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   To Stalin Top Secret Summaries Of The most important testimonies Of Those arrested 1937‐ 1938

A summary of the most important testimonies of those arrested by the GUGB NKVD of the USSR for April 8, 1938

Archive: AP RF. F. 3. Op. 24. D. 407. L. 115‐133

 April 10, 1938

SECRETARY of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) comrade STALIN

I am sending you a summary of the most important testimonies of those arrested by the GUGB NKVD of the USSR for April 8, 1938.

Peopleʹs Commissar of Internal Affairs of the USSR Peopleʹs Commissar for State Security (EZHOV)

Top secret

For the 3rd DEPARTMENT

1. Istomin SI, former head of the woodworking department of the Peopleʹs Commissariat for Forestry . Interrogated: RUZIN.

He showed that in 1931 by the former Peopleʹs Commissar LOBOV, he was involved in the anti‐Soviet organization of the right.

On the instructions of LOBOV, Istomin launched widespread sabotage in the timber industry. Back in 1931, ISTOMIN, being the manager of ʺSeverolesʺ, put 700 thousand cubic meters of wood into rafting at the beginning of November, and all this wood froze into the ice, and in the spring it was carried away by an ice drift into the White Sea.

Throughout the entire time, ISTOMIN disrupted the mechanization of forestry operations. While working in the Peopleʹs Commissariat for Forestry, Istomin removed sawmills from factories (Marksstadt, Shilinsky, etc.), which were provided with timber, and re‐equipped factories (Igarsky, Novosibirsk, etc.) that did not need it.

The interrogation continues.

2. VODNEK Robert Ivanovich, former head of the oil department of the

USSR trade mission in Germany, was expelled from the CPSU (b). Interrogated by: DEGTYAREV, SHCHERBAKOV.

He showed that he is a member of the anti‐Soviet Latvian nationalist organization. He was recruited into this organization in the fall of 1936 during his work at the Trade Mission in Berlin by a member of the ʺnationalist centerʺ of the organization, a former representative of the State Bank in Berlin ‐ KARKLIN.

In 1936, VODNEK, at the suggestion of KARKLIN, joined the rebel Latvian detachment, led by KARKLIN, and a little later was included in the terrorist group of the officer of the Latvian National Army GROBIN (he worked in the State Bank of the USSR, was arrested), which was preparing terrorist attacks against the leaders of the party and government.

In addition, VODNEK, on the instructions of KARKLIN, carried out sabotage at the USSR Trade Mission in Germany. Participated in the sale of Derunaftʹs Rhine oil depots to the German company ʺBenzene Febanduʺ on conditions unfavorable for the USSR. He entered into an agreement with this company for the supply of gas oil, deliberately accepted conditions that were unfavorable for the USSR on the settlement of disputes between the Soviet and German sides in German courts.

He participated in the conclusion of an agreement for the supply of Soviet gas oil to the German Maritime Ministry in the amount of 65,000 tons at low prices.

As members of the anti‐Soviet Latvian nationalist organization, VODNEK named FRIDRIKHSONA ‐ b. deputy. trade representative in Germany, KARKLINA ‐ the representative of the State Bank of the USSR in Berlin, GROBIN, ZINKA and ZIKOVA ‐ employees of the State Bank.

They are all arrested.

3. SAPIRO ZA, Former Scientific Secretary of the Presidium of the

Executive Committee of the Red Cross. Interrogated by: BEREZOVSKY, SHCHERBAKOV.

He testified that in 1933 he was involved in an anti‐Soviet ProTrotskyist organization in the Red Cross system by a former representative of the Executive Committee of the Red Cross MOIROVA.

According to SAPIROʹs testimony, this organization was engaged in sabotage aimed at disorganizing and weakening the military‐sanitary defense of the USSR. Personally, SAPIRO, as a member of the organization, carried out sabotage work in scientific institutions of the Executive Committee of the Red Cross.

SAPIRO named Moirova (not arrested), CHERNOVA (arrested), VLADIMIROV (arrested), SALNIKOVA, PISAREVA, RYMSHEVICH (arrested) and TRUNOV as members of the said Pravotrotskyist organization.

