MARXIST INTERNET ARCHIVE |  V. I. Lenin

V. I. Lenin

A QUESTIONNAIRE ON
THE ORGANISATIONS OF BIG CAPITAL


 

Prosveshcheniye, Nos. 5-7,
April-June 1912
Signed: V. Ilyin

Published according to
the text in Prosveshcheniye
 


From V. I. Lenin, Collected Works, 4th English Edition,
Progress Publishers, Moscow, 1968

First printing 1963
Second printing 1968

Vol. 18, pp. 56-72.

Translated from the Russian by Stepan Apresyan
Edited by Clemens Dutt


Prepared © for the Internet by David J. Romagnolo,
djr@marx2mao.org
 (May 2002)

A QUESTIONNAIRE ON THE ORGANISATIONS OF BIG CAPITAL .

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NOTES



page 615


NOTES

  [48] The article "A Questionnaire on the Organisations of Big Capital" appeared in Prosveshcheniye Nos. 5-7.
    Prosveshcheniye (Enlightenment ) was a socio-political and literary monthly published by the Bolsheviks legally in St. Petersburg from December 1911 to June 1914. It was founded on directions from Lenin to replace the Bolshevik periodical, Mysl (Moscow ), closed down by the authorities. Lenin, who was abroad, guided Prosveshcheniye by editing articles for it and maintaining a regular correspondence with the members of its Editorial Board. The periodical published "The Three Sources and Three Component Parts of Marxism", "Critical Remarks on the National Question", "The Right of Nations to Self-Determination", and other works by Lenin.
    The Editorial Board of Prosveshcheniye included M. A. Savelyev, M. S. Olminsky and A. I. Yelizarova. The art and literature section was edited by Maxim Gorky. The circulation reached 5,000 copies.
    Prosveshcheniye was closed down by the authorities on the eve of the First World War. In the autumn of 1917, however, it resumed publication, but only one (double) issue was brought out; it contained Lenin's works "Can the Bolsheviks Retain State Power?" and "Revision of the Party Programme".    [p. 56]

  [49] Utro Rossii (Morning of Russia ) -- a daily newspaper published in Moscow from September 1907 to April 1918 (with a break in 1908). Although it called itself a "non-partisan democratic publication", it reflected the interests of the Russian imperialist bourgeoisie. It was a Progressist mouthpiece subsidised by Ryabushinsky's bank. It was closed down early in April 1918 for slanderous statements against Soviet rule. From the middle of April to July 1918 it was published under the title of Zarya Rossii (Dawn of Russia ).    [p. 56]

 
page 616

  [50] Article 87 of the Fundamental State Laws authorised the Council of Ministers during the Duma recesses to submit Bills directly to the tsar for approval.    [p. 63]

  [51] Brentano, Lujo (1844-1931) -- a German bourgeois economist, one of the main exponents of "professorial socialism", who advocated renunciation of the class struggle and held it possible to resolve the social contradictions of capitalist society and reconcile the interests of the workers and capitalists by organising reformist trade unions and introducing factory legislation. On the agrarian question he upheld the reactionary theory of the "stability" of small-scale agriculture and the pseudo-scientific bourgeois "law of diminishing returns". In the closing years of his life he was an outspoken apologist of imperialism.
    Sombart, Werner (1863-1941) -- a German vulgar bourgeois economist, a prominent ideologist of German imperialism. One of the theoreticians of "social-liberalism" in the early period of his activity, he later became an open enemy of Marxism and described capitalism as a harmonious economic system.    [p. 68]

  [52] Kit Kitych or Tit Titych, a character in Alexander Ostrovsky's play, Shouldering Another's Troubles. He typifies an uneducated, stupid and barbaric petty tyrant.    [p. 69]

  [53] Rech (Speech ) -- a daily newspaper, the central organ of the Cadet Party, published in St. Petersburg from February 1906. It was closed down by the Military Revolutionary Committee under the Petrograd Soviet on October 26 (November 8), 1917.    [p. 71]