Lenin with some members of the League of Struggle for the Emancipation
of the Working Class. 1897.
There is a photograph on the wall of seven young people, with V. I. Lenin
in the centre.This is the group of leaders of the "League of Struggle
for the Emancipation of the Working Class", founded by Lenin in 1895 on
the basis of the unification of all Marxist circles in St. Petersburg.
The "League of Struggle" was the embryo of the revolutionary party of
the proletariat. It was closely associated in its activities with workers'
circles in other cities in Russia.
Lenin at the time of his arrest in connection with the League of Struggle
for the Emancipation of the Working Class case. 1895-1896.
Under this photograph are two snapshots of cell No 193 in St. Petersburg
Prison. V.I. Lenin was held in solitary confinement there for 14 months
after his arrest in December 1895. Displayed here are the "Draft and Explanation
of a Programme for the Social-Democratic Party" and the leaflet "To the
Tsarist Government", which testify to the fact that he worked intensively
during his stay in prison.
In the centre of the exposition is the hectographic edition of V. I.
Lenin's book, What the "Friends of the People" are and How They Fight
the Social-Democrats. In this work the 24-year-old author set forth
and substantiated the basic propositions of the Russian revolutionary
Social-Democrats: on the historical role of the working class in Russia
as the leading force in the revolution of the proletariat, the necessity
of unity between the working class and the peasants-the basic condition
for victory over tsarism, on the leading role of the working-class Marxist
party in the struggle for democracy and socialism. Three issues of this
book were printed in St. Petersburg, where Lenin moved in 1893.
In February 1897 V.I.Lenin was exiled from St. Petersburg to village
Shushenskoye in the Minusinsk district of the Yenisei Gubernia (Province)
in Eastern Siberia. At the time this was the very remotest depths of the
provinces, hundreds of miles from a railroad. (At present Shushenskoye
is a regional centre in the Krasnoyarsk region. In 1938 Lenin's house
there was opened as a museum. The houses where he lived and the neighbouring
part of the village were restored to their condition at the end of the
last century and have been preserved.)
On display in this hall are the photographs of the house of the peasant
Zyryanov, where Lenin lived at the beginning, and the model of his work
room in another house belonging to the peasant woman Petrova. Lenin lived
there with N. K. Krupskaya, who moved to Shushenskoye in May 1898 and
became Lenin's wife, remaining his close friend, comrade and true helper
till the end of his life.
article about Lenin at the Defend Lenin mausoleum!
Nadezhda Krupskaya, Lenin's wife, 1898.
Their life in Shushenskoye was filled with unceasing
work. They translated into Russian foreign books needed by V.I.Lenin in
his work, and Nadezhda Konstantinovna copied Vladimir llyich's work. They
spent their free time in the forest, on the river and in the fields. Lenin
loved the mighty Siberian nature and the deep Yenisei River. To this day
people in Shushenskoye point out the steep banks of the Yenisei from which
Lenin often loved to watch the sunsets. Lenin often engaged In athletics,
considering that a revolutionary, whose life is dedicated to struggle
and abounds in privations and difficulties, must be hardy, eduring and
strong in both body and spirit.
On display is the first publication of V. I. Lenin's
book The Development of Capitalism in Russia, upon which he continued
to work, and finished in Shushenskoye. It was published in 1899 under
the pseudonym "Vladimir llyin". Lenin wrote more than 30 theoretical works
during his years of exile. Several of these are on display in this hall.
For a Marxist Party of a New Type (1900-1904)