must not hesitate to repulse them. All base areas must strictly carry out the Central Committee's directive of December 25 last year, intensify inner-Party education on tactics and rectify ultra-Left views, so that we can unfalteringly maintain the anti-Japanese democratic base areas. Throughout the country, including, of course, all the base areas, we must reject the erroneous estimate that a final split
between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party has either already occurred or is about to occur, together with the many incorrect views arising therefrom.
For a fuller account of the second anti-Communist onslaught, see "A Comment on the Sessions of the Kuomintang Central Executive Committee and of the People's Political Council", Selected Works of Mao Tse-tung, Eng. ed., FLP, Peking, 1965, Vol. III. pp. 137-51.
On March 6, 1941, Chiang Kai-shek delivered an anti-Communist speech at a meeting of the People's Political Council. Harping on his old theme that the "direction of all military and political affairs" must be "unified", he declared that the organs of anti-Japanese democratic political power in the enemy's rear should be abolished and that the people's armed forces led by the Chinese Communist Party must be "concentrated in specified areas" according to his "orders and plans". On the same day, the People's Political Council, which was dominated by the Kuomintang reactionaries, passed a resolution whitewashing Chiang Kai-shek's anti-Communist and anti-popular activities and violently attacking the Communist members of the People's Political Council for their refusal to attend the council's session in protest against the Southern Anhwei Incident.
For the Political Science Group. see "Problems of War and Strategy", Note 14 p. 234 of this volume. For the C.C. Clique and the Fu Hsing Society, see "The Situation and Tasks in the Anti-Japanese War After the Fall of Shanghai and Taiyuan", Note 10, p. 74 of this volume.
The first set of "twelve demands", proposed by the Communist members of the People's Political Council at its session of February 15, 1941, were similar to those listed in the "Order and Statement on the Southern Anhwei Incident". The second set were put to Chiang Kai-shek on March 2, 1941 by the Communist members of the People's Political Council as a condition for their attendance of the council's sessions and were as follows:
(1) Immediately stop the anti-Communist military attacks all over the country.
(2) Immediately stop the nation-wide political persecution of the Chinese Communist Party and of all other democratic parties and groups, recognize their legal status, and release all their members arrested in Sian, Chungking Kweiyang and other places.
(3) Lift the ban on the bookshops which have been closed down in various places, and rescind the order for impounding anti-Japanese books and news papers in post offices.
(4) Immediately stop all restrictions on the New China Daily.
(5) Recognize the legal status of the Shensi-Kansu-Ningsia Border Region.
(6) Recognize the organs of anti-Japanese democratic political power in the enemy's rear.
(7) Maintain the status quo in the division of garrison areas in central northern and northwestern China.
(8) Let the Communist-led armed forces form another group army in addition to the Eighteenth Group Army, making a total of six army corps.
(9) Release all the cadres arrested during the Southern Anhwei Incident and provide funds for the relief of the victims' families.
(10) Release all officers and men taken prisoner during the Southern Anhwei Incident and return all their arms.
(11) Form a joint committee of all the parties and groups, with one representative from each, and appoint the Kuomintang and the Communist Party representatives to be its chairman and vice-chairman respectively.
(12) Include Communist representatives in the presidium of the People's Political Council.