History of CP
History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
The Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolsheviks) has traversed a
long and glorious road, leading from the first tiny Marxist circles and
groups that appeared in Russia in the eighties of the past century to
the great Party of the Bolsheviks, which now directs the first Socialist
State of Workers and Peasants in the world.
The C.P.S.U.(B.) grew up on the basis of the working-class movement in
pre-revolutionary Russia; it sprang from the Marxist circles and groups
which had established connection with the working-class movement and
imparted to it a Socialist consciousness. The C.P.S.U.(B.) has always
been guided by the revolutionary teachings of Marxism-Leninism. In the
new conditions of the era of imperialism, imperialist wars and
proletarian revolutions, its leaders further developed the teachings of
Marx and Engels and raised them to a new level.
The C.P.S.U.(B.) grew and gained strength in a fight over fundamental
principles waged against the petty-bourgeois parties within the
working-class movement – the Socialist-Revolutionaries (and earlier
still, against their predecessors, the Narodniks), the Mensheviks,
Anarchists and bourgeois nationalists of all shades – and, within the
Party itself, against the Menshevik, opportunist trends – the
Trotskyites, Bukharinites, nationalist deviators and other anti-Leninist
The C.P.S.U.(B.) gained strength and became tempered in the
revolutionary struggle against all enemies of the working class and of
all working people – against landlords, capitalists, kulaks, wreckers,
spies, against all the hirelings of the surrounding capitalist states.
The history of the C.P.S.U.(B.) is the history of three revolutions: the
bourgeois-democratic revolution of 1905, the bourgeois-democratic
revolution of February 1917, and the Socialist revolution of October
The history of the C.P.S.U.(B.) is the history of the overthrow of
tsardom, of the overthrow of the power of the landlords and capitalists;
it is the history of the rout of the armed foreign intervention during
the Civil War; it is the history of the building of the Soviet state and
of Socialist society in our country.
The study of the history of the C.P.S.U.(B.) enriches us with the
experience of the fight for Socialism waged by the workers and peasants
of our country.
The study of the history of the C.P.S.U.(B.), the history of the
struggle of our Party against all enemies of Marxism-Leninism, against
all enemies of the working people, helps us to master Bolshevism and
sharpens our political vigilance.
The study of the heroic history of the Bolshevik Party arms us with a
knowledge of the laws of social development and of the political
struggle, with a knowledge of the motive forces of revolution.
The study of the history of the C.P.S.U.(B.) strengthens our certainty
of the ultimate victory of the great cause of the Party of Lenin-Stalin,
the victory of Communism throughout the world.
This book sets forth briefly the history of the Communist Party of the
Soviet Union (Bolsheviks).
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