4. RYMSHEVICH VI, former head of production enterprises of the Red Cross. Interrogated: KHROMYSHKIN.

He showed that he was a member of the anti‐Soviet Trotskyist organization that existed in the Red Cross system. RYMSHEVICH was involved in this organization in 1935, ex. Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Red Cross MOIROVA (not arrested).

RYMSHEVICH carried out sabotage work at industrial enterprises of defense importance, disrupted production at the request of the Red Army.

RYMSHEVICH named 8 members of the organization. They are all arrested.

For the 4th DEPARTMENT

1. STAROSTIN KF, former secretary of the Penza City Committee of the

All‐Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks. Interrogated: VISEL. STAROSTIN confessed that           he had been a member of the

Pravotrotskyist organization since 1936, into which he had been recruited by Shubrikov and Levin.

On the instructions of SHUBRIKOV and LEVIN, and later POSTYSHEV, STAROSTIN carried out active sabotage work both in the field of industry and agriculture and on the collapse and decomposition of the Penza Party organization.

STAROSTIN admitted that he embarked on the anti‐Soviet path long before he organizationally joined the Pravotrotskyist organization. STAROSTIN named the leaders of the Pravotrotskyist organization in the Peopleʹs Commissariat for Water, known to him ‐ PAKHOMOV, ZASHIBAYEV and ROSENTAL.

Working in the Peopleʹs Commissariat for Water Resources in 19351936, STAROSTIN established anti‐Soviet ties with them and deliberately covered up their subversive sabotage activities.

The investigation continues.

               2.      ABUGOV, former      head      of     the     NKVD      of     the      Kirov

region. Interrogated: KRASOVSKY.

ABUGOV confessed that he had been a career Trotskyist since 1924. In terms of anti‐Soviet activities in Ukraine, he was associated with MAZO, RAYSKY, LIVSHITS, SIROTSKY, GOROZHANIN and carried out anti‐Soviet work under the leadership of BALITSKY.

From MAZO ABUGOV learned about the existence of an anti‐Soviet conspiracy in Ukraine, headed by YAKIR, BALITSKY, KHATAEVICH, POPOV and others. In 1935, when he arrived at work in the Kirov region, ABUGOV contacted the Pravotrotskyist organization, in which STOLYAROM (secretary of the regional committee) was involved.

ABUGOV testified that the Pravotrotskyist organization in the Kirov Territory was headed by: STOLYAR N.Ya. (secretary of the regional committee), S.P. AKOPYAN (secretary of the regional committee) and

N. Bobkov (chairman of the Kirov regional executive committee).

Named members of the Pravotrotskyist organization known to him:

1)  BERMAN B.Z. ‐ Secretary of the Udmurt Regional Committee of the CPSU (b);

2)  IVANOV ‐ head of Kryzu;

3)  DUBINSKY ‐ head. agricultural. dep. The Regional Committee;

4)  LISITSYN ‐ head. the cultural center of the Regional Committee;

5)  GOLDMAN ‐ chairman of Kraiplan;

6)  KOZLENKOV ‐ Secretary of the Vyatkinsky District Committee of the CPSU (b).

ABUGOV testified that the Pravotrotskyist organization in the region was carrying out sabotage and sabotage work and that he, ABUGOV, on instructions from the leadership of the Pravotrotskyist organization represented by STOLYAR, carried out sabotage work against the party in the NKVD, keeping the cadres of the Trotskyist underground from defeat, sending agents and investigators to investigate concealment of members of the Pravotrotskyist underground in the region.

3. SHIPILLO IN, Head of the Department of Educational Literature at Selkhozgiz. Interrogated: BEZRUKOV.

SHIPILLO admitted that since 1926 he has been an active participant in the national‐fascist Belarusian organization headed by CHERVYAKOV, which, in alliance with the right‐wing and Trotskyists, was preparing the separation of Belarus from the USSR and the creation of the Belarusian Democratic Republic under the protectorate of Poland.

He named members of the organization known to him, with whom he was organizationally connected.

