MARXIST INTERNET ARCHIVE |  V. I. Lenin


V. I. Lenin

THE SECOND CONGRESS
OF THE R.S.D.L.P.

JULY 17 (30) - August 10 (23), 1903

Speeches first published
in Geneva in 1904 in the
Minutes of the Second Regular
Congress of the R.S.D.L.P.

Speeches are published according
to the text in the Minutes
and the manuscripts
 

From V. I. Lenin, Collected Works, 4th English Edition,
Progress Publishers, Moscow, 1965

Second Revised Edition

Vol. 8, pp. 359-424.

Translated from the Russian by
Bernard Isaacs and Isidor Lasker
Editor: V. J. Jerome


Prepared © for the Internet by David J. Romagnolo, djr@cruzio.com (January 1998)

THE SECOND CONGRESS OF THE R.S.D.L.P.JULY 17 (30) - August 10 (23), 1903 [134].   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


467

1.

DRAFT RESOLUTION ON DEMONSTRATIONS  .   .   .   .   .   .

469

2.
 

DRAFT RESOLUTION ON THE PLACE OF THE BUND IN THE
PARTY   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


470

3.
 

DRAFT RESOLUTION ON THE ATTITUDE OF THE STUDENT
YOUTH .  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


471

4.

DRAFT RESOLUTION ON PARTY LITERATURE .   .   .   .   .   .

472

5.

DRAFTS OF MINOR RESOLUTIONS   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

473


The Economic Struggle
May Day
International Congress
Terrorism
Propaganda
Distribution of Forces

473
473
473
474
474
474

6.
 

DRAFT RESOLUTION ON THE PUBLICATION OF A PERIODICAL
FOR MEMBERS OF RELGIOUS SECTS .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


475

7.

DRAFT RULES OF THE R.S.D.L.P. .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

476

8.

DRAFT RESOLUTIONS NOT SUBMITTED TO THE CONGRESS .   .

479


Withdrawl of the Bund
Separate Groups
The Army
The Peasantry

479
480
480
480

9.
 

FIRST SPEECH ON THE AGENDA OF THE CONGRESS,
JULY 18 (31)   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


482

10.
 

SECOND SPEECH ON THE AGENDA OF THE CONGRESS,
JULY 18 (31)   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


483

11.
 

SPEECH ON THE ACTIONS OF THE ORGANIZING COMMITTEE,
JULY 18 (31)   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


484

12.
 

SPEECH ON THE ATTENDANCE OF THE POLISH SOCIAL-
DEMOCRATS AT THE CONGRESS, JULY 18 (31)  .   .   .   .   .


485

13.
 

SPEECH ON THE PLACE OF THE BUND IN THE R.S.D.L.P.,
JULY 26 (AUGUST 2)  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


486

14.

SPEECH ON THE PARTY PROGRAMME, JULY 22 (AUGUST 4)   .

489

15.

REPORT ON THE PARTY RULES, JULY 29 (AUGUST 11) .   .   .

492

16.
 

FIRST SPEECH IN THE DISCUSSION ON THE AGRARIAN
PROGRAMME, JULY 31 (AUGUST 13)   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


493

17.
 

SECOND SPEECH IN THE DISCUSSION ON THE AGRARIAN
PROGRAMME, AUGUST 1 (14)   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


496

18.
 

THIRD SPEECH IN THE DISCUSSION ON THE AGRARIAN
PROGRAMME, AUGUST 1 (14)   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


498

19.
 

FOURTH SPEECH IN THE DISCUSSION ON THE AGRARIAN
PROGRAMME, AUGUST 1 (14)   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


499

20.
 

FIRST SPEECH IN THE DISCUSSION ON THE PARTY RULES,
AUGUST 2 (15) .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


500

21.
 

SECOND SPEECH IN THE DISCUSSION ON THE PARTY RULES,
AUGUST 2 (15) .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


501

22.
 

SPEECH AT THE ELECTION OF THE EDITORIAL BOARD OF
ISKRA, AUGUST 7 (20) .  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


505

23.
 

SPEECH ON THE ATTITUDE TOWARDS THE STUDENT YOUTH,
AUGUST 10 (23)   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


509


NOTES



page 562


NOTES

  [134] The Second Congress of the R.S.D.L.P. was held on July 17 (30) to August 10 (23), 1903. The first thirteen sessions of the Congress were held in Brussels, but owing to police persecution, the Congress sessions were transferred to London. In all, 37 sessions were held. There were 20 items on the agenda, of which the most important were: the Party programme, Party organisation (confirmation of the Rules of the R.S.D.L.P.), elections to the Central Committee and editorial board of the Party's Central Organ. Twenty-six organisations were represented at the Congress, which was attended by 43 delegates possessing 51 decisive votes (eight delegates had two votes each), and by 14 delegates with a doliberative voice.
    The preparations for the Congress had been made by Lenin's Iskra, Lenin himself carrying out tremendous work in this respect.
    Lenin drew up the outline of the report on the work of the Iskra organisation, and composed the draft of the Party Rules, the draft resolutions on several questions planned for discussion at the Congress, the agenda and the standing orders of the Congress.
    Lenin did much work among the delegates, ascertaining the general situation and state of organisation in various parts of the country, and discussing many of the problems confronting the Congress. At a meeting of the Congress delegates, Lenin made a report on the national question.
    The composition of the Congress was not homogeneous. Attending it were not only supporters of Iskra, but also its opponents, as well as unstable and wavering elements. Lenin's preliminary acquaintance with the delegates made it possible for him to ascertain the political stand of each of them prior to the opening of the Congress.
    Lenin was elected to the Bureau of the Congress and was a member of the main Congress committees: the programme, Rules and Credentials Committees. He delivered the report on the Party Rules and spoke on almost all the subjects on the agenda. The minutes of the Congress register more than one hundred and thirty speeches, remarks, and rejoinders made by Lenin.    [p.467]

