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   To Stalin Top Secret Summaries Of The most important testimonies Of Those arrested 1937‐ 1938

A summary of the most important testimonies of those arrested by the GUGB NKVD of the USSR for April 7, 1938

Archive: AP RF. F. 3. Op. 24. D. 407. L. 157‐176

April 7 , 1938

SECRETARY of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) comrade STALIN

I am sending you a summary of the most important testimonies of those arrested by the GUGB NKVD of the USSR for April 5, 1938.

Peopleʹs Commissar of Internal Affairs of the USSR Peopleʹs Commissar for State Security (EZHOV)

Top secret

For the 4th DEPARTMENT

1.   LISITSYN N.V. , former Peopleʹs Commissariat for Land of the RSFSR. Interrogated: PANTELEEV.

Lisitsyn confessed that he was a member of the anti‐Soviet organization of the right, which existed in the system of the Peopleʹs Commissariat for Land of the RSFSR. He was recruited into the organization in the winter of 1932‐1933. A. I. MURALOV

He showed that the members of the anti‐Soviet organization of the right in the system of the Peopleʹs Commissariat for Land of the RSFSR were MURALOV, VERENINOV ‐ deputy. Peopleʹs Commissariat for Agriculture (arrested), KUBANIN, member of the Collegium of the Peopleʹs Commissariat for Land of the RSFSR, KNIPST ‐ early. planning and financial department (arrested), ZISKIND, VASILIEV ‐ early. Fruit Administration, with which LISITSYN was associated for anti‐Soviet work.

The main task of the organization was sabotage in agriculture.

2.   Popov AI, former head of the transport department of the Central

Executive           Committee          and          the          Central          Executive

Committee. Interrogated: VISEL.

Popov testified that since 1935 he was a member of the Pravotrotskyist organization, into which he was recruited by MOGILNY and an employee of the CPC of the Moscow region A.A. VOLKOV.

POPOV also admitted that he agreed to MOGILNY to participate in the preparation of a terrorist act against Comrade. MOLOTOV.

In addition to MOGILNY and VOLKOV, POPOV names, as personally known to him, the following members of the organization: AKULOVA ‐ former. Secretary of the CEC, Judge S.A. ‐ former deputy. Peopleʹs Commissar for Foreign Trade, MENKES Yakov, who worked in the Commission for Assistance to Scientists under the Council of Peopleʹs Commissars, ORLOV, an employee of the Commission for Assistance to Scientists under the Council of Peopleʹs Commissars, and EVTUSHENKO, now the secretary of the Kiev Regional Committee of the CP (b) U.

3. ZILBERBERG EZ, Socialist‐Revolutionary, before arrest without specific occupation. Interrogated: KRAYEV.

ZILBERBERG confessed that he was a member of the SocialistRevolutionary organization and an emissary of the Foreign Delegation of the Socialist‐Revolutionary Party in the Soviet Union.

For counterrevolutionary activities, ZILBERBERG was arrested by the Cheka in 1919 and in 1920.

While abroad, ZILBERBERG was associated with the foreign delegation of the Socialist‐Revolutionary Party and the activists of the SocialistRevolutionary organization and conducted Socialist‐Revolutionary work in the cities of Prague, Paris and Berlin, participated in the Socialist‐Revolutionary newspapers ʺVoice of Russiaʺ, ʺRevolutionary Russiaʺ.

In 1934, on the instructions of a foreign delegation, the AKP came to the Soviet Union for illegal Socialist‐Revolutionary work and to restore communication with members of the AKP Central Committee. In the Soviet Union, he established contact with the active Social

               Revolutionaries     N.I.     BRONSHTEIN. ‐     works    in     the     Peopleʹs

Commissariat of Public Utilities, and RUBINSTEIN YU.O. ‐ works as an engineer in the Peopleʹs Commissariat of Light Industry, and also took measures to restore contact with members of the Central Committee of the AKP GOTS and TIMOFEEV.

ZILBERBERG also testified that he was connected with the Czech intelligence agencies and conducted espionage work in their favor, and also through a certain Czech citizen NAVATOV transmitted information to the foreign SR newspapers and the foreign delegation of the AKP.

