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   To Stalin Top Secret Summaries Of The most important testimonies Of Those arrested 1937‐ 1938

A summary of the most important testimonies of those arrested by the GUGB of the NKVD of the USSR for April 2, 1938

Archive: AP RF. F. 3. Op. 24. D. 407. L. 55‐74.

April 3, 1938

SECRETARY of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) comrade STALIN

I am sending you a summary of the most important testimonies of those arrested by the GUGB NKVD of the USSR for April 2, 1938.

Peopleʹs Commissar of Internal Affairs of the USSR Peopleʹs Commissar for State Security (EZHOV)

Top secret

For the 3rd DEPARTMENT

1. VINZER IG, former trade representative in Bilbao. Interrogated: VOLKOV, ALESHINSKY.

He gave additional testimony about his treacherous work while in Spain (August 1936 to September 1937), which manifested itself in the fact that, upon arriving in Bilbao, he contacted the German intelligence resident SCHMIDT through the agent of the German intelligence communications officer Arthur TENENBAUM, who worked for VINZERA as a translator.

WINZER transmitted to Schmidt espionage information about the availability of food funds in northern Spain, and also on behalf of Schmidt established contact with the military attaché in Bilbao YANSON, an agent of German intelligence, who was involved in the Trotskyist espionage and sabotage organization.

In order to disrupt the production of cartridges, WINZER, on the instructions of JANSON, contacted one colonel (he does not remember his last name), who was in charge of the military industry in the north of Spain, who was an agent of General FRANCO, and together with him disrupted the production of cartridges and shells at factories in northern Spain.

WINZER              actively                 pursued               an           anti‐communist                 policy    of decentralization in Northern Spain and carried out the K.R. work on the separation of Northern Spain into an independent center.

This subversive policy was carried out on the direct instructions of the emissary TROTSKY, an active activist Poum NINA.

For the 5th DEPARTMENT

1. A. I. Egorov Interrogated: YAMNITSKY, KAZAKEVICH.

In addition, he showed that he had recruited the following persons into the anti‐Soviet organization of the right in the Red Army:

1)                   Mikhail Karlovich LEVANDOVSKY (arrested) ‐ the former commander of the ZakVO, recently commanded the Primorsky group of the OKDVA. Recruited into a right‐wing organization in 1933. LEVANDOVSKY headed a bloc of anti‐Soviet military organizations in Transcaucasia;

2)                   VELIKANOV Mikhail Dmitrievich (arrested) ‐ ex. commander of troops in SAVO, recruited in 1933;

3)                   Nikolai Dmitrievich KASHIRIN (arrested) ‐ the former commander of the North Caucasus Military District, recruited by him in 1933;

4)                   GRIBOV Sergey Efimovich ‐ ex. corps commander, recruited by him in 1932 (arrested).

Egorov testified that he was conspired:

1)  with BUDENNY Semyon Mikhailovich since 1925;

2)  with DYBENKO Pavel Efimovich since 1928 (arrested);

3)  with RYKOV Alexey Ivanovich since 1930;

4)  with Andrey Sergeevich BUBNOV since 1931 (arrested);

Knows how the participants in the conspiracy from the words of other participants associated with them:

1)     MALYSHEVA ‐ early. headquarters SAVO (not arrested);

2)     DUKELSKY ‐ early. 1 dep. SAVO headquarters (arrested);

3)     POSTER ‐ early. intelligence. dep. SAVO headquarters (arrested);

4)     A. I. ZHILTSOVA ‐ early. food supply of the Red Army (not arrested);

5)     SHAPKINA ‐ ex. divisional commander of the 7th cavalry (not arrested);

6)     GLAVATSKOGO ‐ PUOKR PrivO (not arrested);

7)     GRISBERGA ‐ Divisional Commander 11 Cav. (arrested);

8)     BAIDALINOVA ‐ early. dep. combat training SAVO;

9)     EFREMOV Mikhail Grigorievich, division commander, commander of the troops of the ZabVO;

