Up: The Tukhachevsky trial
In a study financed by the U.S. army and conducted by the Rand
analyzed, from the reactionary point of view
found in military security services, the relations between the Party and
the Army in the Soviet Union. It is interesting to note how he supported
all the tendencies towards professionalism, apolitism, militarism and
privileges in the Red Army, right from the twenties. Of course,
attacked Stalin for having repressed the bourgeois and military
After describing how Stalin defined the status of the army in
the socialist society in the twenties,
`The Red Army emerged from this process as an adjunct of the ruling Party
elite; its officers were denied the full authority necessary to the
practice of the military profession; they were kept in a perennial state
of uncertainty about their careers; and the military community, which
tends toward exclusiveness, was forcibly kept open through an elaborate
system of control and indoctrination ....
`Stalin ... embarked on a massive program intended to provide the
Soviet army with modern weapons, equipment, and logistics. But he
remained wary of the military's tendency toward elitism and
exclusiveness, a propensity that grew with its professional renascence.
So overwhelming did his distrust become that, at a time of acute danger
of war in Europe, Stalin struck at the military in the massive purges of
`Hemmed in on all sides by secret police, political organs, and Party and
Komsomol organizations, the military's freedom of action was severely
The Soviet Military and the Communist Party
(Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1967),
Note what the U.S. army most `hates' in the Red Army: political
education (`endoctrination') and political control (by political organs,
Party, Komsomol and security forces). On the other hand, the U.S. army
views favorably the tendencies towards autonomy and privileges
for superior officers (`elitism') and militarism (`exclusivity').
The purges are analyzed by
as a step in the Party struggle,
directed by Stalin, against the `professionalists' and
among the superior officers. These bourgeois currents were only able to
impose themselves at Stalin's death.
`(W)ith Stalin's death and the division of the Party leadership that
followed, the control mechanisms were weakened, and the military's own
interests and values emerged into the open. In the person of Marshal
broad sectors of the military had their spokesman.
able to rid the establishment of the political organs' pervasive
controls; he introduced strict discipline and the separation of ranks;
he demanded the rehabilitation of purged military leaders and the
punishment of their tormentors.'
, p. 344.
armed support in the two coups d'état of 1953
affair) and 1957 (the
Up: The Tukhachevsky trial
Fri Aug 25 09:03:42 PDT 1995