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On August 20, 1991,
ridiculous coup d'état was the last step
in eliminating the remaining vestiges of
Communism in the Soviet Union. Statues of
were torn down and
his ideas were attacked. This event provoked numerous debates in
Communist and revolutionary movements.
Some said it was completely unexpected.
In April 1991, we published a book, L'URSS et la contre-révolution
de velours (USSR: The velvet counter-revolution),
L'URSS et la contre-révolution
de velours (Antwerp: EPO, 1991).
which essentially covers the political and ideological evolution of the USSR
and of Eastern Europe since 1956. Now that
has made his
professional coup d'état and that he has vehemently proclaimed
capitalist restoration, our analysis still stands.
In fact, the last confused confrontations between
were mere convulsions, expressing decisions made
during the Twenty-Eighth Congress in July 1990. We wrote at the time
that this congress `clearly affirms a rupture with socialism and a
return to capitalism'.
, p. 215.
analysis of the events that occurred in the Soviet Union had
already led in 1989 to the following conclusion:
... is implementing a slow and progressive, but systematic,
evolution to capitalist restoration ....
his back to the wall, is seeking increasing political and
economic support from the imperialist world. In return, he allows the
West to do as it pleases in the Soviet Union.'
, p. 186.
A year later, at the end of 1990, we concluded our analysis as follows:
has not firmly and consistenly defended any
political position. In waves, the Right has attacked. Each new wave
further to the Right. Confronted by further attacks
by nationalists and fascists, supported by
it is not impossible
will again retreat, which will undoubtedly provoke the
disintegration of the CPSU and the Soviet Union.'
, p. 253.
`The Balkanization of Africa and of the Arab
world has ensured ideal conditions for imperialist domination. The
more far-seeing in the West are now dreaming beyond
capitalist restoration in the USSR. They are dreaming of its political
and economic subjugation.'
, p. 245.
It is no accident that we recall these
1989 and 1990. The dynamiting of statues of
was accompanied by an
explosion of propaganda claiming victory over
However, only the
analysis was correct, was capable of
clarifying the real social forces working under the demagogic slogans
of `freedom and democracy' and `glastnost and perestroika'.
In 1956, during the bloody counter-revolution in Hungary, statues of
Stalin were destroyed. Thirty-five years later, statues of
reduced to dust. The dismantling of statues of Stalin and
the two basic breaks with
achievements so that he could change the fundamental line of the Communist
Party. The progressive disintegration of the political and economic
system that followed led to the final break with socialism in 1990 by
Of course, the media hark on every day about the clear failure of
Communism around the world. But we must reiterate that, if there was a
failure in the Soviet Union, it was a failure of revisionism, introduced
thirty-five years ago. This revisionism led to complete
political failure, to capitulation to imperialism and to economic
catastrophe. The current eruption of savage capitalism and of fascism
in the USSR shows clearly what happens when the revolutionary principles
For thirty-five years, the revisionists worked to destroy Stalin. Once
Stalin was demolished,
was liquidated with a flick of the wrist.
fought mercilessly against Stalin.
carried on by
leading, during his five years of glastnost, a crusade against
`Stalinism'. Notice that the dismantling of
was not preceded by a political campaign against his work. The
campaign against Stalin was sufficient. Once Stalin's ideas were
attacked, vilified and destroyed, it became clear that
suffered the same fate.
started his destructive work by criticizing
Stalin's errors in order to `re-assert
in its original form'
and to improve the Communist system.
made the same demagogic
promises to confuse the forces of the Left. Today, things have been made
crystal clear: under the pretext of `returning to
returns; under the pretext of `improving Communism', savage capitalism
Most people on the Left have read a few books about the activities of the
CIA and of Western secret services. They have learned that
psychological and political warfare is a fundamental and extremely important
part of modern total warfare. Slanders, brainwashing, provocation,
manipulation of differences, exacerbation of contradictions, slandering
of adversaries, and perpetration of crimes that are then blamed on the
adversary are all normal tactics used by Western secret services in
But the wars that imperialism has waged with the greatest energy and with
the most colossal resources are the anti-Communist wars. Military wars,
clandestine wars, political wars and psychological wars. Isn't it
obvious that the anti-Stalin campaign was at the heart of all
ideological battles against socialism and Communism? The official
spokesmen for the U.S. war machine,
the works of
who were, by coïncidence, two
authors favored by Social-Democrats,
Instead of `discovering the truth about Stalin' among those
specialists of anti-Communism, wouldn't it have been better to look for
the strings of psychological warfare by the CIA?
It is truly not an accident that we can find today, in almost all
stylish bourgeois and petit-bourgeois publications, the same slanders
and lies about Stalin that were found in the Nazi press during the
Second World War. This is a sign that the class struggle is becoming
fierce throughout the world and that the world bourgeoisie is mobilizing
all its forces to defend its `democracy'. During seminars about
the Stalin period, we have often read a long anti-Stalin text and asked the
audience what they thought of it. Almost invariably, they replied
that the text, although virulently anti-Communist,
clearly showed the enthusiasm of the young and poor for Bolshevism,
as well as the technical achievements of the USSR; by and large, the text
is nuanced. We then told the audience that this was a
Nazi text, published in Signal 24 (1943),
at the height of the war! The anti-Stalin campaigns conducted by the
Western `democracies' in 1989--1991 were often more violent and more
slanderous than those conducted by the Nazis in 1930s: today, the
great Communist achievements of the 1930s are no longer with us to
counteract the slanders, and there are no longer any significant forces
to defend the Soviet experience under Stalin.
When the bourgeoisie announces the definitive failure of
Communism, it uses the pathetic failure of revisionism to reaffirm its
hatred of the great work achieved in the past by
Nevertheless, it is thinking much more about the future than about the past.
The bourgeoisie wants people to think that
once and for all, because it is quite aware of the accuracy and the
vitality of Communist analysis. The bourgeoisie has a whole gamut of
cadres capable of making scientific evaluations of the world's
evolution. And so it sees major crises and upheavals on a planetary
scale, and wars of all kinds. Since capitalism has been restored in
and the Soviet Union, each contradiction of the world imperialist
system has been exacerbated. When the working masses throughout the
world face the specters of unemployment, misery, exploitation and war,
can show them the way out. Only
provide arms to the working masses of the capitalist world and to the oppressed
peoples of the Third World. Given these great, future struggles, all this
rubbish about the end of Communism is intended
to disarm the oppressed masses of the entire world.
Defending Stalin's work, essentially defending
is an important, urgent task in preparing ourselves
for class struggle under the New World Order.
Next: Stalin is of
Up: Another view of Stalin
Fri Aug 25 09:03:42 PDT 1995