10)  VARFOLOMEEVA ‐ early. PrivO Headquarters (arrested);

11)  CHEKINA ‐ early. PrivO engineers;

12)  BELOVA ‐ early. artillery PrivO:

13)  MIKUTSKY ‐ room. troops of PrivO;

14)  MARGUNOVA ‐ early. armored courses in Leningrad;

15)  KLEPOVA ‐ deputy. early headquarters of PrivO;

16)  GOLIKOVA ‐ member of the Military Council of the BVO;

17)  BALDINA ‐ division commander 18 (arrested);

18)  NIKOLAEVA ‐ early. the headquarters of the 19 rd..;

19)  MARTYNOVSKY ‐ early. headquarters 12 s.k.

According to M.K. LEVANDOVSKY:

1)           SAVITSKY ‐ ex. early headquarters of the ZakVO (convicted);

2)           NESTEROVSKY ‐ early. prepared Ural Military District students (arrested);

3)           SERPOKRYLOVA ‐ Osoaviakhim (convicted);

4)           SHELUKHINA ‐ ex. deputy. Aviation Commander of the ZakVO;

5)           SHORSTKOVA ‐ early artil. schools;

6)           SOKOLOVA ‐ room commander of the ZakVO;

7)           MAVLYUTOVA ‐ early. intelligence department. ZakVO (arrested);

8)           BUACHIDZE ‐ Georgian divisional commander (arrested);

9)           KUTATELADZE ‐ room. command of troops for materiel;

10)       TUKHARELI ‐ Georgian divisional commander (convicted);

11)       GEORGADZE ‐ Osoaviakhim of Georgia (arrested);

12)       KAUFELDA ‐ ex. early Air Defense Baku (arrested);

13)       MOSIDZE ‐ commander of artillery regiment 2 cargo. s.d.;

14)       MOZDRIKOVA ‐ ex. commander of the 20th rifle division (arrested);

15)       OSIPOVA ‐ ex. commander art. air defense brigades of Baku;

16)       UGULAVA ‐ PUOKR ZakVO (arrested);

17)       VIZIROVA ‐ Divisional Commander of Azerbaijan (arrested);

18)       IBRAGIMOVA ‐ early. headquarters of the Azdivision (arrested);

19)       NAKHICHEVANSKY ‐ teacher of the Frunze Military Academy

(not arrested);

20)       ALIEVA ‐ military commissar of the Azdivision (arrested);

21)       ATOYANA              ‐              Divisional            Commander       of            the          Armenian

SD (arrested);

22)       ABRAMYAN ‐ military commissar of the Armenian s.d. (arrested);

23)       ARARATOV ‐ early. art. Armenian s.d. (arrested).

According to S.M.BUDENNY:

1)  HEART ‐ Corps Commander 3 k.k. (arrested);

2)  ZOTOVA ‐ pom. a cavalry inspector of the Red Army;

3)  KOSOGOVA (arrested) ‐ ex. Corps Commander 4 grade (Kashirin also spoke about him);

4)  FEDORENKO ‐ pom. Cavalry inspector of the Red Army (arrested);

5)  KHATSKELEVICH ‐ early. kav. schools;

6)  GORYACHEVA ‐ corps commander 6 k.k. (not arrested);

7)  TOCHENOVA ‐ division commander kaval. (arrested).

2. PI DYBENKO, former commander of the LVO. Interrogated: YAMNITSKY.

He additionally showed that in 1915, while in military service in the Baltic Fleet, on the battleship ʺEmperor Paul Iʺ, he was recruited for provocative activities by the officer of this ship, Art. Lieutenant LANGE.

LANGE was a naval gendarme officer.

DYBENKO testified that in May 1915, when he was working in the engine room of the ship ʺEmperor Paul Iʺ, illegal literature was found on him and he was arrested. During interrogations, he was offered by officer LANGE to cooperate in the security department. LANGE warned that otherwise DYBENKO would be brought to court martial for preparing an uprising on a warship.

