Polit Buro and the Church

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  Politburo And The Church, Kremlin Archives

N. Petrovsky, S.G. Petrov 

The verdict of the Moscow Revolutionary Tribunal in the case of the Moscow clergy and believers. May 8, 1922

No. 24-6 4

SENTENCE.

IN THE NAME OF THE RUSSIAN SOCIALIST FEDERATIVE

SOVIET REPUBLIC, the Moscow Revolutionary Tribunal in a public meeting chaired by Comrade BEK, members of the Tribunal Comrades GUSEVA and DUBROVIN from April 26 to MAY 8, 1922, having considered the case of Boris Ivanovich ZABAVIN, 52 years old, priest of the Burning Kupino Church, Anatoly ORLOV 1ZAOZERSKOGO Alexander Nikolaevich, 42 years old, priest of the Church of Paraskeva in Okhotny Ryad, DOBROLYUBOVA Alexander Fedorovich, 58 years old, priest] of the Church of Nikolo-Yavlennaya, FRYAZINOV Sergei Ivanovich, 42 years old, priest [of] the Church of Paraskeva Friday, Evgeny

Nikolaevich EFIMOVA, 48 years old, city of mountains. Starobelsky, Kharkiv province, professor of the Institute of Education, non-partisan, rushing, PSHENICHNIKOV Sergey Nikolaevich, 58 years old, city of mountains. Moscow, commodity expert of the Fish Department of the Central Union, non-partisan, unsuccessful, Stepan Petrovich CHERNYSHEV, 60 years old, gr. mountains. Egoryevsk, Ryazan province., Professor of Moscow University, non-partisan, unsuccessful, Nikolai Alexandrovich BRYZGALOV, 36 years old, gr. mountains. Moscow, engineer, nonpartisan, unsuccessful, ASAFOV Kirill Mikhailovich, 26 years old, city of mountains. Moscow, employee of the Historical Museum, unsuccessful, non-partisan, CHERNOV Dmitry Timofeevich, 45 years old, citizen of Penza province, Gorodishchensky district, Nikolo-Peskovskaya volost, Head of the warehouse of Pharmaceutical plant No. 1, non-partisan, not convicted, BASHKAREV 20-tyr Vladimir Alexandrovich years, g-on mountains. Moscow, non-party, unsuccessful, student, BASHKAREVA Alexander Alexandrovich, 22 years old, city of mountains. Moscow, non-partisan, unsuccessful student, NOVIKOV Peter Maksimovich, 36 years old, citizen of Kaluga province. Masalsky district, village Glotovsky Ovragi, carpenter, TELEGINA Makara, 46 years old, citizen of Samara province, Buzuluk district, Letnikovskaya not condemned, BASHKAREV Vladimir Alexandrovich, 20 years old, citizen of the mountains. Moscow, non-party, unsuccessful, student, BASHKAREVA Alexander Alexandrovich, 22 years old, city of mountains. Moscow, non-partisan, unsuccessful student, NOVIKOV Peter Maksimovich, 36 years old, citizen of Kaluga province. Masalsky district, village Glotovsky Ovragi, carpenter, TELEGINA Makara, 46 years old, citizen of Samara province, Buzuluk district, Letnikovskaya not condemned, BASHKAREV Vladimir Alexandrovich, 20 years old, citizen of the mountains. Moscow, non-party, unsuccessful, student, BASHKAREVA Alexander Alexandrovich, 22 years old, city of mountains. Moscow, non-party, unsuccessful student, NOVIKOV Peter Maksimovich, 36 years old, citizen of Kaluga province. Masalsky district, village Glotovsky Ovragi, carpenter, TELEGINA Makara, 46 years old, citizen of Samara province, Buzuluk district, Letnikovskaya2* volost, village, hieromonk, GUBITSYN Semyon Pavlovich, 36 years old, citizen of Vladimir province, non-party, unsuccessful, unemployed, Mikhail Frolovich TALAGAEV, 44 years old, citizen of Tula province, Kashirsky district, village of Mokroe , locksmith, non-partisan, unsuccessful,

