V. I. Lenin


Written not later than
December 15 (28), 1910
Published on December 23 or 24, 1910
(January 5 or 6, 1911)
as a reprint from the supplement to
Sotsial-Demokrat, No. 19-20

Published according to
the text of the reprint
verified with the text
in the supplement
to Sotsial-Demokrat,
No. 19-20

From V. I. Lenin, Collected Works, 4th English Edition,
Progress Publishers, Moscow, 1968

First printing 1963
Second printing 1968

Vol. 17, pp. 23-38.

Translated from the Russian by Dora Cox
Edited by George Hanna

Prepared © for the Internet by David J. Romagnolo, (March 2001)

page 587


  [18] The letter of the sixteen -- an open letter of the Menshevik-liquidators, their reply to G. V. Plekhanov's statement in No. 9 of The Diary of a Social-Democrat (August 1909) against the liquidators and their leader, A. N. Potresov.
    Lenin called the letter of the sixteen a "document, which . . . will have the ill-fame attaching to the name of Herostratus" (see the article "Golos (Voice ) of the Liquidators Against the Party" in the present edition, Vol. 16).    [p. 24]

  [19] Vekhi group -- contributors to a Cadet symposium entitled Vekhi (Landmarks ), published in Moscow in the spring of 1909, containing articles by N. Berdyaev, S. Bulgakov, P. Struve, M. Herschensohn, and other representatives oi the counter-revolutionary liberal bourgeoisie. In articles on the Russian intelligentsia these writers tried to discredit the revolutionary-democratic traditions of the best representatives of the Russian people, including V. G. Belinsky and N. G. Chernyshevsky. They vilified the revolutionary movement of 1905, and thanked the tsarist government for having "with its bayonets and jails" saved the bourgeoisie from "the fury of the people". They urged the intelligentsia to serve the autocracy. Lenin compared the philosophy and politics of Vekhi with that of the Black-Hundred newspaper Moskovskiye Vedomosti (Moscow Recorder ), and called the symposium an "encyclopaedia of liberal renegacy ", "nothing but a flood of reactionary mud poured on democracy".    [p. 25]

  [20] Black Hundreds -- monarchist bands, set up by the tsarist police to fight the revolutionary movement. They murdered revolutionaries, assaulted progressive intellectuals, and organised anti-Jewish pogroms.    [p. 25]

  [21] Rossiya (Russia ) -- a daily newspaper of a reactionary Black-Hundred type published in St. Petersburg from November 1905 to April 1914. From 1906 it was the organ of the Ministry of the Interior. The newspaper was subsidised from the secret government fund put at the disposal of the Ministry of the Interior. Lenin called Rossiya a "venal police newspaper".    [p. 25]

  [22] Cadets -- members of the Constitutional-Democratic Party, the leading party of the liberal-monarchist bourgeoisie in Russia. Found in October 1905, its membership was made up of representatives of the bourgeoisie, Zemstvo leaders of the land-owning class, and bourgeois intellectuals. Its leading members were: P. N. Milyukov, S. A. Muromtsev, V. A. Maklakov, A. I. Shingaryov, P. B. Struve, F. I. Rodichev, and others. In order to hoodwink the working people, the Cadets hypocritically called themselves "the party of people's freedom", while in actual fact they did not go beyond the demand for a constitutional monarchy. They considered a struggle against the revolutionary movement to be their primary task; they hoped to share power with the tsar and the feudal landlords. During the First World War they actively supported the tsarist government's predatory foreign policy, and did their best to save the monarchy during the bourgeois-democratic revolution of February 1917. Holding leading posts in the bourgeois Provisional Government they carried out a counter-revolutionary policy opposed to the interests of the people, but approved by U.S., British and French imperialists. After the victory of the Great October Socialist Revolution the Cadets became irreconcilable enemies of Soviet power and actively participated in all armed counter-revolutionary acts and campaigns of the interventionists. They continued their anti-Soviet counter-revolutionary activities when they fled abroad after the rout of the interventionist and whiteguards.    [p. 36]

  [23] Rech (Speech ) -- a daily newspaper, the central organ of the Cadet Party, published in St. Petersburg from February 1906. It was closed down by the Military Revolutionary Committee of the Petrograd Soviet on October 26 (November 8), 1917.    [p. 36]