Bolshevik Writers: J. V. Stalin (1879-1953)

J. V. Stalin


Proletariatis Brdzola
(The Proletarian Struggle), No. 11,
August 15, 1905

Translated from the Georgian

From J. V. Stalin,Works,
Foreign Languages Publishing House,
Moscow, 1954,

Vol. 1, pp. 162-74.

Prepared for the Internet by David J. Romagnolo, (May 1997)

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Notes on
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    page 403


      [46] J. V. Stalin's article "A Reply to Social-Democrat," published in No. 11 of Proletariatis Brdzola, met with a lively response in the Bolshevik centre abroad. Briefly summing up the gist of the article, V. I. Lenin wrote in Proletary: "We note in the article 'A Reply to Social-Democrat' an excellent presentation of the celebrated question of the 'introduction of consciousness from without.' The author divides this question into four independent parts:
        "1) The philosophical question of the relation between consciousness and being. Being determines consciousness. Corresponding to the existence of two classes, two forms of consciousness are worked out, the bourgeois and the socialist. Socialist consciousness corresponds to the position of the proletariat.
        "2) 'Who can, and who does, work out this socialist consciousness (scientific socialism)?'
        "'Modern socialist consciousness can arise only on the basis of profound scientific knowledge' (Kautsky), i.e., 'it is worked out by a few Social-Democratic intellectuals who possess the necessary means and leisure.'

    page 404

        "3) How does this consciousness permeate the minds of the proletariat? 'It is here that Social-Democracy (and not only Social-Democratic intellectuals) comes in and introduces socialist consciousness into the working-class movement.'
        "4) What does Social-Democracy meet with among the proletariat when it goes among them to preach socialism? An instinctive striving towards socialism. 'Together with the proletariat there arises of natural necessity a socialist tendency among the proletarians themselves as well as among those who adopt the proletarian standpoint. This explains the rise of socialist strivings.' (Kautsky.)

        "From this the Mensheviks draw the following ridiculous conclusion: 'Hence it is obvious that socialism is not introduced among the proletariat from without, but, on the contrary, emanates from the proletariat and enters the heads of those who adopt the views of the proletariat'!" (See V. I. Lenin, Works, 4th Russ. ed., Vol. 9, p. 357.)    [p.162]

      [47] "A Reply to the Union Committee" was published as a supplement to No. 3 of the Social-Democrat of June 1, 1905. It was written by N. Jordania, the leader of the Georgian Mensheviks, whose views had been subjected to scathing criticism by J. V. Stalin in his pamphlet Briefly About the Disagreements in the Party and in other works.    [p.162]

      [48] See V. I. Lenin, Works, 4th Russ. ed., Vol. 6, p. 219.    [p.171]

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