MARXIST INTERNET ARCHIVE |  V. I. Lenin


V. I. Lenin

THE PETROGRAD CITY CONFERENCE
OF THE R.S.D.L P. (Bolsheviks)

April 14-22 (April 27-May 5), 1917




From V. I. Lenin, Collected Works, 4th English Edition,
Progress Publishers, Moscow, 1964

Vol. 24, pp. 139-166.

Translated from the Russian
Edited by Bernard Isaacs


Prepared © for the Internet by David J. Romagnolo, djr@marx2mao.org (September 1998)


THE PETROGRAD CITY CONFERENCE OF THE R.S.D.L P. (BOLSHE-
VIKS) April 14-22 (April 27-May 5)
, 1917 [66]  .   .   .   .   .   .


139

1.
 

REPORT ON THE PRESENT SITUATION AND THE ATTITUDE
TOWARDS THE PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT.  APRIL 14 (27)


141

2.
 

CONCLUDING REMARKS IN THE DEBATE CONCERNING THE
REPORT ON THE PRESENT SITUATION.  APRIL 14 (27)  .   .


148

3.

TWO REMARKS DURING THE DEBATE ON THE RESOLUTION
CONCERNING THE ATTITUDE TOWARDS THE PROVISIONAL
GOVERNMENT.  APRIL 15 (28) .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


 
152

4.
 

RESOLUTION ON THE ATTITUDE TOWARDS THE PROVISION-
AL GOVERNMENT .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


154

5.
 

TWO REMARKS DURING THE DEBATE ON THE QUESTION OF
THE MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS.  APRIL 22 (MAY 5)  .   .   .   .


156

6.

RESOLUTION ON THE MUNICIPAL QUESTION .   .   .   .   .   .

158

7.
 
 
 
 

DRAFT RESOLUTION ON THE ATTITUDE TOWARDS THE
PARTIES OF THE SOCIALIST-REVOLUTIONARIES, THE
MENSHEVIK SOCIAL-DEMOCRATS, THE "NON-FACTIONAL"
SOCIAL-DEMOCRATS AND OTHER KINDRED POLITICAL
TRENDS .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


 
 
 
159

8.

DRAFT RESOLUTION ON THE WAR .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

161

    

I .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .
II .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .
III .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

161
162
163

NOTES



page 592


NOTES

  [66] The Petrograd City Conference of the R.S.D.L.P. (Bolsheviks) attended by 57 delegates had the following agenda: the present situation; the attitude towards the Provisional Government; the attitude towards the Soviet of Workers' and Soldiers' Deputies and the question of its reorganisation; the organizational structure of the Party; the attitude towards the Social-Democrats of other trends the municipal elections; the hounding of Pravda. The report on the current situation was made by Lenin.

    The Conference approved Lenin's April Theses and based its proceedings upon them.    [p. 139]

  [67] Sotsial-Demokrat -- an illegal newspaper, Central Organ of the R.S.D.L.P., published from February 1908 to January 1917. Altogether 58 issues appeared. The first issue was put out in Russia, but further publication was arranged abroad, first in Paris, then in Geneva. By a decision of the Central Committee of the R.S.D.L.P., the Editorial Board was made up of representatives of the Bolsheviks, the Mensheviks and the Polish Social-Democrats. Virtually, the paper was run by Lenin.
    Over eighty articles and paragraphs by Lenin were published in the paper. Lenin fought for a consistent Bolshevik line on the Editorial Board. Some of its members (Kamenev and Zinoviev) adopted a conciliatory attitude towards the liquidators and opposed Lenin's line. The Menshevik members of the Editorial Board -- Martov and Dan -- obstructed the work of the editorial staff while at the same time openly defending liquidationism in their factional newspaper Golos Sotsial-Demokrata (Voice of the Social-Democrat). Lenin's uncompromising struggle against the liquidators led to Martov and Dan resigning from the Editorial

page 593

Board in June 1911. From December 1911 Sotsial-Demokrat was edited by Lenin.
    At the beginning of the First World War (1914-18), after a year's interval, Lenin succeeded in restarting the newspaper. Issue No. 33 containing the manifesto of the Central Committee of the R.S.D.L.P. drafted by Lenin came out on November 1 (new style), 1914. Lenin's articles published in Sotsial-Demokrat during the war played an important part in helping to apply the strategy and tactics of the Bolshevik Party on the questions of war, peace and revolution, in exposing the overt and covert social-chauvinists, and uniting the internationalist forces in the world labour movement.    [p. 142]

  [68] An advance announcement of the publication of the weekly journal Internatsional was published in Rabochaya Gazeta on April 16 (29), 1917. The first issue appeared on April 18 (31), and on April 22 (May 5) Lenin, apparently, had not yet seen it. The titte page bore a notice to the effect that pending the arrival of L. Martov the journal was edited by Y. Larin. The list of contributors included L. Martov, Y. Larin, P. B. Axelrod and G. O. Binshtok. In the first issue the editors proclaimed the conciliatory slogan of bringing pressure to bear on the Provisional Government to meet the demands of the proletariat in domestic and foreign policies. The third issue of the journal (for June 1917) was its last. In August 1917 some of the journal's contributors headed by Y. Larin broke with the Mensheviks and joined the ranks of the Bolshevik Party.    [p. 156]