page 563

  [135] Draft Rules of the R.S.D.L.P. proposed by Lenin at the Second Congress of the Party have not been preserved. The present volume gives the original draft Rules included by the Protocol Committee of the Second Congress in the appendices to the Full Text of the Minutes of the Second Regular Congress of the Russian Social-Democratic Labour Party, published in Geneva in 1904. The Protocol Committee of the Second Party Congress erroneously termed Lenin's original draft Rules, which it included in appendix XI to the Full Text of the Minutes, the draft of the organisational rules of the R.S.D.L.P. put forward by Lenin at the Congress (see V. I: Lenin, One Step Forward, Two Steps Back, item G, The Party Rules. Comrade Martov's Draft).    [p.476]

  [136] Lenin's speech on the actions of the Organising Committee was evoked by the following incident. Before the Congress met, the Organisine Committee had already rejected the demand of the Borba group for their representative to attend the Congress with a deliberative voice. The Credentials Committee endorsed the Organising Committee's proposal. When Credentials Committee's decision had been reported to the Congress, one of the members of the Organising Committee demanded a recess so that this question might be reconsidered in the Organising Committee. During the recess, the Organising Committee met and by a majority of votes (against one) decided to invite the representative of the Borba group to attend the Congress with a deliberative voice.
    Those mentioned in the speech were: Yegorov -- the Menshevik E. Y. Levin- Stein -- the Menshevik E. M. Alexandrova; Pavlovich -- the Bolshevik P. A. Krasikov.    [p.484]

  [137] Hofman -- pseudonym of Bund member V. Kossovsky.    [p.486]

  [138] This refers to the Northumberland and Durham miners who, in the eighties of the nineteenth century, secured a 7-hour working day for skilled underground workers -- through a deal with the coal-owners -- but later for a number of years opposed the legal enactment of an 8-hour working day for all workers in Britain.    [p.488]

  [139] Lenin is referring to Karl Marx's Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte, Chapter VII (see Marx and Engels, Selected Works, Vol. I, Moscow, 1958, pp. 334-36).    [p.489]

  [140] Lenin is referring to Karl Marx's Civil War in France (see Marx and Engels, Selected Works, Vol. I, Moscow, 1958, p. 525).    [p.489]

  [141] Makhov -- pseudonym of the Menshevik D. P. Kalafati; Kostrov -- pseudonym of the Menshevik N. N. Jordania.    [p.497]

  [142] Khizani -- the name given to the landless peasants of Georgia, who in the distant past had been settled on tie lands of the landlords on specially agreed terms. The khizani were not formally considered serfs, enjoyed personal liberty, but remained perpetual tenants without any rights. The 1861 Peasant Reform did not apply to the

page 564

khizani, who continued to be completely dependent on the landlords. These began to increase the khizani's services and confiscate the land they held. The khizani system was abolished after tho Great October Socialist Revolution.
    Temporarily bound peasants was the name given to those former serf peasants who were still compelled to carry out certain duties (payment of quit-rent or performance of corv --Ed.ee service) for the use of their land even after the abolition of serfdom in 1861 and until they started paying redemption money to the landlord for their allotments. From the moment the redemption contract was concluded, the peasants ceased to be "temporarily bound" and joined the category of "peasant property-owners."
    On Lenin's proposal, the Second Congress of the R.S.D.L.P. added to the agrarian section of the Party programme the demand for "transfer to the ownership of the peasants in the Caucasus of lands which they are using as temporarily bound peasants, khizani, and so forth."    [p.498]

  [143] Brucker -- pseudonym of the Menshevik Mrs. Makhnovets.    [p.501]

  [144] At the thirty-first session of the Second Congress Lenin delivered a speech on the subject of the election of the Iskra editorial board. When the minutes of this session were ratified at the thirty-fifth session of the Congress, a change was made, with Lenin's consent in the text of his speech. The beginning of the speech -- from the words: "Comrades! Martov's speech was so strange that I find myself obliged to protest emphatically against his presentation of the question . . ." and ending with the words ". . . is therefore indicative only of an astounding confusion of political ideas " -- was deleted and replaced by the following:
    "I ask the Congress to allow me to reply to Martov.
    "Comrade Martov said that the vote in question cast a slur on his political reputation. The election has nothing to do with an insult to a political reputation (Shouts: 'Wrong! Not true!' Plekhanov and Lenin protest against recesses. Lenin asks the secretaries to enter in the minutes that Zasulich, Martov, and Trotsky have interrupted him, and he asks that the number of times they have interrupted him should be recorded.)"
    In the present volume Lenin's speech is printed in the form in which he wrote it and delivered it at the Congress.    [p.505]