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XIX Congress of the CPSU (b) - (October 5-14, 1952). Documents and Materials
For the information of members of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Resolution on the report of the Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) comrade. Malenkova G.M. on the work of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b)
(Adopted unanimously on October 7, 1952)
After hearing and discussing the report of the Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) comrade. Malenkova G.M. on the work of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b), the XIX Congress of the CPSU (b) decides:
To approve the political line and practical work of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b).
Resolution on the report of the Central Auditing Commission of the
(Adopted unanimously on October 8, 1952)
Approve the report of the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU (b).
Resolution on the report of the Chairman of the State Planning
Committee, Comrade M.Z. Saburova
(Adopted unanimously on October 10, 1952)
Directives for the fifth five‐year development plan of the USSR for 1951 ‐ 1955
The successful fulfillment of the fourth five‐year plan makes it possible to adopt a new five‐year plan, which will ensure the further development of all branches of the national economy, the growth of material well‐being, health care and the cultural level of the people.
In accordance with this, the XIX Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union considers it necessary to give the Central Committee of the Party and the Council of Ministers of the USSR the following directives on the fifth five‐year plan for the development of the USSR for 1951‐1955.
I. In the field of industry
1. To establish an increase in the level of industrial production over the five‐year period by approximately 70 percent, with an average annual growth rate of the entire gross industrial product of approximately 12 percent. Determine the growth rate of production of means of production (group ʺAʺ) at 13 percent and production of consumer goods (group ʺBʺ) 11 percent.
2. To provide for an increase in the production of the most important types of industrial products in 1955 in comparison with 1950, approximately in the following amounts:
Cast iron by 76%, Steel by 62%, Rental 64%, Coal by 43%, Oil 85%, Electricity 80%, Steam turbines 2.3 times, Hydro turbines 7.8 times, Steam boilers 2.7 times, Metallurgical equipment by 85%, Oil equipment 3.5 times, Large metal‐cutting machines 2.6 times, Cars by 20%, Tractors by 19%, Soda ash 84%, Caustic soda by 79%, Mineral fertilizers by 88%, 82% synthetic rubber, Cement 2.2 times, Removal of industrial timber by 56%, 46% paper, Cotton fabrics by 61%, Woolen fabrics by 54%, Leather shoes by 55%, Granulated sugar by 78%, Meat 92%, Fish by 58%, Animal oil 72%, Vegetable oil 77%, Canned food 2.1 times
3. In accordance with the plan for a further rise in industrial production, to increase state capital investments in industry in 1951 ‐ 1955, approximately twice as compared with 1946 ‐ 1950. Along with the commissioning of new enterprises and units, ensure an increase in the capacity of existing enterprises through their reconstruction, installation of new equipment, mechanization and intensification of production and improvement of technological processes. Use the expansion of existing enterprises as the most important reserve for increasing production at the lowest cost. To create groundwork for the construction of metallurgical enterprises, power stations, oil refineries, chemical plants and coal mines in order to ensure the necessary development of these industries in the coming years.
To ensure an improvement in the geographical location of the construction of industrial enterprises in the new five‐year plan, bearing in mind the further approximation of industry to sources of raw materials and fuel in order to eliminate irrational and excessively longdistance transportation.
4. In the field of ferrous metallurgy, along with further growth in the production of ferrous metals, to expand the range and significantly increase the production of scarce types of rolled products, in particular, the production of heavy‐plate steel, by about 80 percent, light‐section steel and wire rod ‐ 2.1 times and stainless steel sheet ‐ 3.1 times. To develop the production of economical types and profiles of rolled products.
To increase production and improve the quality of special steels and alloys for the needs of machine building.
To ensure further improvement in the utilization of the existing capacities of metallurgical enterprises. To intensify work on the intensification of metallurgical processes, the automation and mechanization of metallurgical units and labor‐intensive work at ferrous metallurgy enterprises.
To increase in the fifth five‐year plan, as compared to the fourth fiveyear plan, the commissioning of production capacities for pig iron by about 32 percent, steel ‐ by 42 percent, rolled products ‐ at least 2 times, coke ‐ by 80 percent and iron ore ‐ by 3 times.
Along with the development of ferrous metallurgy in the regions of the South, the Urals, Siberia, the Center and the North‐West, ensure the further development of the metallurgical industry in the regions of the Transcaucasus and carry out design and survey work on iron ore deposits in the Karelo‐Finnish Republic.
Provide for the development of ferrous metal production in the local industry through the construction of small converting metallurgical plants.
5. Significantly expand the production of non‐ferrous metals. To increase production over the five‐year period approximately in the following amounts: refined copper by 90 percent, led by 2.7 times, aluminum by at least 2.6 times, zinc by 2.5 times, nickel by 53 percent, and tin by 80 percent ...
Mechanize mining and labor‐intensive work, automate and intensify production processes, increase the complex extraction of metals from ores, ensure further growth in the production of high‐grade metals, significantly expand and improve the use of the capacities of existing enterprises and build new enterprises.
6. In the field of electrification, ensure high rates of increasing the capacity of power plants in order to better meet the growing needs of the national economy and household needs of the population for electricity and increase the reserve in energy systems.
To approximately double the total capacity of power plants in the fiveyear period, and threefold of hydroelectric power plants, ensuring, in the area of thermal power plants, primarily the expansion of existing enterprises. To put into operation large hydroelectric power plants, including the Kuibyshevskaya with 2,100 thousand kilowatts, as well as the Kamskaya, Gorkovskaya, Mingechaurskaya, Ust‐
Kamenogorskaya and others with a total capacity of 1,916 thousand kilowatts. Construction and commissioning of the Kuibyshev ‐ Moscow power transmission line.
To expand the construction of the Stalingrad, Kakhovskaya and Novosibirsk hydroelectric power plants, to begin the construction of new large hydroelectric power plants: Cheboksary on the Volga, Votkinskaya on the Kama, Bukhtarminskaya on the Irtysh and a number of others.
To begin work on the use of the energy resources of the Angara River for the development of aluminum, chemical, mining and other industries on the basis of cheap electricity and local sources of raw materials.
In order to significantly improve the power supply of the South, Urals, Kuzbass, ensure a significant increase in the capacity of district heating and plant power plants in these areas. To provide power supply to cities and regions, along with the construction of large power plants, to carry out the construction of small and medium power plants.
In connection with the tasks of further industrialization, to ensure a 2 ‐ 2.5‐fold increase in the generation of electricity in the Lithuanian SSR, the Latvian SSR and the Estonian SSR. To build the Narva hydroelectric power station, the Riga combined heat and power plant and to launch the construction of the Kaunas hydroelectric power station. Carry out design and survey work for the construction of hydroelectric power plants in the Baltics.