1)  ULYANOVA ‐ former. an employee of the Soviet embassy in Poland;

2)  SENKEVICH ‐ former. head APO TsK KP (b) B;

3)  PRISCHEPOVA ‐ b. Peopleʹs Commissariat for Land of Belarus;

4)  VASILEVICH ‐ b. 2nd Secretary of the CP (b) B Central Committee; 5) VANSOVSKY ‐ b. Secretary of the Dzerzhinsky RK KP (b) B, etc.

As a member of this organization, SHIPILLO carried out sabotage work in the field of the press, propagandizing c. nationalist ideas in educational institutions of Belarus. SHIPILLO knew about the connection between the leaders of Ph.D. organizations, in particular CHERVYAKOVA and ULYANOVA, with the Poles.

4. UDRIS Ya.M., former senior zootechnician of the Horse Breeding

Department        of            the          USSR     Peopleʹs                Commissariat    for Agriculture. Interrogated: ABAKUMOV.

UDRIS confessed that he was a member of the anti‐Soviet organization of the right, in which he was involved in 1931 by ILYUSHIN, the former director of the horse breeding trust of the USSR Peopleʹs Commissariat for Land. From ILYUSHIN he knows about participation in the organization of the right wing ILYIN ‐ deputy. Head stud farms Glavkonupra, SAMARINA ‐ st. horse breeding specialist of the USSR Peopleʹs Commissariat of Agriculture, RAPOPORT ‐ directors of 54 stud farms in Kyrgyzstan, GOFMAN ‐ head of the zootechnical group of stud farms, and SHEKHOVTSEVA ‐ formerly. director of the Norinsky stud farm in Kyrgyzstan.

The organization, according to the testimony of UDRIS, was headed by YAKOVLEV YA. and MURALOV. Practical counter‐revolutionary activities of the organization were aimed at the collapse and disorganization of horse breeding factories in order to disrupt the manning of the Red Army with horse personnel. So, for example, UDRIS, together with GOFMAN, SHEKHOVTSEV and RAPOPORT, while working in Kyrgyzstan, deliberately overloaded stud No. 53 by about 1000 heads of queens, which led to a deterioration in the quality of offspring and the death of livestock.

For the 5th DEPARTMENT

1.                   Egorov AI, former Deputy Peopleʹs Commissar of Defense of the USSR. Interrogated by YAMNITSKY, KAZAKEVICH.

He additionally testified that, being in Germany in 1931, studying at the German military academy, together with the deputy head of the Main Directorate of the Border Guard and the NKVD Troops Kruchinkin, he recruited Kruchinkin into the anti‐Soviet organization of the right in the Red Army. After returning from Germany, Egorov and Kruchinkin maintained anti‐Soviet ties for all the years.

In 1933, Egorov learned from Kruchinkin that the latter was a participant in an anti‐Soviet conspiracy in the NKVD apparatus and was personally associated with YAGODA. At the same time, Kruchinkin told Egorov that YAGODA was connected with the center of the Rights. In addition, Egorov knew from Kruchinkin that he, through EFIMOV, the former head of the Red Armyʹs armaments, was in contact with the anti‐Soviet military conspiracy headed by TUKHACHEVSKY.

2.                   OZOLIN K.I., b. member of the Military Council of the Kharkov Military District. Interrogated: LORKISH, ELK.

OZOLIN showed that from 1926 until the last days he was a Trotskyist. In order to preserve himself in the party, he double‐dealing.

As OZOLIN shows, he took the path of hostility towards the party at the end of 1922 after demobilization from the 1st Cavalry Army and severely reprimanded him with a warning for drunkenness and corruption. In 1926, OZOLIN met in Moscow with TYULENEV, the former commander of the 1st Cavalry Army, who at that time was studying at the Academy. Frunze. TYULENEV also considered himself offended and expressed dissatisfaction against the leadership of the army,             in            particular             the          Peopleʹs                Commissar         of            Defense comrade. VOROSHILOVA.

During the Trotskyist opposition, TYULENEV took civilian clothes from OZOLIN              to            attend   an illegal    meeting                organized            by Trotsky. TYULENEV then told OZOLIN that he had seen TROTSKYʹs son, who had explained to him the situation in the party and in the country, and now, said TYULENEV, he supposedly knew what he needed to do.

