Mao Tse-tung


From the
Selected Works of Mao Tse-tung
Foreign Languages Press
Peking 1967

First Edition 1965
Second Printing 1967

Vol. III, pp. 53-68.

Prepared © for the Internet by David J. Romagnolo, (June 1997)

From Marx
to Mao



Notes on
the Text

    page 68


      [1] For stereotyped Party writing, see "Rectify the Party's Style of Work", Note 1, p. 50 of this volume.    [p.53]

      [2] Opposition to stereotyped writing, whether old or new, runs all through Lu Hsun's works. The foreign stereotype was developed after the May 4th Movement by some shallow bourgeois and petty-bourgeois intellectuals and, disseminated by them, existed for a long time among revolutionary cultural workers. In a number of essays, Lu Hsun fought against the foreign stereotype as found in their ranks and condemned it in these terms:

          A clean sweep should be made of all stereotyped writings, whether old or new. . . . For instance, it is also a kind of stereotype if all one can do is to "hurl insults", "threaten" or even "pass sentence" and merely copy old formulas and apply these indiscriminately to every fact, instead of specifically and concretely using formulas derived from science to interpret the new facts and phenomena which emerge every day. ("A Reply to Chu Hsiu-hsia's Letter", appended to "Giving the Show Away".)    [p.53]

      [3] "Hurling Insults and Threats Is Certainly Not Fighting" was the title of an Essay written in 1932 and included in the collection Mixed Dialects (Lu Hsun, Complete Works, Chin. ed., 1957, Vol. V).    [p.57]

      [4] See History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolsheviks ), Short Course, Eng. ed., FLPH, Moscow, 1951, pp. 36-37.    [p.65]

      [5] Georgi Dimitrov, "Unity of the Working Class Against Fascism", Selected Articles and Speeches, Eng. ed., Lawrence & Wishart, London, 1951, pp. 116-17.    [p.65]

      [6] Ibid., pp. 132-33.    [p.65]

      [7] Ibid., pp. 135.    [p.66]

      [8] The Dipper was a monthly published in 1931 and 1932 by the League of Chinese Left-Wing Writers. "In Reply to the Question Put by The Dipper" is included in the collection Two Hearts (Lu Hsun, Complete Works, Chin. ed., Vol. IV).    [p.66]

      [9] From Confucian Analects, Book V, "Kungyeh Chang".    [p.66]

      [10] Han Yu (768-824) was a famous Chinese writer of the Tang Dynasty. In his essay "The Scholar's Apologia" he wrote, "A deed is accomplished through taking thought and fails through lack of thought."    [p.66]