Mikhail Petrovich PETROV, 43 years old, city of mountains. Moscow, non-party, unsuccessful, BRUSILOV Varvara Ivanovna, 22 years old, city of mountains. Moscow, unemployed, IVANOVA Ivan Sergeevich, 32 years old, city of mountains. Skopin, Ryazan province., Non-party, unsuccessful, merchant, JURGENSON Peter Borisovich, 18 years old, city of mountains. Moscow, non-partisan, unsuccessful, student of General Education courses at Moscow University, IONOVA Stepan Romanovich, 34 years old, citizen of Saratov province, Serdobsky district, village Sekretarki, unsuccessful, partyless, projectionist, CHERNENKO Nikolai Yakovlevich, 54 years old, mountain. Klin, non-party, unsuccessful, cook, unemployed, priests Nikolai Mikhailovich MIKHAILOVSKY, 56 years old, priest [ennik] of the Epiphany Church, in Dorogomilov, Sergei Vasilievich ZERTSALOV, priest [ennik] of the same church, 66 years old, NADEZHDINA Victor Aleksandrovich, 46 years old, priest of the same church, Vasily Ivanovich SOKOLOV3 *, 46 years old, priest of the Church of Nicholas the Epiphany, on the Arbat, Nikolai Ivanovich MOTYLEV, 36 years old, citizen of Moscow province. and county, Head of the Financial Department of the Zamoskvoretsky Council and accountant of the Pavlovsk hospital, a member of the Moscow Council, BELOV Yakov Vasilyevich 4*, 54 years old, citizen of Kaluga province, Tarusa district, Trinity volost, village. Maleevo, laborer, BARKUNOV Ekaterina Mikhailovna, 18 years old, citizen of Ryazan province, Skopinsky district, Korneevskaya vol., Unemployed, TIKHOMIROV Sergei Fedorovich, 57 years old, city of mountains. Moscow, butcher, BARANTSEV Sergei Alekseevich, city of mountains. Moscow, 19 years old, weigher, PA [V] LOVA Kirill Vasilyevich, 29 years old, citizen of Tula province, Yegoryevsky district, Myatlovskaya vol., Village. Dyakovo, KUZNETSOV Tikhon Grigorievich, 45 years old, Tula province, Chernsky district, Pryadikhinskaya vol., And a village, porter, PTUSHKIN Andrey Ivanovich, 42 years old, citizen of Kaluga province, Zhizdrinsky district, Maklakovsky vol. and a village, a laborer, SHOSTI Andrey Mikhailovich, 53 years old, citizen of the Poltava province., village. Shosti, postman, Mikhail Nikolaevich Rokhanov, 43 years old, citizen of Vitebsk province, of the same district, Selok volost, der. Drills, woodcutter, MAKSIMOV Ivan Egorovich, 37 years old, citizen of Moscow province, Vereisky district, Kudinsky vol., Village. Grigorevo, tailor, GOLUBEVA Andrei Yegorovich, 60 years old, tr-on Kaluga province., Maloyaroslavsky district, Vetchinsky volost, village. Goncharovka, TSIRKINA Andrian Ksenofontovich, 57 years old, citizen of Tver province, Korchevsky district, Kudryavtsevsky volost, village. Tryaskino, VORONINA Stepan Nikitich, 56 years old, citizen of Moscow] province, Zvenigorodsky district, Yakuninskaya volost, village. Kuligin, turner, SOLOMINA TSIRKINA Andrian Ksenofontovich, 57 years old, citizen of Tver province, Korchevsky district, Kudryavtsevsky volost, village. Tryaskino, VORONINA Stepan Nikitich, 56 years old, citizen of Moscow] province, Zvenigorodsky district, Yakuninskaya volost, village. Kuligin, turner, SOLOMINA TSIRKINA Andrian Ksenofontovich, 57 years old, citizen of Tver province, Korchevsky district, Kudryavtsevsky volost, village. Tryaskino, VORONINA Stepan Nikitich, 56 years old, citizen of Moscow] province, Zvenigorodsky district, Yakuninskaya volost, village. Kuligin, turner, SOLOMINA5 * Mikhail Yakovlevich, 33 years old, citizen of Tver province, Bogorodsky volost, village. Platskovo, Ivan Petrovich BROVKINA, 18 years old, citizen of Moscow] province, Zvenigorodsky district, Aksenyevsky volost, village. Ignatievo, merchant, ZAITSEV Nikolai Semenovich, 17 years old, peasant] Ryazan province., Village. Repshino ACCUSED:

