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In Siberia, one thousand acts of terrorism by kulaks were recorded in
the first six months of 1930. Between February 1 and March 10,
19 `insurrectionary counter-revolutionary organisations' and 465 `kulak
anti-Soviet groupings', including more than 4,000 kulaks, were exposed.
According to Soviet historians, `in the period from January to March 15,
1930, the kulaks organised in the whole country (excluding Ukraine)
1,678 armed demonstrations, accompanied by the murder of party and
soviet officials and kolkhoz activists, and by the destruction of
kolkhozy and collective farmers'. In the Sal'sk okrug in the North
Caucausus, riots took place for one week in February 1930. Soviet and
Party buildings were burnt down and collective stores were destroyed.
The kulaks who were waiting to leave for exile put forward the slogan:
`For Soviet power, without communists and kolkhozy'. Calls were made for
the dissolution of Party cells and kolkhozy, as well as the liberation
of arrested kulaks and the restitution of their confiscated property.
Elsewhere, slogans of `Down with the kolkhoz' and `Long live
Soviet power' were shouted.
, pp. 258--259.
By the end of 1930, in the three categories, 330,000 kulak families had
been expropriated; most of this took place between February and April.
We do not know the number of category I kulaks that were exiled, but it
is likely that the 63,000 `criminal elements' were the first to be
hit; the number of executions of this category is not known either.
The exiled from category II numbered 77,975 at the end of 1930.
, pp. 247--248.
The majority of the expropriations were in the third
category; some were reinstalled in the same village, most in the same
Fri Aug 25 09:03:42 PDT 1995