MARXIST INTERNET ARCHIVE |  V. I. Lenin


V. I. Lenin

THE THIRD CONGRESS
OF THE R.S.D.L.P.

APRIL 12 (25) - APRIL 27 (MAY 10), 1905

Speeches, reports, resolutions,
and draft resolutions first
published in 1905 in the book
The Third Regular Congress
of the R.S.D.L.P.
Full Text of the Proceedings

 
Published by
the Central Committee, Geneva

Published according to
the text of the book
The Third Regular Congress
of the R.S.D.L.P.,

1905 edition, and
the manuscript text
 
 
 

From V. I. Lenin, Collected Works, 4th English Edition,
Progress Publishers, Moscow, 1965

Second Revised Edition

Vol. 8, pp. 359-424.

Translated from the Russian by
Bernard Isaacs and Isidor Lasker
Editor: V. J. Jerome


Prepared © for the Internet by David J. Romagnolo, djr@cruzio.com (January 1998)

THE THIRD CONGRESS OF THE R.S.D.L.P.April 12 (25) - April 27 (May 10), 1905 [110] .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .
 


359
 

1.

SPEECH ON THE VALIDITY OF THE CONGRESS. APRIL 13 (26)

363

2.
 

SPEECH ON THE QUALIFIEDNESS OF THE KAZAN AND KUBAN
COMMITTEES. APRIL 14 (27)   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


365

3.
 

DRAFT RESOLUTION ON THE ATTITUDE OF THE R.S.D.L.P.
TOWARDS THE ARMED UPRISING   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


368

4.

DRAFT RESOLUTION ON THE ARMED UPRISING  .   .   .   .   .

369

5.
 

SPEECH ON THE QUESTION OF THE ARMED UPRISING.
APRIL 15 (28) .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


370

6.
 

SPEECH ON THE QUESTION OF THE ARMED UPRISING.
APRIL 16 (29) .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


371

7.

RESOLUTION ON THE ARMED UPRISING   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

373

8.
 

SPEECH ON THE ATTITUDE TOWARDS THE GOVERNMENT'S
TACTICS ON THE EVE OF THE REVOLUTION. APRIL 18 .   .   .


375

9.
 
 

ADDENDUM TO THE RESOLUTION ON THE ATTITUDE TOWARDS
THE GOVERNMENT'S POLICY ON THE EVE AND AT THE MOMENT
OF THE REVOLUTION  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


 
376

10.
 

DRAFT RESOLUTION ON THE QUESTION OF OPEN POLITICAL
ACTION BY THE R.S.D.L.P.   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


377

11.
 
 

DRAFT RESOLUTION ON THE PARTICIPATION OF THE
SOCIAL-DEMOCRATS IN A PROVISIONAL REVOLUTIONARY
GOVERNMENT   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


 
379

12.
 
 

ADDENDUM TO THE RESOLUTION ON THE PARTICIPATION OF
THE SOCIAL-DEMOCRATS IN A PROVISIONAL REVOLUTION-
ARY GOVERNMENT .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


 
381

13.
 
 

REPORT ON THE QUESTION OF THE PARTICIPATION OF THE
SOCIAL-DEMOCRATS IN A PROVISIONAL REVOLUTIONARY
GOVERNMENT. APRIL 13 (MAY 1)  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


 
382

14.
 

DRAFT RESOLUTION ON THE PROVISIONAL REVOLUTIONARY
GOVERNMENT .  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


396

15.
 
 

SPEECH ON THE AMENDMENTS TO THE RESOLUTION ON THE
PROVISIONAL REVOLUTIONARY GOVERNMENT. APRIL 19
(MAY 2)
  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


 
398

16.
 

REPORT ON THE RESOLUTION ON THE SUPPORT OF THE PEASANT MOVEMENT. APRIL 19 (MAY 2).   .   .   .   .   .   .


400

17.
 

DRAFT RESOLUTION ON THE SUPPORT OF THE PEASANT
MOVEMENT .  .   .  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


405

18.
 
 

SPEECH ON THE QUESTION OF THE RELATIONS BETWEEN
WORKERS AND INTELLECTUALS WITHIN THE SOCIAL-
DEMOCRATIC ORGANISATIONS. APRIL 20 (MAY 3) .   .   .   .


 
407

19.
 
