MARXIST INTERNET ARCHIVE |  V. I. Lenin


V. I. Lenin

THE TRUDOVIKS AND
THE WORKER DEMOCRATS


 

Pravda, Nos. 13 and 14,
May 8 and 9, 1912
Signed: P. P.

Published according
to the Pravda text
 


From V. I. Lenin, Collected Works, 4th English Edition,
Progress Publishers, Moscow, 1968

First printing 1963
Second printing 1968

Vol. 18, pp. 36-43.

Translated from the Russian by Stepan Apresyan
Edited by Clemens Dutt


Prepared © for the Internet by David J. Romagnolo,
djr@marx2mao.org
 (May 2002)

THE TRUDOVIKS AND THE WORKER DEMOCRATS .  .  .  .  .  .

36

I
II
III

.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .

36
38
41


NOTES





page 612


NOTES

  [37] Zvezda (The Star ) -- a Bolshevik legal newspaper published in St. Petersburg from December 16 (29), 1910, to April 22 (May 5), 1912; at first once a week, from January 1912 twice weekly, and from March onwards three times a week. Among its contributors were N. N. Baturin, K. S. Yeremeyev, M. S. Olminsky and N. G. Polotayev, as well as Maxim Gorky. The pro-Party Mensheviks (Plekhanovites) were associated with Zvezda until the autumn of 1911. Ideologically the newspaper was led (from abroad) by Lenin, who contributed about 30 articles to it. Thanks to his guidance, it was a militant Bolshevik organ upholding the programme and tactics of the illegal Party. It had an extensive section for workers' correspondence, and kept in constant close touch with the workers. The circulation of some issues was between 50,000 and 60,000 copies.
    The authorities were constantly taking repressive measures against Zvezda ; they confiscated 30 and fined 8 out of a total of 69 issues. Zvezda prepared the way for the publication of the Bolshevik daily, Pravda ; it was closed down by the government on the day the first issue of Pravda appeared.    [p. 36]

  [38] The Trudovik conference met in St. Petersburg in March 1912. It dealt chiefly with the Fourth Duma election campaign. Lenin assessed its decisions in his article "Liberalism and Democracy" (see present edition, Vol. 17, pp. 569-78).    [p. 41]

  [39] Vekhi (Landmarks ) -- a Cadet symposium published in Moscow in the spring of 1909. It contained articles by N. Berdayev, S. Bulgakov, P. Struve, M. Herschensohn and other spokesmen of the counter-revolutionary liberal bourgeoisie. In their articles on the Russian intelligentsia the Vekhi writers calumniated the revolutionary-democratic traditions of the foremost representatives of the Russian people, including V. G. Belinsky and N. G. Chernyshevsky. They smeared the revolutionary movement of 1905 and thanked the tsarist government for having with "its bayonets and jails" saved the bourgeoisie "from the fury of the people". Vekhi called on the intelligentsia to serve the autocracy. Lenin compared its programme both in philosophy and in political writing with the programme of the Black-Hundred newspaper, Moskovskiye Vedomosti. He called the collection "an encyclopaedia of liberal renegacy " and "a sheer torrent of reactionary mud turned upon the democratic movement" (see present edition, Vol. 16, pp. 123-31  [Transcriber's Note: See Lenin's "Concerning Vekhi ". -- DJR]).    [p. 41]