1)                   The priests: POSPELOVA, ZAOZERSKY, DOBROLYUBOVA and NADEZHDIN Christopher in the fact that, being members of an organization called the Orthodox hierarchy, they, by prior agreement among themselves, as well as by agreement with other persons, were not detected by the investigation, in order to prevent common efforts from carrying out in the life of the decision of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee and instructions to it on the withdrawal of the church values in use by groups of believers to the special fund of the Central Committee. Pomgol to save the starving and to seed their fields 5, as well as in order to preserve these values in actual use and management of the clergy, they, during the month of March 1922 in the mountains. Moscow, deliberately and deliberately for selfish purposes: a) secretly disseminated information known to be false about the activities of officials of the administration of the Soviet power and individual members of local commissions Pomgol, inciting hostile attitude towards them in the middle class strata of the population, b) also called on these layers of the population and the clergy subordinate to them to massive opposition to the aforementioned order of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee and the fulfillment of the duties assigned to them by the same order, c) openly presented to the clergy of the Moscow diocese subordinate to them for reading from the pulpit and further dissemination among the population, an appeal indicating that church jewelry is inviolable and not subject to withdrawal,6 , 4 March s / y. in the mountains. In Moscow, in the Church of John the Warrior, from the pulpit he openly delivered a sermon of a non-religious nature, on the theme of "the dying, powerful, once Russian state", calling on the population to offer active resistance to the implementation of the above-mentioned resolution of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee, especially noting that this resolution about the confiscation of church valuables for the needs of the starving, there is a judgment of God, justly coming on believers as punishment for apostasy and disobedience to the church, and that the issuance of this decree is already the first signs of this judgment of God 7 .

2)                   The same DOBROLYUBOV and the priests ZABAVIN, ORLOV, FRYAZINOV, KRYUCHKOV, ROZANOV, Viktor Sokolov, KEDROV, LEPEKHIN, ZERTSALOV, NIKOLSKY,

MIKHAILOVSKY, NADEZHDIN Viktor and members of the same organization. gr. EFIMOVA, CHERNYSHEVA, MOTYLEVA is that, having previously agreed with each other and the accused listed in paragraph 1, with the same purpose, then they took a personal and direct part in propaganda and agitation among believers and mainly among ignorant bourgeois strata of the population , both in the churches entrusted to them and at parish meetings, knowingly false information about the purpose and purpose of the seizure of church valuables, as well as about the activities of representatives of the Workers 'and Peasants' Power,

3)                   The aforementioned MIKHAILOVSKY and priest ZERTSALOV in the fact that having direct connections with the above clergy and being present on April 7 in the Church of the Epiphany on the day of the confiscation of church valuables and leading a hostile attitude towards the confiscation of 6 * from the crowd of the assembled criminally fanatical crowd, they did not accept appropriate measures to explain to this crowd knowingly false rumors about the purpose and purpose of the seizure, and also did not take appropriate measures to stop the disorder caused by secret agitation, which resulted in the beating of the Red Army soldiers guarding the temple, of which several were seriously wounded.

4)                   The same priests MIKHAILOVSKY, ZERTSALOV in the fact that by prior agreement with each other and by agreement with other persons, the investigation was not found, for a selfish purpose: other property, without entering it in a timely manner in the inventory, according to which they transferred church property to the special fund of the Central Committee. Pomgol, and on the day of the confiscation of church valuables, that is, April 7 this year. hid the aforementioned property in the temple, b) discovering in 19211922. the theft of church property also hidden from the register: the icon and carpets, they deliberately did not report this to the investigative and judicial authorities, the consequence of which was the inevitability of 7 * establishing the fact of theft or appropriation of the aforementioned property.

