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This frenetic race towards collectivization was accompanied by a
`dekulakization' movement: kulaks were expropriated, sometimes exiled.
What was happening was a new step in the fierce battle between poor
peasants and rich peasants. For centuries, the poor had been
systematically beaten and crushed when, out of sheer desperation, they
dared revolt and rebel. But this time, for the first time, the legal
force of the State was on their side. A student working in a kolkhoz
in 1930 told the U.S. citizen
`This was war, and is war. The koolak had to be got out of the
way as completely as an enemy at the front. He is the enemy at the
front. He is the enemy of the kolkhoz.'
, p. 173.
who had upheld
to the hilt, now enthusiastically
supported the battle for collectivization:
`The working masses in the countryside have been exploited for centuries.
Now, after a chain of bloody defeats beginning with the peasant
uprisings of the Middle Ages, their powerful movement for the first time
in human history has a chance of victory.'
, p. 274.
It should be said that the radicalism in the countryside was also
stimulated by the general mobilization and agitation in the country
Fri Aug 25 09:03:42 PDT 1995