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The Central Committee Resolution of November 17, 1929, officially launching
the collectivization, summarized discussions within the Party.
It began by noting that the number of peasant families in the
kolkhozy rose from 445,000 in 1927--1928 to 1,040,000 one year later.
The share of the kolkhozy in market grain rose from 4.5 per cent to
12.9 per cent in the same period.
`This unprecedented rate of collectivization, which exceeds the most
optimistic projections attests to the fact that the true masses of the
middle peasant household, convinced in practice of the
advantages of the collective forms of agriculture, have joined the
`The decisive breakthrough in the attitude of the poor and middle peasant
masses toward the kolkhozes ... signifies a new historical stage in
the building of socialism in our country.'
Robert H. McNeal,
Resolutions and decisions of the Communist Party of the Soviet
Union. Volume 3, The Stalin Years: 1929--1953 (Toronto:
University of Toronto Press, 1974), p. 23.
The progress of collectivization was made possible by putting into
practice the Party's line for building socialism on all fronts.
`These significant successes of the kolkhoz movement are a direct result
of the consistent implementation of the general party line, which has
secured a powerful growth of industry, a strengthening of the union of
the working class with the basic masses of the peasantry, the formation
of a co-operative community, the strengthening of the masses' political
activism, and the growth of the material and cultural resources of the
, p. 29.
Fri Aug 25 09:03:42 PDT 1995