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Soviet Archives - Collection of Government Documents on Workers
From the Collection of enactment and decrees of the government for 1921, Administration of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSRDownload PDF this collection
No. 55, Art. 336
Decree of the Council of Peopleʹs Commissars.
On the collective (cash and in‐kind) remuneration of employees in Soviet institutions.
1. From August 1, 1921, in the cities of Moscow and Petrograd, collective remuneration (in cash and in kind) was introduced for the employees of central Soviet institutions.
With regard to local institutions in Moscow and Petrograd, collective payment will be introduced in the near future, precisely established by agreement with the Presidiums of the Moscow and Petrograd Provincial Executive Committees, but no later than August 15th.
In other localities of the Republic, the term for the transition to collective monetary payment is established by the Presidiums of the Provincial Executive Committees.
The term for the transition to collective payment in kind is established by the Presidiums of the Provincial Executive Committees on the proposal of the Provincial Councils of Trade Unions in conjunction with the Provincial Commission for the supply of workers, but not earlier than September 1, 1921.
Exceptions can be made with the permission of the Central Workersʹ Supply Commission.
Note 1. This decree does not apply to workers of certain categories of labor, such as: doctors, teachers, scientists, etc., in accordance with a special instruction developed by the All‐Russian Central Council of Trade Unions in agreement with the relevant Peopleʹs Commissariats and approved by the Council of Peopleʹs Commissars.
Note 2. When extending this decree to the military department, special regulations concerning the military department are taken into account.
2. The Peopleʹs Commissariat of Food, the Peopleʹs Commissariat of Finance and the corresponding departments of the Provincial Executive Committees ensure that each institution transferred to collective supply will actually issue a monthly fund of cash and inkind wages in advance and monthly renewal of the said advance. The total size of the fund of monetary and in‐kind wages provided to the institution does not decrease in the event of a reduction in the number of workers and employees, provided that the functions of the institution remain the same.
3. The monthly monetary fund for each institution is determined in the amount of a 6‐fold increase in the amount of fixed tariff rates issued to the employees of this institution in May 1921, without the addition of bonuses, piecework, overtime, and the like.
4. With the introduction of collective supply, the staff of the institution is necessarily reduced, and the normal size of the reduction is a decrease in the number of employees by 50% compared to the existing staff on June 1, 1921.
Note . For institutions, which, by the nature of their work, do not have the opportunity to reduce their composition by half, a smaller reduction may be allowed, with the consent of the Staff Commission of the Peopleʹs Commissariat of Labor. For these institutions, as well as for those where the states have already been standardized by the Staff Commission of the Peopleʹs Commissariat of Labor, the size of the monthly fund of monetary payments, calculated in accordance with Art. 3, may be increased with the permission of the All‐Russian Central Council of Trade Unions and the Provincial Council of Trade Unions in accordance with the coefficient of the reduction in the number of employees allowed by the Staff Commission of the Peopleʹs Commissariat of Labor in comparison with the available staff as of June 1, but not more than twelve times the fixed tariff rate.
5. The size of the monthly natural fund is determined on the basis of the normal supply of food for one employee established by the Central Commission for Workersʹ Supply, multiplied by the total number of employees of this institution actually available in cash on June 1, 1921.
Note . The in‐kind supply includes: food issued in accordance with the rationing system; food established for the issuance of rations to responsible officials and academic, as well as essentials received by this institution.
6. Collective supply in cash and in kind can be introduced both for entire institutions and for individual parts of them that pay wages prior to the introduction of this Resolution into practice on separate payrolls.
7. From the moment of the actual introduction of collective payment, employees of institutions are removed from all other types of allowance.
Payment of bonuses, piecework, overtime, and any other monetary and in‐kind payments can be made exclusively at the expense of art. Art. 3, 4 and 5 payroll for the institution.
Note . The All‐Russian Central Council of Trade Unions and the Peopleʹs Commissariat of the Workers ʹand Peasantsʹ Inspection are instructed to issue a special instruction on cash payments for travel and business travel within a 2‐week period. The instruction is approved by the Council of Peopleʹs Commissars.
8. The distribution of the fund of monetary and in‐kind wages among the employees of this institution is provided to the persons at the head of the institution, on the basis of a special instruction issued by the All‐Russian Central Council of Trade Unions.
9. In case of non‐delivery of any products, they are replaced by equivalent by others.
10. Resolution of all practical issues related to the implementation of this Resolution is entrusted to the Central Labor Supply Commission and the Labor Rationing Department of the All‐Russian Central Council of Trade Unions by affiliation by agreement in the subject part with the Peopleʹs Commissariat of Finance.
11. If the institution, transferred to collective supply, within 2 months does not reduce the number of its employees in the amount specified in Art. 4 of this Resolution, does not reduce absenteeism and does not raise labor productivity, then the All‐Russian Central Council of Trade Unions, in agreement with the Peopleʹs Commissariat of Justice and the Peopleʹs Commissariat of the Workers ʹand Peasantsʹ Inspection, takes the following repressive measures against the institution: 1) immediate dismissal of the categories of employees established by them ; 2) deprivation of the institution of part of the supply, up to the complete cessation of supply; and 3) bringing to justice the persons responsible for the implementation of this Resolution and related measures.
12. The All‐Russian Central Council of Trade Unions, in agreement with the Peopleʹs Commissariat of Food and the Peopleʹs Commissariat of the Workers ʹand Peasantsʹ Inspection, is instructed to issue instructions within a week for the implementation of this Resolution, as well as establishing the procedure and forms of accounting for collective supplies.
Chairman of the Council of Peopleʹs Commissars V. Ulyanov (Lenin).
N. Gorbunov, Administrator of the Council of Peopleʹs Commissars .
Secretary L. Fotieva .
July 12, 1921.
Published in No. 153 Izvestia of the All‐Russian Central Executive
Committee of Soviets dated July 15, 1921.