5)                   Vasily SOKOLOV in the fact that on April 7 this year, being a member of an organization called the Orthodox hierarchy, on April 7 in the Church of Nicholas the Apparition, on the Arbat, after the seizure of church values from the named temple, using the religious prejudices of the masses , in order to discredit the Soviet power, pronounced contrary to 6 of the decision of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee of June 13, 1921 8a sermon of a non-religious nature, in which, indicating that the seizure of church valuables from the named church had already taken place, he called the seizure itself a robbery, and the members of the Commission - bandits who broke into the temple and with their dirty hands tore off the vestments from the icons, took away crosses, gospels, vessels, etc. n. that the Soviet Power had previously taken away all the gold and silver belonging to the state, and now seeks to seize the church property, and calling in this sermon the population to turn to God in prayer and ask the latter to “sweep ancient Babylon off the face of the earth [”], and this was expressed in the words of the psalm he uttered "on the rivers of Babylon", "the daughters of the Babylonians are persecuted," ["] blessed is he who bears and breaks your baby on a stone."

6)                   Pshenichnikova, Bryzgalov, Asaph, rough, BASHKAREVA Vladimir BASHKAREVA Alexander Novikov, Telegin, TALAGAEVA, Petrova, Brusilov, Ivanovo, Jurgenson, ions, Chernenko, Belov, Golubeva, Tsirkin, BARKUNOVU 8 * Catherine, Solomin, Tikhomirov, Brovkina , BARANTSEVA, ZAITSEVA 9 *, KOROVKINA 9 , PAVLOVA, KUZNETSOVA, PTUSHKINA, SHOSTI, Rokhanova, MAKSIMOVA 9*, VORONINA that being under the influence of agitation on the part of the clergy, mentioned above in the first 2 paragraphs, on the day of withdrawal from Moscow churches and monasteries, during the month of March of church valuables, they took part in public assemblies, which, acting as united by the forces of the participants as a result of motives arising from enmity towards the RCP to the decision of the AllRussian Central Executive Committee on seizure, inciting the population to resist the persons making the seizure, spreading false information, knowingly for them, that most of the seized property will be plundered, that this seizure is carried out in the interests of the Communists and the Jewish population that the latter are raping Russia with impunity, that laws are not written for them, and therefore the population itself must shorten their arms, that is, causing party and tribal enmity, and this was especially shown by:BASHKAREV10 * Vladimir, BASHKAREV 11 * Alexander, Pshenichnikov, Bryzgalov, Asafov, CHERNOV, NOVIKOV, TELEGIN, GUBITSYN, TALAGAEV, PETROV, BRUSILOVA, IVANOV, YURGENSON, IONOV, CHERNENKO, and also openly and also Tsar Golubov opposition to the seizure of church values, expressed in the beating of the Red Army men who were guarding during the seizure, as a result of which many Red Army men were seriously wounded, and the rest of the citizens named in this paragraph took part in this especially.

The Tribunal, having checked the materials of the preliminary investigation, the testimony of witnesses, the explanations of the representatives of the prosecution, the defense and the defendants themselves at the Court Session, DECIDED:

1)                   The accusation against POSPELOV, ZAOZERSKY, DOBROLYUBOV, and NADEZHDINA Christopher recognized as PROVED that being members of an organization called the "Orthodox hierarchy", they, by prior agreement among themselves, as well as by agreement with other persons, were not found by the investigation, in order to prevent, through common efforts, the implementation of the resolution of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee and instructions to it, on the confiscation of the groups of believers, church valuables in use into a special fund of the Pomgol Central Committee to save the starving and to seed their fields, as well as to preserve these values in actual use and management clergy, they during the month of March 1922 in the mountains. Moscow, deliberately and deliberately: 1) called on the population and 12 * subordinates 12* them the clergy to massively oppose the aforementioned order of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee and to non-fulfillment 13* responsibilities assigned to them by the same order; 2) openly handed over to the clergy of the Moscow diocese subordinate to them for reading from the ambo and further disseminating among the population a proclamation indicating that church jewels are inviolable and not subject to seizure, that any encroachment on them is sacrilege; and in relation to NADEZHDIN - it is that with the same purpose and in direct violation of b of the resolution of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee of June 13, 1921, March 4 of this year. in the mountains. Moscow, in the Church of John the Warrior, he openly delivered a sermon of a non-religious nature, with the help of active resistance and to the implementation of the above resolution of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee, especially noting that this resolution on the confiscation of church valuables for the needs of the hungry is the Judgment of God,

