Stalin's Speech at the 19th CPSU Congress on October 14, 1952
Allow me on behalf of our CPSU Congress to express my thanks to all the
fraternal Parties and groups, whose representatives honored our Congress with
their presence or those who sent messages of greetings, best wishes for success
and for their trust.
Of special value is this trust which signifies readiness to support our Party
in its struggles against war, and in its struggle for the preservation of peace.
It would be a mistake to think that our Party, having become a powerful
force, no longer needs support. Our Party and our country have always needed and
shall need the trust, sympathy and the support of the fraternal peoples abroad.
A peculiarity of this support is that all support for peace-loving
aspirations of our Party on the part of any fraternal Party signifies at the
same time support of its policy of peace. When the British workers in 1918-1919,
at a time of the armed attack of the British bourgeoisie on the Soviet Union,
organized to struggle against war under the slogan "Hands Off Russia", this was
support, first of all support of their people for peace, then support of the
When Comrade Thorez and Comrade Togliatti declared that their people will not
fight against the peoples of the Soviet Union, this is support, first of all
support of the workers and peasants of France and Italy fighting for peace, and
then they declared that their peoples will not fight against the peoples of the
Soviet Union, this is support, first of all support of the workers and peasants
of France and Italy fighting for peace, and then support of the peace-loving
struggle of the Soviet Union. This peculiarity of the mutual support is
explained by the fact that the interests of our Party not only do not
contradict, but, on the contrary, merge with the interests of the peace-loving
peoples. As for the Soviet Union, its interests in general are inseparable from
the cause of world peace.
Naturally, our Party cannot remain in debt to the fraternal Parties, and must
in turn support them and also their people in their struggles for liberation,
for their struggles for the preservation of peace. As is known, that is
precisely what it does. After our Party took power in 1917 and after the Party
took real measures to do away with the capitalist and landlord oppression, the
representatives of the fraternal parties, admiring that the valour and successes
of our Party, named it the "Shock Brigade" of the world revolutionary
movement. In this way they expressed the hope that the successes of this
"Shock Brigade" would facilitate the position of the people groaning under
the yoke of capitalism. I think that our Party justified these hopes, especially
in the period of the Second World War, when the Soviet Union by smashing German
and Japanese fascist tyranny, delivered the peoples of Europe and Asia from the
menace of fascist slavery.
Of course, it was very difficult to fulfill this honorable role, so long as
this "Shock Brigade" was all-alone and had to carry out this leading
role practically single-handed. But this belongs to the past. Now things are
altogether different. Now, from China and from Korea to Czechoslovakia and
Hungary, new "Shock Brigades" have appeared in the shape of people's
democratic countries – now it has become easier for our Party to fight, and
indeed this work is going on with a swing.
Those Communist, democratic or worker-peasant parties who have not yet come
to power, and who are still working under the heels of the draconic laws of the
bourgeoisie, deserve special attention. For them of course, the work is more
difficult, but it is not as difficult for them as it was for us, the Russian
Communists, at the time of Tsarism, when the slightest forward movement was
proclaimed a heinous crime. However, the Russian Communists stood firm, were not
afraid of the difficulties and won victory. The same thing will take place with
Why then will it be less difficult for these Parties to work than was the
case with the Russian Communists at the time of Tsarism?
First, they have before their eyes example of struggles and successes, such
as we have in the Soviet Union and in all of the people's democratic countries.
Consequently, they can learn from the mistakes and successes of these countries
and in this way make their work much easier. Second, because the bourgeoisie
itself – the main enemy of the liberation movements – has changed substantially,
has become more reactionary, has lost contact with the people, and by so doing
has weakened itself. Obviously, this circumstance, too, is bound to make the
work of the revolutionary and democratic Parties much easier.
Formerly, the bourgeoisie permitted itself to be liberal, championed
bourgeois-democratic freedom and in doing do created for itself popularity
amongst the people. Now, not even a trace of liberalism remains. Gone is the
so-called "freedom of the individual", the rights of the individual now are
recognized only in the case of those who have capital, while other citizens are
regarded as human raw material and fit only for exploitation. The equality of
people and nations has been trampled underfoot; it has been replaced by the
principle of full rights for the exploiting minority and no rights for the
exploited majority of citizens. The banner of the bourgeois-democratic freedom
has been thrown overboard. I think that you, representatives of the Communist
and democratic Parties, will have to pick up this banner and carry it forward if
you wish to rally around yourselves the majority of the people. There is no one
else to pick it up.
Formerly the bourgeoisie was considered the head of the nation, it championed
the rights and independence of the nation, placing them "above everything".
Now not a trace remains of the "national principle". Now the bourgeoisie
sells the right and independence of the nation for dollars. The banner of
international independence and national sovereignty has been thrown overboard.
There is no doubt that you, representatives of Communist and democratic Parties,
will have to pick up the banner and carry it forward if you wish to be patriots
of your country, if you wish to become the leading force of the nation.
This is how matters stand at the moment!
Clearly, all of these circumstances are bound to facilitate the work of the
Communist and democratic Parties which have not yet come to power.
Consequently, there is every reason to count on the success and victory for
the fraternal Parties in the countries dominated by capital.
Long live our fraternal Parties!
Long life and good health to the leaders of the fraternal
Long lives peace amongst the nations!
Down with the warmongers!
Comrade Stalin's Speech
This final session of the CPSU Congress commenced at 9 p.m. on October 14,
1952. When the last fraternal delegate had spoken, then to the delight of all
the Congress delegates and guests, Chairman Comrade Voroshilov called upon
Comrade Stalin to speak. This was totally unexpected, but this was received with
such joy and enthusiasm as we have never witnessed before, and doubt whether we
shall ever see again.
The above speech was delivered with such a tremendous confidence which made
everyone present felt stronger and happier, because it betokened such a profound
sense of international solidarity, and how all the Communist Parties in the
world help ach other in their various spheres of activity.
When Comrade Stain ended his speech with the slogans:
LONG LIVE PEACE BETWEEN NATIONS OF THE WORLD and DOWN WITH THE
There was spontaneous outburst of cheering that moved all the delegates and
guests at this CPSU Congress.