To ensure the construction of combined heat and power plants and heating networks for the implementation of extensive district heating in cities and industrial enterprises.
To make widespread use of automation of production processes at power plants. To complete the complete automation of regional hydroelectric power stations, as well as to start introducing tele mechanization in power systems.
7. Ensure high rates of development of the oil industry. Provide for the further development of oil production in offshore oil fields.
In accordance with the planned increase in oil production, ensure the development of the oil refining industry with the approach of oil refineries to the regions where oil products are consumed.
To increase the capacities of primary oil refineries over a five‐year period by approximately 2 times and for the cracking of raw materials ‐ by 2.7 times, providing for a significant deepening of oil refining and an increase in the yield of light petroleum products at both existing and newly commissioned oil refineries.
To develop the production of artificial liquid fuel.
To significantly increase the construction and commissioning of main oil pipelines and tanks for the storage of oil and oil products.
8. To ensure the further development of the gas industry. To increase the production of natural gas and associated petroleum gas, as well as the production of gas from coal and shale, by about 80 per cent over the next five years. To expand the use of gas for domestic needs, its use as an automobile fuel and the production of chemical products from gas.
To increase the production of artificial gas from shale in the Estonian SSR by approximately 2.2 times; to complete the construction and commission the Kohtla‐Järve‐Tallinn gas pipeline.
9. In the coal industry, provide for a more rapid growth in the production of coal for coking, increasing the production of these coals by at least 50 per cent during the five years.
Improve the quality of coal by significantly expanding its beneficiation and briquetting; to ensure an increase in coal concentration by approximately 2.7 times over the five‐year period.
To systematically improve the methods of developing coal deposits. To introduce more widely the latest mining machines and mechanisms for comprehensive mechanization, further technical re‐equipment of the coal industry and ensuring the growth of labor productivity. To develop in every possible way the mechanization of the most laborconsuming processes of coal mining and, first of all, the loading of coal in longwalls, loading of coal and rock during development workings, and also to introduce more extensively mechanized methods of fastening longwalls.
To increase, in comparison with the fourth five‐year period, the commissioning of the capacities of coal mines by approximately 30 per cent.
To ensure a 27 percent increase in peat production over the five‐year period, as well as to provide for the further development of local coal production; to increase oil shale production by 2.3 times, especially in the Estonian SSR. On the basis of the development of the oil shale chemical industry, to increase the production of artificial liquid fuel in the Estonian SSR by approximately 80 per cent over the next five years.
10. To envisage high rates of development of mechanical engineering as the basis for a new powerful technical progress in all sectors of the national economy of the USSR. To increase the production of mechanical engineering and metalworking products in the five‐year period by approximately 2 times.
Consider the complete provision of equipment for power plants, enterprises of ferrous and non‐ferrous metallurgy, the construction of oil refineries and the production of artificial liquid fuel and the chemical industry as a particularly important task in mechanical engineering. To develop in the required quantities the production of hydraulic and steam turbines, generators, high‐voltage apparatus and various control devices for large hydraulic and thermal power plants, metallurgical, oil refineries and other plants, large machine tools and forging and pressing equipment.
To increase in the five years the production of rolling equipment more than twofold, of high‐precision machine tools, approximately twofold, of heavy press‐forging machines, eightfold, the production of control and monitoring devices, automation and telemechanic, approximately 2.7fold. To determine the growth of production of chemical equipment over the five‐year period, approximately 3.3 times. To significantly increase the output of heavy‐duty diesel and gas‐generating vehicles.
To increase, in 1955, as compared to 1950, the production of cargo ships and tankers for the sea fleet by approximately 2.9 times, river passenger ships by 2.6 times, and vessels for the fishing fleet by 3.8 times.
To ensure the further development of machine building: shipbuilding, turbine building, electrical machine building and machine tool building in the Lithuanian SSR; electrical machine building, machine tool building and shipbuilding ‐ in the Latvian SSR; shipbuilding and electrical engineering ‐ in the Estonian SSR.
To ensure a significant increase in the production of lifting and transport equipment, machines for the mechanization of laborintensive work, complete equipment for the production of building materials and automatic equipment for the light and food industries. To increase the production of new looms.
To develop the production of highly productive machinery and equipment for the logging, pulp and paper, sawmill and wood processing industries.
When designing new machines, strive to reduce their weight while improving quality.
In order to fulfill the assignments for the production of the most important types of equipment in 1951 ‐ 1955: to build and put into operation new plants and to complete the reconstruction of the existing plants of power engineering, rolling equipment, to begin construction of new plants for the production of rolling equipment, turbines and boilers;
to expand the existing and put into operation new capacities for the production of oil equipment, lifting and transport equipment and complete equipment for the building materials industry;
to significantly expand the existing and put into operation new capacities for the production of large machine tools, forging and pressing machines, as well as precision measuring instruments and devices for automatic control of technological processes.
11. In the chemical industry, to ensure the highest growth rates in the production of mineral fertilizers, soda and synthetic rubber, paying special attention to the all‐round development of rubber production based on the use of petroleum gases.
To increase the production of plastics, dyes, and raw materials for rayon and to expand the range of other chemical products. To develop the production of synthetic materials ‐ substitutes for non‐ferrous metals.
To envisage an increase in production capacities for ammonia, sulfuric acid, synthetic rubber, synthetic alcohol, soda, mineral fertilizers, especially in granular form, and chemical agents for combating pests of agricultural plants.
To organize the production of superphosphate in the Estonian SSR and begin the construction of a superphosphate plant in the Lithuanian SSR.
To create groundwork in the construction of mineral fertilizer plants, ensuring the necessary development of the production of mineral fertilizers in the coming years. Fully use phosphate slag for fertilizing the fields.
To widely introduce oxygen into technological processes of various industries and, first of all, in ferrous and non‐ferrous metallurgy, in the production of gas from coal, in the cellulose and cement industries.
12. To eliminate the lagging behind the forest industry of the growing needs of the national economy. To increase the production of lumber and develop the production of parts for production and construction. To carry out on a large scale the relocation of logging to multi‐wooded areas, especially to the regions of the North, the Urals, Western Siberia and the Karelo‐Finnish SSR, reducing the felling of forests in sparsely wooded areas of the country. To reduce the seasonality of logging, for which purpose to build mechanized enterprises in new regions, providing them with permanent cadres of workers. To further develop the comprehensive mechanization of logging operations. To improve the organization of production and the use of mechanisms, ensuring an increase in labor productivity in logging. To increase the commissioning of the capacity of sawmills in the new regions for the development of timber harvesting in the five‐year period by approximately 8 times as compared with the commissioning in the previous five‐year plan.
