I. Trotsky and the FBI
An article appeared in The Independent on the 25/11/1993 which gave
details of a friend of Leon Trotsky's living in Mexico, Diego Rivera, who
provided information to the FBI on anyone that he suspected of being GPU (Soviet
intelligence) agents. His allegations were directed against anyone working in
such organisations as the Mexican Communist Party (PCM) to Mexican trade unions.
This in itself is interesting because, officially Rivera and Trotsky broke
personal relations on May 31, 1940. Trotsky wrote in a letter to the chief of
the Federal District in Mexico, 'I have nothing in common with the political
activities of Diego Rivera. We broke our personal relations fifteen months ago.'
(US National State archives; Trotsky Archive.)
But many people were mutual friends of the two, both of them worked in the
same organisations such as the American Committee for the Defence of Leon
Trotsky (ACDLT). Charles Curtiss was such a friend who sent Trotsky several
reports of his meetings with Rivera: 'During my visit in Mexico, from July
4, 1938 to approximately July 15, 1939, I was in close association with Diego
Rivera and Leon Trotsky.... I served as an intermediary between them,'
(Writings of Leon Trotsky, 1939-40)
Trotsky of course knew of this, thus helping Rivera in supplying information
to the FBI.
To return to the article in The independent, a Professor William
Chase of the University of Pittsburgh was quoted at the end stating that he has
'concrete information' to prove that Trotsky was an FBI informant. Red
Youth has subsequently obtained this information (the source relevant to this
particular revelation is US State archives - RG 84 or from Prof. Chase himself.
Any other evidence will be referred to after the quotation).
According to the Professor, the information Trotsky provided to the FBI was a
means to obtain a US visa. But as the Professor points out, 'By providing
the US Consulate with information about common enemies, be they Mexican or
American communists or Soviet agents, Trotsky hoped to prove his value
to a government that had no desire to grant him a visa.'
Trotsky's hysterical allegations were directed against anyone who might share
sympathies with the USSR under Stalin. In America the ACDLT campaigned for the
asylum of Trotsky in the US. At the time of the World Congress Against War and
Fascism and the Latin American Labour Congress, Trotsky asked his supporters to
'mail as soon as possible known names of congress delegates who are GPU
agents'. Prof. Chase admits himself the ridiculous nature of these
allegations which leads one to think of the number of honest proletarian and
democratic persons whose names who were supplied to the FBI, 'Trotsky's
accusations that liberals and radicals who did not share his views on certain
issues were Stalinists or GPU agents further diminished his support in the US.'
But there is more. With this array of high-flown allegations Trotsky accepted
an invitation to appear in front of the 'Dies Committee'. This
is otherwise known as the US Congress House Un-American Activities Committee. It
was linked to overtly fascist figures, conducted anti-democratic witch-hunts and
played a leading role in passing many anti-labour laws. Such was the
anti-fascist and proletarian stance of Trotsky (fortunately, Trotsky never
appeared on this committee because he never got a visa, but as we shall see he
passed on information to the US government by other means). Now we come to the
central point of this Red Youth exclusive: Trotsky's courtship of the FBI:
'In June , Robert McGregor of the [US] Consulate met with
Trotsky in his home... he met again with Trotsky on 13 July... Trotsky told
McGregor in detail of the allegations and evidence he had compiled... He gave to
McGregor the names of Mexican publications, political and labour leaders, and
government officials allegedly associated with the PCM [Mexico and
the USSR were the only countries in the world to materially support the fight
against Franco's Fascism in the Spanish Civil War 1936-39]. He
charged that one of the Comintern's [the Communist
international's] leading agents, Carlos Contreras served on the PCM
Directing Committee. He also discussed the alleged efforts of Narciso Bassols,
former Mexican Ambassador to France, whom Trotsky claimed was a Soviet agent, to
get him deported from Mexico.'
'Upon receipt, the State Department transmitted McGregor's memo
to the FBI.
'...The Information, while not new, responded to both bodies'
Well, there you have it. The outwardly anti-communist and anti-democratic
veneer of the US was shared by Trotsky.
