MARXIST INTERNET ARCHIVE | Other Documents

Louis Althusser
 
Politics and History
 
Montesquieu,
Rousseau, Hegel and Marx

 
 
Translated from the French by Ben Brewster

'Montesquieu: Politics and History' first published
by Presses Universitaires de France, Paris, 1959,
© PUF,1959; 'The Social Contract' first published in
Cahiers pour l'Analyse, no. 8: L'Impensé de Jean-
Jacques Rousseau
, n.d., © Le Graphe; 'Marx's Relation
to Hegel' first published in Hegel et la Pensée
Moderne
by Presses Universitaires de France, Paris, 1970,
© PUF, 1970.
 
This translation first published, 1972
© NLB, 1972
 


Prepared © for the Internet by David J. Romagnolo, djr@marx2mao.org (July 2003)

 


Acknowledgments   6

Translator's note   7
 
 

Part One

MONTESQUIEU: POLITICS AND HISTORY

Foreword   13

1.

A Revolution in Method   17

2.

A New Theory of Law   31

3.

The Dialectic of History   43

4.

'There are Three Governments . . .'   61

5.

The Myth of the Separation of Powers   87

6.

Montesquieu's Parti Pris   96


Conclusion   107

Bibliography   108

Part Two

ROUSSEAU: THE SOCIAL CONTRACT

Foreword   113

1

Posing the Problem   116

2

The Solution of the Problem: Discrepancy I   125

3.

The Contract and Alienation   135

4

Total Alienation and Exchange: Discrepancy II   140

5.
 

Particular Interest and General Interest,Particular Will and General Will: Discrepancy III   146

6.
 

Flight Forward in Ideology or Regression in the Economy: Discrepancy IV   155


Part Three

MARX'S RELATION TO HEGEL   161

Index   187