Axelrod, Pavel Borisovich (1850-1928) -- in the seventies a Narodnik, later a Marxist. In 1883 took part in founding the Emancipation of Labour group. From 1900 a member of the editorial board of Iskra and Zarya. After the Second Congress of the R.S.D.L.P. (1903), a Menshevik leader.
During the period of reaction (1907-10) one of the leading liquidators. Adopted a hostile attitude towards the October Socialist Revolution.
This footnote was given by Lenin in view of the fact that the names of towns were ciphered in the letter for purposes of secrecy.
This refers to the preparations for publishing abroad a non-periodical Miscellany entitled Rabotnik. It was published in 1896-99 by the Union of Russian Social-Democrats Abroad and edited by the Emancipation of Labour group. The publication was sponsored by Lenin. In May 1895, during his stay in Switzerland, Lenin made arrangements for its publication with G. V. Plekhanov, P. B. Axelrod and other members of the Emancipation of Labour group. On his return to Russia in September 1895 Lenin developed extensive activities aimed at supplying articles and correspondence from Russia for the Miscellany and organising financial support for the publication. During his trips to Vilna, Moscow and Orekhovo-Zuyevo Lenin made arrangements with the local Social-Democrats for assistance to be rendered this publication.
Altogether 6 issues of Rabotnik in three volumes and 10 issues of Listok Rabotnika were published.
This refers to the arrests made among the Social-Democrats in Moscow and Moscow Gubernia.
Vorwärts -- a daily, central organ of the German Social-Democratic Party, published in Berlin from 1891. In the late nineties, after the death of Engels, the paper was controlled by the Party's Right wing and systematically published articles of the opportunists. Vorwärts tendentiously reported the struggle against opportunism and revisionism within the R.S.D.L.P. and supported the Economists, and later, after the split in the Party, the Mensheviks.