DYBENKO answered the proposal of the gendarme officer with consent, as a result, until the February revolution, he was associated with the said officer LANGE and carried out assignments of the secret police to cover the revolutionary sailors on the ships of the Baltic Fleet. In particular, on the instructions of the secret police, he monitored the revolutionary sailors of the ship ʺEmperor Paul Iʺ KHOVRIN and MARUSIN.

In November 1915, DYBENKO issued the secret police with plans to organize the Bolsheviks in the fleet to prepare for an uprising on the battleship Sevastopol, and they also issued the organizers of this uprising POLUKHIN, KHOVRIN and SLADKOV.

DYBENKO confessed that in 1918, being sent by the Central Committee of the All‐Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks to work illegally in Ukraine with a turnout to Odessa, he left for the Crimea and was arrested by German intelligence in Simferopol.

While in the Simferopol prison, DYBENKO was recruited by German intelligence ‐ officer KREITSIN ‐ for espionage work, after which he was released from prison.

3. LEVANDOVSKY MK, former commander of the Primorsky group of troops of the OKDVA. Interrogated: YAMNITSKY, KAZAKEVICH.

He showed that he was associated with the Socialist‐Revolutionaries even before 1917. In the October days of 1917, he tried to lead his unit to suppress the Bolshevik uprising.

LEVANDOVSKY joined the Red Army and the Communist Party on the instructions of the Central Committee of the SRs for anti‐Soviet work.

After the victory of Soviet power, LEVANDOVSKY continued to remain underground and continued to maintain ties with the militarySocialist‐Revolutionary organization all the years until his arrest in 1938.

From the leadership of the military Socialist‐Revolutionary organization, he was associated with VELIKANOV (the former commander of the ZabVO ‐ arrested), as well as with the members of this organization ‐ NESTEROVSKY (the head of the military training of students in the UralVO ‐ arrested) and SAVITSKY (the chief of staff of the ZabVO ‐ convicted). From the leadership of the civil SocialistRevolutionary organization, he was associated with PASKUTSKY

(former deputy. USSR Peopleʹs Commissariat of Agriculture ‐ arrested).

Along with that, LEVANDOVSKY in 1924‐25. establishes contact with the anti‐Soviet group EGOROV‐DYBENKO (both arrested), and in 1933 he became a member of the military organization of the Rights led by them.

LEVANDOVSKY played a special role in the anti‐Soviet underground in the Red Army. Being a native of the Caucasus (mother is Georgian) and working there for a long time, he established contacts with the nationalist organizations of the Georgian Mensheviks, Mussavatists and Dashnaks.

On the instructions of the military‐Socialist‐Revolutionary organization of the leadership of the right, LEVANDOVSKY puts together a bloc of military   anti‐Soviet           organizations     in            the          ZakVO: SocialistRevolutionary, nationalist, Trotskyite and officer‐oriented.

As the head of this bloc, LEVANDOVSKY in 1936 took part in a meeting of the leadership of the conspiracy at Egorovʹs apartment. EGOROV,

DYBENKO,             LEVANDOVSKY,            YAKIR,             UBOREVICH,

TUKHACHEVSKY were present at this meeting. The question of the coordination of the actions of all the forces of the conspiracy for a / s speech and the tactics of defeatism in the event of war were discussed.

LEVANDOVSKY knew about the connections of Egorov‐DYBENKO (in addition to counter‐revolutionary ties in the Red Army) with the center of the right in the person of: BUBNOV (arrested), RYKOV, BUKHARIN, ENUKIDZE and ELIAVA (convicted). LEVANDOVSKY himself was associated with ELIAVA, as well as with the leaders of nationalist organizations in Transcaucasia.

