A frame-up trial instituted in 1894 by reactionary royalist circles among the French militarists against Dreyfus, a Jewish officer of the General Staff, who was falsely accused of espionage and high treason. A court martial sentenced him to life imprisonment. The public movement for a review of the case took the form of a fierce struggle between the republicans and the royalists and led to his eventual release in 1906.
Lenin said the Dreyfus case was "one of the many thousands of faudulent tricks of the reactionary military caste".
The incident was caused by the brutality of a Prussian officer towards Alsatians in Zabern, Alsace, in November 1913, and resulted in a burst of indignation among the local, mainly French, population against the Prussian militarists (see Lenin's article "Zabern" in the present edition, Vol. 19, pp. 513-15).
Marx's letters to Engels of November 2 (no English translation available [Transcriber's Note: See Marx and Engels, Selected Correspondence, Moscow, 1975, pp. 182-83. -- DJR]) and November 30, 1867 (Marx and Engels, Selected Correspondence, Moscow, 1955, pp. 234-37).
For a critique of Renner and Bauer's reactionary idea of "cultural and national autonomy" see Lenin's "'Cultural-National' Autonomy" (present edition, Vol. 19) and "Critical Remarks on the National Question" (Vol. 20).
Karl Marx, "Konfidentielle Mitteilung", quoted from the manuscript kept in the archives of the Institute of Marxism-Leninism of the C.C. C.P.S.U.
Friedrich Engels, "Der Prager Aufstand", in Neue Rheinische Zeitung No. 18, June 18, 1848.
Marx's proposition on the Irish question was stated in his letters to Kugelmann on November 29 and to Engels on December 10, 1869 (Marx and Engels, Selected Correspondence, pp. 276-78 and pp. 279-81). Lenin quotes from Marx's letter to Engels on November 2, 1867 (no English translation available [Transcriber's Note: See Marx and Engels, Selected Correspondence, Moscow, 1975, pp. 182-83. -- DJR]).
Die Glocke (The Bell ) -- a magazine published in Munich and later in Berlin from 1915 to 1925 by the social-chauvinist Parvus (A. L. Helfand), a member of the German Social-Democratic Party.
Friedrich Engels, "Der demokratische Panslawismus". Lenin used Aus dem literarischen Nachlass von Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels und Ferdinand Lassalle, hrsg. von Franz Mehring, Stuttgart, 1902, Bd. III, S. 246-64, in which the author of the article is not named.
The resolution was on the national question; it was written by Lenin and adopted by the meeting of the R.S.D.L.P. Central Committee and Party officials, which was held at Poronin, near Cracow, on October 6-14, 1913. For reasons of secrecy it was known as the "Summer" or "August" Meeting. For the text of the resolution, see Vol. 19, pp. 427-29.