During this period, OZOLIN was also associated with the former commissar of the 1st Cavalry Army BERLOV, who also held Trotskyist positions.

OZOLIN shows that in 1930‐1932, during the period of collectivization, his anti‐Soviet sentiments increased. He regarded the partyʹs policy in the field of agriculture as violence against the working peasantry.

In 1934, the Trotskyist VARDIN, the former head of the Political Directorate of the 1st Cavalry Army, returned from exile. This coincided with preparations for the celebration of the 50th anniversary of Marshal BUDENNY, and VARDIN was tasked with compiling a brochure on the role of BUDENNY in the creation of cavalry. VARDIN told OZOLIN that he needed to write this work on behalf of the BUDDEN. After some time, VARDIN presented the historical part of the brochure about the role of BUDENNY in the creation of the 1st Cavalry Army. In this document, Budyonnyʹs opposition to comrades STALIN and VOROSHILOV was striking. According to VARDINʹs interpretation, it turned out that the founder and organizer of the 1st Cavalry Army is only BUDENNY.

At the same time, VARDIN said that, in general, the former cavalrymen needed to popularize BUDENNY in every possible way as the leader and organizer of the 1st Cavalry Army.

Soon after that, at one of the meetings of the bureau of the community, where OZOLIN, BERLOV, TYULENEV and KHRULEV were present, BUDENNY made a speech, who stated approximately the following: when this slogan was thrown out, I already had 18,000 sabers. The cavalry army was created by me. ʺ

In the same 1934, VARDIN proposed to OZOLIN to create a group of compatriots in those areas where there are compact masses of horsemen, especially in Rostov and other Cossack regions, and through these groups to influence the partyʹs policy in the field of agriculture. If it is not possible to change the partyʹs policy in the countryside, it will be necessary to change the composition of the government and achieve the democratization of state power. At the same time, VARDIN added: ʺConsider that a change of government is imminent, and this will require armed forces, the BUDENNY knows about all this, with whom I personally spoke.ʺ

Ozolin shows that he received a directive from VARDIN: 1) to take a stake on the organization of commanders from among the cavalry army, first of all dissatisfied with their position; 2) identify dissatisfied cavalry commanders and recruit them; 3) from among the most dissatisfied and embittered cavalry soldiers, create troikas that would carry on anti‐Soviet work among the former cavalry soldiers; 4) support and incite discontent among workers who will have to face in their daily work, regardless of whether they are Trotskyists or right‐wing.

After the arrest of VARDINA TYULENEV, he reaffirmed this directive to OZOLIN, adding: “If this influence on the partyʹs policy does not give positive results, then the armed forces of the cavalry army will have to achieve a reorganization of the state apparatus on a more democratic basis. At least make a second revolution. ʺ

TYULENEV said that he personally involved former cavalrymen for anti‐Soviet work: APANASENKO, GRACHEV, BONDARENKO, KNIGA, SEDENKO.

OZOLIN also cites a number of facts about the opposition of BUDENNOY Comrade. VOROSHILOV.

3. LEVANDOVSKY MK, former commander of the Primorsky group of forces of the OKDVA. Interrogated by YAMNITSKY, KAZAKEVICH.

LEVANDOVSKY additionally testified that in 1927, commanding the Red Banner Caucasian Army, he established a counter‐revolutionary connection with the leader of the Turkic nationalist pan‐Islamists KARAYEV (arrested), the former secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of Azerbaijan.

From KARAEV LEVANDOVSKY knew that the leadership of the panIslamist organization of Azerbaijan also included the pre. SNK Transcaucasia MUSABEKOV (arrested) and member of the Central

Committee of the Communist Party (b) of Azerbaijan HUSEYNOV. From KARAEV LEVANDOVSKY, he knew that the divisional commander of the Azerbaijani division NAKHICHIVAN Shamo (not arrested) was a member of the pan‐Islamist organization and through his uncle (the Persian minister) was connected with the British.