To ensure the all‐round development of the paper, cellulose, furniture, plywood, wood‐chemical and hydrolysis industries. To increase the production of furniture by at least 3 times.
13. To meet the growing needs of the national economy, provide for an increase in the production of basic building materials over the five‐year period by at least 2 times, improve the quality and expand the range of building materials. To ensure an increase in the production of bricks, approximately 2.3 times, slate ‐ 2.6 times, polished glass ‐ 4 times. In the field of urban and industrial construction, more decisively introduce new progressive wall materials, increasing the production of slag concrete and large concrete blocks. Significantly increase the production of new high‐quality finishing and facing building materials, parts and structures of factory production from ceramics, gypsum, concrete and reinforced concrete, contributing to the further industrialization of construction, reducing its cost and improving the architectural, construction and operational qualities of buildings and structures. To establish higher rates of growth in the production of building materials in the Urals, in Siberia, in the Volga regions, in the Far East and in Central Asia, as well as in large industrial areas where large‐scale construction is underway, than in the USSR as a whole. To increase the capacity of the cement industry by approximately 2.1 times.
14. Ensure high rates of growth in the production of consumer goods. To increase the output of light and food industry products by at least 70 per cent.
In accordance with the increase in the resources of agricultural raw materials, carry out the construction of a large number of enterprises in the light and food industries, especially cotton factories, cotton ginning factories, artificial fiber factories, silk, garment, knitwear, leather and footwear factories, sugar, butter, vegetable drying factories, confectionery factories , tea, canning, brewing, wine, meat, fish, butter and cheese industries.
By the end of 1955, compared with 1950, to increase the production capacity for the production of cotton fabrics by about 32 percent, manmade fibers by 4.7 times, footwear by 34 percent, and the capacity of granulated sugar factories by 25 percent. refined sugar ‐ by 70 percent, tea ‐ by 80 percent, the capacity of oil extraction plants for processing oilseeds ‐ 2.5 times, vegetable‐drying plants ‐ 3.5 times, factories for the production of fish, vegetable and fruit canned food ‐ 40 percent, refrigeration tanks and refrigerated fleet for freezing fish ‐ by 70 percent, meat processing plants ‐ by 40 percent, factories for the production of animal oil ‐ by 35 percent, cheese factories ‐ 2 times, dairy factories ‐ 2.6 times, milk powder ‐ 2 times, whole milk products ‐ by 60 percent.
To widely introduce automation and mechanization of production processes for the production of food and industrial goods.
To carry out large‐scale work on fish farming in order to increase fish stocks, especially in inland waters.
To increase the fish, catch in the Lithuanian SSR by approximately 3.9 times over the five years, in the Latvian SSR by 80 per cent, in the Estonian SSR by 85 per cent. To carry out in these republics the expansion of existing and construction of new fish processing enterprises.
To ensure further improvement of the quality and range of food and industrial goods for mass consumption, to improve packaging and packaging of food products.
15. To increase the production of industrial products at enterprises of local industry and trade cooperatives for the five years by about 60 percent and, first of all, the production of consumer goods, household and household items, local building materials and significantly improve the quality of products. To develop in the union republics their own raw material bases for local industry and industrial cooperation. To improve the work of the workshops of local industry and industrial cooperatives in servicing the household needs of the population. To strengthen the leadership of the local Soviets of local industry and industrial cooperation.
16. To ensure the further development of the construction industry by strengthening and expanding the existing construction organizations, as well as to create new construction organizations in the areas of major construction. Strengthen the construction organizations of the Ministry of Construction of Heavy Industry Enterprises that carry out the construction of ferrous and non‐ferrous metallurgy enterprises, especially in the eastern regions, construction organizations of the Ministry of Power Plants, the Ministry of Oil Industry, the Ministry of the Coal Industry, the Ministry of Railways, construction organizations for the construction of chemical plants, and construction organizations The Ministry of Construction of Machine‐Building Enterprises, which build plants for energy and metallurgical equipment, oil equipment, large and unique machine‐tool industry, heavy forging and pressing machines, lifting and transport equipment and shipbuilding. To widely introduce industrial construction methods.
To increase the capacity of factories for the manufacture of metal structures by at least 2 times. Build the required number of large factories for the manufacture of precast concrete structures. To expand the existing and organize new regional quarries with the comprehensive mechanization of the extraction and processing of stone, crushed stone, gravel and sand, as well as piece stone from natural rocks. To complete the mechanization of basic construction work and ensure the transition from the mechanization of individual processes to the comprehensive mechanization of construction. To increase in the five years the fleet of excavators approximately 2.5 times, scrapers and bulldozers 3‐4 times, mobile cranes 4‐5 times.
To improve the design business in construction, reduce design time and timely provide construction with projects and estimates, widely introducing standard design. Reinforce design organizations with qualified personnel.
17. To ensure in all branches of industry a further significant improvement in product quality. To expand and improve the assortment, and also to increase the production of scarce types and varieties of products in accordance with the needs of the national economy. Resolutely implement state standards that meet modern requirements.
18. In order to meet the growing needs of the national economy in raw materials and fuel resources, ensure the further development of exploration of natural resources in the subsoil, the identification of mineral reserves and, first of all, non‐ferrous and rare metals, coking coal, aluminum raw materials, oil, rich iron ores and other types of industrial raw materials.
II. In the field of agriculture
1. The main task in the field of agriculture will continue to be the increase in the yield of all agricultural crops, a further increase in the social livestock population with a simultaneous significant increase in its productivity, an increase in the gross and marketable output of agriculture and animal husbandry by further strengthening and developing the social economy of collective farms, improving the work of state farms and MTS through the introduction of advanced technology and agriculture in agriculture.
Agriculture should become even more productive and skilled, with developed grass cultivation and correct crop rotations, a higher proportion of sown areas for industrial, fodder, vegetable crops and potatoes.
2. To increase the production of agricultural products over the five years: the gross grain harvest by 40‐50 percent, including wheat by 5565 percent; raw cotton by 55 ‐ 65 percent; flax fiber by 40 ‐ 50 percent; sugar beet by 65 ‐ 70 percent; potatoes by 40 ‐ 45 percent; sunflower by 50 ‐ 60 percent; grapes by 55 ‐ 60 percent; tobacco by 65 ‐ 70 percent and varietal green tea leaves by about 75 percent.
