The Church is separated from the State.
No local laws or regulations may be issued, through
out the territory of the Republic, which limit or hinder freedom of
conscience, or grant any privileges or advantages on account of adherence
to a religious creed.
Every citizen is at liberty to practice any religion or none
at all. All penalties attaching to the practice of any creed whatsoever, or
to the non-practicing of any creed, are abolished. Note.-All reference to
religious beliefs of citizens shall be eliminated from all official
The activities of State and other public institutions shall
under no circumstances be accompanied by any religious rites or ceremonies.
Freedom to carry out religious ceremonies is guaranteed to the
extent that they do not infringe public order, and do not involve any
infringement of the rights of citizens of the Soviet Republic. The local
authorities are entitled to take all steps necessary to ensure public order
and safety in such cases.
No one may evade the fulfilment of his civic duties on the
ground of his religious opinions... Exceptions to this rule, o;;_ condition
of replacing one civic obligation by an other, may be permitted in
individual cases by decision of the People's Court
All religious oaths are abolished. in necessary cases only a
solemn obligation may be given
Civil acts shall be conducted only by the civil authority, in
the births and marriages registration departments.
The School is separated from the Church. Instruction in
religion in all State and public schools, and also private educational
institutions in which general subjects are taught, is prohibited. Citizens
may privately instruct and be instructed in religion.
All church and religious societies are subject to the general
regulations governing private societies and unions, and shall enjoy no
privileges or subsidies either from the State or from its local autonomous
and self-governing authorities.
The compulsory collection of tithes and taxes in aid of church
and religious organizations, or measures of compulsion or penalty inflicted
by these societies on their members, are prohibited.
No church or religious societies have the right to possess
property, nor do they constitute a legal person.
All the property of church and religious societies existing in
Russia is declared the property of the people. Buildings and articles
intended specially for purposes of worship are placed gratis at the disposal
of the appropriate religious societies, by special decisions of the local or