KARAYEV connected NAKHICHIVANSKY with LEVANDOVSKY, and he personally confirmed his participation in the pan‐Islamist organization and his connection with British intelligence through his uncle in Iran.

NAKHICHIVANSKY ‐ Former Khan of Nakhichevani, an authoritative person among Turkic nationalists, he headed a Turkic pan‐Islamist organization in parts of the Red Army of Azerbaijan.

LEVANDOVSKY, according to NAKHICHEVANSKY and KARAYEV, knows that they recruited Gambay (not arrested) VIZIROV into the pan‐Islamic organization ‐ then the head of the Azerbaijani normal school, then the division commander of the Azerbaijani division, RAKHMANOV ‐ formerly. commissar of the Azerbaijan division

(arrested), GAMID‐SULTANOV ‐ head of the Ushosdor of the AzSSR (to be established), RUKHULA‐AKHUNDOV ‐ the former Peopleʹs Commissariat of Education of the AzSSR (to be established).

NAKHICHIVANSKY was arrested in 1930, but with the assistance of KARAYEV and MUSABEKOV he was released. Now he teaches at the Frunze Military Academy.

In 1935‐36. when meeting with NAKHICHEVANSKY in Moscow, he told LEVANDOVSKY that he was still in touch with the pan‐Islamist organization and British intelligence.

4. AUZAN AK, brigade engineer, former member of the All‐Union

Communist Party of Bolsheviks since 1916, former engineer of the Red Army Air Force. Interrogated: ROGACHEV, IVKER.

He confessed to his participation in an anti‐Soviet military conspiracy and in a Latvian nationalist organization. AUZAN shows that he was recruited into a conspiracy in 1935 by the former head of the Department of Logistics of the Red Army Air Force BAZENKOV (arrested) and, on his orders, conducted subversive work on the acceptance of new aircraft produced by TsAGI NKOP and their introduction into mass production. In particular, AUZAN detained the SB plane for a long period of time. Auzan contacted his subversive work with the pest TsAGI KHARLAMOV (arrested).

In 1936, Auzan was recruited by the former head of the Red Army Air Force ALCSNIS (arrested) into an anti‐Soviet Latvian organization and carried out the latterʹs instructions on sabotage, which coincided with BAZENKOVʹs assignments.

AUZAN shows that when in 1937 the question of the leaking of gasoline tanks on the I‐16 M‐25 aircraft became acute, he was sent by ALKSNIS to plant No. 21 in the city of Gorky at the head of a special commission to inspect the production process and eliminate this defect. At the same time, he received from ALKSNIS the task to lubricate the sabotage at the plant in every possible way and build conclusions on reasons beyond the control of the plant.

Along with this, AUZAN confessed that since 1929 he has been an agent of Latvian intelligence. Was recruited in Berlin by Arthur TIREL. In 1934, while in Paris, AUZAN contacted the Latvian intelligence officer VITOL using a password.

Both TIREL and VITOL AUZAN passed on materials about all the experimental aircraft construction in the USSR known to him, about the materiel and armament of the Red Army Air Force, about their flight technical and combat data.

5.  VETVITSKY V.V., a former assistant to the military attaché in Czechoslovakia. Interrogated: YAMNITSKY, PAVLOVSKY.

Additionally, he showed that using his position pom. military attaché of the USSR in Czechoslovakia, he, on behalf of the center of the military‐Socialist‐Revolutionary                organization       (CHERNEVSKY), established contact in Prague with the representative of the Central Executive Committee of the TKP [1] ‐ TUKALEVSKY.

The first meeting between VETVITSKY and TUKALEVSKY took place in July 1936, during which he handed TUKALEVSKY for MASLOV the first package from the then commander of the Moscow Military District BELOV (arrested) with spy information about the USSR and information about the work of the military Socialist‐Revolutionary organization. During this meeting, TUKALEVSKY, on behalf of Maslov, posed a number of questions to VETVITSKY: about the degree of BELOVʹs popularity in the Red Army, about how secret the SocialistRevolutionary organization is in the Red Army, about the links of the military‐Socialist‐Revolutionary center with other anti‐Soviet groups working within the CPSU (b).