2)                   14 * Charge brought against the same DOBROLYUBOV, ZABAVIN, ORLOV, FRYAZINOV, KRYUCHKOV, ROZANOV, SOCOLOV Viktor, KEDROV, LEPEKHIN, VISHNYAKOV, NIKOLSKY, MIKHAILOVSKOV, FIRYAZINOV,

MIKHAILOVSKOV, against ROZANOV Viktor, KEDROV Viktor, VISHNYAKOV, NIKOLSKY, NADEZHDIN Viktor, EFIMOV, CHERNYSHEV and MOTYLEV recognize as PROVED that, having previously agreed with each other and with the accused listed in paragraph 1, for the same purpose, then they took personal participation in propaganda, in agitation among believers or in churches entrusted to them, or at parish meetings, calling for a massive and open 15* opposition to the aforementioned order of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee and non-fulfillment of them by submitting all kinds of statements and protests, which were drawn up with their participation and leadership, as a result of which, in the actual seizure, repeated excesses occurred, that is, in counter-revolutionary activities; in relation to LEPEKHIN and KRYUCHKOV, consider it PROVED that, having previously agreed between themselves and the accused listed in paragraph 1, with the same purpose, at the same time, took personal part in propaganda and agitation among believers, and open opposition to the aforementioned order of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee, and in relation to Mikhailovsky that he took part in propaganda among believers.

3)                   The accusation brought against the same MIKHAILOVSKY and ZERTSALOV under item 3 shall be considered PROVED in full 16 * in relation to ZERTSALOV, and considered unproven in relation to MIKHAILOVSKY.

4)                   The accusation brought against the same MIKHAILOVSKY and ZERTSALOV under item 4 shall be considered not proven.

5)                   The accusation brought against Sokolov to Vasily is considered as PROVED in full.

6)                   The charges brought by Pshenichnikova, Bryzgalov, Asaph, rough, BASHKAREVU Vladimir, BASHKAREVU Alexander Novikov, Telegin, TALAGAEVU, Petrova, Brusilov, Ivanovo, Jurgenson, ions, Chernenko, Belov, Golubeva, Tsirkin, BARKUNOVOY, Solomin, Tikhomirov, BARANTSOV, PAVLOV, KUZNETSOV, PTUSHKIN, SHOSTI, Rokhanov and VORONIN and GUBITSYN in relation to TELEGIN, BRUSILOVA, TIKHOMIROV and ROKHANOV, recognize as PROVED in full; in relation to BARKU Н0В [0] Y, BASHKAREV Vladimir, BASHKAREV Alexander, NOVIKOV, TALAGAEV, PETROV, IVANOV, YURGENSON, IONOV, CHERNENKO, SOLOMIN,

BARANTSEV, PTUSHKIN and GUBITSYN in the fact that under the influence of the clergy, under the influence of , mentioned above, on the days of the seizure of church values from Moscow churches and monasteries, during the month of March, took part in public gatherings, who, acting with the combined forces of the participants, due to motives arising from hostility to the decision of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee, aroused the population to resist the persons who carried out the seizure; with regard to Bryzgalov and Asafov, recognize as PROVED that they aroused the population to resist the persons who carried out the seizure; against PSHENICHNIKOV, CHERNOV, BELOV, GOLUBEV, TSIRKIN, KUZNETSOV, PAVLOV, SHOSTI and

VORONTSOV17 * considered not proven.

Taking into account that all the accused, in respect of whom counterrevolutionary activity has been proven, took advantage of the most difficult moment in the life of the people, when millions of peasants are dying of hunger, that the accused ZAOZERSKY, DOBROLYUBOV, NADEZHDIN Christopher, VISHNYAKOV, ORLOV, FRYAZINOV, VASILY SOKOLOGOV, TELELE , BRUSILOVA, TIKHOMIROV, Rokhanov not only did not bring repentance for the crimes they had committed, but, on the contrary, partly shifted responsibility on to higher-ranking members of the Orthodox hierarchy, referring to the discipline that existed between them, which they supposedly could not disobey, partly hiding political goals, like "Scribes and Pharisees", justified their resistance in helping the hungry, through the realization of church values on bread, a lie about God and the laws allegedly established by him,prohibiting the donation of church items not only for works of mercy in general, but even for saving the lives of those dying of hunger, despite the fact that the forensic examination invited to the court, from the group of Christian believers categorically recognized such withdrawal as quite possible and in line with Christian teaching, that in this way they discovered the greatest criminality of their will, - THE TRIBUNAL SAID:

