V. I. Lenin


Written in October 1901
First published in December
1901, in Zarya, No. 2-3
Signed: T. Kh.

Published according to
the Zarya text

From V. I. Lenin, Collected Works, 4th English Edition,
Foreign Languages Publishing House, Moscow, 1961

Vol. 5, pp. 251-301.

Translated by Joe Fineberg and by George Hanna
Edited by Victor Jerome

Prepared © for the Internet by David J. Romagnolo, (November 2001)

REVIEW OF HOME AFFAIRS .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .



Famine  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
Attitude Towards the Crisis and the Famine .  .  .  .
The Third Element .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
Two Speeches by Marshals of the Nobility .  .  .  .  .



page 554


  [106] The first chapter of Lenin's Review of Home Affairs was published as a separate pamphlet in two editions under the title of "Fighting the Famine-Stricken". The first edition appeared as a separate reprint from Zarya, No. 2-3; the second edition of 3,000 copies was printed at the Iskra illegal press in Kishinev.    [p. 253]

  [107] The reference is to Arkady Pavlych Penochkin, a character in I. Turgenev's story "The Village Elder".    [p. 256]

  [108] Lenin quotes from M. Y. Saltykov-Shchedrin's The History of a Town.    [p. 262]

  [109] Priazovsky Krai (Azov Region ) -- a daily newspaper published in Rostov-on-Don from 1891 to 1916; it was a continuation of the newspaper Donskoye Polye (The Don Field ) published from 1889 to 1891.    [p. 266]

  [110] Collective liability -- the compulsory collective responsibility of the peasants of each village commune for the making of timely and full payments and for the fulfilment of all sorts of services to the state and to the landlords (payment of poll-taxes and of redemption instalments, provision of recruits for the army, etc. ). This form of bondage, which was retained even after serfdom had been abolished, remained in force until 1906.    [p. 267]

  [111] "Inventory " -- a criminal list maintained by the gubernia authorities; it contained detailed information on convicts banished to Siberia;    [p. 271]

page 555

  [112] The book referred to is Nik.-on's (N. F. Danielson's) Sketches on Our Post-Reform Social Economy, St. Petersburg, 1893.    [p. 278]

  [113] Russkiye Vedomosti (Russian Recorder ) -- a newspaper published in Moscow from 1863 onwards by liberal professors of Moscow University and Zemstvo personalities; it expressed the views of the liberal landlords and bourgeoisie. From 1905 onwards it was an organ of the Right Cadets; it was banned after the October Revolution together with other counter-revolutionary newspapers.    [p. 279]

  [114] Assizes -- an institution of the tsarist courts of justice established by the judicial reform of 1864; it examined special civil and criminal cases and was a court of appeal for cases tried by the gubernia courts. Each assizes was established for several gubernias.    [p. 280]

  [115] The character referred to is Akaky Akakiyevich Bashmachkin, the hero of Gogol's story "The Greatcoat".    [p. 282]

  [116] The Man in a Case -- the central character in Chekhov's story of that name.    [p. 282]

  [117] The reference is to the "Ordinance on Gubernia and Uyezd Zemstvo Institutions", approved by Alexander II on January 1, 1864.    [p. 283]

  [118] Kit Kitych -- the nickname given to Tit Titych (Kit is Russian for "whale" and Tit is the Russian form of Titus) in A. N. Ostrovsky's comedy Shouldering Another's Troubles.    [p. 284]

  [119] Missionerskoye Obozreniye (Missionary Review ) -- a monthly theological journal published from 1896 to 1898 in Kiev and from 1899 to 1916 in St. Petersburg. The journal fought against all non-Orthodox Christians and was supported by the most reactionary clergy, notorious for their obscurantism and operating in close contact with the police.    [p. 291]

  [120] Orlovsky Vestnik (Orel Herald ) -- a daily newspaper, moderately liberal, with a social, political, and literary content, it was published in Orel from 1876 to 1918.    [p. 292]

  [121] Stundists -- one of the religious sects persecuted in tsarist Russia.    [p. 292]

  [122] Vera i Razum (Faith and Reason ) -- a fortnightly theological and philosophical journal published by the Kharkov Theological Seminary from 1884 to 1916. The journal maintained an extreme reactionary position and made violent attacks on the democratic movement and on progressive ideas.    [p. 294]

  [123] Svobodnoye Slovo (Free Word ) -- a publishing house that issued abroad (in England and Switzerland) the works of Lev Tolstoi banned by the Russian censor and pamphlets against the oppression of non-Orthodox Christians by the tsarist government. From 1899 to 1901 the house published the journal Svobodnaya Mysl (Free Thought ) and from 1901 to 1905 the journal Svobodnoye Slovo (Free Word ).    [p. 294]

  [124] Okhotny Ryad -- a street market in pre-revolutionary Moscow where mainly poultry and cooked foods were sold; the Okhotny Ryad traders were active participants in raids organised by the police, especially in breaking up student meetings and demonstrations.    [p. 299]