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XIX Congress of the CPSU (b) - (October 5-14, 1952). Documents and Materials
Presiding N.A. Bulganin, after a break L.M. Kaganovich.
The meeting continued the discussion of the reports of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) and the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU (b).
At the end of the meeting, the congress heard a report from the Credentials Committee. The Congress unanimously approves the report of the Credentials Committee.
A.I. Niyazov, (Uzbek SSR )
In the report of the Central Committee of the All‐Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks, Comrade Malenkov exhaustively summed up the results of the struggle and victories of the Soviet people, won under the leadership of the Communist Party, under the leadership of the great Stalin, and, guided by the brilliant Stalinist plans, outlined the paths for the further movement of our country forward, towards communism.
As a result of the unswerving implementation of the wise LeninistStalinist nationality policy, industry, agriculture and culture of the Soviet republics gained mighty development during the Stalinist fiveyear plans.
Under the leadership of the Communist Party, socialist Uzbekistan is developing and gaining strength in the fraternal family of Soviet peoples. During the years of Soviet power, with the help of the great Russian people and other peoples of the USSR, the Uzbek people eliminated their economic and cultural backwardness, turned Uzbekistan into an advanced, flourishing industrial‐collective farm Soviet socialist republic.
The Central Committee of the All‐Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks), the Union Government, and Comrade Stalin personally show exceptional concern for our republic and render it all‐round assistance. This is the basis of an unprecedented rise in the economy and culture of Soviet Uzbekistan. The life of the Uzbek people is joyful and happy.
There was almost no industry in pre‐revolutionary Uzbekistan. Now a large industry has been created in the Uzbek Republic. In 1951, gross industrial output exceeded the level of the pre‐war 1940 more than twice. Uzbekistan has its own steel and rolled products, coal and oil, its factories produce machine tools, cranes, excavators, machines for ginning factories and textile factories, and, what is especially important, agricultural machines are produced in large volumes, mainly for the needs of cotton growing. The enterprises of the republic are actively involved in fulfilling orders for the great construction projects of communism.
In the fifth five‐year plan, the industry of the Uzbek SSR will receive further development. The efforts of the party organization of Uzbekistan are aimed at successfully fulfilling and overfulfilling the tasks of the new five‐year plan, achieving a higher culture in all levels of production, and significantly improving quality indicators.
The Uzbek SSR is the countryʹs main base for the production of cotton, silk cocoons, karakul, kenaf and jute. Thanks to the enormous help of the party, the government, the care of Comrade Stalin, thanks to the selfless labor of cotton growers in Uzbekistan, already in 1950, the level of 1940 in gross harvest of raw cotton was significantly exceeded. In 1951, more cotton was handed over to the state than in 1940.
The economic strengthening of collective farms and the rise of cotton growing in Uzbekistan were greatly helped by the existence of a product exchange, introduced at the initiative of Comrade Stalin. Collective farms that have agreements with the government on product exchange and receive grain, oil and industrial products from the state for the raw cotton they deliver have, as Comrade Stalin points out, incomparably more benefits than collective farms that do not have such agreements. The incomes of collective farms in the last three years alone have more than tripled and in 1951 amounted to 7.5 billion rubles. There are now 1,886 millionaire collective farms in the republic. Annual contributions to the indivisible fund have reached over 1,200 million rubles; the cost of the collective farmersʹ workday has increased significantly.
However, it must be admitted that the party organization of the republic did not fully use the available opportunities to increase cotton production. We still have a lot of collective farms that harvest low yields and do not fulfill their plans to deliver raw cotton to the state. The rich technology available in agriculture is far from being fully used.
This year, the party organization and all agricultural workers of the republic are fighting to overfulfill the cotton harvest plan and supply the state with 400 thousand tons of cotton more than last year, and to improve the grade of the cotton handed over.
The secretary of the Ivanovo regional party committee, comrade Lykova, made a correct remark to us about the need to improve the quality of raw cotton in her speech. We will take measures to ensure that the textile factories of the Soviet Union receive at least 85 percent of the highest grade cotton this year. The Uzbek Republic has fulfilled the plan for the delivery of grain, silk cocoons and karakul to the state; at present, the delivery of raw cotton to the state has begun.
Comrades! The party organization of the Uzbek SSR understands the full responsibility for providing the country with cotton. We have all the conditions to continue to increase the production of cotton and other industrial crops on an ever‐increasing scale.
The agriculture of the republic has a large fleet of tractors, automobiles, excavators, cotton pickers and other machines. Collective farms are receiving more and more mineral fertilizers.
The enlargement of collective farms and the transition to a new irrigation system make it possible to more productively use powerful equipment and irrigated land. A scientific base for cotton growing has been created in Uzbekistan. Numerous masters of high yields have grown up.