4. FL VERENINOV , former Deputy Peopleʹs Commissariat for Land of the RSFSR. Interrogated: KRASOVSKY.

VERENINOV confessed that he had been a member of the anti‐Soviet Trotskyist organization since 1933 and was recruited into its membership by LISITSYN ‐ formerly. Peopleʹs Commissariat of the RSFSR.

From      LISITSYN,           Vereninov           learned that        the          Pravotrotskyist organization in the Peopleʹs Commissariat of the RSFSR was headed by LISITSYN and              ZUBAREV          ‐ formerly. Deputy of the RSFSR Narcozem. LISITSYN also informed Vereninov about the connection between the anti‐Soviet Pravotrotskyist organization in the Peopleʹs Commissariat for Land of the RSFSR with A.I. MURALOV. ‐ b. deputy. Peopleʹs Commissariat of the Union, and SULIMOV ‐ former. Chairman of the Council of Peopleʹs Commissars of the RSFSR, from which the organization received the directives of the center of the bloc of Rights and Trotskyites. In addition, in the anti‐Soviet activities of the organization, the SWAN, formerly. deputy. prev. SNK RSFSR.

VERENINOV named the following members of the Pravotrotskyist organization in the Peopleʹs Commissariat for Land of the RSFSR known to him: ZHURAVLEVA ‐ early. management of small animal husbandry, NEDACHINA ‐ ex. worker of the Peopleʹs Commissariat for Land Soza [1] , KINDEEVA ‐ early. management of poultry farms, ALPEROVICH ‐ early. department of rabbit‐breeding state farms.

VERENINOV testified that the organization carried out sabotage and sabotage activities in agriculture and that he personally organized sabotage in state and collective farms on the instructions of the organization.

5. VN POPOV, former deputy head of the secondary school administration of the RSFSR Peopleʹs Commissariat for Education. Interrogated: KRASOVSKY.

Popov confessed that he had been right‐wing since 1933 and was an active participant in the Pravotrotskyist organization that existed in the Peopleʹs Commissariat for Education of the RSFSR, to which he was recruited by TSEKHEROM in 1937.

POPOV testified that the following persons were in the leadership of the Pravotrotskyist organization: BUBNOV, TSEKHER, PANFILOV, VINOGRADSKY.


The organization carried out sabotage activities in the field of public education. In particular, POPOV, according to the directives of the organization, carried out sabotage through the secondary school.

6. BEM OL, Deputy Head of the Higher School Directorate of the RSFSR Peopleʹs Commissariat for Education. Interrogated by: HARE.

BEM showed that he is a member of the anti‐Soviet organization of the right in the Peopleʹs Commissariat for Education. On the instructions of the organization, he carried out sabotage work on the line of higher education for a number of years.

According to the testimony of BEMA, for anti‐Soviet work, he was associated with members of the organization PANFILOV ‐ former. early planning department, ABINDER ‐ ex. deputy. early management of secondary school, DYMENT ‐ former. deputy. early management of the higher school, GABIDULIN ‐ former. early management of universities, etc. At the beginning of 1936, BEM, on the instructions of a member of the organization ORAKHELASHVILI – former,  early management of a higher school, contacted BYKHOVSKAYA, as the organizer of a terrorist group at Moscow State University, and negotiated with her to force the organization of a terrorist group.

For the 5th DEPARTMENT

1. Egorov AI . ‐ Former Deputy Peopleʹs Commissar of Defense. Interrogated by: YAMNITSKII, KAZAKEVICH.

Egorov additionally showed that, in accordance with Rykovʹs instructions on the need to popularize the right‐wing ʺleadersʺ among the leadership of foreign armies and governments, in 1934 he raised the question of inviting the chiefs of general staff of the Baltic countries to the USSR before the Peopleʹs Commissar of Defense and the Soviet government. This made it possible for Egorov in 1936 to go on a return visit to Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia.

Simultaneously with Egorov, the German military attaché in the USSR, General Koestring, with whom Egorov was associated for espionage activities, also left for the Baltic States. Egorov informed Koestring about all the negotiations with the general staffs of the Baltic countries and the state of the armies of these countries.

After establishing contact with the Germans in 1931, Egorov carried out systematic communication with the Germans through General Koestring, his assistant HARTMAN and through the German spy

STEIGER ‐ deputy. head protocol department of the Peopleʹs Commissariat for Foreign Affairs.

