Next: Conquest's fascist sources
Up: Collectivization and the
In January 1978,
published an article in the London
Guardian, in which he revealed that Robert
had worked for the
disinformation services, officially called the Information Research
Department (IRD), of the British secret service. In British embassies,
the IRD head is responsible for providing `doctored' information to
journalists and public figures. The two most important targets were the
Third World and the Soviet Union.
... frequently critical of the Soviet Union was one of
those who worked for IRD. He was in the FO [Foreign Office] until 1956.'
, p. 86.
At the suggestion of the IRD,
wrote a book about the Soviet
Union; one third of the edition was bought by Praeger, which regularly
publishes and distributes books at the request of the CIA.
contributed significantly to
ordinary U.S. citizens about a possible occupation
of the U.S. by the Red Army!
book, co-authored by Manchip
White, was entitled, What To Do When the Russians Come: A
In his book The Great Terror (1968, revised 1973),
estimated the number of dead during the 1932-1933 collectivization at
five to six million, half in Ukraine. During the
anti-Communist hysteria needed figures exceeding those of the six
million Jews exterminated by the Nazis. In 1983,
opportune to extend the famine conditions to 1937 and to revise his
`estimates' to 14 million dead.
His 1986 book Harvest of Sorrow is a pseudo-academic version of
history, as presented by the Ukrainian far-right and Cold warriors.
claims that the Ukrainian far-right led an `anti-German and
anti-Soviet' struggle, repeating the lie that these criminal gangs
invented after their defeat as they sought to emigrate to the U.S.
dealing with Ukrainian history, mentions the Nazi occupation
in one sentence, as a period between two waves of Red terror!
The Harvest of Sorrow, op. cit.
, p. 334.
He completely erased from his history the bestial terror
that the Ukrainian fascists undertook during the German occupation,
since they are the best sources for the `famine-genocide'.
was the commander of the Nachtigall Batallion, composed of
Ukrainian nationalists wearing the German uniform. This battallion occupied
Lvov on June 30, 1941 and took part in the three-day massacre of Jews
in the region. In 1943
commander of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (the Banderivtsy, or UPA),
armed henchmen of the OUN fascist Stepan
who after the war
pretended that they had fought Germans and Reds.
, pp. 111-112.
All their `tales' of battles that they had fought against the Germans turned
out to be false. They claimed to have executed
the Chief of
Staff of the German SA. But, in fact, he was killed in an automobile
accident near Berlin.
, p. 112.
They claimed to have done battle
against 10,000 German soldiers in Volnia and Polyssa, during the summer of 1943.
Historian Reuben Ainsztein
proved that during the course of this battle, 5000
Ukrainian nationalists had participated at the sides of 10,000 German
soldiers, in the great campaign of encirclement and attempted annihilation
of the partisan army led by the famous Bolshevik Alexei
, p. 113.
`(T)he UPA gangs, which became known as the Banderovtsy, proved themselves under
the command of
now known as
the most dangerous
and cruel enemies of surviving Jews, Polish peasants and settlers, and all
The Ukrainian, 14th Waffen SS Galizien Division (also known as the Halychyna
Division), was created in May 1943. In his call to Ukrainians to join it,
the head of the Nazi-authorized Ukrainian Central
`The long-awaited moment has arrived when the Ukrainian people again have the
opportunity to come out with guns to give battle with its most grievous foe
--- Muscovite--Jewish Bolshevism. The Fuehrer of the Great German Reich has
agreed to the formation of a separate Ukrainian volunteer military unit.'
, p. 115.
Before, the Nazis had imposed their direct authority on Ukraine, leaving no
autonomy to their Ukrainian allies. It was on the basis of this rivalry
between German and Ukrainian fascists that the Ukrainian nationalists would
later build their myth of `opposition to the Germans'.
