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XIX Congress of the CPSU (b) - (October 5-14, 1952). Documents and Materials
October 6, (Evening meeting)
Presiding D.S. Korotchenko.
The meeting continued the discussion of the reports of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) and the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU (b).
Z.I. Muratov, (Tatar ASSR )
Comrades delegates! In the tremendous labor upsurge of the working people of Soviet Tataria, as well as of the entire Soviet people, caused by the decision of the Central Committee of the Party to convene the XIX Congress of the All‐Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks, the noble moral character of the Soviet people, their boundless devotion to the cause of the party of Lenin and Stalin, again manifested in all their greatness.
The report of the Central Committee of the Party to the XIX Congress of the All‐Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) comprehensively illuminated the gigantic organizational, party‐political and ideological work carried out by the Central Committee of the Party under the leadership of the genius leader of our party, Comrade Stalin, and provided a detailed program for further increasing the combat capability of party organizations.
The greatest triumph of the wise Stalinist policy of our party and its Central Committee was the world‐historical victory won by the Soviet people in the Great Patriotic War over fascist Germany and imperialist Japan, the liberation of the peoples of Europe from fascism and the salvation of mankind from the threat of fascist enslavement.
After victoriously ending the Great Patriotic War, the Soviet people, under the leadership of the party of Lenin and Stalin, once again launched peaceful construction work on a gigantic scale.
In his historic speech on February 9, 1946, Comrade Stalin gave a magnificent program of communist construction in our country, of which the fourth Stalinist five‐year plan was an integral part. The early implementation of the fourth Stalinist five‐year plan made it possible in the shortest possible time to heal the wounds inflicted by the enemy on our country, significantly surpass the pre‐war level of development of the national economy, increase the material well‐being of the people and further strengthen the military‐economic might of the Soviet state.
Thanks to the day‐to‐day help of the Party and the government and the paternal care of Comrade Stalin personally, the working people of Soviet Tatarstan during the period between the 18th and 19th Party Congresses also achieved serious successes. During the years of the fourth Stalinist five‐year plan, there was a rapid growth in all branches of industry in our republic. In 1951, the industry of Tatarstan produced products for almost 5 billion rubles, or 4 times more than in 1940, and 55 times more than in the pre‐revolutionary 1913. Along with Kazan, new industrial centers have arisen and are developing from year to year in Soviet Tataria ‐ Chistopol, Zelenodolsk, Bugulma, N.‐Pismyanka, Elabuga, Almetyevo, Chelny and a number of others.
The oil industry of Tatarstan, created on the initiative of the great Stalin, is developing rapidly. The delegates to this congress are well aware that even at the 17th Party Congress, Comrade Stalin brilliantly foresaw the enormous potential of the eastern regions for the creation of a ʺSecond Bakuʺ and set the specific task of organizing an oil base in the regions of the western and southern slopes of the Ural ridge. Fulfilling this historic instruction of the great Stalin, Soviet Tataria from year to year will provide the country with more and more oil.
The oil production plan in our republic for 9 months of 1952 was significantly exceeded. The level of average daily oil production, reached in September of this year, will far exceed the level of 1950. Oil workers of Tatarstan in their letter to the great Stalin pledged in 1952 to supply 100 thousand tons of oil in excess of the plan. By the day of the opening of this congress, they honorably fulfilled their obligations.
Draft directives for the fifth five‐year development plan of the USSR for 1951 ‐ 1955. provides for high rates of development of the oil industry in our country ‐ an increase in oil production by 85 percent. The oil workers of Tatarstan should make a great contribution to the solution of this most important national economic task.
The party and government have created all the necessary conditions for the development of the republicʹs oil industry. The Soviet government provided oilmen with advanced domestic technology. Oil workers of Tatarstan received thousands of cars, tractors, the most modern drilling rigs and construction machinery. The tasks set by the fifth five‐year plan for oilmen can only be fulfilled on the basis of the use of modern Soviet equipment, technology and advanced experience of innovators, the widespread use of circumferential flooding in oil production and the turbine method in forced mode in drilling.
All this places great responsibility on the regional party organization. The Tatar party organization considers the carrying out of these measures to be its most important task, connected with the fulfillment of the historical instructions of Comrade Stalin to increase oil production.
There are serious shortcomings in the work of the oil workers of Tatarstan. Accidents, downtime of drilling equipment are still allowed, the creation of mechanical and repair and power bases is lagging behind, the production of building materials is slowly developing, housing and communal construction is seriously lagging behind, there are also great difficulties in mastering methods of circumferential flooding.