Zaozersk Alexander Nikolaevich, 42 years old, Dobrolyubova Alexander Fedorovich, the 56 18 * years Nadezhdin Christopher Alekseevich, 56 years old, Vishnjakova Vasily Pavlovich, 56 years old, eagles Anatoly Petrovich, 43 years old, Fryazinova Sergei Ivanovich , 42 years old, Sokolova Vasily Ivanovich, 46 years old, TELEGINA Makariya Nikolaevich, 46 years old, BRUSILOVA Varvara Ivanovna, 22 years old, TIKHOMIROV Sergei Fedorovich,

57 years old, Rokhanov Mikhail Nikolaevich, 43 years old , - SUBJECT TO THE HIGHEST PUNISHMENT - SHOOT.

ROSANOV Sergei Gavrilovich, 62 years old, POSPELOV Nikolay Alexandrovich, 46 years old, KEDROV Viktor Ivanovich, 61 years old, KRYUCHKOV Dmitry Ivanovich, 45 years old, NADEZHDINA Viktor Alexandrovich, 46 years old, and Lepekhin Pavel Vasilievich, 41 years old, TO BE IMMEDIATED IN A DETENTION HOUSE FOR FIVE (5) YEARS EACH.

ZABAVINA Boris Ivanovich, 52 years old, BASHKAREVA Vladimir Alexandrovich, 20 years old, BASHKAREVA Alexander Alexandrovich, 22 years old, ZERTSALOV Sergey Vasilyevich, 66 years old, BARKUNOV Ekaterina Mikhailovna, 18 years old, JURGENSON A Petra Borisovich, 18 years old, Kirill Mikhailovich ASAFOV, 26 years old, Evgeny Nikolaevich EFIMOVA, 48 years old, Stepan Petrovich CHERNYSHEVA, 60 years old, Nikolai Ivanovich MOTYLEV, 36 years old, Petr Maksimovich Novikov, 36 years old, Nikolai Yakovlevich CHERNENKO, 54 years old, and Nikolai Alexandrovich Bryzgalov, 36 years old, - TO BE IMMEDIATED IN THE HOUSE OF DETENTION OF FREEDOM FOR A PERIOD OF THREE (3) YEARS EACH.

NIKOLSKY Petr Petrovich, 30 years old, Sokolov Viktor Ivanovich, 48 years old, TALAGAEV Mikhail Frolovich, 44 years old, PETROV Mikhail Petrovich, 43 years old, Ivanov Ivan Sergeevich, 32 years old, IONOVA Stepan Romanovich, 34 -x years old, Andrey Ivanovich PTUSHKINA, 42 years old, Sergei Alekseevich BARANTSEV, 19 years old, Mikhail Yakovlevich SOLOMIN, 33 years old, and Semyon Pavlovich GUBITSYN, 36 years old, - TO BE IMMEDIATED IN A HOUSE WITHOUT FREEDOM ONE (1) YEAR EACH.

MIKHAILOVSKY Nikolai Mikhailovich, 56 years old, taking into account that he took all precautions, that he went out several times and calmed the crowd, and also did not read out the last words calling for resistance to the appeal of the higher hierarchy - DO NOT

PUNISH AND FROM - UNDER THE GUARDS, RELEASE.

PSHENICHNIKOVA Sergey Nikolaevich, 58 years old, Dmitry Timofeevich CHERNOVA, 46 years old, Yakov Fedoseevich BELOVA, 54 years old, Andrey Egorovich GOLUBEVA, 60 years old, Andrian Ksenofontovich TSIRKIN, 57 years old, Tikhon KUZNETSOV 45 -years old, Kirill Vasilyevich PAVLOV, 29 years old, Andrei Mikhailovich SHOSTI, 53 years old, and Stepan Nikitich Voronin, 56 years old, - TO BE CONSIDERED JUSTIFIED BY COURT and RELEASE FROM GUARD.