Egorov met KESTRING and GARTMAN under the guise of their receptions as military attachés. Communication with STEIGER was systematic until 1936. STEIGER visited Egorov at home and received spy materials from him during personal meetings.

A number of materials (the plans of the RKKA, mob plans of the RKKA) were handed over to STEIGER by EGOROV, who photographed them and then returned to EGOROV.

STEIGER established contact with Egorov in 1932 using a password given to him by the German intelligence officer SHPALKE, confirmed by General KESTRING.

In addition to operational and mobilization plans, which Egorov annually transmitted to the Germans through STEIGER, KESTRING and HARTMAN, he also conveyed to them operational, mobilization plans for individual districts, including the BVO, LVO and, in part, the UVO.

In 1934 EGOROV, together with GARTMAN, was on an inspectorʹs trip to the DCK. Upon his return to Moscow, he went to Carlsbad for treatment. In Karlsbad, Egorov had a meeting with a SHPALK who had come to him specially and gave the latter orally detailed material on measures to strengthen the defense capability of the Far Eastern borders of the USSR and informed SHPALK about an increase in the number of OKDVA troops, about their deployment, about equipping OKDVA with equipment, about the construction of railway and highways and on measures to clean up the border areas from the anti‐Soviet suspicious element.

Shpalke told Egorov in a conversation that he was asking him to systematically supply the German General Staff with materials on OKDVA, since the German government and the General Staff were using these data to attract Japan to an alliance with Germany.

In 1934, in Warsaw, Egorov established a personal connection with General STAKHEVICH, and through him with the Polish General Staff. Later, this communication was carried out through the Polish military attaches KOVALEVSKI and HARLING.

Polyakov Egorov systematically informed about the situation in the Leningrad, Belorussian and Kiev military districts and about the operational plans of the Red Army in case of war with Poland. He gave the Poles detailed information about the fortified areas in the abovementioned districts and the so‐called ʺwindowʺ in the Letishchevo region.

This point, as agreed between Egorov and Kovalevsky, was to serve as the main gateway for the invasion of the Polish army into the territory of the USSR and the capture of Ukraine.

After the trial of Tukhachevsky and others in 1937, Egorov, fearing failure,              suggested            to            Koestring to            temporarily         stop communication. However, at the end of 1937, in Tbilisi, where Egorov was sent as the commander of the ZakVO after being removed from his post by the deputy. Peopleʹs Commissar of Defense, he met with a representative of German intelligence, Egorov does not know his last name (using a password from Koestring), whom he informed about the changes in the operational plan of the war.

2. DYBENKO, former commander of the LVO. Interrogated by YAMNITSKY, KAZAKEVICH.

In developing his testimony about his provocative and espionage activities, DYBENKO showed that he managed to avoid being exposed as a provocateur of the tsarist guard in 1918 only because the gendarme office in Helsingfors was defeated and burned by sailors, and the officer Lange recruiting him was killed in February 1917 ...

In 1918, being sent by the Central Committee of the All‐Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks to work illegally in the Crimea, he was arrested when leaving the ship by the gendarme department under the government of General SULKEVICH.

Dybenko claims that his arrest in Sevastopol was allegedly the result of the provocative activities of Elena Sokolovskaya, a member of the underground Bolshevik committee of Odessa, since only she knew about his trip to Sevastopol.

During a search in the gendarme office in Sevastopol, DYBENKO was confiscated from his “appearance” in the underground Bolshevik Sevastopol Committee. On the proposal of the gendarme officer to cooperate with him, DYBENKO agreed and was instructed to convene the activists of the Bolshevik organization in Sevastopol. After that, he was released from custody and, upon the return of his ʺappearanceʺ, established            contact with       the Bolsheviks           GULEV                and BERTMAN. However, after a while he was again arrested by the gendarme office along with GULEVBIM and BERTMAN, and after a month and a half in the Sevastopol prison he was sent to Simferopol at the disposal of the German counterintelligence.

In prison, DYBENKO was recruited for espionage work in favor of the Germans by the German intelligence officer KREUZIN. From that time until his arrest in 1938, with interruptions, DYBENKO maintained contact with German intelligence.