Many union ministries are involved in the development of the oil industry of Tatarstan. First of all, we ask the Ministries of Power Plants, Forestry, Communications and Trade to provide more effective assistance to their organizations located in Tataria in solving the tasks assigned to them by the government to develop the oil industry. We also ask the USSR Academy of Sciences to take up in the near future the practical solution of a number of complex theoretical issues related to the development of aquifer flooding.
Comrades, as a result of the successful implementation of the post‐war Stalinist five‐year plan and the enormous assistance from the Soviet state, the agriculture of Tatarstan has also achieved serious success. In terms of sown areas, the pre‐war level was surpassed in wheat by 19.1 percent, in industrial crops by 3.1 percent, in vegetables and melons and potatoes by 6.6 percent, the three‐year plan for the development of public livestock farming was exceeded. Now the livestock of public livestock has significantly exceeded the level of 1940: for cattle by 112.5 percent, for the number of pigs by 182 percent, for sheep and goats by 85 percent. Additionally, 580 collective farm farms of productive livestock and poultry were organized. Now all collective farms have 4 farms.
Fulfilling the Stalinist plan for transforming nature, collective farms, state farms and MTS of the republic over the past 4 years have planted more than 47 thousand hectares of forest shelter belts, which is 108 percent of the plan, and built 276 ponds and reservoirs against the plan of 250.
The focus of the republicʹs party organizations was the fulfillment of the socialist obligations assumed by the collective farmers and workers of the MTS and state farms of Tatarstan in a letter to Comrade Stalin. Collective farms, state farms and MTS of the republic in the current year completed the harvesting in a more organized manner and fully fulfilled the state grain procurement plan. In 1952, grain was delivered to the state by 10 million poods more than in 1939, and such a valuable food crop as spring wheat was delivered almost 9 million poods more than last year. The republicʹs collective and state farms have also fulfilled the plan for sowing winter crops and are fully self‐sufficient with their own seeds for the entire spring wedge of the next year.
The successes achieved in the struggle for the advancement of agriculture are the result of the day‐to‐day assistance of the party, the government, and Comrade Stalin personally in equipping the republicʹs agriculture with advanced technology and in strengthening the machine and tractor stations.
In connection with the construction of the Kuibyshev hydroelectric power station and the formation of the largest reservoir in the territory of Tataria, the republic faces additional tasks in the field of agriculture. After the completion of the construction of the Kuibyshev hydroelectric power station, more than 83 thousand hectares of natural hayfields will be flooded in 26 regions of our republic. In this regard, we ask the government to help collective farms compensate for these losses of fodder from flooding of hayfields by reclaiming about 70,000 hectares of shrubs and marshes for fodder land and creating appropriate irrigated areas.
Thanks to the daily attention of the Central Committee of the party, personally Comrade Stalin, Tataria took a new step in the development of socialist culture. It is known that before the Great October Socialist Revolution, the Tatar population was almost entirely illiterate. Bourgeois nationalists, together with the reactionary clergy, in every possible way prevented the development of the culture of the great Russian people by the Tatar people. Only after the victory of the
October Revolution, on the basis of the implementation of the LeninistStalinist nationality policy in the Tatar Republic, a culture that was national in form and socialist in content developed tremendously.
A universal seven‐year education has been introduced in the republic. More than 473 thousand children study in 3.779 schools. There are 13 universities with 21,912 students, including 6,866 Tatars. Kazan State University named after V.I. Ulyanova (Lenin) is the pride of our republic. A large network of research institutions has been created in the republic, headed by the Kazan branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences.
There are 1,904 scientific workers in Tatarstan, among them 400 are Tatars. Between the 18th and 19th congresses of the Tatarskoye Party, the state publishing house published 4,951 books with a total circulation of more than 59 million copies. A great event in the ideological life of the republic was the publication in the Tatar language of the Works of I.V. Stalin.
In the draft directives of the XIX Congress of the All‐Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) on the fifth five‐year plan for the development of the USSR, even more ambitious tasks are set for the Tatar Republic. Suffice it to say that in the fifth Stalinist five‐year plan, capital investments directed only to the development of the oil industry will significantly exceed the capital investments made in all industries of the republic during the first three Stalinist five‐year plans. Hundreds of millions of rubles will be invested in work related to the construction of the worldʹs largest Kuibyshev hydroelectric power station and a first‐class port on the Volga near the walls of the Kazan Kremlin, to the embankment of Kazan and other cities, and to prepare the bed of the future reservoir. The new five‐year plan also provides for the construction of the Agryz ‐ Pronino ‐ Surgut railway, which runs through the eastern part of Tataria from north to south. Large funds will be spent on the development of other industries and agriculture, on housing construction, on the improvement of cities and workersʹ settlements, on the gasification of Kazan, Chistopol and other cities, on road construction, etc.