Convicted ROSANOV, 62 years old, KEDROV, 61 years old, ZERTSALOV, 66 years old, and Chernyshev 60 years old, in view of their advanced             age         -              the          punishment        is             CONSIDERED CONDITIONALLY and RELEASE FROM GUARD.

All convicts have confiscated items and money as income of the Republic.

However, the Tribunal, taking into account the value of lies and deception on the part of the organization called "the Orthodox hierarchy," to which they belong convicted with 19 * themselves servants of God, and, hypocritically Dropped her population slogan "Soviet Power commits a sacrilege," and then, that the majority of the members of this organization, which has its cells throughout Russia, as well as the main leaders of the investigating authorities have not yet been found, - DECIDED: to draw the attention of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee to the established true intentions of this organization and the materials of the judicial investigation confirming them, and to ask him, in order to stop the distribution her criminal designs, which have more than once led, in particular, citizens belonging to the communities of believing Christians.

Equally draw the attention of the NCJ that despite the fact that the decree on the separation of church and state allowed for the existence of church and religious societies, which are subject to general provisions on societies and unions, that the internal life of religious associations is regulated by: 6 decree, paragraphs 2 and 8 instructions and art. Art. 3, 5 and 13 contracts [1]0, and therefore such associations are not entitled to the allocation of bodies with legal and political rights, that no religious organization has any right to dispose of any other religious organization or society against their will and, having in mind the existence of an independent church organizations headed by the supreme patriarchal administration, which was established in the Judicial Session, the appropriation of the rights of legal, administrative and economic functions and establishes the illegality of the existence of an organization called the Orthodox hierarchy, especially since the activities of this organization also pursue political goals by skillfully hiding them with its appearance as a religious organization ...

P. P. Chairman (M. BEK), members: GUSEV and DUBROVIN.

-                      L, 26-30ob. A typewritten copy of that time, certified by the Secretary of the Judicial Department of the Moscow Revolutionary Tribunal. Above L. 26 stamp on the document's belonging to the office work of the Politburo meeting, minutes No. 7, item 13 of May 18, 1922 (No. 24-25). Here is the stamp of the Secret Archives of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b).

-                      CA FSB. Special archive, d. 1780, v. 2, fol. 2-11. Typewritten copy, certified on May 9, 1922 by EA Tuchkov, head of the VI Department of the GPU's Secret Department. On l. 11 at the bottom with his own scribble: "(Dec [ret] of January 23, 1918 on the separation [of] Tser [kvi] from the State])."

Notes and Comments:

2 * Imprinted above the line instead of the hammered Gnezdnikovskaya. 3 * So everywhere in the document; Alexandrovich follows .

4       * So in the text, in the final formula of the verdict and No. P94 Fedoseevich.

5       * In the text of SAMOLIN, corrected according to the following references in the verdict and No. P-94.

6       * Further packed with church valuables.

7       * So in the document; it follows, apparently, the impossibility.

8       * Fixed in document BARDUNOV.

9       * The names of ZAITSEV and MAKSIMOV were further dropped from the verdict and it is not known whether they were accused or acquitted.

10    * Corrected in the document BASHKIROV.

11    * Fixed, in the document BASHKIROV.

12    * Fixed by hand instead of previously typed to submission.

13    * Not assigned above line.

14    * Corrected, in the document erroneously 3.

15    * Then one word is scored.

16    * Further erroneously printed and.

17    * So in the document, VORONINA follows .

18    * So in the document; at the beginning of the verdict it is stated that A. F. Dobrolyubov is 58 years old.

19    * So in the document; it follows, apparently, naming.

4  The verdict was announced in Izvestia already on May 9, 1922.

5  Resolution of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee see No. P-9, for instructions see No. P-14.

6  The text of Section 6 of the Resolution of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee of June 13, 1921 reads:

"The preaching of sermons, since they are an integral part of the worship of this cult, is allowed under the indispensable condition, however, that the content of the sermon is exclusively religious in nature."

- Revolution and Church. 1922. No. 1-3. S. 52-53.