 

DRAFT RESOLUTION ON THE RELATIONS BETWEEN WORKERS
AND INTELLECTUALS WITHIN THE SOCIAL-DEMOCRATIC
ORGANISATIONS   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


 
409

20.
 
 
 

A REMARK DURING THE DISCUSSION OF THE RESOLUTION ON
THE RELATIONS BETWEEN WORKERS AND INTELLECTUALS
WITHIN THE SOCIAL-DEMOCRATIC ORGANISATIONS.
APRIL 22 (MAY 5) .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


 
 
411

21.
 
 
 

SPEECH ON THE PROCEDURE OF THE DISCUSSION OF THE
RESOLUTIONS ON THE RELATIONS BETWEEN WORKERS AND
INTELLECTUALS WITHIN THE SOCIAL-DEMOCRATIC
ORGANISATIONS APRIL 22 (MAY 5)  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


 
 
412

22.
 

SPEECH DURING THE DISCUSSION OF THE PARTY RULES.
APRIL 21 (MAY 1) .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


413

23.
 

SPEECH ON THE WORKING OF CLAUSE 9 OF THE PARTY
RULES. APRIL 21 (MAY 4)   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


415

24.
 

SPEECH ON AN AGREEMENT WITH THE SOCIALISTS-
REVOLUTIONARIES. APRIL 23 (MAY 6) .  .   .   .   .   .   .   .


416

25.
 

SPEECH ON THE REPORT ON THE WORK OF THE CENTRAL
COMMITTEE. APRIL 25 (MAY 8) .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


422

26.
 

RESOLUTION ON THE PUBLICATION OF THE CONGRESS
PROCEEDINGS .  .   .  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


423

 27.

DRAFT RESOLUTION ON THE EVENTS IN THE CAUCASUS   .   .

424


NOTES




    page 593


    NOTES

      [110] The Third Congress of the R.S.D.L.P. was held in London between April 12 and 27 (April 25 and May 10), 1905. The Congress was

    page 594

    organised and convened by the Bolsheviks under the direction of Lenin. It was the first Bolshevik congress.
        The agenda, drawn up by Lenin and approved by the Congress, consisted of the following items: (I) Report of the Organising Committee. (II) Questions of Tactics : 1) the armed uprising; 2) attitude towards the government's policy on the eve and at the moment of the revolution (this point was devoted to two questions: a. attitude towards the government's policy on the eve of the revolution; b. the provisional revolutionary government); 3) attitude towards the peasant movement. (III) Organisational Questions : 4) relations between workers and intellectuals in the Party organisations; 5) the Party Rules. (IV) Attitude Towards Other Parties and Trend : 6) attitude towards the breakaway group of the R.S.D.L.P.; 7) attitude towards the non-Russian Social-Democratic organisations; 8) attitude towards the liberals; 9) practical agreements with the Socialists-Revolutionaries. (V) Internal Questions of Party Life : 10) propaganda and agitation. (VI) Delegates' Rcports : 11) report of the Central Committee; 12) reports of the delegates of the local committees. (VII) Elections : 13) elections; 14) procedure for publishing the resolutions and the proceedings of the Congress and for the assumption of office by the newly elected functionaries.
        On all the basic issues dealt with by the Third Congress Lenin had written the draft resolutions, which he substantiated in articles published in Vperyod prior to the Congress. Lenin spoke at the Congress on the question of the armed uprising, on the participation of Social-Democrats in the provisional revolutionary government, on the attitude towards the peasant movement, on the Party Rules, and on a number of other questions. The proceedings of the Congress record 138 speeches and motions made by Lenin.
        The Congress amended the Party Rules: a) it adopted Lenin's wording of Clause 1; b) it defined precisely the rights of the Central Committee and its relations with the local committees, c) it modified the organisational structure of the Party's central bodies: in place of the three centres (the Central Committee, the Central Organ, and the Council of the Party) the Congress established a single competent party centrečthe Central Committee.
        On the work and the significance of the Third Party Congress see Lenin's article "The Third Congress" (pp. 442-49 of this volume) and his book Two Tactics of Social-Democracy in the Democratic Revolution.    [p.359]

      [111] Letnev -- A. I. Lyubimov.    [p.367]

      [112] Zimin -- L. B. Krasin.    [p.367]