Of           the          members              of            the          right‐wing           military                organization, LEVANDOVSKY names, according to Egorov and DYBENKO, the following persons:

GORODOVIKOVA ‐ ex. deputy. commander SAVO ‐ not arrested; KASHIRINA ‐ ex. Commander of the North Caucasus Military District ‐ arrested;

TYULENEVA ‐ Deputy. Cavalry inspector of the Red Army ‐ not arrested;

KOVTYUHA ‐ inspector of the BVO ‐ arrested;

KUTYAKOVA ‐ Deputy. commander of the Privo Military District ‐ arrested;

EFREMOVA ‐ commander of the ZabVO ‐ not arrested;

BELENKOVICH ‐ an employee of the aviation industry ‐ arrested;

SEDYAKINA ‐ early. combat training department of the Red Army ‐ arrested;

LEVICHEVA ‐ ex. deputy. early Of the General Staff of the Red Army ‐ convicted.

Making it his main task to unite the anti‐Soviet military organizations of the Transcaucasus, LEVANDOVSKY personally recruited into the military SR organization.

LEVANDOVSKY personally names those recruited by him in various years:

1)     SERPOKRYLOVA ‐ ex. early headquarters of the Siberian Military District. Then an employee of the CCO, a cadre Socialist‐Revolutionary (convicted);

2)     SHELUKHINA ‐ early. Air Force of the Primgroup OKDVA;

3)     VAKHNINA ‐ a former employee of VOSO LVO (not arrested);

4)     SHARSKOVA ‐ early. Odessa military school, career Socialist‐

Revolutionary and officer (arrested);

5)     SOKOLOVA ‐ ex. deputy. commander of the ZakVO (arrested);

6)     MAVLYUTOVA ‐ early. Intelligence Department of the ZakVO

(arrested). The    head      of            the          military                Socialist‐Revolutionary organization was SAVITSKY, who worked under the leadership of LEVANDOVSKY.

The Georgian nationalist organization of Transcaucasia was headed by:

divisional commander BUACHIDZE (arrested); division commander KUTATELADZE (arrested);

Divisional Commander TUKHARELI (convicted).

With them LEVANDOVSKY was personally connected and through them he exercised leadership of this organization.

According to BUCHAIDZE [1] , KUTATELADZE, TUKHARELI and other members of the Georgian nationalist organization, LEVANDOVSKY knew about the participation of 32 people in the organization, including:

GEORGADZE ‐ before. Cargo. Osoaviakhima (arrested);

KUBANISHVILI ‐ early. headquarters of the 2nd Georgian Division (arrested);

ABASHIDZE ‐ early. School of the Moscow Military District Tank

Brigade (arrested);

UGULAVA ‐ deputy. early PUOKRa ZakVO (arrested);

MGALOBISHVILI ‐ early. art. ZakVO (arrested).

Of the members of the Mussavat organization, LEVANDOVSKY names those personally associated with him by K.R. work:

VIZIROVA ‐ division commander (arrested);

IBRAGIMOVA ‐ early. headquarters of the Azerbaijani division (arrested);

Divisional Commander NAKHICHEVANSKY ‐ teacher of the Frunze

Military Academy (not arrested);

ALIEVA ‐ Commissioner of the Azerbaijan Division (arrested).

In addition, from the words of these persons, he names 18 people who participated in the military‐Musavat organization.

The Armenian nationalist organization was headed by (personally associated with Lewandowski):

Divisional Commander ATAYAN ‐ (arrested);

ABRAMYAN ‐ Commissioner of the Armenian Division (arrested);

DAVTYAN ‐ Commissioner of the Armenian cavalry. schools (arrested);

ASAYAN ‐ Commissar of the 3rd Armenian Regiment (arrested);

Melik SHAKH‐NAZAROV ‐ Divisional Commander (arrested).

In addition, LEVANDOVSKY names 16 members of the Armenian

nationalist organization, including:

Colonel ARARATOV ‐ ex. military leader of the Dashnak government; divisional commander ALABYAN; early the headquarters of the Armenian division ‐ AVAKYAN;

the commander of the 1st Armenian regiment ‐ DANIELYAN


the former commander of the artillery regiment ‐ ALEXANDRYAN

(arrested); commander of the Armenian cavalry. shelf ‐ ALAVERDOVA.

