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Works of Karl Marx 1857-58

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Pre-Capitalist Economic Formations

Written: 1857-58;
Translated by: Jack Cohen, 1964;
Transcribed by: ;
Translated: by F. Cohen for International Publishers, 1964;
Rranscribed for the Internet: by on Jan. 23 1994; re-formatted in Jan. 2002 by Andy Blunden;

As these were not intended for publication, but rather Marx’s self-clarification, no care was given to the construction of paragraphs. Rather than leave such interminable paragraphs intact, they have been broken up.

Pre-Capitalist Economic Formations is part of a huge manuscript Marx wrote in researching and preparing what would become A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy published in 1859.

Marx's collection of personal notebooks, of which this text was a part, would finally be published for public perusal in Russian in Moscow, 1939-41. It was printed in German in 1953 as the Grundrisse der Kritik der Politischen Okonomie — or the Grundrisse, or Outline, for short.

Pre-Capitalist Economic Formations is pp. 471 - 514 of the Grundrisse and was published separately in Berlin, 1952, as a pamphlet called Formen die der Kapitalistischen Produktion vorhergehen.


Part I: The process which precedes the formation of the capital relation or of original accumulation

Part II: Exchange of labour for labour rests on the worker's propertylessness