      [113] Leskov -- N. V. Romanov, delegate from the Northern Committee. Others mentioned in the speech Zharko -- M. S. Leshchinsky, delegate from the Ekaterinoslav Committee, Mikhailov -- D. S. Postolovsky, delegate from the North-Western Committee; Sosnovsky -- V. A. Desnitsky, delegate from the Nizhni-Novgorod Committee.    [p.371]

    page 595

      [114] The document has no heading. The title has been provided by the Institute of Marxism-Leninism, Central Committee, C.P.S.U.    [p.373]

      [115] Sergeyev -- A. I. Rykov.    [p.375]

      [116] Alexandrov -- D. S. Postolovsky.    [p.376]

      [117] Schmidt -- P. P. Rumyantsev, delegate from the Voronezh Committee.    [p.376]

      [118] Address of the Central Committee to the Communist League, March 1850. (See Marx and Engels, Selected Works, Moscow, 1958, Vol. I, pp. 106-17.)    [p.386]

      [119] The Communist League -- the first international association of the revolutionary proletariat, founded in the summer of 1847 in London at the congress of delegates from revolutionary proletarian organisations. The organisers and leaders of the Communist League were Karl Marx and Frederick Engels, who were commissioned by that organisation to write the Manifesto of the Communist Party. The Communist League existed up to 1852. Its most prominent members eventually played a leading role in the First International. (See Marx and Engels, Selected Works, Moscow, 1958, Vol. II, pp. 338-57.)    [p.386]

      [120] Die Neue Rheinische Zeitung appeared in Cologne between June 1, 1848, and May 19, 1849, under the management of Karl Marx and Frederick Engels. The Editor-in-Chief was Marx. Under the blows of reaction the newspaper ceased its existence after issue No. 301. On the Neue Rheinische Zeitung see Marx and Engels, Selected Works, Moscow, 1958, Vol. II, pp. 328-37.    [p.388]

      [121] The reference is to Engels' letter to Filippo Turati dated January 26, 1894, and published in the Italian bi-monthly Critica Sociale, No. 3, for February 1, 1894, under the heading "The Future Italian Revolution and the Socialist Party". (See Marx and Engels, Selected Correspondence, Moscow, 1955, pp. 551-55.)    [p.390]

      [122] The Russian translation of Engels' article "Die Bakunisten an der Arbeit. Denkschrift über den Aufstand in Spanien im Sommer 1873" (published in 1873 in "Internationales aus dem Volksstaat "), was edited by Lenin and issued in pamphlet form by the Central Committee of the R.S.D.L.P. in Geneva in 1905 and in St. Petersburg in 1906.    [p.391]

      [123] Vendée -- a department of France where, during the French bourgeois revolution of the late eighteenth century, a counter-revolutionary insurrection of the backward, reactionary peasantry took place against the revolutionary Convention The revolt was engineered by the counter-revolutionary clergy and landlords with the help of religious catchwords.    [p.393]

    page 596

      [124] Lenin quotes from Marx's article "The Bourgeoisie and the Counter-Revolution; Second Article", written on December 11, 1848.(See Marx and Engels, Selected Works, Moscow, 1958, Vol. I, p. 67.)    [p.393]

      [125] Andreyev -- N. A. Alexeyev, attended the Third Congress of the R.S.D.L.P. with consultative voice.    [p.398]

      [126] Barsov -- the Bolshevik M. G. Tskhakaya.    [p.400]

      [127] "General redistribution " -- a slogan popular among the peasants of tsarist Russia and expressing their desire for a general redistribution of the land.    [p.402]

      [128] Golubin -- the Bolshevik P. A. Japaridze, a delegate to the Third Congress of tho R.S.D.L.P.    [p.411]

      [129] The document has no heading. The title has been provided by the Institute of Marxism-Leninism.    [p.412]

      [130] The document has no heading. The title has been provided by the Institute of Marxism-Leninism.    [p.423]

      [131] The resolution "On the Events in the Caucasus" was first published in issue No. 1 of the newspaper Proletary, May 27 (14), 1905, and in issue No. 1 of the Georgian underground Bolshevik newspaper, official organ of the Caucasian League of the R.S.D.L.P., Borba Proletariata (The Struggle of the Proletariat ), July 1 (14), 1905.    [p.424]