V. I. Lenin


Written not earlier than
February 1915
First published in 1917,
in the first Collection
of the Priliv Publishers, Moscow
Signed: N. Konstantinov

Published according to
the text in the Collection

From V. I. Lenin, Collected Works, 4th English Edition,
Progress Publishers, Moscow, 1964

Vol. 21, pp. 135-57.

Translated from the Russian
Edited by Julius Katzer

Prepared © for the Internet by David J. Romagnolo, (December 1998)

UNDER A FALSE FLAG [88] .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .



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      [88] A number of changes were made in Lenin's article "Under a False Flag" by the editors of the Collection issued in March 1917 by Priliv Publishers.    [p. 135]

      [89] Nashe Dyelo (Our Cause ) -- a monthly of the Menshevik liquidators; mouthpiece of social-chauvinists in Russia. It began publication in 1915 in Petrograd to replace Nasha Zarya, which had been suppressed in October 1914.    [p. 137]

      [90] Obshcho Dyelo (The Common Cause ) adherents (also known as Shiroki socialists) -- an opportunist trend in Bulgarian Social-Democratic Party. The journal Obshcho Dyelo was published from 1900 onwards. After a split at the Tenth Congress of the Social-Democratic Party in 1903 in Ruse they formed a reformist Bulgarian Social-Democratic Party (of Shiroki socialists). During the world imperialist war of 1914-18 the Obshcho Dyelo adherents took a chauvinist stand.
        Tesnyaki -- a revolutionary trend in the Bulgarian Social-Democratic Party, which in 1903 took shape as an independent Bulgarian Workers' Social-Democratic Party. The founder and leader of Tesnyaki was D. Blagoyev, his followers, Georgy Dimitrov and Vasil Kolarov, among others, later heading that Party. In 1914-18 the Tesnyaki came out against the imperialist war. In 1919 they joined the Communist International and formed the Communist Party of Bulgaria.    [p. 155]

      [91] The Daily Citizen -- originally organ of the opportunist bloc -- the Labour Party, Fabians and the Independent Labour Party of Britain, published in London from 1912 to 1915.    [p. 156]

      [92] The Daily Herald -- organ of the British Socialist Party, published in London since 1912.    [p. 156]

      [93] The Fabians -- members of the Fabian Society, a British reformist organisation founded in 1884. The name is an allusion to the Roman commander Quintus Fabius Maximus (d. 203), called Cunctator, i.e., the Delayer, for his tactics of harassing Hannibal's army without risking a pitched battle. Most of the Society's members were bourgeois intellectuals: scholars, writers, politicians (such as Sidney and Beatrice Webb, Bernard Shaw, Ramsay MacDonald), who denied the need for the class struggle of the proletariat and a socialist revolution, and insisted that the transition from capitalism to socialism lay only through petty reform and a gradual transformation of society. Lenin said it was "an extremely opportunist trend" (see present edition, Vol. 13, p. 358  [Transcriber's Note: See Lenin's The Agrarian Programme of Social-Democracy in the First Russian Revolution, 1905-07, chapter IV, section 7. -- DJR]). The Fabian Society, which was

    page 473

    affiliated to the Labour Party in 1900, is one of the ideological sources of Labour Party policy.
        During World War I, the Fabians took a social-chauvinist stand. For Lenin's description of the Fabians, see "British Pacifism and the British Dislike of Theory" (the present volume, pp. 260-65).    [p. 156]