 by SUVOROV, the former deputy head of the Soyuztransproekt trust (arrested, confessed).

On the instructions of SUVOROV SHELONIN recruited 5 leading engineering and technical workers of Soyuztransproekt into the antiSoviet organization, including:

IOFFE ‐ Head of the Economic Research Sector; SULIMOVA ‐ head of survey works of the Chimkent‐Tashkent line; SKALOV ‐ head of the Mostransproekt sector; SALTYKOVA ‐ Art. engineer of the Moscow office of the trust, and PONOMAREV, head of the geological sector of Mostransproekt. (The arrest of all these persons is being prepared).

With the help of the persons recruited by him, SHELONIN launched a great sabotage work in the trust aimed at disrupting railway construction. Fulfilling the assignments of SUVOROV, SHELONIN, through various sabotage methods, mainly by delaying survey work and drawing up sabotage projects, disrupted the construction of a number of new railway lines of major economic defense importance. At the same time, he organized widespread sabotage in construction work related to the safety of train traffic on the roads (work on strengthening embankments, lengthening station tracks, eliminating landslides, etc.).

SHELONIN showed that in the field of research and design of new railway lines he had disrupted the construction work planned for 1937 on             the          construction       of            the          following             lines:      Ulan‐UdeKhyata [6] ; Chimkent‐Tashkent; Chinarskaya              —

Chelyabinsk; Zhilevo‐Voskresensk lines; Alexandrovo (Moscow region); Ust‐Niman‐Izvestkovaya, as well as construction of second tracks of the Moscow‐Bryansk line and reconstruction of the MoscowNegoreloe line.

The disruption of the construction of these lines was organized by delaying the drafting of the project, untimely dispatch of survey parties, and a sabotage schedule for the implementation of design and survey work. The sabotage to find these lines on the instructions of SHELONIN was carried out by SKALOV, SULIMOV and IOFFE. In the field of road construction, the following sabotage work was carried out: the sabotage project of strengthening the railway track at the stations of Tula‐I and Tula‐II of the Dzerzhinsky road and railway embankments on the Western road was abandoned. In addition, work was disrupted to lengthen the station tracks of 24 railway junctions and stations on the Moscow‐Kiev, Kazan and Yaroslavl roads. The sabotage along this line was carried out by PONOMAREV, SALTYKOV and SKALOV.

In order to disguise the sabotage, SHELONIN switched the Mostransproyekt apparatus to the preparation of over 300 projects of various construction works, the implementation of which was postponed for a number of reasons.

SHELONINʹs interrogation continues.

Head of the Secretariat of the NKVD of the USSR, senior major of state security (SHAPIRO)

[1]     * ‐ * The surname is circled by Stalin, and on the left margin is written ʺar.ʺ

[2]     * ‐ * The surname is circled by Stalin, and on the left margin is written ʺar.ʺ

[3]     Labor Peasant Party.

[4]     * ‐ * The surname is circled by Stalin.

[5]     On the left margin there is Stalinʹs record: ʺ Do not send any more secret materials to Budyonny .ʺ, [6] So in the source.