14th All Russian Congress

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Fourteenth All-Russian Congress of Soviets. May 10-18, 1929

Moscow: All-Russian Central Executive Committee, 1929. - [645] p.

Verbatim report of the All-Russian XIV Congress of Soviets, held on May 10-18, 1929 in Moscow. At the congress, the first five-year plan was considered and approved, changes and additions were made to the Constitution of the RSFSR.


I. Having heard the reports on the five-year plan for the development of the national economy and social and cultural construction of the RSFSR, the XIV All-Russian Congress of Soviets resolves:

1. To recognize that the drawing up of the five-year plan is an expression of the greatest achievements in socialist construction and the widespread implementation of the principles of planning in all areas of this construction, thereby testifying to the growing strengthening of Soviet power.

2. To recognize that the five-year plan, providing for a huge volume and high rate of construction and the broadest development of the country's socialist industrialization, is quite reasonable and provides:

a) In industry - its powerful development and reconstruction on a high technical basis, as the basis for the socialist reorganization of the entire national economy, and above all the development of industry that produces the means of production. At the same time, the five-year plan creates, in accordance with the decisions of the VIII All-Russian Congress of Soviets, by organizing regional power stations, a powerful energy base for the development of the entire national economy and provides for significant shifts in the geography of industry and the industrialization of national state associations and outskirts. At the same time, by restructuring industry on the basis of higher technology and organization of production on the basis of socialist rationalization, the five-year plan creates conditions for a significant increase in productivity, lowering costs and selling prices. This makes it possible to envisage in it a steady increase in both nominal and real wages, an increase in the number of workers employed in industry, a reduction in unemployment and the general implementation of the seven-hour working day. The five-year plan provides for a significant increase in the production of consumer goods and cultural and economic items.

b) In agriculture - the rise and reorganization of agriculture on the basis of: an increased supply of agricultural implements, machines and tractors, a significant increase in the supply of artificial fertilizers, pest control, land management, increasing yields, expanding the area under crops, especially a significant increase in grain crops, and also livestock development. The five-year plan envisages a powerful strengthening of the socialized sector in agricultural production through the development of collective and state farm construction and the strengthening of the cooperation of the poor and middle peasant masses on a higher technical basis. Along with the all-round development of the socialist sector of agriculture (state farms, collective farms), the five-year plan provides for a significant rise in the individual poor and middle peasant farms, while decisively limiting exploitation by the kulak strata of the countryside.

Reconstruction of the economy on the basis of the latest technology requires a tremendous increase in technical and scientific knowledge in the country and its implementation. In view of this, the rapid increase in the cadre of specialists and cultural workers both in the city and in the countryside is one of the most important conditions for the implementation of the five-year plan.

II. The XIV All-Russian Congress of Soviets states that the five-year plan correctly reflects the general line of Soviet power on industrialization, on the socialist reorganization of agriculture, on the utmost strengthening of socialist elements in the system of the national economy and is a major step forward in the implementation of the slogan of the Soviet power: to catch up and overtake the advanced capitalist country.

Proceeding from the above, as the basis that determines the nature and direction of the five-year plan, and at the same time taking into account that the presented plan should be strengthened in a direction that ensures a greater expansion of cultivated areas, especially in the Volga region and the North Caucasus, a greater development of forestry and timber industry, according to the resolution of the Council of People's Commissars of the RSFSR dated April 29, 1929, as well as a faster pace of development of social and cultural construction, especially in the area of ​​building mass schools, the XIV All-Russian Congress of Soviets decides to approve the five-year plan for the development of the national economy presented by the Government of the RSFSR.

III. The Congress of Soviets appeals to the broad working masses of town and country with an appeal for their active participation in the implementation of the five-year plan. Only on the basis of the greatest growth in the activity of the working class, the rural poor and the middle peasants, with their active participation in the struggle against bureaucracy for the improvement of the Soviet, cooperative and economic apparatus, with their rallying in the struggle against the NEP and the kulak, with the broad development of self-criticism from below, with the establishment of an iron labor discipline at enterprises, raising labor productivity and reducing costs, with an intensified growth of scientific and technical forces and a general improvement in the quality of all work, it is possible to fully implement the tasks set in the plan for a full-scale socialist offensive. The socialist competition that has developed in recent years, both in the city and in the countryside, must be further developed.

The Congress of Soviets is confident that the broad masses of the working people, under the leadership of the working class, will overcome all difficulties, and that this five-year plan, as part of the great general plan for the socialist transformation of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, will be fully implemented.

The chairman, XIV All-Russian Congress

Advice, M. KALININ

Secretary, XIV All-Russian Congress

Advice, A. KISELEV