LEVANDOVSKY showed that the bloc of anti‐Soviet military organizations in Transcaucasia also included a Pravotrotskyist organization associated with Gamarnik and Bulin. In Transcaucasia, this organization was headed by the head of the Political Administration of the ZakVO YARTSEV (arrested).

Of Tukhachevskyʹs connections in Transcaucasia, the anti‐Soviet bloc included: the former chief of staff of the ZakVO ALAFUZO (convicted) and          the          head      of            the          training                department         of            the ZakVO BERALASHVILI.

LEVANDOVSKY testified that the members of the block of anti‐Soviet organizations in the ZakVO were associated with the corresponding civil anti‐Soviet organizations, including:

BUACHIDZE ‐ with the former secretary of the CP (b) G AGNEASHVILI Central Committee;

VIZIROV ‐ with the former before. SNK Azerbaijan RAKHMANOV (arrested) and before. Zach. SNK EFENDIEV (arrested);

ATAYAN was associated with the former. secretary of the Central Committee of Armenia KHADJAYAN (shot himself) and

former. prev. SNK of Armenia ‐ TER GABRIELYAN (arrested);

YARTSEV was associated with the former second Secretary Zak. regional committee KUDRYAVTSEV.

4. NM UVAROV, former head of the aviation department of the Central Assembly of the USSR Osoaviakhim. Interrogated: NIKONOV, DERGACHEV.

In addition, he showed that the participants in the anti‐Soviet military conspiracy in March 1936 in Moscow prepared and carried out a catastrophe, as a result of which the record‐holder parachutists YVANOVA and BERLIN died during protracted jumps.

The plan for this catastrophe was developed on the instructions of EIDEMAN by the former head of the central flying club. Kosarev DEICHEM (convicted) and the head of the parachute department of the central aeroclub ZABELIN (not arrested), which consisted in the following: for a long jump of 4000 meters, parachutists had to jump out of aircraft at an altitude of 5100 meters, they were thrown at an altitude of 4000‐4500 meters. In order to avoid control over the actually gained altitude, it was decided not to install a barograph on the aircraft.

EYDEMAN and DEICH acquainted UVAROV with this plan of the impending disaster, warning him that after the disaster he, UVAROV, would head a commission that would lead the ʺinvestigationʺ and the latter would have to hide the traces of the crime.

On March 28, 1936, the disaster plan was carried out at the Lyubertsy airfield. Parachutists IVANOVA and BERLIN during long jumps, guided by the calculations of the fall using the stopwatches attached to their hands, the parachutes opened close to the ground and crashed.

After the death of the paratroopers, UVAROV, as was the case with EIDEMAN, headed the commission to investigate the causes of the disaster.

The conspirators DEICH and ZABELIN, the head of the parachute department of the Central Council of the USSR Osoaviakhim (not arrested), were introduced to this commission, who drew up an act according to which the deceased parachutists themselves were guilty.

The catastrophe was prepared and carried out with the aim of scaring Soviet youth away from air sports and, especially, from the struggle for records.

In addition, Uvarov admitted that in 1933 he was recruited by the Japanese military attaché in Moscow by KAWABE for espionage work. He passed on espionage information for Japanese intelligence through the captain of the Japanese army SHIMANUKI, who was on probation in the Red Army aviation. Subsequently, on espionage work in favor of Japan, Uvarov was associated with Gekker, the former head of the NCOʹs foreign relations department (convicted).

In 1933‐1936, being the assistant to the commander of the Moscow Military District for aviation, and then the head of the aviation department of the USSR Osoaviakhim, UVAROV gave Japanese intelligence full information about the transfer of aviation formations from the Moscow and Leningrad military districts to the Far East and Transbaikalia.

In subsequent years, UVAROV transmitted information about the state of Osoaviakhimov aviation and the training of flight technical personnel in the Osoaviakhim system.