After being recruited by the Germans in 1918, he was exchanged and sent to the territory of Soviet Russia. Until 1921, he had no meetings with the Germans, and only in the second half of April 1921 he phoned him at the Metropol Hotel in Moscow, and then met a German intelligence officer who had arrived on behalf of KREITZIN. DYBENKO gave the latter a model of the map of the Kronstadt fortress and weapons.

In 1926 DYBENKO, being at that time the head of the RKKA artillery department, met with representatives of the German intelligence, who in 1926‐27 headed the the German commission, through which negotiations were conducted on orders in Germany for the armament of the Red Army and established an espionage connection with General KULMAN, who reminded him of KREUZIN. On the instructions of

KYULMAN in the period 1927‐28. DYBENKO bought weapons in

Germany at excessive prices, of poor quality, informing the Germans in advance about the needs of the Red Army, about the planned concessions in prices. At the request of the Germans, he achieved the curtailment of the production of weapons by the Soviet inventors DEGTYAREV and KOLESNIKOV.

After the appointment of DYBENKO by the SAVO commander, he met with the representative of the German intelligence PAUL. During his visit to Moscow, DYBENKO gave PAUL detailed information about the attitude of the army leadership to rapprochement with Germany, about measures to strengthen the Red Army and the situation in SAVO.

In 1930, DYBENKO went to Berlin to study, and from that time on, as a representative of the organization of the Rights, he and Egorov maintained continuous contact with the Germans.

3.   KADATSKY‐RUDNEV IN, former commander of the Amur military flotilla. Interrogated: PETROV.

KADATSKY‐RUDNEV, in addition to his espionage activities in favor of Romania, additionally testified that in 1933 he was recruited into the anti‐Soviet military conspiracy by GAMARNIK and then sent to the post of Commander of the Amur Military Flotilla, where, on instructions from GAMARNIK, he contacted ARONSTAM and SANGURSK who subsequently directed his conspiratorial activities. On the instructions of SANGURSKY, he headed the antiSoviet military organization in the Amur military flotilla, in 1934 he recruited the following persons: KUPRIYANOV ‐ the commander of the monitor brigade (not arrested), BIRIN ‐ the former commander of the Zeya detachment (arrested), REMMER ‐ the former head of the flotilla department ‐ and BAS flotilla communications chief (both arrested).

In 1936, through the former head of the intelligence department VALIN (arrested), KADATSKIY‐RUDNEV established contact with Japanese intelligence, on whose instructions he was preparing the destruction of the entire flotilla, ammunition depots, transferred to the Japanese all the overseas agents of the intelligence department of the Amur Red Banner military flotilla. He slowed down the construction of a defense base, mainly in Khabarovsk, and destroyed combat training.

4.   VETVITSKY VV, former assistant to the USSR military attaché in

Czechoslovakia. Interrogated by YAMNITSKY, PAVLOV.

He additionally testified that by agreement of the center of the antiSoviet military‐Socialist‐Revolutionary organization (BELOV and CHERNEVSKY) with a participant in the military conspiracy of the right‐wing URITSKY ‐ the former head of the RKKA Intelligence Directorate, the appointment of VETVITSKY as an assistant to the USSR military attaché in Czechoslovakia was carried out through the appropriate authorities. The main purpose of this appointment was the use of VETVITSKY for communication with the Socialist‐Revolutionary emigration in Czechoslovakia.

In addition, before his departure to Prague (May 1936) VETVITSKY received the following sabotage instructions from URITSKY:

1)     Work to disrupt the rapprochement between the USSR and


2)     Make the most of the fear of influential circles in the Czech Republic before the ʺred dangerʺ, by all means to propagandize among them that their rapprochement with the USSR will inevitably lead to the Bolshevization of Czechoslovakia and that it is more expedient for them to come to terms with German influence and take a direct focus on Germany. To this end, to present to these influential circles everything that is being done in the USSR (construction, achievements in the field of technology, science, etc.) in a black light, and for this it is possible and necessary to use all the anti‐Soviet forces existing in the Czech Republic, without disdaining any connections (rightists, Trotskyists, Socialist‐Revolutionaries, White Guard organizations, etc.).