While the whole world was facing the onslaught of fascist forces, when the
USSR with the guidance of the communist party and comrade Joseph Stalin were
facing this attack single-handedly on the behalf of all progressive humanity,
when the colonies of imperialism were striving for national liberation, Trotsky
and his vile organisations were aiding reaction every-where and still play their
significant part in this today. While Red Youth prints this new evidence, it is
of no surprise to us or anyone at all acquainted with the role of Trotskyism,
that Trotskyism is truly the agent of the ruling class within the ranks
of the working class and is used to full advantage by our enemies to
this day as much as in the past. 'Overnight many of the older anti-Bolshevik
crusaders abandoned their former pro-Czarist and openly counter-revolutionary
line, and adopted the new, streamlined Trotskyite device of attacking the
Russian Revolution 'from the left'. In the following years it became an accepted
thing for a Lord Rothermere or a William Randolph Hearst to accuse Josef Stalin
of 'betraying the revolution' [one can still see this as we are taught that
it was obvious that Trotsky was the natural successor to Lenin in our schools
and have to read the books of another state informer and Trotskyist - George
'Adolf Hitler read Trotsky's autobiography as soon as it was published.
Hitler's biographer, Konrad Heiden, tells in 'Der Fuehrer' how the Nazi leader
surprised a circle of his friends in 1930 by bursting into rapturous praise of
Trotsky's book' ('The Great Conspiracy Against Russia,' Kahn and Sayers).
But to be fair, Trotsky should be left to speak for himself. 'The
wretched squabbling systematically provoked by Lenin, that old hand at the game,
that professional exploiter of all that is backward in the Russian
labour movement, seems like a senseless obsession.... The
entire edifice of Leninism Is built on lies and falsification and bears within
itself the poisonous elements of its own decay. '(Letter to
'Brilliant!' cried Hitler, waving Trotsky's 'My Life' at his
followers. I have learned a great deal and so can you!' ('Great
Lalkar, March-April 1997.
II. On the Use of Trotskyists as Japanese Spies
Mao Zedong, the Secretary of the Communist Party of China, states
about the cooperation of the Japanese with the Trotskyists: 'only a short while
ago in one of the divisions of the Eighth Revolutionary Peoples' Army, a man by
the name of Yu Shih was exposed as a member of the Shanghai Trotskyist
organisation. The Japanese had sent him there from Shanghai so that he could do
espionage work in the Eighth Army and carry out sabotage work.
'In the central districts of Hebei the Trotskyists organised a
'Partisan-Company' on the direct instructions of the Japanese headquarters and
called it a 'Second Section of the Eighth Army'. In March the two battalions of
this company organised a mutiny but these bandits were surrounded by the Eighth
Army and disarmed. In the Border Region such people are arrested by the peasant
self-defence units which carry out a bitter struggle against traitors and spies.
'Trotskyist agents are being sent to the Border Regions where they
systematically apply all methods in their sabotage work against the cooperation
of the Kuomintang and the Communist Party. They try to destroy the morale of the
soldiers of the Eighth Army, the students and the people of the Border Regions.
They try to incite people against the United Front, against the Central
Government, against the war of independence, against Marshal Chiang Kaishek.'
In an interview with the Soviet journalist, R. Carmen who is at
present in China, Mao, who is recognized by the Japanese as the best strategist
in China, declared that the attempts of the reactionary English and other
politicians to convince China to renounce its plans are destined to be
shattered. 'China is not only determined to beat the Japanese but also to
strengthen the National and United Front and to extend it. Only very few people
want to have an understanding with the Japanese and fight against the Central
Anti-Japanese Government and the United Front... If we do not destroy these
people then it will be difficult to be victorious against the Japanese. But the
Chinese people - and with them the Communists, the progressive elements in the
Kuomintang and the other parties - are determined to carry out the struggle to a
Translated from the German by V.P. Sharma.
Rundschau (Basel), No. 41, 3rd August, 1939, p. 1169.\