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Tenth All-Russian Congress of Soviets of Workers, Peasants, Red Army and Cossack Deputies. (23-27 Dec. 1922).
Verbatim Record: With Attachments. - Moscow: All-Russian Central Executive Committee, 1923. -- 226
Verbatim report of the All-Russian X Congress of Soviets, held on December 23-27, 1922, in Moscow and attended by 1,727 delegates from the RSFSR and 488 honored guests from the Ukrainian SSR, the Byelorussian SSR, and the Transcaucasian SFSR—delegates to the First Congress of the Soviets of the USSR, which was soon to be convened. In terms of party membership, the delegates and guests at the Tenth All-Russian Congress of Soviets included 2,092 members and candidate members of the RCP (Bolshevik), 118 nonparty delegates, and five members of other parties. Of those attending the congress, 44 percent were workers, 31 percent peasants, and 25 percent office workers, students, and members of other social strata.
The congress adopted a resolution on the formation of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, and elected a delegation from the RSFSR to sign the Treaty on the formation of the USSR.
The first item on the agenda was the report of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee and the Council of People’s Commissars on the domestic and foreign policy of the republic, which was read by L. B. Kamenev. A report on the condition of the state’s industry was delivered by P. A. Bogdanov, chairman of the All-Russian Council on the National Economy, and there were also reports by the People’s Commissariat for Agriculture (P. A. Mesiatsev), the People’s Commissariat for Education (A. V. Lunacharsky), and the People’s Commissariat for Finances (G. la. Sokolnikov). The proposal of the soviet republics for the establishment of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was presented by J. V. Stalin, and elections to the All-Russian Central Executive Committee were held.
The congress approved the domestic and foreign policy of the government of the RSFSR. Considering the new conditions of the country’s economic and political life, which demanded the unification of the soviet republics into one state, the congress adopted a resolution recognizing the timeliness of the unification of the RSFSR, the Ukrainian SSR, the Byelorussian SSR, and the Transcaucasian SFSR into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. A delegation was elected to the First Congress of the Soviets of the USSR to devise a draft of the Declaration and Treaty on the formation of the USSR.
The Tenth All-Russian Congress of Soviets affirmed a resolution on the condition of industry, pointing out the necessity for increasing the supply of raw materials for light industry and improving the financing of heavy industry. A resolution was adopted on measures designed to strengthen and develop agriculture by encouraging and aiding the work of agricultural cooperatives and improving agricultural training. The congress also adopted a resolution organizing the first agricultural exhibit. A broad program of popular education was first considered at the Tenth All-Russian Congress of Soviets. In financial policy, the congress worked out measures to eliminate the budget deficit. A resolution was adopted on the work of the Central Commission in the struggle against the vestiges of famine.
The Tenth All-Russian Congress of Soviets addressed an appeal to all the peoples of the world, affirming the stability of the peaceful policy of Soviet power and pointing out the necessity for disarmament.
The congress elected a new All-Russian Central Executive Committee, which was made up of 270 members and 118 candidate members.