5.                   Zhdanov, former head of the department of ammunition of the Red Army Naval Forces, colonel. Interrogated: PETROV.

Gave initial testimony that in November 1935 he was recruited into an anti‐Soviet military conspiracy by a former deputy. Head of the

Armaments Directorate of the Red Army Naval Forces LEONOV (arrested).

On the instructions of LEONOV, ZHDANOV carried out sabotage in the construction of the Naval Forces ammunition depots. For example, he disrupted the construction of warehouse No. 145 and workshop 142 of the warehouse. As a result of the subversive activities carried out by Zhdanov, the ammunition was stored in the open air and was damaged.

6.                   MAMAEV IK, former head of the Department of Regional Studies of the Military Academy named after Frunze. Interrogated: PETERS.

In addition, he testified that he had been a spy of Japanese intelligence since 1923, having been recruited in Moscow by Takenouchi NAKAO, a journalist for the Japanese newspaper Osaki Asaki, during the latter’s visit to Moscow for an agricultural exhibition. Meeting with this journalist in Moscow, MAMAEV gave him information describing the state of the Red Army and a number of anti‐Soviet correspondence, for which he received 30 yen.

In 1933, being sent through the Intelligence Agency to Dairen (Manchuria), MAMAEV was again involved in espionage activities (on the basis of the cash receipt he had given to the journalist) by the head of the local branch of Japanese intelligence TANAKA, to whom he gave out the entire secret network of the Intelligence Agency and sent disinformation materials on the instructions of the latter to the Soviet Union.

For espionage activities, MAMAEV received a monetary reward of 200 yen from Japanese intelligence.

7.                   ZONBERG Zh.F., former inspector for military work at the NCO, corps commander. Interrogated: YAKUNIN.

Earlier he confessed to being a member of the Latvian fascist organization. Additionally, he showed that, while working in Smolensk as deputy commander of the BVO troops, established contact there with the members of the Latvian organization MEESIT (arrested), the former head of the non‐military training of the BVO headquarters JURMALNEX (not arrested), who was then the head of the financial department of the Smolensk Regional Executive Committee.

Together with MEESIT and JURMALNEX, ZONBERG developed a plan for the creation of rebel groups in collective farms in the border regions with Latvia, inhabited by Latvians, and sabotage groups along the railway and defense facilities in the Western region.

During 1930‐31. SONBERG led the work on the creation of insurgent and sabotage groups.

During this period of time, as ZONBERG shows, insurgent and sabotage groups were created from Latvians in Yartsevsky, Vyazemsky and Smolensky regions.

Through MEESIT and JURMALNEKS, SONBERG set these rebel groups for the period of peacetime the tasks of sabotage and nationalist work in the Latvian collective farms.

Instructions on the creation of insurgent and sabotage groups in the border regions with Latvia, which should be used to destroy the rear and assist in the rapid advancement of foreign troops during the war, he, ZONBERG, received from EIDEMAN and a former employee of the Central Committee of the All‐Union Communist Party (b.) BEYKA (arrested ).

8.                   KALACHEV VP, former deputy chief of the Main Naval Staff. Interrogated: KUDRYAVTSEV.

KALACHEV, a participant in an anti‐Soviet military conspiracy, additionally testified that in 1935, after his entry into the conspiracy, he was involved by LEVICHEV, the Deputy Chief of the General Staff

(convicted), into espionage work for Germany.

KALACHEV transmitted through LEVICHEV to German intelligence data on the naval shipbuilding program for 1935, data on the implementation of this program, on the composition of the fleet and programs for 1936.

9.                   MINCHUK AI, former military commissar of the Chemical Directorate of the Red Army, divisional commissar. Interrogated: KONSTANTINOV.

In addition, he showed that, on the instructions of GAMARNIK, throughout his work in the Chemical Directorate of the Red Army, he carried out subversive work, disrupting the provision of the Red Army troops with chemical means. He ruined the mass party work of the Chemical Administration. Artificially caused antagonism among the main apparatuses of the chemical service, created disorganization.