TUKALEVSKY also instructed VETVITSKY to collect materials on the attitude of the peasants to collectivization, VETVITSKY, in pursuance of this task, transmitted written information to Maslov through TUKALEVSKY, in which he emphasized the authority of BELOV in the Red Army and in the military Socialist‐Revolutionary organization, indicating that he skillfully uses the military conspiracy existing in the country in the interests of the Socialist‐Revolutionary organization, in particular, VETVITSKII noted, the establishment of a bloc by BELOV with TUKHACHEVSKY and YAKIR, as well as with the right (BUKHARIN). Vetvitsky indicated that he was also personally connected with the representative of the right‐wing URITSKY

(arrested). In his note, in a slanderous spirit, he highlighted the state of the collective farm village, cited fictional facts about uprisings, about the eviction of entire villages to the north, etc. Subsequently MASLOV published this material in the press of the TKP. He further informed


After VETVITSKY wrote this information and handed it to TUKALEVSKY, the latter gave VETVITSKY a letter from MASLOV for BELOV, stating that in this letter a number of directives were given to the military‐Socialist‐Revolutionary center in Moscow, the meaning of which is as follows:

1) to intensify sabotage work in the army, 2) to make wider use of all anti‐Soviet forces within the CPSU (b), 3) to establish closer contact in the work of the SR center and its cells with the Bukharin organization and its groups, 4) to organize combat cells more decisively.

This letter was forwarded by VETVITSKY by diplomatic mail to URITSKY for BELOV and CHERNEVSKY.

6. HAKHANYAN G.N. , a former member of the Military Council of the OKDVA. Interrogated: MALYSHEV.

In addition, he showed that, on his instructions, in the units of the OKDVA, the participants in the conspiracy carried out sabotage in the field of political work. There was no struggle waged against the propaganda of Trotskyism. The persons involved in this were not brought to justice under the pretext that this propaganda was being conducted unconsciously, but stemmed from political illiteracy.

By order, under various pretexts, the Marx‐Leninist training of commanding personnel was terminated. Under the pretext of lack of premises, the organization of courses for the preparation of political personnel was disrupted. At the time of the turn of criticism and selfcriticism, based on the decision of the February‐March plenum of the Central Committee of the All‐Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks), HAKHANYAN with the beginning of the re‐election of the party organs, fearing that the participants in the conspiracy would be hurt by criticism, he sent out his people at the party conference ‐ participants in the conspiracy in order to shield his people and lubricate self‐criticism.

When the party conference of the Amur flotilla took the flotilla commander KADATSKY (arrested), a participant in the conspiracy, under harsh criticism, Khakhanyan, saving Kadatsky, persuaded BLUCHER to go with him to the conference and speak in defense of KODATSKY, which was done.

There was no struggle with indiscipline, drunkenness and other corruption. As a result, the number of accidents increased. In just one year (1936) there were 1000 cases of murders and injuries in OKDVA.

The participants in the conspiracy ‐ clerks, civilians ‐ deliberately soldered the Red Army soldiers and corrupted discipline. There was a case when the guard of the 73‐machine‐gun battalion of the Grodekovsky fortified area, guarding the firing points, got drunk all over. The culprit, the battalion commander KLIMOV (arrested), a participant in the conspiracy, was given leave instead of punishment, followed by transfer to another unit.

The Grodekovsky fortified area, according to the plan to defeat the OKDVA, was supposed to open a front for the Japanese troops, in connection with which the participants in the conspiracy paid particular attention to the decomposition of discipline in the troops of this fortified area.

7. PEREMYTOV AM, former chief of staff of the BVO, division commander. Interrogated by LUKIN, PETUSHKOV.

PEMYTOV, who since 1928 was an agent of Polish intelligence, since 1923 a member of the military Socialist‐Revolutionary organization and since 1934 a participant in an anti‐Soviet military conspiracy, additionally testified that I.P. (arrested) he knows the following participants in the anti‐Soviet military conspiracy: former. deputy. commander of the MVO GORBACHEV, chief of the 2nd department of the headquarters of the MVO LEBEDEV, head of the 4th department of the headquarters of the MVO ROSHAL (all arrested).