7       See about this No. P-19.

8       See comm. 6 to d. 24. At the end of the paragraph - a quote from Ps. 136, 9.

nine In the entire text of the verdict of the Moscow Revolutionary Tribunal, this is the only mention of the name of Korovkin. It is not found anywhere else in the text. Apparently, this name was included in the sentence from the preliminary list of persons accused of resisting the confiscation of church valuables in Moscow (see No. P-94). In this list, compiled by the representative of the VI branch of the Secret Department of the Moscow City Department of the GPU M.M.Shmelev, under the 34th number is Korovkin Vasily Harlipovich. Moreover, the order of listing the names, starting from the 28th number (Bardunova Ekaterina Mikhailovna) and up to the 40th number (Maksimov Ivan Egorovich), completely coincides with the order of listing the names in paragraph six of the sentence (from Bardunova to Maksimov). As seen, When a block of these surnames corresponded in a block, the clerk (secretary of the judicial department of the Moscow Revolutionary Tribunal?) not only carefully repeated the mistakes in spelling of individual surnames made by M.M.Shmelev when Bardunova appeared instead of Barkunova, but also mistakenly entered the name of Korovkin. See also footnote “and” on p. 206.

10 The text of 6 of the Decree of the Council of People's Commissars on the separation of church from state and school from church of January 23, 1918 reads:

“No one can, referring to their religious beliefs, evade the execution of their civic duties.

Exceptions from this provision, under the condition of replacing one civil obligation with another, are allowed in each individual case by decision of the people's court. "

- SU. 1918. No. 18. S. 272-273; Church and state under the laws of the RSFSR. A collection of legalizations and orders with explanations of the V department of the NCJ. M., 1923.S. 5.

The text of 2 of the NCJ Instruction on the procedure for enforcing the decree on the separation of church from state and school from church of August 24, 1918 reads:

“All specified in Art. 1 societies are deprived, according to the decree "On the separation of church from state and school from church", the rights of a legal entity.

Individual members of these societies are allowed to arrange only for the acquisition of property for religious purposes and for the satisfaction of other religious needs. "

The text of 8 of the same instruction reads:

“Those who have accepted the property for use undertake:

I)                    to preserve and protect it, as a state of the people entrusted to them,

II)                  repair the said property and the costs associated with the possession of the property, such as: heating, insurance, security, payment of debts, local fees, etc.,

Iii) use this property exclusively for the satisfaction of religious needs,

IV)               reimburse, upon delivery, all losses during the use of it, being responsible for the integrity and safety of the property entrusted to them jointly and severally (by mutual guarantee),

V)                 to have an inventory list of all liturgical property, in which to enter all newly received (by donations, transfers from other churches, etc.) objects of religious worship that do not represent the private property of individual citizens,

Vi) to admit without hindrance during off-duty hours the persons authorized by the Council of Workers 'and Peasants' Deputies to periodically inspect and inspect property and

VII) if the Council of Workers 'and Peasants' Deputies detects abuse and waste, immediately hand over the property to the Council of Workers 'and Peasants' Deputies at its first request. All these conditions are included in the agreement concluded by a group of the above citizens with the local Council of Workers 'and Peasants' Deputies (Appendix No. 1) ”.

- SU. 1918. No. 62. S. 757-763.

The text of Art. 3 of the Agreement (Appendix No. 1 to the Instruction of the NCJ of August 24, 1918) reads:

“We undertake to take all measures to ensure that the property handed over to us is not used for purposes inconsistent with Art. 1 and 2 of this agreement.

In particular, we undertake not to allow in the places where we have taken charge of the liturgical premises:

a)  political meetings of a direction hostile to Soviet power,

b) distribution or sale of books, brochures, leaflets and messages directed against the Soviet government or its representatives,

c)  delivering sermons and speeches hostile to the Soviet government or its individual representatives and

d) making alarm bells to summon the population in order to incite it against the Soviet government, in view of which we undertake to obey all orders of the local Council of Workers 'and Peasants' Deputies regarding the use of bell towers.

The text of Art. 5 of the same treaty states:

"We undertake to have an inventory of all liturgical property, [into] which must be entered by all newly received (by donations, transfers from other churches, etc.) religious items that do not represent the private property of individual citizens."

The text of Art. 13 of the same treaty states:

“None of us, and we all together have no right to refuse any of the citizens belonging to our religion and not defamed by the court, to sign this agreement later this day and take part in the management of the property referred to in this agreement on a general basis. with all those who signed it. "

- Ibid. S. 764-765.