In March 1937, GAMARNIK informed MINCHUK about the planned re‐elections of the Central Party Bureau of the NPO and offered to provide support for the candidacies of the participants in the conspiracy Osepyan (convicted) and SIMONOV (arrested).

In 1936, he helped the conspirator HALEPSKY in the implementation of the sabotage directive developed by the latter on Chemical Management, aimed at disrupting the order of the Peopleʹs Commissar of Defense for the re‐registration of technical and combat equipment of all branches of the Red Army.

Personally, recruited into the conspiracy: pom. the head of the 5th department of the TOKARIK Chemical Administration (not arrested), the party organizer of the Chemical Administration PLYUSOV (not arrested), the chief of supply of the SKVO USTIMENKO (not arrested). Of the participants in the conspiracy, MINCHUK were known ‐ FELDMAN, OSEPYAN (convicted), FISHMAN, SIMONOV (arrested), the former head of the Chemical Institute of the RKKA KOZLOV (arrested), ex. Deputy Head of the Chemical Institute of the RKKA IVANITSKY (arrested), Head of the Department of the Chemical Institute of the Red Army ZELDIN (arrested), former assistant. Head of the Department of the Chemical Institute of the Red Army, currently working at the chemical plant No. 37 KIREEV (not arrested), a former employee of the Chemical Institute of the Red Army, currently a teacher at the Kalinin Chemical School MANEVICH (to be established).

10. KOSTUSEV‐MUROMTSEV AN, former head of the training department of the Red Army Air Force Academy, captain, former officer. Interrogated by: CHEKHOV, VOLOSOV.

He gave initial testimony that in 1928, being in Smolensk in the position of assistant chief of staff of the BVO Air Force, he was recruited for espionage work in favor of Poland by a resident of Polish intelligence, an engineer of the military construction department of the air defense GORBATSEVICH (established).

KOSTUSEV, through Gorbacevich, transmitted spy materials on the results of the BVO Air Force maneuvers, on the state of the districtʹs aircraft fleet, gave a description of the main and alternate airfields, covered the accident rate and the Air Force personnel from the point of view of possible recruits for Polish intelligence.

KOSTUSEV supplied the Polish intelligence with espionage materials on the state of study at the academy, reported information on the quantitative and qualitative composition of the students, on the procedure for recruiting the academy, on the training program, and also gave characteristics to the teaching staff for their recruitment.

KOSTUSEV personally recruited for the Polish intelligence the teacher of the Vystrel school PEKUTOVSKY (established), the head of the course of the command department of the Air Force Academy SIVITSKY (not arrested) and the teacher SEMENOV (arrested, confessed to espionage).

11.                MULEVICH MN, former controller of the military group of the Soviet Control Commission, military engineer of the 2nd rank. Interrogated: SOLOVIEV.

He gave additional evidence that in 1936 he was recruited by the former head of the military group of the Soviet Control Commission Grigory Davydovich Khakhanian (arrested) into an anti‐Soviet military conspiracy.

From HAKHANYAN MULEVICH was instructed to find such a chemical substance that, having no odor, would gradually emit a toxic substance and would be suitable for committing a terrorist act against the leaders of the party and government.

12.                SHUMOVICH, former instructor of the MNRA headquarters, colonel. Interrogated: SOLOVIEV.

He confessed that he was a member of the officerʹs monarchist organization, into which he was recruited by the former colonel of the tsarist army RODENKO (to be established). Until 1935, SHUMOVICH was associated by an officer‐monarchist organization with former officers of the tsarist army BOBROV ‐ chief of staff of the BVO, and KARPUSHIN ‐ assistant. Chief of Staff of the BVO (both arrested).

In 1935, SHUMOVICH, while in the MNRA, was recruited by Weiner, a former adviser of the MNRA (arrested), into an anti‐Soviet military conspiracy and was recruited by him for espionage work in favor of Japan.

