Soviet Archives - Collection of Government Documents on Workers

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From the Collection of enactment and decrees of the government for 1921, Administration of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR

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About the exchange fund of workers and. employees. ( Izv. No. 107, S. U. 47‐228 ). 

Article No. 228.

Decree of the Council of Peopleʹs Commissars.

I. Formation of an advance fund

1.  The purpose of the appointment by the state of the advance exchange fund is the procurement of food for the members of trade unions of workers, employees and members of their families, not subject to labor service.

2.  The advance exchange fund includes banknotes and goods.

The amount of advance leave to consumer societies of banknotes is determined at 40 billion rubles (including 8 billion rubles already assigned to Moscow, Petrograd and Ivanovo‐Voznesensk).

The amount of advance supply of goods from state resources to consumer societies is determined as follows: a) melassa ‐ 110 thousand poods; b) wheel ointment from the Volga (tar and semi‐tar) ‐ 50 thousand poods; c) lamp glasses ‐ 100 thousand pieces; d) leather ‐ 2150 pounds. dressed ordinary, 10 thousand feet. chrome and 3000 pounds. flap; e) brushes ‐ 42 thousand pieces; f) kerosene ‐ 1 million poods. from the Volga and from the center of Russia; g) nails ‐ 1 thousand poods; h) scrap and scrap iron and steel ‐ 500 thousand poods, including 300 thousand poods. from the warehouses of the military department (the Main Military Engineering Directorate and the Main Artillery Directorate) and 200 thousand poods. from the factories of the metal department of the Supreme Council of the National Economy; i) burdock oil ‐ 84 thousand bottles, powder ‐ 540 thousand boxes, perfume ‐ 240 thousand bottles, glycerin ‐ 120 thousand bottles, baking soda ‐ 3 thousand poods, vinegar essence ‐ 1 thousand poods; j) salt ‐ 500 thousand poods. from the Volga; l) wood chips ‐ 600 thousand pieces; m) ropes ‐ 5 thousand poods; m) earthenware and glassware ‐ 3 million pieces; o) haberdashery for 100 thousand rubles. at pre‐war prices; n) bast shoes ‐ 1 million pairs; p) agricultural implements ‐ 19 thousand poods. from the Crimean trophy property; c) bells ‐ 3000 pcs.; tons) military horseshoes ‐ 400 thousand pieces, horseshoe spikes ‐ 15 million pieces, horseshoe nails ‐ 80 thousand poods. and keys from the warehouses of the Main Military‐Economic Directorate ‐ 30 thousand pieces; y) braids ‐ 400 thousand pcs. from the Crimean trophy property; c) bells ‐ 3000 pcs.; tons) military horseshoes ‐ 400 thousand pieces, horseshoe spikes ‐ 15 million pieces, horseshoe nails ‐ 80 thousand poods. and keys from the warehouses of the Main Military‐Economic Directorate ‐ 30 thousand pieces; y) braids ‐ 400 thousand pcs. from the Crimean trophy property; c) bells ‐ 3000 pcs.; tons) military horseshoes ‐ 400 thousand pieces, horseshoe spikes ‐ 15 million pieces, horseshoe nails ‐ 80 thousand poods. and keys from the warehouses of the Main Military‐Economic Directorate ‐ 30 thousand pieces; y) braids ‐ 400 thousand pcs.

3.  The advance exchange fund is released to the state at the disposal of the temporary workersʹ cooperative committee at the All‐Russian Central Union of Consumer Societies.

4.  The interim working committee at the All‐Russian Central Union of Consumer Societies (Rabkop) consists of a permanent Presidium, which includes three representatives from the All‐Russian Central Council of Trade Unions and one representative each from the Peopleʹs Commissariat of Food and the All‐Russian Central Union of Consumer Societies and from a periodically meeting plenum, which, in addition to the members of the presidium, includes one more representative from the Central Committee of Transport Workers of the Moscow Consumer Commune, the Petrograd Provincial Consumer Commune and from the Provincial Unions of Consumer Societies of the provinces specified in 5.

The Chairman of the Workersʹ Union is appointed by agreement between the All‐Russian Central Union of Consumer Societies and the All‐Russian Central Council of Trade Unions. The Workersʹ

Commissariat is accountable to the All‐Russian Central Union of Consumer Societies in operational terms and to the All‐Russian Central Council of Trade Unions in drawing up and implementing a plan for the distribution of the commodity fund and products obtained through the exchange of products between individual interested organizations.

Members of the Rabkop from the Provincial Trade Unions are nominated by the Provincial Workersʹ Cooperative Committees under the Provincial Trade Unions. The Gubrabkops are temporarily appointed by the Provincial Councils of Trade Unions by agreement with the Provincial Unions of Consumer Societies immediately. In the future, the election of members of the Gubrabkop is made by the provincial meeting of representatives of cooperatives of workers and employees, and the approval of the presidium and the appointment of the chairman are made by the Provincial Council of Trade Unions in agreement with the Provincial Unions of Consumer Societies.

including the Mariinsky system of the Caspian and Baltic seas and the North. Dvina with the White Sea) and Tseksvyaz (in the area of the indicated railways), as well as individual large work centers in other areas according to the list compiled and replenished by the Rabkop.

Note : The question of including the working districts and centers that are part of the Union Soviet Republics is decided by the agreement of the Workersʹ Union R.S.F.S.R. with cooperative and professional centers of these Republics.

II. Exchange fund implementation

6.                   The advance exchange fund for accounting for the results of the entire operation is signed by the Workersʹ Office between all the provinces and institutions or groups indicated in 5, in accordance with the number of workers and employees and in accordance with the equivalent value of each product ( 10). At the same time, the same fund is signed for the producing provinces with the mutual attachment of the consuming and producing provinces for the purpose of exchange, and the plan of the commodity exchange operation is consistent with the general plan of the state and general cooperative trade.

7.                   Each of the organizations specified in 5 and, first of all, the capitals have the right, with the approval of the Workers ʹOffice, to enter into  About rest homes. ( Izv. No. 107, S. U. 47‐232 ).