3)     By all means get closer to the plenipotentiary representative in

Prague ALEXANDROVSKY       and        help       him        veto       anti‐Soviet work. Arriving in Prague in June 1936, VETVITSKY, in pursuance of the assignment he had received, contacted ALEXANDROVSKY, and through him with an emigrant Socialist‐Revolutionary and a member of the TKP [2] TUKALEVSKY, and through the latter VETVITSKY was associated with MASLOV. ALEXANDROVSKY assisted VETVITSKY in relations with the TKP, and the latter helped ALEXANDROVSKY in his Trotskyist connections and activities.

ALEXANDROVSKY dedicated VETVITSKY in his connections with German intelligence and the local Trotskyist organization and the assistance that        he,          ALEXANDROVSKY,      provides               them. Later VETVITSKY was connected by ALEXANDROVSKY through the Czech Trotskyist PROKHAZKO   with       the          local       Trotskyist organization. PROKHAZKO ALEXANDROVSKY was hired as a secretary of TASS.

ALEKSANDROVSKY and VETVITSKY gave PROKHAZKO various anti‐Soviet materials. These materials PROKHAZKO handed over to the local Trotskyist organization, which published them in its editions under various pseudonyms.

The former secretary of TROTSKY SALUS often came to Prague, PROKHAZKO gave him for TROTSKY all the materials about the Soviet Union that he received from ALEKSANDROVSKY and VETVITSKY. ALEXANDROVSKY was also personally associated with TROTSKY and subsidized him through PROKHAZKO and

SALYUS. In addition, ALEXANDROVSKY, through the journalist of the Pragerpress newspaper KUBKA, was associated with the emigrant, colonel of the Markov division NIKITIN, the head of the ROVS organization in Prague.

5. RYAZANOV VI, Senior Lecturer of the Military Transport Academy. Interrogated: POLISHCHUK.

V. I. Ryazanov confessed to participating in an underground rightwing Socialist‐Revolutionary organization and an anti‐Soviet military conspiracy. Since 1905 Ryazanov was a member of the AKP. In 1925, while working in Moscow in the 3rd Directorate of the Red Army headquarters, RYAZANOV established contact with the Social Revolutionaries ZAK Samuil and Nikolai Talalayev, of whom the former was at one time the leader of the Social Revolutionary organization in Odessa.

ZAK and Talalayev informed him that the Socialist‐Revolutionaries, preparing for the fight against the Bolsheviks, were accumulating forces, embarking on a wide spread of underground work, and that a single Socialist‐Revolutionary center was organized abroad in Paris, which included representatives of all trends. At that time, according to ZAKA and TALALAYEV, an emissary of this center was expected to arrive in the Union, who was supposed to organize a Moscow SocialistRevolutionary center to manage all the underground Soviet work in the USSR.

In 1926, Ryazanov was transferred to the DCK by the authorized for sea transport in Vladivostok, and his connection with ZAK and Talalayev was interrupted. In the fall of 1926, in Vladivostok, he was contacted by the emissary of the Parisian Socialist‐Revolutionary Center SLONIM Mark, one of the prominent Right Socialist‐Revolutionaries, whom he knew well from his joint work in Odessa.

According to SLONIM, he is in the USSR illegally, lives in Leningrad and under the name of Victor STANCHINSKY works in the

Sovtorgflot. He arrived in the USSR to put together the SocialistRevolutionary underground and turn the work, often visits Moscow, traveled around a number of cities and is currently making a trip to Siberia and the Far East.

He learned about Ryazanovʹs stay in Vladivostok in Moscow and decided to contact him, as he was sure of his readiness to take an active part in the activities of the Social Revolutionary organization.

SLONIM informed him that the consolidation of the SocialistRevolutionary forces was moving forward, in most large cities there were underground Socialist‐Revolutionary groups, Boris FRIDMAN (Right      Socialist‐Revolutionary), SHIFER                (Socialist‐Revolutionary Internationalist) and FROLOV (Maximalist) took part in the leadership of all underground work in Moscow connection with the foreign Socialist‐Revolutionary center in Paris.

The main tasks facing the SRs are: identifying and uniting their own SR forces, drawing all the old SRs into underground work, groping for elements dissatisfied and hostile to the Soviet regime, agitation and propaganda among the peasant masses, provoking them to speak out against the Bolsheviks.

SLONIM said that the question of organizing work in the Red Army is especially important. It is necessary to identify the commanders, former SRs, check them and involve them in active SR work, carefully conduct propaganda among the Red Army masses, relying on the Red Army men associated with the countryside and dissatisfied with the activities of the Bolsheviks.