PEREMYTOV gave detailed testimony about the sabotage activities in the field of operational mobilization and organizational work of the former chief of the General Staff of the Red Army Egorov and his former deputies LEVICHEV and MEZHENINOV (convicted).

According to the testimony of PEREMYTOV, the operational plan of the Red Army, drawn up by Egorov for 1937 and lost at the ʺgameʺ in the General Staff of the Red Army in January 1937, is wrecking. In the conception of the operational plan of 1937, Egorov laid down the following criminal and sabotage attitudes:

a) The German and Polish armies retreat to the river without much fighting. Neman, which is practically inconceivable, the proposal for the enemyʹs withdrawal should lead to tremendous work on the part of the front and army headquarters in organizing the rear. In fact, the issues of the rear at the ʺgameʺ were almost completely not worked out and such topics as the restoration of railway transport were also not taken into account. As a result, the head divisions

3 armies were approaching the area of Vilno, and the artillery of the reserve of the main command at that time had just arrived in the area of Polotsk.

b)                  When the armies of the Western Front entered the line of the river. Neman‐Yaselda was to make a turn of the main forces of the front in the southwestern direction towards the city of Lublin. This turn put the right flank and rear of the western front under attack by German corps from the Augustow area, which actually did not happen at the


c)                   The Game put the armies of the Western Front in a senseless position and led to operational paralysis. All the acute situations and moments revealed by the ʺgameʺ, Egorov at work were deliberately bypassed.

PEREMYTOV also testified about the sabotage of EGOROV, LEVICHEV and MEZHENINOV in matters of mobilization work, the work of the KVO preparation of districts, etc.

8.                   LOZOVSKY LP, former head of the 10th department of the RKKA Intelligence Directorate. Interrogated: YAMNITSKY, PAVLOVSKY.

LOZOVSKY additionally testified that at the end of 1928, at the suggestion of German intelligence, he returned to the USSR from Berlin to continue his espionage and sabotage work. With the help of KRASTYN (convicted) and BERZIN (arrested), he got a job in the Intelligence Directorate of the Red Army.

Fulfilling the task of the German intelligence, LOZOVSKY and his brother PERKON (arrested), who was also an agent of the German and Latvian intelligence, created in the 10th department of the RU, headed by LOZOVSKY, an espionage and sabotage group consisting of: IKALA (Latvian, arrested), YUREVICH and MILLER (both introduced into RU by German intelligence, arrested), KLIBIKA (Latvian, arrested), FELDNERA (Latvian, arrested).

Under the leadership of LOZOVSKY, the espionage and sabotage group failed the main agents of the Republic of Uzbekistan in Vienna, Germany and Latvia, recruited people from among the members of the Latvian anti‐Soviet organization for work abroad, thwarted the development of new opportunities for the legalization of intelligence officers abroad, and disrupted the training of new personnel of specialists in passport technology.

9.                   VINOGRADOV VI, former head of the service department of the Air Defense Forces of the Red Army. Interrogated by ROGACHEV, PAVLOV.

He showed that since 1935 he has been a participant in the anti‐Soviet military‐fascist conspiracy in the Red Army, being recruited by SS KAMENEV .. On KAMENEVʹs instructions, he carried out sabotage and subversive work through the VNOS service in the Red Army air defense system. This sabotage consisted in the fact that the entire air surveillance and communication system was designed in such a way that it did not provide timely notification of air defense units about an enemy raid. The deployment, organization and supply of equipment for the air defense posts were sabotage.

V. I. Vinogradov named the participants of the military‐fascist conspiracy known to him:

1)   MILOVIDOVA (arrested);

2)   POPLAVSKOGO ‐ former. early 2 air defense departments of the

Red Army (arrested);

3)   LAVROVA ‐ former. early BVO air defense (arrested);

4)   IVACHKO ‐ former. early Air Defense KVO (arrested)

Head of the Secretariat of the NKVD of the USSR, senior major of state security (SHAPIRO)

 [1] The Labor Peasant Party.