To increase the production of curly flax, soybeans, peanuts and other oilseeds.
To increase the production of fodder: hay by 80 ‐ 90 percent, tuber and root crops by 3‐4 times, and silage by 2 times.
To increase the yield of grain crops per hectare: in the regions of
Southern Ukraine and the North Caucasus up to 20‐22 centners and on irrigated lands up to 30‐34 centners; in the Volga region up to 14 ‐ 15 centners and on irrigated lands up to 25 ‐ 28 centners; in the central black earth regions up to 16 ‐ 18 centners and on irrigated lands up to 30 ‐ 34 centners; in the non‐black earth zone up to 17 ‐ 19 centners; in the regions of the Urals, Siberia and North‐East Kazakhstan up to 15 ‐ 16 centners and on irrigated lands up to 24 ‐ 26 centners; in the regions of Transcaucasia up to 20 ‐ 22 centners and on irrigated lands up to 30 ‐ 34 centners per hectare; to bring the yield of rice on irrigated land to 40‐50 centners per hectare.
To increase the yield of cotton per hectare: in the regions of Central Asia and South Kazakhstan up to 26 ‐ 27 centners; in the Transcaucasian regions up to 25 ‐ 27 centners and in the southern regions of the European part on irrigated land up to 11 ‐ 13 centners and on nonirrigated land up to 5 ‐ 7 centners per hectare. To increase the yield per hectare:
flax fiber in the regions of the non‐black earth strip up to 4.5 ‐ 5.5 centners and in the regions of the Urals and Siberia up to 4 ‐ 5 centners per hectare;
sugar beet in the regions of the Ukrainian SSR, Moldavian SSR and the North Caucasus up to 255 ‐ 265 centners, in the regions of the central black earth regions up to 200 ‐ 210 centners and in the regions of Central Asia and Kazakhstan up to 400 ‐ 425 centners per hectare:
potatoes in areas of the non‐black earth belt up to 155 ‐ 175 centners, in areas of the central black earth regions up to 140 ‐ 160 centners, in the regions of the South and North Caucasus up to 135 ‐ 155 centners and in the regions of the Urals and Siberia up to 125 ‐ 145 centners per hectare;
sunflower in the regions of the Ukrainian SSR, Moldavian SSR and the North Caucasus up to 17 ‐ 20 centners, in the regions of the central black earth regions up to 14.5 ‐ 16.5 centners and in the Volga region up to 10 ‐ 12 centners per hectare.
3. To increase the production of vegetables, potatoes and livestock products in the suburban areas of Moscow, Leningrad, the cities of the Urals, Donbass, Kuzbass and other industrial centers and large cities; to create potato, vegetable and livestock bases in new industrial regions.
To increase the production of potatoes in the zones of distillers and starch and syrup plants by about 50 per cent over the five‐year period and of vegetables in the zones of canning and vegetable drying plants by 2 times.
To increase in the five years the area of orchards and berry fields on collective farms by about 70 per cent, vineyards by 50 per cent, tea plantations by 60 per cent and citrus crops by 4.5 times.
4. To increase livestock production over the five years: meat and lard by 80 ‐ 90 percent, milk by 45 ‐ 50 percent, wool, approximately 2 ‐ 2.5 times, including fine wool 4 ‐ 4.5 times, eggs (on collective and state farms) 6 ‐ 7 times.
To increase the livestock of: cattle throughout agriculture ‐ by 18 ‐ 20 percent, including in collective farms, cattle ‐ by 36 ‐ 38 percent and cows, approximately 2 times; sheep, throughout agriculture ‐ by 60 ‐ 62 percent, including on collective farms ‐ by 75 ‐ 80 percent; pigs, throughout agriculture ‐ by 45 ‐ 50 percent, including on collective farms ‐ by 85 ‐ 90 percent; poultry livestock on collective farms ‐ 3 ‐ 3.5 times; horses, throughout agriculture ‐ by 10‐12 percent, including in collective farms ‐ by 14‐16 percent.
To ensure the further development in the Lithuanian SSR, the Latvian SSR, the Estonian SSR of highly productive livestock raising, especially dairy cattle and pigs.
To increase the milk yield per cow on collective farms in the non‐black earth zone to 1,800 ‐ 2,000 kilograms, in the central black earth regions to 1,700 ‐ 2,000 kilograms, in the regions of the South and the Volga region to 1,600 ‐ 1,900 kilograms, in the regions of Siberia, the Urals and North‐Eastern Kazakhstan to 1,500 ‐ 1.700 kilograms, in the regions of Central Asia up to 700 ‐ 900 kilograms, in Transcaucasia up to 900 ‐ 1.100 kilograms.
To increase the shearing of wool in the collective farms of the regions of the South and North Caucasus for one fine‐fleece sheep to 5.2 ‐ 5.8 kilograms, for one semi‐fine‐fleece sheep up to 4.2 ‐ 4.8 kilograms, in the central black earth regions for one fine‐fleece sheep up to 4, 2 ‐ 5.0 kilograms and for one semi‐fine‐fleece sheep up to 4.0 ‐ 4.2 kilograms, in the Volga region for one fine‐fleece sheep up to 4.6 ‐ 5.4 kilograms and for one semi‐fine‐fleece sheep up to 3.9 ‐ 4.5 kilogram, in the regions of Siberia for one fine‐fleece sheep up to 4.3 ‐ 4.9 kilograms and for a semi‐fine‐fleece sheep up to 3.8 ‐ 4.2 kilograms.
5. To ensure the introduction into production of new, more productive varieties of grain crops, more productive and early ripening varieties of cotton, varieties of sugar beet with a higher sugar content, varieties of high oil‐bearing sunflower, as well as the creation of new varieties of agricultural crops for cultivation on irrigated lands. To improve seed production of agricultural crops on collective and state farms.
6. To ensure the further expansion of works on field‐protective afforestation in the steppe and forest‐steppe regions, carrying out agroforestry measures to combat soil erosion, as well as afforestation of sands, the creation of economic forests, green zones around cities and industrial centers, along the banks of rivers, canals and reservoirs ...
To establish in the course of the five‐year period at least 2.5 million hectares of protective forest plantations on collective and state farms and about 2.5 million hectares of crops and plantings of state forests.
7. Ensure efficient use of all irrigated and drained land. Carry out a widespread transition to a new irrigation system with temporary irrigation canals instead of permanent ones. Consider the priority work ‐ the construction of irrigation and watering systems based on the use of electricity from the Kuibyshev hydroelectric power station and in the area of the Volga‐Don navigable canal named after V.I. Lenin; to start construction of irrigation and watering systems in the zone of the Stalingrad hydroelectric power station, the Main Turkmen, South Ukrainian and North Crimean canals.