One of the most urgent tasks, as pointed out by SLONIM, is the creation of a bloc with the Trotskyists, who are strenuously looking for allies among the non‐Party people and will willingly agree to liaise and unite actions with the Socialist‐Revolutionaries.

Discussing the prospects of work and taking into account that RYAZANOV is the commander of the Red Army, SLONIM emphasized that for the successful development of the SocialistRevolutionary work in the army, it is important to have our own people who enjoy absolute trust and authority in the army.

After meeting with SLONIM, RYAZANOV contacted the Trotskyist

MUSHKATOV, the former head of the Far Eastern office of the Sovtorgflot, and carried out sabotage work with him in the field of ship repair, delayed the re‐equipment of ports, helped in the deployment of Trotskyist personnel in the most important ports, etc.

In 1929, after being transferred to Khabarovsk to the post of assistant. early VOSO [3] , Ryazanov contacted the newly appointed head of VOSO, b. SR KRUK (convicted as a conspirator), on whose assignments he carried out sabotage in the field of military transport. During the preparation of the Fuddin operation, Ryazanov deliberately delayed the presentation of the floating craft, thereby trying to disrupt the operation. Kruk carried out similar work during the preparation of the operation at Dalainor (later both were removed from the operation). In 1930, Ryazanov was transferred to Baku, and in 1932 he became a candidate member of the CPSU (b). In 1933 RYAZANOV was transferred to Moscow as the head of the department of the Military Transport Academy.

Soon after his arrival in Moscow, Ryazanov established contact with the Right Socialist‐Revolutionary Boris FRIDMAN, from whom he received instructions to expand the Socialist‐Revolutionary work at the academy. Working at the academy, RYAZANOV in 1936 was recruited into an anti‐Soviet military conspiracy by assistant. head of the academy GRUZDUPOM, where he carried out sabotage work on his instructions.

6.                   NEMIROVSKY GP, former head of the 1st department of the Engineering Department of the Red Army. Interrogated: ELISAVETSKY, SILINTSEV.

He gave initial testimony that in 1925, when he was a student at the Military Engineering Academy of the Red Army in Leningrad, he took part in the Trotskyist‐Zinoviev opposition, which he hid before his arrest. In 1930, NEMIROVSKY joined the anti‐Soviet officer group that existed in the Engineering Directorate of the Red Army and, together with the former head of the department, PETIN HN (convicted), carried out subversive sabotage work in the construction of fortified areas of the KVO. In 1932, PETIN recruited NEMIROVSKY into an anti‐Soviet military conspiracy.

From PETIN, he received assignments to disorganize the construction of fortified areas, first of all closing the less important operational areas, scatter the rest of the construction along the entire front in such a way as to leave the Soviet borders open, to sabotage the equipment of the fortified areas.

All these instructions PETINA NEMIROVSKY carried out. As participants in the anti‐Soviet military conspiracy, NEMIROVSKY, besides PETIN, named the former deputy head of the RKKA Engineering Department Alexander Pavlovich BANDIN (arrested), the former head of the department A.G. DUBOV, the former head of I.P. GUREVICH, the former head of the department P.T. Ryzhkov. (all convicted), and the former head of the LENSKY department

G.A. (arrested).

7.                   PETRUSEVICH BV, former deputy chief of staff of the Zak VO, brigade commander, before his arrest a student of the Academy of the General Staff of the Red Army. Interrogated: LUKIN, LUSCHINSKY.

He gave initial testimony that in 1924, while in Warsaw at work on the line of the Intelligence Agency, he was detained by the Poles with intelligence materials obtained by him from one of our agents, and was recruited by the Polish intelligence service for espionage work under the nickname ʺVronskyʺ.

Having recruited Petrushevich, the Poles expelled him from Poland to the USSR, after which, from 1925 to 1937, he supplied Polish intelligence with spy materials about the Red Army.

When Petrushevich was recruited by the Polish intelligence service, all our agents associated with him were handed over to them. PETRUSEVICHʹs communication with the Polish intelligence service during his service in Moscow and Leningrad was carried out through a former employee of the Intelligence Agency and the Peopleʹs Commissariat for Foreign Affairs, BOLKOVSKAYA YA. (arrested). In recent years, during his service in Tiflis, PETRUSEVICH was connected by espionage activities with an employee of the Polish consulate in Tiflis, whom he knew under the name of TSEKHNOVSKY.

