Andrej Aleksandrovich ZHDANOV
Copyright © 2001 by Hugo S. Cunningham.
Derived in part from Jeanne [Dzhin] Vronskaya
and Vladimir Chuguev [Chuguyev], Kto Est' Kto v Rossii i Byvshem SSSR
["Who's Who in Russia and the Former USSR"], "Terra," Moskva, 1994.
Copyright © 1992 by Jeanne Vronskaya and Vladimir Chuguev.
Zhdanov, Andrej Aleksandrovich
26 Feb 1896 -- 31 Aug 1948.
Born in Mariupol'. Joined Bolsheviks in 1915.
Member of the Central Committee during Collectivization (1930).
After assassination of Kirov, was appointed his replacement as Party
chief in Leningrad.
Member of Politburo 1939.
After WW II, subjected leading writers (Zoshchenko, Akhmatova) to
attack. As a
Stalinist authority on culture, he became eponymous for a
Soviet Literature - The Richest in Ideas,
the Most Advanced Literature Soviet Writers Congress 1934
Comrade Josef V. Stalin mourns the death of beloved Andrei Zhdanov
NATIONAL NIHILISM AND COSMOPOLITANISM
The co-opting of the idea of 'one-world
government' by the bourgeois intelligentsia from a number of dreamers and
pacifists, is used not only as a tool to press for the ideological disarmament
of peoples, who stand up for their independence from encroachments from the
direction of American imperialism, but also as a slogan expressly opposed by the
Soviet Union, which constantly and repeatedly defends the principle of true
equal rights and the protection of the sovereign rights of all peoples, great
quoted in ""BOURGEOIS COSMOPOLITANISM AND ITS REACTIONARY ROLE" by F.
BOURGEOIS IMPERIALIST ART AND LITERATURE
What can the
bourgeois author write about, what can he dream about, what inspiration can
animate his thoughts, when can he borrow his inspiration, when the worker in the
capitalist country is uncertain of the morrow, when he does not know whether he
will have work the next day, when the peasant does not know whether he will work
on his plot of ground tomorrow or whether he will be chased off it by the
capitalist crisis, when the intellectual worker is out of work today and does
not know whether he will get work tomorrow?
What can the
bourgeois author write about, what source of inspiration can there be for him,
when the world, from one day to the next, may be plunged once more into the
abyss of a new imperialist war?
state of bourgeois literature is such that it is no longer able to create great
works of art. The decadence and disintegration of bourgeois literature,
resulting from the collapse and decay of the capitalist system, represent the
characteristic trait, the characteristic peculiarity of the state of bourgeois
culture and bourgeois literature at the present time. Gone never to return are
the times when bourgeois literature, reflecting the victory of bourgeois society
over feudalism, was able to create the great works of the period when capitalism
was flourishing. Now everything is degenerating-themes, talents, authors,
terror of the proletarian revolution, fascism is wreaking its vengeance on
civilization, turning humanity back to the most hideous and savage periods of
history, burning in the bonfire and barbarously destroying the works of the
Characteristic of the decadence and decay of bourgeoisie culture are the orgies
of mysticism and superstition, the passion for pornography. The "celebrities"
of bourgeoisie literature-of that bourgeoisie which has sold its pen to capital -
are now thieves, police sleuths, prostitutes, hooligans.
All ths is
characteristic of that section of the bourgeois literature that is trying to
conceal the decay of bourgeois society, that is vainly trying to prove that
nothing has happened, that all is well in the "state of Denmark," that their is
nothing rotten as yet in the system of capitalism. Those representatives of
bourgeois literature who feel the state of things more acutely are absorbed in
pessimism, doubt of the morrow, the eulogy of darkness: they extol pessimism
as the theory and practice of art. And only a small section-the most honest and
far-sighted writers-are trying to find a way out along other paths, in other
directions, to link their destiny cand its revolutionary struggle.
ON LITERATURE, PHILOSOPHY, AND MUSIC pages 10-11
STRUGGLE AGAINST WESTERN DECADENCE
under the banner of "ideological" struggle against Marxism large reserves are
being mobilized. Gangsters, pimps, spies, and criminal elements are recruited.
Let me take at random a recent example. As we reported a few days ago in
Izestia, the journal Les Temps Modernes, edited by the
existentialist Sartre, lauds as some new revelation a book by the writer Jean
Genet, The Diary of a Thief, which opens with the
words: "Treason, theft, and homosexuality - these will be my key topics. There
exists an organic connection between my taste for treason, the occupation of the
thief, and my amorous adventures." The author manifestly knows my business. The
plays of this Jean Genet are presented with much glitter on the Parisian stage
and Jean Genet himself is showered with invitations to visit America. Such is
the "last word" of bourgeois philosophy.
experiance of our victory over fascism has already shown into what a blind alley
idealist philosophy has led whole nations. Now it appears in its new,
repulsively ugly character which reflects the whole depths, baseness, and
loathsomeness of bourgeois decadence. Pimps and depraved criminals as
philosophers - this is indeed the limit of decay and ruin. Nevertheless, these
forces still have life, are still capable of poisoning the consciousness of the