On the example of Uzbekistan, one can see how nature is transforming in our country, the economy is growing, the peopleʹs public wealth is multiplying. As an illustration, I want to cite Fergana, one of the main regions of Soviet cotton growing. In the Fergana Valley, thanks to the widespread introduction of mechanization, many collective farms have already fully mastered the lands assigned to them, achieved a significant increase in cotton yields and, on the basis of this, achieved an increase in their social incomes. The further expansion of cotton production and the development of the social economy of the collective farms require the development of new irrigated lands in this valley. Therefore, the collective farms and party organizations of the Andijan, Fergana, Namangan and Surkhan‐Darya regions entered the government with a proposal: at the expense of public funds of interested collective farms to develop tens of thousands of hectares of land in Central Fergana and in the Surkhan‐Darya region. In the coming years, the collective farms of the Fergana Valley are planning to spend hundreds of millions of rubles for these purposes. Irrigation and development of the desert lands of Central Fergana opens up new prospects for the use of natural resources. The government of the USSR, Comrade Stalin personally approved this initiative of the Ferghana and Surkhandarya collective farms and party organizations to develop new irrigated lands.
In our republic we have every opportunity to successfully fulfill the task of the new five‐year plan for the production of cotton, silk, astrakhan fur and other agricultural products. Meanwhile, it should be noted that the Ministry of Cotton Growing of the USSR and the Ministry of Agriculture of the USSR do not sufficiently help us in solving issues of the further development of cotton growing and other branches of agriculture. The Ministry of Cotton Growing of the USSR shows slowness in resolving issues put forward by republican organizations, especially in the matter of irrigation and reclamation construction, the transition to a new irrigation system, and the improvement of the work of machine and tractor stations.
The Ministry of Agriculture is completely insufficiently involved in the further development of karakul breeding and silkworm breeding. After the formation of the Ministry of Cotton Growing, it sharply weakened its attention and assistance to our republic.
Comrades! The Uzbek people have achieved great success in developing their culture, national in form and socialist in content. Compulsory seven‐year education is being successfully implemented; graduation of specialists is growing from year to year. In 1943, on the initiative of Comrade Stalin, the Academy of Sciences of the Uzbek SSR was created. One of the remarkable achievements of the cultural revolution in the republic is the formation of a large national Soviet intelligentsia. The Uzbek woman freed by the Great October Revolution is increasingly being drawn into industry, agricultural production and social and political life.
The decade of Uzbek art and literature that took place in Moscow in November 1951 showed great success in the development of the republicʹs culture. The culture and science of the great Russian people have a huge impact on the flourishing of the culture and science of Uzbekistan.
A remarkable achievement of the Leninist‐Stalinist nationality policy is the creation of numerous national cadres capable of successfully solving practical problems of economic and cultural development.
The Central Committee of the All‐Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) and Comrade Stalin personally show constant concern for the training and education of cadres, for a more daring promotion of young, capable people for leadership.
Comrades! The recently held XI Congress of the Communist Party of Uzbekistan noted positive results in the work of the party organization of the republic. At the same time, the congress revealed a number of major shortcomings. We have not yet achieved a skillful combination of party political and economic work, we admit shortcomings in the selection and placement of leading cadres, and we are not waging a persistent struggle to strengthen party and state discipline. We have not yet raised the quality of party propaganda and mass political work to the proper level. The level of ideological work in the republic does not yet meet the requirements of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b). In many party organizations of the republic, criticism and self‐criticism did not receive the proper development.
The party organization of Uzbekistan and its governing bodies will take all measures to quickly eliminate these shortcomings, to ensure an allround increase in the level of party work.
Over the last period, the party organization of the republic has exposed a number of ideological distortions and manifestations of bourgeois nationalism in the work of some writers and scientists. Nationalist survivals find their expression in the idealization of the feudal past of the Uzbek people, the obscuring of class contradictions that existed in pre‐revolutionary Uzbekistan, in an effort to bypass or diminish the great role of the Russian people and its culture in the fate of the Uzbek and other peoples of the Soviet Union, in an attempt to somehow weaken the inviolable friendship the peoples of our country.
The party organization of Uzbekistan will continue to wage a merciless struggle against the slightest manifestations of bourgeois nationalism, expose the reactionary essence of pan‐Islamism and pan‐Turkism, increase political vigilance, educate our cadres and all working people in the spirit of proletarian internationalism and friendship of peoples.
Comrades! The Uzbek party organization came to the XIX Congress of the All‐Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks), numerically grown, organizationally stronger, more than ever rallied around the Central Committee of the All‐Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks), around the beloved Comrade Stalin. All the achievements of the Uzbek people are inextricably linked with the name of Comrade Stalin.
Comrade Stalin is the inspirer and organizer of all the victories of socialism, the creator of the joyful and happy life of the peoples of our country, of all Soviet people. The great Stalin embodies the invincible forces of the Communist Party and the Soviet people, of the entire mighty camp of socialism and democracy.
Long live and live for many years our great leader and teacher, the brilliant architect of communism, beloved Comrade Stalin! (Applause.)