Marxist Leninist Archive | Lenin Biography

Formation of the USSR - Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (1922)

V.I.Lenin - founder of the USSR

Founder of the Soviet State (October 1917-1918)

Organisation of the country's defence (1918-1920)

Defeat of Interventionists and Internal Counter-revolution

Architector of the New Russian Socialist Society

V. I. Lenin - Founder of the USSR

In Lenin Museum

"We want a voluntary union of nations—a union which precludes any coercion of one nation by another-a union founded on complete confidence, on a clear recognition of brotherly unity, on absolutely voluntary consent." These words of Lenin, printed in prominent letters on the central wall of this hall, express the essence of the Party's policy on the nationality question.

Among the exhibit items are numerous letters from workers, resolutions of meetings and the decisions of congresses of Soviets of the Republics, expressing the single will of the working people of all nationalities of the huge country to form the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) for the construction of socialism. Expressing this will, the All-Union Congress of Soviets held in Moscow on December 30, 1922 accepted the Declaration and Treaty on the Formation of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).

These historic documents, signed by the members of the plenipotentiary delegations from the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic, the Ukrainian Socialist Soviet Republic, and the Transcaucasian Soviet Socialist Federative Republic (Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia) and the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic are displayed under the photograph of the delegates to the First All-Union Congress of Soviets

At present these republics are called:

the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist republic,
the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic,
the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic,
the Azerbaijanian Soviet Socialist Republic,
the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic
and the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic

that convened in Moscow at the Bolshoi Theater. The large electrically lighted map-diagram, "The Formation of the USSR", is exhibited here. Above it hang symbolic red banners.

In one of the display cases V. I. Lenin's certificates, mandates and badges as member of Central Executive Committee and the All-Russia Central Executive Committee and deputy of the Moscow Soviet, are exhibited, and in another, the Order of Labour awarded Lenin by the decree of the Central Executive Committee of the Khorezm People's Soviet Republic in 1922, is displayed.

The documentary film, "V. I. Lenin - Founder of the USSR", is shown in this hall.

Last Year (December 1922 - January 1924)