MARXIST INTERNET ARCHIVE |  V. I. Lenin


V. I. Lenin

THE SIXTH (PRAGUE) ALL-RUSSIA
CONFERENCE OF THE R.S.D.L.P.

January 6-17 (18-30), 1912


 
From V. I. Lenin, Collected Works, 4th English Edition,
Progress Publishers, Moscow, 1968

First printing 1963
Second printing 1968

Vol. 17, pp. 451-86.

Translated from the Russian by Dora Cox
Edited by George Hanna


Prepared © for the Internet by David J. Romagnolo, djr@marx2mao.org (July 1999)


THE SIXTH (PRAGUE) ALL-RUSSIA CONFERENCE OF THE R.S.D.L.P. January 6-17 (18-30), 1912 [178]   .   .   .   .   .   .


451

 1.
 

DRAFT RESOLUTION ON THE CONSTITUTION OF THE
CONFERENCE. Resolution on the Constitution .   .   .   .


453

2.
 

DRAFT RESOLUTION ON THE TASKS OF THE PARTY IN
THE PRESENT SITUATION   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


455

3.
 

DRAFT RESOLUTION ON THE TASKS OF SOCIAL-DEMO-
CRATS IN THE STRUGGLE AGAINST THE FAMINE  .   .   .


458

4.
 
 

DRAFT RESOLUTION ON LIQUIDATIONISM AND THE
GROUP OF LIQUIDATORS. Liquidationism and the
Group of Liquidators
.  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


 
460

5.

RESOLUTIONS OF THE CONFERENCE   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

462


The Russian Organising Commission for Convening the
Conference .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


462


The Constitution of the Conference .   .   .   .   .   .   .

462


The Absence of Delegates from the Non-Russian Na-
tional Centres from the General Party Conference  .   .


464


On the Reports of the Local Organisations .   .   .   .   .

465


The Tasks of the Party in the Present Situation .   .   .

466


Elections to the Fourth Duma .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

468


I .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .
II .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .
III .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

468
469
470


The Social-Democratic Group in the Duma .   .   .   .   .

471


The Character and Organisational Forms of Party Work

472


The Tasks of Social-Democracy in the Struggle Against
the Famine .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


474


The Party's Attitude to the Workers' State Insurance
Duma Bill  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


475


I .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .
II .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

475
477


The "Petition Campaign"   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

479


Liquidationism and the Group of Liquidators .   .   .   .

480


The Central Organ   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

482


Rabochaya Gazeta   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

482


Newspaper Pravda   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

482


Changes in the Organisational Rules of the Party   .   .

482


Property in the Hands of the Former Trustee, and
Financial Reports .  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


483


The Red Cross .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

483


The Party Organised Abroad  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

484


The Russian Government's Attack on Persia  .   .   .   .

484


The Chinese Revolution .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

485


The Policy of the Tsarist Government in Finland .  .   .

485


Greeting to the German Social-Democratic Party   .   .

486

NOTES


page 613


NOTES

  [178] The Sixth (Prague) All-Russia Conference of the R.S.D.L.P. worked from January 5 to January 17 (18-30), 1912 in Prague, and actually assumed the character of a Party congress. More than 20 Party organisations were represented at the Conference, as well as representatives of the editorial boards of the Central Organ Sotsial-Demokrat and of Rabochaya Gazeta, of the Committee of the R.S.D.L.P. Organisation Abroad, and the group of the C.C. of the R S D L.P. arranging underground transport and travel facilities and known as "the transport group". Apart from two pro-Party Mensheviks, the delegates were all Bolsheviks. Among the delegates were G. K. Orjonikidze, representing the Tiflis organisation, S. S. Spandaryan from Baku, Y. P. Onufriyev from St. Petersburg, F. I. Goloshchokin from Moscow. The Committee of the Organisation Abroad was represented by N. A. Semashko, and the transport group of the C.C. by I. A. Pyatnitsky.
    V. I. Lenin represented the Editorial Board of the Central Organ.
    Lenin was the leading figure at the Conference. Opening the Conference, he defined the terms of reference, spoke on the current situation and the tasks of the Party, the work of the International Socialist Bureau, made some informative reports and took part in the discussions on the work of the Central Organ, on the tasks of Social-Democracy in the struggle against the famine, on the organisational question, on the work of the Party Organisation Abroad, and on a number of other questions. It was Lenin who drafted the resolutions on the major questions on the conference agenda.