Carry out preparatory work for the construction of irrigation systems for irrigation and watering of the lands of the Kulunda steppe. Continue work on the construction of irrigation systems in the central chernozem regions, in the Kura‐Araks lowland, in the basins of the SyrDarya, Zeravshan and Kashka‐Darya rivers, in the regions of Central
Fergana, the Kuban‐Yegorlyk system, the Orto‐Tokoy reservoir and the Big Chuy canal. To increase the area of irrigated land by 30 to 35 per cent in the five years, build 30,000 to 35,000 ponds and reservoirs on collective and state farms, and ensure their comprehensive economic use.
Carry out work to drain bogs in the Byelorussian SSR, the Ukrainian SSR (primarily in the Polesye lowland), the Lithuanian SSR, the Latvian SSR, the Estonian SSR, the Karelo‐Finnish SSR, the northwestern and central regions of the RSFSR, in the Barabinskaya lowland and other regions. To increase in 1951‐1955 the area of reclaimed land by 40‐45 per cent.
8. In order to increase the milk productivity of cattle on collective and state farms, it is especially important to consider the further introduction of a more intensive system of livestock farming ‐ a stall system for keeping livestock, taking into account the characteristics of the regions.
For the further development of sheep breeding, to organize equipped pastures in the areas of flooding of the Volga‐Don navigable canal named after V.I. Lenin, in the Caspian lowland, the Nogai steppe and in the areas of the Turkmen canal, watering pastures as the watering facilities are put into operation, so that well‐organized pastures for large and largest flocks of sheep were created in these areas.
In the regions of Central Asia and Kazakhstan, ensure the creation of areas of high‐yielding hayfields and pastures through the use of local irrigation and the use of artesian waters in order to gradually reduce long‐distance cattle movements.
9. To complete the mechanization of basic field work on collective farms, to widely expand the mechanization of labor‐intensive work in animal husbandry, vegetable growing, horticulture, transport, loading and unloading of agricultural products, irrigation, drainage of wetlands and the development of new lands.
To bring the level of mechanization in 1955: plowing, sowing grain, industrial and fodder crops to 90‐95 percent, harvesting grain crops and sunflowers with combines to 80‐90 percent, harvesting sugar beets to 90‐95 percent, harvesting raw cotton by cotton pickers to 60 ‐ 70 percent, sowing and harvesting of fiber flax up to 80 ‐ 90 percent, planting, interrow cultivation and harvesting of potatoes up to 55 ‐ 60 percent, haymaking and silage up to 70 ‐ 80 percent.
To ensure the improvement of the work of the machine and tractor stations, to expand their activity in the mechanization of labor‐intensive work in all branches of collective farm production and to increase the responsibility of the MTS for fulfilling plans for the yield of agricultural crops and the productivity of animal husbandry.
To increase by the end of the five‐year plan the capacity of the MTS tractor fleet by approximately 50 per cent, especially row‐crop tractors with attachments for inter‐row cultivation of agricultural crops. To ensure in the five years an increase in the daily output of the tractor by approximately 50 per cent. Complete the introduction of more economical diesel tractors.
To expand the network of machine‐tractor stations in the Lithuanian SSR, Latvian SSR, Estonian SSR and equip them with tractors and agricultural machines.
Consider the introduction of electric tractors and agricultural machines based on the use of electricity as one of the most important tasks, especially in the areas of large hydroelectric power plants.
10. Ensure the direction of capital investments of collective farms, first of all, for the development of public economy ‐ the construction of farm buildings, livestock buildings, irrigation and drainage canals, reservoirs, uprooting of land from shrubs, planting forest shelter belts, construction of collective farm power plants and other structures necessary for successful development of the social economy of collective farms and an increase in the income of collective farms and collective farmers.
11. In the field of state farm construction, consider increasing the marketability of, first of all, wheat, fine and semi‐fine wool, meat, as well as providing collective farm livestock breeding with pedigree producers as the most important task.
In order to create a stable fodder base and to fully provide the livestock of state farms with coarse and succulent fodder, expand the sowing of fodder crops on state farms by 45 ‐ 55 per cent. To ensure on state farms a significant increase in the yield of all agricultural crops. To increase the number of cattle on state farms by 35‐40%, including cows by 70‐
75%, sheep by 75‐80% and pigs by 40‐45%.
To bring the milk yield per cow in state farms in 1955 to the following sizes: in the non‐black earth zone ‐ 3.500 ‐ 3.900 kilograms, in the central black earth regions ‐ 3.000 ‐ 3.400 kilograms, in the South and North Caucasus ‐ 2.800 ‐ 3.200 kilograms, Siberia and northern regions of Kazakhstan ‐ 2.400 ‐ 2.900 kilograms, in the pedigree state farms of the Volga region, Central Asia, Transcaucasia and southern regions of Kazakhstan ‐ 2.100 ‐ 2.600 kilograms.
To bring the average wool cut per fine‐woolen sheep in the state farms of the regions: South, North Caucasus and the Volga region to 5.5 ‐ 6.5 kilograms, Siberia, Kazakhstan, Central Asia and Transcaucasia to 4.3 ‐ 5.0 kilograms.
To complete on state farms, in the main, the comprehensive mechanization of all the most labor‐consuming work in field cultivation, animal husbandry, fodder production and fodder preparation. To carry out on a large scale the construction of residential, cultural, household and industrial buildings on state farms.
12. To ensure the projected growth of agricultural production to establish for the five‐year period the volume of state investment in agriculture, approximately 2.1 times more, and for irrigation and land reclamation, approximately four times more than in the fourth five‐year plan.
III. In the field of goods turnover, transport and communication
1. On the basis of the growth of industrial and agricultural production, to increase the retail turnover of state and cooperative trade by about 70 per cent over the five‐year period.
To increase in 1955, in comparison with 1950, the sale of the most important goods to the population, approximately in the following amounts: meat products ‐ by 90 percent, fish products ‐ by 70 percent, animal oil ‐ by 70 percent, cheese ‐ 2 times, vegetable oil ‐ 2 times, canned vegetables, fruit and dairy products ‐ 2.5 ‐ 3.0 times, sugar ‐ 2 times, tea ‐ 2 times, grape wine ‐ 2 times, beer ‐ 80 percent, clothes ‐ 80 percent, cotton, woolen, silk and linen fabrics ‐ 70 percent, shoes ‐ 80 percent, stockings and socks ‐ 2 times, knitwear ‐ 2.2 times, furniture ‐ 3 times, metal utensils ‐ 2 times, 5 times, bicycles ‐ 3.5 times, sewing machines ‐ 2.4 times, radios and TVs ‐ 2 times, hours ‐ 2.2 times, home refrigerators, washing machines, vacuum cleaners ‐ several times.