On the instructions of VAYNER SHUMOVICH, he carried out sabotage work to undermine the combat readiness of the MNRA and units of the Red Army located in Mongolia.

13.                DOUBOVI I.N., former commander of the troops of the Kharkov military district. Interrogated by YAMNITSKY and KAZAKEVICH.

In addition, he testified that a member of the Ukrainian nationalist organization RYABOTENKO (the former head of the Kiev regional police (arrested)) recruited the organization among police officers.

RYABOTENKO was also a member of the KGB conspiracy in

Ukraine. Using his connections in the NKVD of the Ukrainian SSR, he recruited members of the Ukrainian nationalist organization among the heads of regional and district police departments.

In the plan of the uprising, the military headquarters of the Ukrainian nationalists planned the use of militia workers ‐ members of the organization to supply the units with weapons and to participate in the leadership of the insurgent units.

Police officers ‐ members of the Ukrainian organization in the countryside carried out work to provoke anger among the population, citing that their illegal actions were carried out according to ʺMoscowʹs directives.ʺ

Of the chekists‐conspirators, DUBOVA named KAMINSKY ‐ the former deputy head of the Kharkiv UNKVD, bound by the candidate of r. work with the former head of the Kharkiv UNKVD MAZO (shot himself).

               DUBOVSKY     knew     about     KAMINSKY     from     the     associated

ALEXANDROVSKY, a participant in an anti‐Soviet military and KGB conspiracy (ALEXANDROVSKY, the former head of the NKVD Public Administration of the Ukrainian SSR, was convicted).

From YAKIR, LYUBCHENKO and ALEXANDROVSKY, DUBOVA knew that the participants in the anti‐Soviet Chekist conspiracy in Ukraine, led by BALITSKY, were taking measures to protect anti‐Soviet organizations from failure. To this end, members of the Ukrainian nationalist organization infiltrated the agent network of the UGB and the URKM of Ukraine, giving false information about the situation in the countryside and the city, about nationalists.

During the investigation into the cases of Trotskyists LOGINOV and GOLUBENKO (convicted) arrested in Ukraine, BALITSKY did not allow revealing the real role of Yakir, LYUBCHENKO, PORAYKO and other leaders of the organization.

14. MIKHAILOV SG, former assistant to the head of the department of the Academy of the General Staff of the Red Army. Interrogated: LUSCHINSKY.

In addition, he showed about the sabotage activities carried out in 192729. created by him in Leningrad, the fighting organization of the Right SRs. On the instructions of the SR CHEKOLIN (arrested), associated with the overseas center of the right SRs in Paris MIKHAILOV, together with the members of the Leningrad SR organization, a number of acts of sabotage were carried out.

In the summer of 1927, with the aim of disrupting an artillery exercise in the Luga region, F.G. Mikhailov, K.I.Ilyin, K.I.Kosulnikov and K.I. (all arrested) designed and carried out the wreck of a military train heading with shells along a narrow‐gauge railway from st. Meadows at the station Polygon.

In the same 1927, MIKHAILOV and KOSULNIKOV, with a sabotage purpose, drew up a sabotage plan for an artillery exercise indicating the safety of traffic in those areas in which it was actually dangerous. As a result of this act of sabotage, several Red Army soldiers were wounded, and the gun was damaged.

In the summer of 1928, during artillery exercises at the same Luga training ground, a sabotage group consisting of KOZLOV (arrested), MIKHAILOV, KOSULNIKOV, KOBERSKY fired at the lines dangerous to the infantry. With this sabotage, MIKHAILOV, KOSULNIKOV and others had the goal of disrupting the training that was taking place in the presence of officers of the German Reichswehr and, along the way, achieving the death of the Red Army soldiers.

As a result of the sabotage, the shells exploded near the infantry and the exercise was partially disrupted.

Head of the Secretariat of the NKVD of the USSR, Senior Major of State Security (SHAPIRO)