8.                   LUKIN MM, former assistant to the head of the 1st department of the RKKA Sanitary Directorate. Interrogated: SHCHERBAKOV.

Lukin, who had previously admitted to participating in the counterrevolutionary organization of the right and in the military‐fascist conspiracy, additionally showed that he was involved in anti‐Soviet work in 1925 by his relative, the leader of the right, N.I. BUKHARIN.

LUKIN and BUKHARIN had established close relations even earlier on the basis of family ties. BUKHARIN trusted LUKIN and said that he, BUKHARIN, RYKOV and TOMSKY are members of the center of the right and set as their task the struggle against the Stalinist leadership.

To this end, the right is taking measures to create a ramified organization of the right within the Red Army in order to undermine its power and prepare for defeat in a future war, and also work abroad, recruiting its supporters among the communists of foreign communist parties.

To overthrow the existing leadership and change the political system in the USSR, the right‐wingers, as BUKHARIN told LUKIN, establish contacts with the Second International in order to organize espionage, sabotage and sabotage work within the USSR with their help.

BUKHARIN told him that the organization of the Rights included Tseutlin, Slepkov, ASTROV, MARETSKY, whom LUKIN knew personally, meeting them at BUKHARINʹs apartment.

The organization of the Right also included two LUKINA sisters, the husband of MERTZʹs sister, Alexander Alfonsovich, and Academician VOLGIN (not arrested).

On the instructions of BUKHARIN LUKIN M.M. established in 19311932. anti‐Soviet connection with the former head of the RKKA Sanitary Directorate BARANOV (convicted) and his deputy REINER (arrested) and became part of a group of conspirators in the Sanitary Directorate.

The participants in the conspiracy in the Sanitary Directorate set themselves the task of carrying out sabotage and sabotage work in order to contribute to the defeat of the Red Army in a future war with fascist countries by the collapse of the sanitary service. The conspirators contacted their sabotage work with the sabotage activities of the former Peopleʹs Commissariat for Health KAMINSKY and his deputy KANGELARI (arrested).

LUKIN personally recruited the assistant chief of the dignity into the conspiracy. KVO services SUSLOVA B.Ya. (arrested), pom. early 1 department Sanit. Office of the Red Army, and then pom. early San. management of the RKKA ZARAYSKY A.N. (not arrested).

9.                   KOROBOV IA, Former Chief of Staff of the Research Institute of the Red Army Air Force. Interrogated: SHASHIN.

He confessed that in 1930 he was recruited into the candidate of r. officer organization in the mountains. Proskurov by former assistant to the cavalry inspector KOSOGOV (arrested).

The task of the organization included subversive work in the Red Army in peacetime, and at the time of the declaration of war to raise an armed uprising against Soviet power and open the front to the enemy. In the cavalry corps (city of Proskurov), the organization was led by him, KOROBOV, and PAVLOV (arrested). On the instructions of KOSOGOV, KOROBOV recruited former officers to the headquarters of the corps, meaning to expand the organization at their expense. Working from 1934 at the Research Institute of the Red Army Air Force as chief of staff, KOROBOV carried out subversive work there.

10.                ANDRIYASHEV LP, former chief of artillery of the Red Army, division commander. Interrogated: MASHLENKO, BUDAREV.

Gave initial testimony that he was a participant in an anti‐Soviet military conspiracy since 1935, into which he was recruited by the former chief of artillery of the Red Army Rogovskiy (convicted).

Personally, ANDRIYASHEV recruited into the anti‐Soviet military conspiracy: 1) the head of the 2nd department of the Red Army commanderʹs chief brigade commander GUSKOV, 2) the former head of the department of the commanderʹs chief, Colonel IOFFE;

3) former assistant. the head of the departments of the Nacharta Department ‐ GORODISKY, MUKHIN (all arrested) and others.

On the instructions of ROGOVSKY, ANDRIYASHEV carried out active sabotage work in the field of combat training of artillery and training of artillery personnel up to arrest.

Head of the Secretariat of the NKVD of the USSR, senior major of state security (SHAPIRO)

[1]  So in the source.

[2]  Labor Peasant Party.

[3]  Office of military communications.