To expand the network of canteens, restaurants, teahouses over the next five years, and to increase the output of products by public catering enterprises by approximately 80 percent, significantly improving the range.
To increase the number of specialized stores selling food, clothing, footwear, fabrics, furniture, dishes, household goods, cultural items and building materials. To substantially increase the construction of refrigerators and warehouses in industry and in the trade network. To further equip food shops, canteens, restaurants and warehouses with refrigeration units and the latest equipment.
2. To provide for an increase in the freight turnover of rail transport in 1955 compared to 1950 by 35 ‐ 40 percent, river transport by 75 ‐ 80 percent, sea transport by 55 ‐ 60 percent, road transport by 80 ‐ 85 percent, air transport by no less than 2 times, pipeline transport, about 5 times.
3. Consider increasing the capacity of railways as the most important task in the field of railway transport. According to this:
a) to increase, in comparison with the past five years, the commissioning of second tracks by approximately 60 percent and electrified railways by 4 times. To increase the length of the station tracks to approximately 46 percent of the operational length of the railways;
b) to build and commission new railways, approximately 2.5 times more than in 1946‐1950. To complete the construction of the South Siberian Railway in the sections from Abakan to Akmolinsk. To complete the construction of the Chardzhou‐Kungrad railway line and begin the construction of the Kungrad‐Makat road.
To expand the construction of railways: Krasnoyarsk ‐ Yeniseisk, Guryev ‐ Astrakhan, Agryz ‐ Pronino ‐ Surgut. Carry out the necessary work on the reconstruction of railways in the Lithuanian SSR, the
Latvian SSR and the Estonian SSR;
c) by the end of the five‐year period, against 1950, increase the length of sections equipped with automatic blocking by about 80 percent and hitchhiking at least 2.5 times, and also increase the number of switches equipped with electric centralization by about 2.3 times. Significantly increase the use of dispatch interlocking. To ensure the further mechanization of humps. Continue work on the implementation of radio communications for train traffic control and shunting operations; d) improve the state of the railway track facilities. To supply rail transport over the five years with new rails, approximately 85 percent more than in 1946‐1950;
e) fully meet the needs of railway transport in mainline steam locomotives, electric locomotives, diesel locomotives, freight, insulated and passenger cars. To complete, in the main, the transfer of the working fleet of wagons to automatic coupling and start equipping the rolling stock with roller bearings. To start production of new powerful steam locomotives, electric locomotives and diesel locomotives, including gas‐generating ones.
Improve the use of rolling stock. To reduce in 1955 the turnaround time of wagons by no less than 18 percent against 1950 and to increase the average daily mileage of steam locomotives by no less than 12 percent. Significantly improve the utilization of the carrying capacity of wagons and increase the weight of freight trains.
Ensure that measures are taken to improve the organization of labor of workers associated with the movement of trains, especially locomotive crews.
4. To increase the carrying capacity of river ports, approximately, twofold. To complete the first stage of construction and reconstruction of ports in Stalingrad, Saratov, Kuibyshev, Ulyanovsk, Kazan, Gorky, Yaroslavl, Molotov, Omsk, Novosibirsk, Khabarovsk, Osetrov, Kotlas and Pechora. Equip the main ports with highly efficient mechanization equipment. To expand the construction of mechanized berths at riverine industrial enterprises.
Complete work on the reconstruction of the Volga‐Baltic waterway, increase the navigable depth on the river. Kame and create a unified deep‐water transport system in the European part of the USSR.
To improve shipping and increase passenger and cargo traffic in the basins of the Neman and Daugava rivers. Provide for the construction of bridges across the river. Neman in Kaunas and across the river. Daugava in Riga.
To reconstruct existing and build new shipbuilding and ship repair enterprises for the river fleet. To ensure the construction of a passenger and cargo river fleet meeting the conditions of navigation in large reservoirs. To increase the role of river transport in the transportation of goods in the regions of Siberia and the Far North.
To ensure the development of transportation on small rivers for local needs.
5. To significantly increase the tonnage of the merchant marine fleet, to expand the base of domestic maritime shipbuilding by building new and expanding existing shipbuilding and ship repair plants. To carry out work on the expansion and reconstruction of the Leningrad, Odessa, Zhdanovsky, Novorossiysk, Makhachkala, Murmansk, Naryan‐Mar and Far Eastern seaports. To ensure the further development of sea transport in the Lithuanian SSR, the Latvian SSR and the Estonian SSR, to expand the Riga and Klaipeda ports.
To ensure an increase in the throughput capacity of seaports and to expand the capacity of marine shipyards approximately doubled. To expand the capacity of fishing ports.
To increase the transportation of goods along the Northern Sea Route. Replenish the navy with new icebreakers.
Improve the quality of the river, sea and fishing fleets, reduce the delivery time of goods to consumers, improve the operation of ports, and reduce ship downtime.
6. To build and reconstruct paved motor roads, approximately 50 percent more than in 1946‐1950, especially in the southern regions, the
Transcaucasia and the Baltic states.
To increase the share of public road transport in the transport of goods and passengers. To complete the enlargement of departmental car farms. Improve the use of vehicles and significantly reduce the cost of transportation. To expand the network of auto repair enterprises and car service stations. To approximately double the length of permanent intercity bus lines during the five years.
7. Significantly increase the fleet of transport aircraft of the civil air fleet, as well as the network of airlines and airports equipped for round‐theclock operation.
8. To ensure the further development of communication facilities; to increase the length of the long‐distance telephone and telegraph cable by at least 2 times over the five‐year period. Significantly increase the capacity of broadcasting stations. To expand work on the introduction of ultrashort‐wave radio broadcasting and radio relay communications. To expand the capacity of city telephone exchanges by 30 to 35 per cent over the next five years.
To improve the work of postal services for the delivery of stamps and postal items to the population and to ensure the transportation of mail along inter‐district routes, mainly by road.
9. In accordance with the plan for the further development of transport and communications, to increase state capital investments in transport and communications in 1951‐1955 by approximately 63 per cent in comparison with 1946‐1950.
IV. In the field of further growth of material well‐being, health care and cultural level of the people
1. On the basis of the continuous growth of socialist production and an increase in the productivity of social labor, to increase the national income of the USSR for the five years by at least 60 percent and, in this connection, to ensure a further increase in the incomes of workers and employees and the income of the peasants.
