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Soviet Archives - Collection of Government Documents on Workers
From the Collection of enactment and decrees of the government for 1921, Administration of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSRDownload PDF this collection
About social security; disabled people. ( S.U. 79‐672).
Article No. 672.
Decree of the Council of Peopleʹs Commissars.
In the modification of the resolution of the Council of Peopleʹs Commissars of October 31, 1918 (No. 89, Art. 906 ) and in development of the resolution of the Council of Peopleʹs Commissars of November 15, 1921, on social insurance of persons employed in hired labor ( No. 76, Art. 627 ), the Council of Peopleʹs Commissars decides:
1. The right to social security in case of disability is enjoyed by: a) all persons who worked for hire and who lost their ability to work due to: injury, occupational disease or other reasons (senile decrepitude, etc.), but in the latter case, worked for hire in various enterprises and institutions at least 8 years old, b) servicemen of the old and the Red Army, who have lost their ability to work due to injury or illness received in the war or during their military service.
Note 1 . Employed workers from the age of 16 or demobilized from the ranks of the Red Army, but who worked before mobilization for hire, are provided regardless of the length of their work.
Note 2 . If more than 2 years have passed between the termination of employment or dismissal from military service and the filing of applications for the appointment of pensions, then these persons are deprived of the right to security.
Note 3 . Bodies of the Peopleʹs Commissariat for Social Security are granted the right to appoint in individual cases of security, regardless of the length of service, in the presence of especially exceptional conditions that caused disability.
2. Establish the following groups of disabilities:
1) disabled people are not only incapable of work for earning money, but also in need of outside help to meet ordinary life needs;
2) people with disabilities who are incapable of any kind of work that gives income, but do not need constant care;
3) people with disabilities, not only forced to give up their usual profession, but also generally incapable of any regular professional work and who can earn a livelihood only by casual, temporary and, moreover, easy work;
4) persons forced to switch to another profession of lower qualifications;
5) persons forced to give up their usual profession and switch to another profession of the same qualification, if they need the services of the Peopleʹs Commissariat of Social Security for such a transition;
6) persons who are able to continue their previous professional activities, but with reduced productivity.
Note . Changes to the groups specified in this paragraph and their more precise definition can be made only by the Peopleʹs Commissariat of Social Security, in agreement with the Peopleʹs Commissariat of Health.
3. Disabled people of all groups who have a profitable economy or trade are provided with labor, economic and other assistance through bodies of public mutual assistance, operating under the organizational leadership and control of the bodies of the Peopleʹs Commissariat of Social Security. These mutual aid bodies may be subsidized by the Social Security authorities.
4. In cases of impossibility of providing, in the specified order, persons with disabilities who have a profitable economy or a trade and are assigned to groups I and II of disability and, moreover, if their economy or trade does not bring sufficient income for their existence, they are provided with a guarantee in accordance with clause 5 of this section , but with the obligatory consideration of the income they receive.
5. Disabled people who do not have a profitable economy or trade, assigned to the 1st group of disability, are provided with: placement in social security institutions, first of all, in front of other disabled people or the appointment of a pension with its partial or full
naturalization. Pension naturalization is subject to the availability of resources from the Department of Social Security.
6. Disabled people who do not have a profitable economy or trade, assigned to the II and III disability groups, are provided with their placement in special disabled workshops and labor colonies of the Department of Social Security, as well as their inclusion in disabled production and production‐consumer, cooperative, etc. . unification.
In the period from the establishment of disability to the provision of the security specified in this clause, persons with disabilities of groups II and III shall be assigned a cash pension.
7. Disabled persons of IV, V and VI groups, who do not have a profitable economy or trade, are provided either by providing them with work in the manner of the Resolutions of the Council of Peopleʹs Commissars dated October 24, 1921 (No. 72, Art. 575 ) and of November 21, 1921 ( No. 76, art. 633 ) or their inclusion in disabled, production and production and consumer associations of Social Security. In the period from recognition of disability to provision in accordance with the above procedure, disabled persons of these groups are provided as unemployed.
8. The norms of pension provision for disabled persons are established by the Peopleʹs Commissariat of Social Security.
9. The organization of production and production‐consumer cooperatives for disabilities and other labor associations is entrusted to the Peopleʹs Commissariat of Social Security and local departments of Social Security, which, if necessary, issue loans and subsidies to these associations.
Note . The Peopleʹs Commissariat of Social Security is responsible for the publication of the normal charter of disabled production and production‐consumer associations.
10. The rules for the organization and operation of disabled industrial and production‐consumer associations, as well as the procedure for subsidizing them by local Social Security Departments, shall be established by the Peopleʹs Commissariat of Social Security.
11. All public authorities undertake to promote the above associations of disabled people; the latter, when providing premises, are obliged to provide advantages over other associations and individuals.
12. The Peopleʹs Commissariat for Social Security and its bodies take all measures to facilitate the activities of the above associations of disabled people both in terms of finding and acquiring materials, raw materials and tools necessary for production, and in terms of supplying orders and organizing sales of their products.
13. Associations of people with disabilities organized by Social Welfare Departments are exempt from all national and local taxes and duties.
14. The Peopleʹs Commissariat of Social Security, together with the Peopleʹs Commissariat of Health, establishes the term and procedure for re‐examination of disabled people in accordance with this Resolution.
15. The Peopleʹs Commissariat of Social Security is instructed to issue instructions for the application of this Regulation.
For the Chairman of the Council of Peopleʹs Commissars A. Tsyurup ., N. Gorbunov, Administrator of the Council of Peopleʹs Commissars .
Secretary L. Fotieva ., December 8, 1921.