MARXIST INTERNET ARCHIVE |  V. I. Lenin


V. I. Lenin

SESSION OF THE COUNCIL
OF THE R.S.D.L.P.

January 15-17 (28-30), 1904

Published in the pamphlet
The Fight for a Congress,
by N. Shakhov, Geneva, 1904
 
Speeches and draft resolutions
moved on January 17(30), 1904;
first published in 1929
in Lenin Miscellany X

Draft resolutions published
according to the manuscripts
 
Speeches and the draft
resolution on convening
the Third Party Congress published
according to the text
of the Council Minutes

From V. I. Lenin, Collected Works, 4th English Edition,
Progress Publishers, Moscow, 1965,

Second Edition

Vol. 7, pp. 145-87.

Translated by Abraham Fineberg and by Naomi Jochel
Edited by Clemens Dutt


Prepared © for the Internet by David J. Romagnolo, djr@marx2mao.org (November 2001)

SESSION OF THE COUNCIL OF THE R.S.D.L.P., January 15-17
(28-30)
, 1904 [68] .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


145

1.
 

DRAFT RESOLUTION ON MEASURES TO RESTORE PEACE
IN THE PARTY, MOVED ON JANUARY 15 (28)  .   .   .   .


147

  2.
 

DISSENTING OPINION RECORDED BY THE REPRESENTA-
TIVES OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE, JANUARY 17 (30) .


150

3.
 

DRAFT RESOLUTION ON CONVENING THE THIRD CON-
GRESS, JANUARY 17 (30) .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


154

4.

DRAFT RESOLUTIONS MOVED ON JANUARY 17 (30)  .   .

155


I .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .
II .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .
III .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

155
155
155

5.
 

SPEECHES ON MEASURES TO RESTORE PEACE IN THE
PARTY, JANUARY 15 (28) .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


156


I .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .
II .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .
III .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .
IV .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .
V .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

156
157
159
160
163

6.
 

SPEECHES ON MEASURES TO RESTORE PEACE IN THE
PARTY, JANUARY 16 (29) .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


166


VI .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .
VII .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .
VIII .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .
IX .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

166
170
173
177

7.
 

SPEECHES ON CONVENING THE THIRD PARTY CONGRESS,
JANUARY 17 (30).   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


179


I .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .
II .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .
III .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

179
179
180

8.
 

SPEECHES ON THE PUBLICATION OF PARTY LITERATURE,
JANUARY 17 (30).   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


181


I .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .
II .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .
III .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .
IV .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

181
184
186
187

NOTES


page 561


NOTES

  [68] The Party Council session held in Geneva on January 15-17 (28-30), 1904, was "called on the initiative of the representatives of the Central Organ to discuss measures for harmonising the activities of the Central Committee and Central Organ in the publication of Party literature" (Lenin Miscellany X, p. 181). It was attended by Lenin, Lengnik, Plekhanov, Axelrod, and Martov.
    On Lenin's proposal, the Council resolved to include in the agenda and discuss as the first item the question of measures to restore peace in the Party. On January 15 (28) Lenin, on behalf of the Central Committee, moved a resolution on this question (pp. 147-49 of this volume). When the debate showed that the Mensheviks would not agree to this resolution, Lenin and Lengnik proposed, on January 16 (29), another resolution on restoring peace in the Party, which the Council adopted by three votes (Lenin, Lengnik, and Plekhanov) to two (Martov and Axelrod). However, instead of then practically discussing what must be done to restore peace, the

 
page 562

Council, over Lenin's protest, proceeded to vote Plekhanov's resolution, which demanded co-optation of Mensheviks to the Central Committee. By the votes of Plekhanov, Martov, and Axelrod, this resolution was passed. Thereupon the Central Committee representatives (Lenin and Lengnik) recorded on January 17 (30) a dissenting opinion which censured Plekhanov's resolution as ignoring the will of the majority of the Second Party Congress. The text of the dissenting opinion (pp. 150-53 of this volume) was drawn up by Lenin.
    After the Mensheviks frustrated every effort to establish peace in the Party, Lenin moved a resolution on convening the Third Party Congress, as the only way out of the situation (p. 154 of this volume). By the votes of Plekhanov, Martov, and Axelrod this resolution was rejected and Martov's resolution against a congress was passed. Concerning the publication of Party literature no agreement was reached either. Rejecting the resolutions moved on this subject by Lenin (p. 155 of this volume), the Council adopted resolutions which endorsed the factional, disruptive activities of the Menshevik editorial board of Iskra.
    The Council session of January 1904 made it plain that with Plekhanov's defection to the Mensheviks the Council had become an instrument of the Mensheviks' fight against the Party.    [p. 145]