In accordance with the growth of production and labor productivity, as well as the tasks in the field of cultural development, to provide for an increase in the number of workers and employees in the national economy in 1955 ‐ the last year of the five‐year plan ‐ in comparison with 1950, by about 15 percent.
2. Unswervingly to continue lowering retail prices for consumer goods, bearing in mind that lowering prices is the most important means of systematically raising the real wages of workers and employees and raising the incomes of peasants. To raise the real wages of workers and employees, taking into account the reduction in retail prices, by at least 35 percent.
To determine the growth of state appropriations for social insurance of workers and employees during the five‐year period, by about 30 percent in comparison with 1950.
On the basis of an increase in the labor productivity of collective farmers, an increase in collective farm production, and an increase in the output of agriculture and livestock raising, to raise the monetary and natural incomes of collective farmers (in monetary terms) by at least 40 percent.
3. To further improve the living conditions of workers and employees, to expand housing construction in every possible way. To envisage in the five‐year plan a broad program of state housing construction, increasing capital investments for these purposes by about two times in comparison with the previous five‐year plan. New residential buildings with a total area of about 105 million square meters should be put into operation in cities and workersʹ settlements through state construction. To promote the construction of individual residential buildings in cities and workersʹ settlements, carried out by the population at their own expense and with the help of a state loan.
To improve utilities and consumer services for the population of cities and workersʹ settlements, to expand the network of water supply and sewerage systems, heating and gasification of houses, urban transport, and to improve urban amenities. To increase by the end of the five‐year period the volume of capital investments in public utilities construction by about 50 percent against 1950.
4. To ensure further improvement and development of public health services.
To expand the network of hospitals, dispensaries, maternity homes, sanatoriums, rest homes, nurseries, kindergartens over the five years, increasing the number of beds in hospitals by at least 20 percent, the number of beds in sanatoriums by about 15 percent, and in rest homes by 30 percent, in nurseries ‐ 20 percent and kindergartens ‐ 40 percent.
To increase during the five years the number of hospital beds in the Lithuanian SSR by approximately 40 per cent, in the Latvian SSR by 30 per cent and in the Estonian SSR by 30 per cent.
To ensure the further equipping of hospitals, dispensaries, sanatoriums with the latest medical equipment and to improve the culture of their work.
To increase the number of doctors in the country by at least 25 per cent over the five‐year period and to expand measures to improve doctors.
To direct the efforts of medical scientists to solve the most important problems of health care, focusing special attention on prevention issues, to ensure the fastest implementation of the achievements of medical science into practice.
To increase the production of medicines, medical equipment and instruments in 1955 by no less than 2.5 times compared to 1950, paying special attention to expanding the production of the latest medicines and other effective therapeutic and prophylactic means, as well as modern diagnostic and therapeutic medical equipment.
To ensure the further development of physical culture and sports.
5. To complete by the end of the five‐year plan the transition from seven‐year education to general secondary education (ten‐year) in the capitals of republics, cities of republican subordination, in regional, territorial and major industrial centers. To prepare the conditions for the full implementation in the next five‐year period of universal secondary education (ten‐year period) in the rest of the cities and rural areas.
In order to provide the growing network of schools with the necessary number of teachers, to increase the admission to pedagogical institutes in 1951 ‐ 1955 by 45 percent in comparison with the admission in 1946 ‐ 1950; to provide for an increase in admission to pedagogical institutes of the Lithuanian SSR by 2.3 times, the Latvian SSR by 90 percent, and the Estonian SSR by 60 percent.
To increase the construction of urban and rural schools by about 70 per cent over the previous five‐year period.
In order to further increase the socialist educational value of the general education school and provide students who graduate from secondary school with conditions for free choice of professions, begin polytechnic education in secondary school and take the measures necessary for the transition to universal polytechnic education.
6. In accordance with the tasks of further development of the national economy and cultural construction, to increase the graduation of specialists of all kinds from higher and secondary specialized educational institutions during the five‐year period by approximately 30 to 35 percent.
To increase the output of specialists from higher educational institutions for the most important branches of industry, construction and agriculture in 1955 in comparison with 1950, approximately twofold.
To expand the training of scientific and scientific‐pedagogical personnel in the course of the five‐year period through post‐graduate studies at higher educational institutions and research institutes, approximately twice as compared with the previous five‐year plan.
To improve the work of scientific research institutes and the scientific work of higher educational institutions, to make fuller use of scientific forces to solve the most important issues of the development of the national economy, to generalize advanced experience, ensuring broad practical application of scientific discoveries. To assist scientists in every possible way in their development of theoretical problems in all fields of knowledge and to strengthen the connection between science and production.
Taking into account the growing desire of the adult population to improve their education, ensure the further development of correspondence and evening higher and secondary specialized educational institutions, as well as general education schools for teaching working citizens, without interrupting work.
7. To meet the growing needs of the national economy for qualified personnel, especially in connection with the further introduction of advanced technology into production, to improve the quality of training young skilled workers in the system of state labor reserves and to provide training and advanced training of workers through individual and team training and through a system of courses and schools organized by enterprises.
8. Carry out the further development of film and television. To expand the network of cinemas, by increasing the number of cinema installations by about 25 per cent over the five‐year period, and also to increase the production of films.
To expand in 1955, as compared with 1950, the network of public libraries by no less than 30 percent and clubs by 15 percent, improving their work of serving the population.
To ensure a significant increase in the production of fiction and scientific literature, textbooks, magazines and newspapers, expand the printing industry and improve the quality of printing and book design.
9. In accordance with the planned development of health care, education, scientific, cultural and educational institutions, to increase the volume of capital investments for these purposes during the fiveyear period by approximately 50 percent compared to the previous five‐year plan.
The Fifth Five‐Year Plan defines a new powerful upsurge in the national economy of the USSR and ensures a further significant increase in the material well‐being and cultural level of the people.
The fulfillment of the fifth five‐year plan will be a major step forward along the path of development from socialism to communism.
To fulfill the tasks of the fifth five‐year plan, you must:
a) To mobilize on‐farm sources for the further growth of socialist accumulation, ensuring strict adherence to state discipline and the fulfillment by each enterprise of the production plan in the range established for it. In order to meet the five‐year plan targets for the development of the national economy and an increase in the material and cultural level of the working people, it is necessary to increase the total volume of state capital construction in 1951‐1955 by approximately 90 percent, and state allocations for this construction, by approximately 60 percent compared to with the fourth five‐year plan so that the missing 30 percent would be covered by a corresponding reduction in the cost of construction by increasing labor productivity, reducing overhead costs, and lowering prices for building materials and equipment;
b) On the basis of introducing advanced technology into all sectors of the national economy, improving the organization of labor and raising the cultural and technical level of the working people, increase labor productivity over the five years in industry by approximately 50 percent, in construction by 55 percent, in agriculture by 40 percent. To complete, in the main during the fifth five‐year plan, the mechanization of heavy and labor‐intensive work in industry and construction.