    Lenin's speech and the conference resolution on "The Tasks of the Party in the Present Situation" contained a profound analysis of the political situation within the country, reflected the growing revolutionary mood of the people. The Conference emphasised that, as before, the conquest of power by the proletariat, acting as the leader of the peasantry, still remained the chief task of the democratic revolution in Russia.

page 614

    One of the cardinal problems confronting the Conference was that of ridding the Party of the opportunists. The resolutions adopted on "Liquidationism and the Group of Liquidators", on "The Party Organisation Abroad" were of tremendous theoretical and practical significance. The liquidators were grouped around two legal magazines, Nasha Zarya and Dyelo Zhizni. The Conference declared "that by its conduct the Nasha Zarya and Dyelo Zhizni group had definitely placed itself outside the Party". The liquidators were expelled from the R.S.D.L.P. The Conference condemned the activities of the anti-Party groups abroad -- the Menshevik Golos group, the Vperyod and Trotsky groups, and recognised the absolute necessity for a single Party organisation abroad, conducting its work under the supervision and guidance of the C.C., and pointed out that Party groups abroad "which refuse to submit to the Russian centre of Social-Democratic activity, i.e., to the Central Committee, and which cause disorganisation by communicating with Russia independently and ignoring the Central Committee, have no right to use the name of the R.S.D.L.P." These resolutions considerably strengthened the unity of the Marxist party in Russia.
    A major part of the Conference deliberations was taken up with the question of participation in the election campaign to the Fourth Duma. The Conference stressed that the main Farty task in the elections, and of the Social-Democratic group in the Duma itself, was socialist class propaganda and the organisation of the working class. The main election slogans put forward by the Conference were the basic demands of the Party's minimum programme: a democratic republic, the eight-hour day, confiscation of all landed estates.
    The Conference adopted a resolution on "The Character and Organisational Forms of Party Work", adopted Lenin's draft on changes in the organisational Rules of the Party, approved the newspaper Sotsial-Demokrat as the Party Central Organ, elected a Party Central Committee and set up the Bureau of the C.C. in Russia.
    The Prague Conference of the R.S.D.L.P. played an outstanding role in building the Bolshevik Party, a party of a new type. It summed up a whole historical period of struggle by the Bolsheviks against the Mensheviks, and consolidated the victory of the Bolsheviks. The Menshevik-liquidators were driven out of the Party. Local Party orranisations rallied still closer round the Party on the basis of conference decisions. The Conference strengthened the Party as an all-Russia orranisation and defined its political line and tactics in the conditions of a new revolutionary upsurge. Free of opportunists, the Bolshevik Party led the new powerful upsurge of the revolutionary struggle of the masses. The Prague Conference was of great international significance. It showed the revolutionary elements of the parties of the Second International how to conduct a decisive struggle against opportunism by carrying the struggle to a complete organisational break with tbe opportunists.    [p. 451]

page 615

  [179] The heading to the document has been provided by the Institute of Marxism-Leninism of the Central Committee of the C.P.S.U.    [p. 453]

  [180] The heading to the document has been provided by the Institute of Marxism-Leninism of the Central Committee of the C.P.S.U.    [p. 458]

  [181] This refers to the Vienna Pravda -- Trotsky's factional Menshevik-liquidator paper.    [p. 482]

  [182] The Committee of thc Organisation Abroad was set up in December 1911 at a meeting of the Bolshevik groups abroad. The tasks of this Committee were dealt with in the general resolution adopted by this meeting.    [p. 484]

  [183] The January 1912 German elections to the Reichstag resulted in a great victory for the Social-Democrats, 110 of their candidates being elected, receiving a total of 4,500,000 votes.
    Vorwärts published the message of greetings sent by the R.S.D.L.P. in its issue No. 22 of January 27, 1912.    [p. 486]