  [69] Travinsky -- pseudonym of G. M. Krzhizhanovsky, member of the Central Committee.    [p. 159]

  [70] In Point 3 of its ultimatum of November 12 (25), 1903, the Central Committee had offered to co-opt two members of the minority. The Central Committee consisted at that time of Lenin, Krzhizhanovsky, Lengnik, Noskov (Glebov), Gusarov, Zemlyachka, Krasin, Essen, and Galperin.    [p. 164]

  [71] Ru -- pseudonym of L. Y. Galperin, also referred to as Y. Valentin, and Konyagin.    [p. 167]

  [72] The document in question was the Central Committee's ultimatum of November 12 (25), 1903, presented to the Mensheviks on Lenin's proposal.    [p. 169]

  [73] This letter, which Central Committee member Lengnik (Vasilyev) sent on November 29 (December 12), 1903, to the Iskra editorial board, was written by Lenin.    [p. 172]

  [74] Lenin is referring to his letter to Potresov of August 31 (September 13), 1903. He published it in slightly abridged form in One Step Forward, Two Steps Back (see pp. 351-52 of this volume).    [p. 172]

  [75] These Central Committee members were Lengnik, who was appointed the Central Committee's official foreign representative, and Krzhizhanovsky, who came to Switzerland in November 1903 specially to negotiate with the Mensheviks.    [p. 173]

 
page 563

  [76] Resolutions censuring the Central Committee for its concessions to the League Abroad and condemning the Mensheviks' conduct at the Second Congress of the League were adopted, for example, by the Saratov and Odessa committees. They were published in N. Shakhov's pamphlet The Fight for a Congress, Geneva, 1904, p. 28.    [p. 176]

  [77] This refers to the preceding speech of Plekhanov, who claimed that Krzhizhanovsky (Travinsky) had conceded in negotiations with him that the composition of the Iskra editorial board with the Mensheviks co-opted to it would be normal, and went on to add: "And if the truth of my words were to be called in question, I would reply as a certain Minister once did to Louis Philippe, who questioned his words: 'I say that it was so. You say that it was not. We shall see whom France will believe.'" (Lenin Miscellany X, p. 238.)    [p. 177]

  [78] Zagorsky -- pseudonym of the Menshevik V. N. Krokhmal.    [p. 182]

  [79] Lenin is quoting a letter of December 24, 1903 (January 6, 1904), from I. K. Lalayants to N. K. Krupskaya.    [p. 183]

  [80] Martyn -- pseudonym of the Menshevik V. N. Rozanov.    [p. 183]

  [81] Lenin is quoting a letter of January 1 (14), 1904, from L. B. Krasin to the Foreign Branch of the Central Committee.    [p. 183]

  [82] In his first letter the Central Committee's distribution secretary, M. Leibovich, asked the editors of the Menshevik Iskra to tell him for his report to the Central Committee what they did with the fifty copies of Iskra allotted to the editorial board. The editors refused to give him this information, and demanded to be given a larger number of copies. In his second letter the distribution secretary refused to supply more than the allotted fifty copies without permission from the Central Committee.    [p. 184]

  [83] Lenin is quoting a letter sent the editors of Iskra on December 14 (27), 1903, in the name of Central Committee Foreign Representative Lengnik. The letter was written by Lenin (see present edition, Vol. 34).    [p. 185]

  [84] Lenin is quoting a letter sent the Iskra editorial board on December 26, 1903 (January 8, 1904), in the name of Central Committee Foreign Representative Lengnik. The passage quoted was written by Lenin (see present edition, Vol. 34).    [p. 186]

  [85] Starover's ultimatum -- Potresov's letter to Plekhanov of October 21 (November 3), 1903. In this letter Potresov, speaking for the Menshevik opposition, demanded to have the old editorial board of Iskra reinstated, Mensheviks co-opted to the Central Committee and the Party Council, and the decisions of the Congress of the League Abroad recognised as lawful.    [p. 186]

 
page 564

  [86] By Z is meant V. N. Krokhmal.    [p. 187]