To ensure further improvement of labor protection in industrial enterprises;
c) Reduce the cost of industrial production by about 25 percent over the five‐year period and the cost of construction work by at least 20 percent. Reduce construction time and improve the quality of construction work. To reduce the cost of tractor work at machine and tractor stations by about 25 percent, rail transportation by 15 percent, and retail distribution costs by 23 percent. Sharply reduce the overhead costs of sales organizations in industry, as well as for the procurement and sale of agricultural products;
d) To raise the mass movement of inventors and rationalizers from among engineers, technicians, workers and collective farmers for further technical improvement and expansion of production, for allround mechanization, facilitation and further improvement of working conditions. To condemn the practice of economic organizations that underestimate the tasks of introducing new technology and mechanization of labor and allowing the misuse of labor;
e) Unswervingly pursue an economy mode in all large and small areas of economic construction and increase the profitability of enterprises. Business executives must seek, find and use the hidden reserves lurking in the depths of production, make the most of the available production capacity, systematically improve production methods, reduce the cost of production, and carry out cost accounting.
To ensure further significant savings in material resources by eliminating excesses in the use of materials and equipment, strengthening the fight against rejects, introducing economical types of materials, widespread use of full‐fledged substitutes and progressive production technology.
Strengthen control of the ruble by the financial authorities over the implementation of economic plans and compliance with the economy;
f) To double the state material and food reserves that could provide the country from all accidents.
The present (fifth) five‐year plan again demonstrates to the whole world the great vitality of socialism, the fundamental advantages of the socialist economic system over the capitalist system. This five‐year plan is a plan for peaceful economic and cultural development. It will contribute to the further consolidation and expansion of economic cooperation between the Soviet Union and the countries of the peopleʹs democracy and the development of economic relations with all countries wishing to develop trade on the basis of equality and mutual benefit.
The peaceful development of the Soviet economy, outlined by the fiveyear plan, is opposed to the economies of the capitalist countries, which are moving along the path of militarizing the national economy, obtaining the highest profits for the capitalists and further impoverishing the working people.
The tasks set by the five‐year plan make great demands on the party, Soviet, economic, trade union, and Komsomol organizations and oblige them to mobilize the broad masses of the working people to fulfill and overfulfil the new five‐year plan, deploying broad criticism of shortcomings in the work of our organizations in order to eliminate these shortcomings as quickly as possible.
It is necessary to provide all‐round support to innovators in industrial and collective farm production, leaders in transport and other sectors of the national economy in their efforts to increase production, increase labor productivity, and reduce costs.
The great strength of socialist competition, the unanimous striving of the workers, collective farmers and the intelligentsia to defend the cause of peace, the unshakable determination of the working people to build a communist society must be directed towards fulfilling and overfulfilling the new five‐year plan.
The peoples of the Soviet Union, under the tried and tested leadership of the Communist Party, will successfully fulfill the new five‐year plan.
Resolution to change the name of the batch
(Adopted unanimously on October 13, 1952)
The double name of our party ʺCommunistʺ ‐ ʺBolshevikʺ was historically formed as a result of the struggle with the Mensheviks and had as its purpose to fence itself off from Menshevism. Since, however, the Menshevik party in the USSR has long since left the scene, the double name of the party has lost its meaning, all the more since the concept of ʺcommunistʺ expresses most accurately the Marxist content of the partyʹs tasks, while the concept of ʺBolshevikʺ expresses only a historical fact that has long lost its meaning. about the fact that at the Second Party Congress in 1903 the Leninists received the majority of votes, which is why they were called ʺBolsheviksʺ, while the opportunist part remained in the minority and received the name ʺMensheviksʺ.
In this regard, the XIX Party Congress decides:
The All‐Union Communist Party of the Bolsheviks (VKP / b /) will henceforth be called the ʺCommunist Party of the Soviet Unionʺ (CPSU).
Resolution on changes in the Charter of the CPSU (b)
(Adopted unanimously on October 13, 1952)
The 19th Party Congress decides:
1. To approve the draft Party Rules presented by the Central Committee of the All‐Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) with amendments and additions by the congress commission.
2. To consider henceforth the Party Charter approved by the Congress
‐ the Charter of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
Charter of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
(Adopted unanimously on October 13, 1952)
I. Party. Party members, their duties and rights
II. Party member candidates
III. Party structure. Intra‐party democracy
IV. Supreme organs of the party
V. Regional, regional and republican organizations of the party
Vi. District Party Organizations
Vii. City and district (rural and urban) party organizations
IX. Party and Komsomol
X. Party organizations in the Soviet Army, Naval Forces and transport
XI. Party groups in non‐party organizations
XII. Party cash
(Adopted unanimously on October 13, 1952)
The XIX Party Congress establishes that during the period since the VIII Party Congress (1919), when the existing party program was adopted, there have been fundamental changes both in the field of international relations and in the field of building socialism in the USSR, in connection with which a number of provisions of the program and the tasks of the party set forth in it, since they have already been accomplished during this period, no longer correspond to modern conditions and the new tasks of the party.
On this basis, the congress decides:
1) Consider it necessary and timely to revise the existing party program.
2) When revising the program, be guided by the basic provisions of Comrade Stalinʹs work ʺEconomic Problems of Socialism in the USSR.ʺ
3) To charge the Commission with the following composition to carry out the revision of the program:
1. Stalin I.V. ‐ chairman
2. Beria L.P.
3. Kaganovich L.M.
4. Kuusinen OV
5. Malenkov G.M.
6. VM Molotov
7. Pospelov P.N.
8. Rumyantsev A.M.
9. Saburov M.Z.
10. Chesnokov D.I.
11. Yudin P.F.
4) Submit a draft revised program of the party for consideration at the next congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
Central Committee of the CPSU
Information about members and candidates for members of the Central Committee of the CPSU and members of the Central Committee of the CPSU is taken from the website ʺHandbook on the history of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union 1898 ‐ 1991ʺ (www.knowbysight.info).
Members of the Central Committee of the CPSU
List of Congress delegates – 1342 delegate names
Composition of delegations of communist and workersʹ partiesName index of speakers