Soviet Archives - Collection of Government Documents on Workers

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From the Collection of enactment and decrees of the government for 1921, Administration of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR

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About the return to work in their specialty of workers of education and socialist culture. (Izv. No. 103, S. U. 45‐225 ). 

Article No. 225.

Decree of the Council of Peopleʹs Commissars.

In order to make proper use of the special knowledge and experience of workers in education and socialist culture, the Council of Peopleʹs Commissars decided:

1. To carry out everywhere the mobilization of workers of education and socialist culture with the training and experience indicated below in 3, employed not in their specialty, as serving in government institutions, enterprises and farms of civil and military departments and in the ranks of the Red Army, so and not being such, subject to the restrictions specified below in 4, for the appointment of those mobilized to work in their specialty.

2. Workers of education and socialist culture who are currently working in their specialty, with the training and experience indicated below in 3, shall be considered mobilized and left in their places until further notice.

3. Subject to mobilization ( 1 and 2):

a)                   Persons who have completed institutes, courses, etc. lasting at least one year for the training of educators of various types: preschool, school, political and educational and vocational and technical, if since the end of the said institutes, courses, etc. no more than 7 years had passed before January 1, 1921.

b)                  Persons who do not have special theoretical training ( 3, item “a”), but have been engaged in the last 7 years for at least 3 years, as their main specialty, work in the field of preschool, school, political and educational, professional technical and higher education of all types, as well as scientific work in scientific institutions and

c)                   Persons who have worked for at least 1 years as instructors in the Provincial and Uyezd Departments of Public Education, agitation and political and educational committees of the Red Army, Cultural Departments and Cultural and Educational Commissions (Cultural Enlightenment) of Trade Unions and Soviet institutions.

4. Of the Red Army soldiers and persons holding command and administrative positions in the military department, they are subject to secondment to work in their specialty for a period not later than

June 15, 1921, if they meet the requirements set out in 3, only:

a) Red Army men born in 1894 and earlier, and b) persons holding command and administrative positions below the company commander.

To establish the order of secondment, instruct the Peopleʹs Commissariat for Military Affairs to work out instructions on agreement with the Peopleʹs Commissariat of Education.

5. All persons subject to mobilization in accordance with 3, who are not in the civil service, must, within seven days after the publication of this Decree, register locally with the local administration for accounting and distribution of labor, and in those places where there are no such offices ‐ in local Executive Committees.

6. Persons subject to mobilization in accordance with 3 who are in the service are exempt from appearing in person for registration, but instead, the institution, enterprise or household where they work is obliged, within the time period specified in 5, under the personal responsibility of the head of the enterprise , institutions and farms to submit information about them in the form established by the Peopleʹs Commissariat of Labor, to the local Office for the Registration and Distribution of Labor, except for teachers working as technicians specialists in one of the economic bodies, whose registration is carried out by the Peopleʹs Commissariat of Labor.

7. All persons referred to in 1 and 2 are considered mobilized from the date of publication of this Regulation and remain in their places until a special order is received about each of them from the institution referred to in 8 of this Regulation.

8. Appointment of mobilized workers of Education and Socialist Culture to work in their specialty is carried out by the Provincial Office for Accounting and Distribution of Labor by agreement with the Provincial Department of Public Education and the Provincial Department of the Union of Workers of Education and Socialist Culture, and in relation to persons working as technicians, specialists in economic bodies, ‐ by the respective Central Administration of the Peopleʹs Commissariat of Labor.

9. In the event of a change of residence by a person who has been mobilized but has not yet received a job assignment ( 8), he is obliged to immediately notify the institution in which he is registered ( 6, item 6). Institutions, enterprises and farms from which educators are leaving or moving, mobilized but not yet assigned to work, must, within three days, give the nearest department for accounting and distribution of labor all information about the departure or movement of these persons.

10. Petitions to leave mobilized education workers in their positions are sent to the Commission for the postponement and secondment of workers at the local Labor Departments, which resolve them jointly with the Provincial Department of Public Education, the Provincial Department of the All‐Russian Union of Education Workers and a representative of the institution concerned.

The Department of Public Education and interested institutions can appeal against the decisions of these Commissions to the relevant Higher Commissions, namely: decisions of the county Commission can be appealed to the provincial ones, the decisions of the provincial ones ‐ to the central one.

The time limit for appeal is set at one month from the date of receipt by the institution where the initial service of the mobilized person took place of the special order specified in 7 of this judgment.

If this deadline is missed, no appeals shall be considered. An educator, in respect of whom a petition has been filed to keep him in his position, remains in this position until the final resolution of the petition and the complaints brought.

Note . In relation to persons working as technicians, specialists in economic bodies, a petition is filed with the Commission for the postponement and secondment of workers at the Peopleʹs Commissariat of Labor.

11. Persons subject to mobilization in accordance with this Regulation, guilty of disobeying the orders of the Office for the Registration and Distribution of Labor ( 8), are considered labor deserters and are punished as such.

12. Responsible managers of enterprises, institutions and farms who are guilty of harboring and non‐reporting of information about persons in the service ( 6) subject to mobilization ( 3) are brought to trial for harboring labor deserters.

Signed by:

Chairman of the Council of Peopleʹs Commissars V. Ulyanov (Lenin).

N. Gorbunov, Administrator of the Council of Peopleʹs Commissars .

Secretary L. Fotieva .

May 9, 1921. 

Published in No. 103 of Izvestia of the All‐Russian Central Executive

Committee of Soviets dated May 14, 1921.