Soviet Archives - Collection of Government Documents on Workers

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From the Collection of enactment and decrees of the government for 1921, Administration of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR

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No. 92, Art. 497

Decree of the Council of Peopleʹs Commissars.

Interim Regulation on Bonuses in kind.

1.                   Bonuses in kind are introduced in order to increase productivity in enterprises and are based on the personal intensity of workers in the implementation of the production program.

2.                   The total number of items to be handed out to workers and employees of the enterprise (bonus fund) is set for each month by the Labor Rationing Department of the Provincial Council of Trade Unions or the County Bureau of Unions upon presentation by the plant management, depending on the execution of the production program, and when 200% of the program is fulfilled, the enterprise the entire fund due to him is issued in full.

When 175% is fulfilled, the enterprise is given 85% of the full fund.

When 150% is fulfilled, the enterprise is given 70% of the full fund.

When 125% is fulfilled, the enterprise is given 55% of the full fund. Upon completion of 100%, the enterprise is given 40% of the full fund.

If 100% of the specified production program is not fulfilled, the bonus in kind is not issued. For exemplary enterprises, the scale rises, that is, the premium begins to be issued when 125% of the production program is fulfilled.

Bonuses are made from a special fund established for a period until January 1, 1921 and approved by the Council of Peopleʹs Commissars.

Note . Production programs must be approved in a timely manner by the relevant bodies (the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the National Economy or other bodies), and the productivity rates cannot be lower than the maximum productivity for a given period of 1920.

3.                   In the event that the% of the production program is incorrectly set locally and the release of the natural fund was made incorrectly, the next month the natural fund is released taking into account the mistake made earlier.

4.                   Employees of the enterprise are divided into 2 groups. The first group includes all workers, technical and administrative personnel; the second group includes all accounting and office personnel and workers serving production (watchmen, cleaners, couriers, etc.). This also includes employees of the Main Board.

The entire bonus fund is divided between both groups in such a way that the 1st group receives 1 units for each person, and the second receives 1 unit.

Note . If necessary, due to the nature of the production, it is allowed to separate the 3rd intermediate group.

5.                   The bonus is distributed among the production workers depending on the processing in excess of the established production rates applied for piece payment, and processing in

1 of the rate corresponds to 25% of the total premium.

2  rates correspond to 50% of the total premium.

The 2 rate corresponds to 75% of the total premium.

3  rates correspond to 100% of the full premium.

Under the rates applied in the systems of payment according to% time savings to a given (Rauen), the rates of production corresponding to the same premium are increased by 3 times.

For persons who overwork more than 3 norms in excess of the basic one, the premium is determined by the Pricing Commission as a special award. The amount of the award is approved by the Provincial or County Council of Trade Unions, and the names of such persons are published in the local press.

6.                   Bonuses for the administrative and technical personnel of the 1st group and all persons of the 2nd group are calculated on the basis of the average productivity of the personnel they serve, that is, if, for example, the productivity of workers in an enterprise or a workshop is on average tripled, then the persons of administrative and technical staff and 2nd group receive 50% of the highest bonus for their group.

7.                   All items of natural resources in case of replacement are equated to each other according to a special table.

8.                   The award is issued only for working days. Persons who have violated labor discipline may be deprived of the bonus or part of it by order of the Rate Commission or other union bodies.

9.                   Enterprises that are awarded in kind can only be supplied with the basic ration set by the Peopleʹs Commissariat of Food, and all other payments are canceled.

10.                All issues related to the practical implementation of bonuses in kind are resolved by the County Bureaux, Provincial Councils and the All‐Russian Central Council of Trade Unions, depending on their nature.

11.                The procedure for the release of the fund by the bodies of the Peopleʹs Commissariat of Food is established by a special instruction.

12.                Reporting on bonuses is established by a special instruction that is simultaneously sent out.

Signed by:

Chairman of the Council of Peopleʹs Commissars V. Ulyanov (Lenin) .

Manager of the Council of Peopleʹs Commissars Vl. Bonch‐Bruevich .

Secretary. Council of Peopleʹs Commissars L. Fotieva .

October 23, 1920.

Appendix to Art. 497.

Fund of nature‐awards.


Item name


For a period of

Of bread

500,000 poods

Before January 1, 1921


200,000 poods


30.000 poods.


50,000 poods


10.000 poods.


30.000 lb.


65 cars

for a year

Cast iron cookware

10 cars

lump sum


5 million arshins

for a year


575 thousand poods.

for a year


For 100 million rubles.