V. I. Lenin


Proletary No. 50,
November 28 (December 11), 1909

Published according to
the text in Proletary

From V. I. Lenin, Collected Works, 4th English Edition,
Progress Publishers, Moscow, 1967

First published 1963
Second printing 1967

Vol. 16, pp. 87-94.

Translated from the Russian
Edited by Clemens Dutt

Prepared © for the Internet by David J. Romagnolo, (November 2001)

page 459


  [50] The "Marxism" of the Brentano, Sombart and Struve variety -- a bourgeois-reformist "theory" that "recognises the 'school of capitalism' but rejects the school of revolutionary class struggle" (Lenin). The representatives of this variety of bourgeois distortion of Marxism were:
    Lujo Brentano -- a German bourgeois economist, an adherent of so-called "state socialism"; he tried to prove the possibility of achieving social equality within the framework of capitalism by means of reforms and reconciling the interests of capitalists and workers.
    Werner Sombart -- a German bourgeois economist, a falsifier of Marxism. He tried to justify capitalism, depicting it as a harmonious planned system.
    Under cover of Marxist phraseology, Brentano, Sombart and their successors in fact defended capitalism and tried to subordinate the working-class movement to the interests of the bourgeoisie. The "theories" of Brentano and Sombart were, and still are, extensively used by enemies of Marxism.
    P. B. Struve -- a Russian bourgeois liberal, a legal Marxist in the nineties and later one of the leaders of the Cadet Party. After the Great October Revolution he was a whiteguard émigré, a bitter enemy of Soviet power.    [p. 90]

  [51] Lenin quotes the words of the Menshevik liquidator Dan, who at the Fifth (All-Russian 1908) Conference of the R.S.D.L.P., during the discussion of the question "The present moment and the tasks of the Party", declared that the Bolsheviks "decided to push in where they had had one licking already".    [p. 91]

  [52] The quotation is from the pamphlet by the Russian Narodnik P. N. Tkachov, Tasks of Revolutionary Propaganda in Russia, April 1874, p. 16.    [p. 92]

  [53] The law of November 9, 1906 -- Stolypin's agrarian law allowing the peasants to withdraw from the village communes and settle on farmsteads. For a description and appraisal of Stolypin's land reform see Lenin's work "The Agrarian Programme of Social-Democracy in the First Russian Revolution 1905-07" (see present edition, Vol. 13, pp. 217-431).    [p. 92]