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Upon arrival, the 25,000 immediately had to fight against the
bureaucracy of the local apparatus and against the excesses committed
during the collectivization.
`Regardless of their position, the 25,000ers were unanimous in their criticism
of district-level organs participating in collectivization .... The workers
claimed that it was the district organs which were responsible for the race
for percentages in collectivization.'
, p. 103.
one of the 25,000, wrote that no preparatory work had been
done among the peasants. Consequently, they were not prepared for
Many complained of the illegal acts
and of the brutality of rural cadres.
bureaucratic attitude of the cadres towards the peasants', and she
said that the functionaries spoke of collectivization `with revolver
, p. 109.
affirmed that a great number of
middle peasants had been `dekulakized'.
allied himself with the
peasants attacking the Party cadres who `appropriated for themselves the
goods confiscated from the kulaks'.
concluded that the 25,000ers
`viewed rural officials as crude, undisciplined, often corrupt, and, in not a
few cases, as agents or representatives of socially dangerous class aliens'.
, p. 141.
By opposing the bureaucrats and their excesses, they
succeeded in winning the confidence of the peasant masses.
, p. 135.
These details are important, since these workers can be considered to
have been direct envoys from Stalin. It was precisely the `Stalinists'
who fought bureaucracy and excesses most consistently and who defended
a correct line for collectivization.
Fri Aug 25 09:03:42 PDT 1995