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The struggle against bureaucracy

Trotsky  invented the infamous term `Stalinist bureaucracy'. While Lenin  was still living, late in 1923, he was already maneuvering to seize power within the Party:

`[B]ureaucratization threatens to ... provoke a more or less opportunistic degeneration of the Old Guard'.


Trotsky,  The New Course, p. 72.

In his opposition platform, written in July 1926, his foremost attack was against `unbridled bureaucratism'.


Trotsky,  The New Course, p. 85.

And once the Second World War had begun, Trotsky  spent his time provoking the Soviet people in `acting against the Stalinist bureaucracy as it did previously against the Tsarist bureaucracy and the bourgeoisie.'


Trotsky,  Lettres aux travailleurs d'URSS (May 1940). La lutte antibureaucratique en URSS II: La révolution nécessaire 1933--1940 (Paris: Union générale d'éditions, 1975), pp. 301--302.

Trotsky  always used the word `bureaucracy' to denigrate socialism.

Given this context, it might come as some surprise that throughout the thirties, the Party leaders, principally Stalin, Kirov  and Zhdanov,  devoted a lot of energy to the struggle against the bureaucratic elements within the Party and State apparatus.

How did the struggle against bureaucratization and bureaucracy define itself in the thirties?

Fri Aug 25 09:03:42 PDT 1995