Pushed back by the Red Army, the Nazis changed tactics in 1943, giving a
more important rôle to the Ukrainian killers. The creation of a
`Ukrainian' division of the Waffen SS was seen as a victory for `Ukrainian
On May 16, 1944, the head of the SS,
congratulated the German
officers of the Galizien Division for having cleansed Ukraine of all its Jews.
a veteran of the 14th Waffen SS Division, wrote in 1968:
`(T)he personnel trained in the division [14th Waffen SS] had become
the backbone of the UPA, ... the UPA command also sent groups of its
people to the division to receive proper training .... This reinforced
the UPA which was left on the Native land [after the Nazi retreat], in
particular its commanders and instructors.'
, p. 118.
tendencies of the Organization of Ukrainian
Nationalists were at odds with each other and even fought each other, we can
see here how they collaborated against the Communists under the leadership
of the German Nazis.
The Nazi officer Scholtze revealed in front of the Nuremberg tribunal that
Kanaris, the head of German intelligence, had `personally instructed the
Abwehr to set up an underground network to continue the struggle against
Soviet power in the Ukraine. Competent agents were left behind
specially to direct the Nationalist movement'.
group always supported the
`anti-Stalinist' armed struggle that the OUN fascist thugs led between
1944 and 1952.
After the war,
was an attorney for the U.S. Justice Department
Office of Special Investigations, in charge of detecting Nazis who were
trying to enter the United States. In his book The Belarus Secret, he
affirms that his service was opposed to the entry of Ukrainian Nazis. But
in charge of the U.S. administration's Office of Policy
Coordination, a particularly important secret service at the time,
systematically allowed former Ukrainian, Croatian and Hungarian Nazis to enter.
who would later play an important rôle at the head of the CIA,
asserted: `The OUN (Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists) and the partisan
army it created in 1942 (sic), UPA, fought bitterly against both the Germans
and the Soviet Russians'.
, pp. 121--122.
Here one sees how the
U.S. intelligence services, immediately after the war, took up the Ukrainian
Nazis' version of history in order to use the anti-Communists in the
clandestine struggle against the Soviet Union.
`This was a complete fabrication. The CIC (U.S. Counter-Intelligence Corps)
had an agent who photographed eleven volumes of the secret internal files of
These files clearly show how most of its members worked for
the Gestapo or SS as policemen, executioners, partisan hunters and municipal
, p. 122.
In the United States, former Ukrainian Nazi collaborators created
from which they spread their revision of the history of the Second World War.
`Funding for these `research institutes,' which were little more than front
groups for ex-Nazi intelligence officers, came from the American Committee
for Liberation from Bolshevism, now known as Radio Liberty. The committee
was actually a front for OPC.'
, p. 128.
and against Stalin': it was around these words that former
and the CIA united their efforts. For uninformed people, the
formula `against fascism and against communism' may seem to be a `third path',
but it surely is not. It is the formula that united, after the defeat of the
Nazis, former partisans of the disintegrating Greater Germany and their
U.S. successors, who were striving for world hegemony. Since
just part of the past, the far-right in Germany, Ukraine, Croatia, etc.,
joined up with the U.S. far-right. They united their efforts against
socialism and against the Soviet Union, which had borne the brunt of the
anti-fascist war. To rally the bourgeois forces, they spread lies about
socialism, claiming that it was worse than Nazism. The formula `against
and against Stalin' served to invent
Stalin's `crimes' and `holocausts', to better cover up and even deny
monstrous crimes and holocausts. In 1986, the Veterans of the
Ukrainian Insurgent Army, the very ones who pretended to have fought
and against Stalin', published a book entitled, Why
is One Holocaust Worth More than Others?, written by a former member
of the UPA, Yurij Chumatskyj.
Regretting that `revisionist historians
who claim there was no plan to exterminate Jews, there were no mass gassings
and that fewer than one million Jews died of all causes during World War II,
are persecuted', Chumatskyj continues:
`(A)ccording to Zionists' statements
killed six million Jews but Stalin, supported by the Jewish
state apparatus, was able to kill ten times more Christians'.
, p. 129.
Next: Conquest's fascist sources
Up: Collectivization and the
Fri Aug 25 09:03:42 PDT 1995