The ambitious tasks set out in the draft directives of the XIX Congress of the All‐Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks on the fifth five‐year plan for the development of the USSR can be successfully accomplished only on the basis of raising the level of party organizational and party political work. The formation of two regions within the Tatar ASSR ‐ Kazan and Chistopol ‐ is a huge help to our republic on the part of the Central Committee of the party, personally Comrade Stalin. It brings the Party and Soviet leadership closer to grassroots work, creates all the necessary conditions to make it lively, concrete and operational.
The communists of the Tatar party organization with great interest, with exceptional activity discussed at their meetings the historical documents of the Central Committee of the party and unanimously approved both the draft directives on the new five‐year plan and the draft text of the amended Party Rules. The Tatar regional party organization came to the 19th Congress of our great Party of Communists as a single, monolithic, infinitely devoted to the cause of Lenin ‐ Stalin, as never before rallied around the Central Committee of the CPSU (b), around the great leader and teacher ‐ Stalinʹs own comrade. (Prolonged applause.)
Comrades! The great Stalin teaches not to flatter oneself with successes, to see the shadow sides of successes, to identify and decisively eliminate shortcomings. We are aware of the fact that there are still many omissions, shortcomings and mistakes in our work. The Central Committee of the All‐Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks), in its decision on the work of the Tatar Regional Committee, deeply revealed the shortcomings in the activities of the party and Soviet organizations of the republic. In Tataria, there are still enterprises that do not fulfill the established plans, struggle poorly for profitability, allow large downtime of equipment, labor and losses from marriage. The most lagging sector is capital construction and especially residential construction.
In the republic, the main task facing agriculture is being unsatisfactorily solved ‐ increasing the yield of agricultural crops and the productivity of public livestock raising. Party organizations in many regions are still struggling weakly for the organizational and economic strengthening of the collective farms, for the development of their social economy, for unswerving observance of the Rules of the Agricultural Artel. As a result, there are still quite a few economically weak collective farms in the republic that cannot cope with the fulfillment of their obligations to the state, and do not give out enough for workdays, especially money.
There are serious shortcomings in the organization of party‐political and ideological work, as well as in the work of creative organizations.
The recently held regional party conference sharply criticized the main shortcomings of the work of the regional committee, regional committees, city committees and regional party committees and demanded that these shortcomings be eliminated. The party organization of Tataria has everything it needs to quickly overcome shortcomings in its work and achieve a new upsurge in all areas of economic development. The Tatar party organization, in a Bolshevik way, will eliminate shortcomings in its work and under the leadership of the Central Committee of the party, the great Stalin, will make a worthy contribution to the successful implementation of the fifth Stalinist five‐year plan, honorably fulfill the decisions of the XIX Party Congress.
Comrades! The greatest advantage of our Party is that it is steadily guided by Marxism‐Leninism in all its activities. Our great party has always won and will continue to win by its loyalty to the immortal teaching of Marx ‐ Engels ‐ Lenin ‐ Stalin. Comrade Stalin teaches that of all the assets our party has, the most important and most valuable asset is its ideological heritage, its ideological baggage, its principled line, its revolutionary prospects.
The great leader of our party, our dear Comrade Stalin, is tirelessly working on the further development of Marxist‐Leninist theory. An enormous new contribution to the treasury of Marxism‐Leninism was made by Comrade Stalin with his wonderful work ʺEconomic Problems of Socialism in the USSR.ʺ This classic work of Comrade Stalin, which is an encyclopedia on the main questions of the Marxist political economy of socialism, arms our party, our working class with a new ideological weapon in the struggle for communism. Our task is to deeply study this greatest scientific work and, on this basis, raise the level of Party leadership in all sectors of the national economy, cultural development, educational institutions and research institutions.
At all stages of the struggle for the freedom and happiness of the people, for the independence and prosperity of our Motherland, for the building of a communist society, our party achieved success, because everywhere and in everything it steadily followed the instructions of its great teacher, Comrade Stalin. And there is no doubt that our party, armed with a mighty ideological weapon, will honorably fulfill the magnificent tasks of communist construction. The guarantee for this is the solidity and solidarity of our ranks around the Central Committee of the Party, around our dear comrade Stalin.
Long live the brilliant leader of our party and the Soviet people, the best friend of the Tatar people, our dear Comrade Stalin! (Stormy applause.)